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When these facts, mysteriously whispered | tion to his fighting power in any pending at first with bated breath, became, later in action. Nor was he sure of his own ship. the day, authenticated by the appearance Her Majesty's ironclad Blunderer, which of succeeding editions of the morning carried his fag, was armed with four of papers, the public excitement knew no the famous 43-ton Collingwood exploding bounds. A hideous panic seized the guns, and though hard pressed in the Stock Exchange. “Goschens" went down recent engagement, he had not thought to sixty at a single leap. Five well-known it wise to give the order to fire. Such stockbrokers went off their heads, and was the position of the British admiral at were removed in cabs by the police in the commencement of that fatal afternoon violent hysterics. The lord mayor ap- which saw the last blow struck for the peared on the steps of the Mansion House, preservation of the empire. The fight and endeavored to quell the riot. He was commenced by a general attack of the at once recognized by the mob, and pelted enemy. But it did not last long. In a with pass-books. But things assumed a very few minutes seven of the British most threatening aspect at the Admiralty. ironclads, including that of the admiral, A vast multitude had assembled at White were blown up by the explosion of their hall, and rendered Parliament Street im- own guns. The rest found that they were passable. There was an angry howl at supplied with the wrong-sized ammunition, the Board. The police took the pre- and were rapidly put hors de combat. cautionary measure of closing the gates. Within a quarter of an hour of the firing The first lord appeared inside the enclos- of the first shot the action was over, and ure, and his presence was the signal for the last remnant of the British feet had an ominous roar. He was deathly pale practically disappeared. That evening and trembling, but he managed to scram- the advance despatch boats of the joint ble up the balustrade, and gazed feebly Armada anchored off Gravesend, and one down on the raving thousands below. hundred and twenty thousand men were He was understood to say that when next landed on the Kentish coast between MarParliament met it would be asked to ap- gate and Whitstable. When the news of point another committee to inquire into the disaster appeared in the evening pathe naval administration of the country. pers, the panic, which had been gathering His speech was cut short by execrations, strength as the day progressed, culminated and he hastily withdrew. Ten minutes in fever-heat. Everybody was in the later it was understood that he had es. streets asking, with staring eyeballs, for caped by the back way over the palings the latest news. Gradually it became into the Park, and was hiding himself known that seventy-five thousand of the from the fury of the mob in an unfre-enemy were advancing on the capital by quented slum in Pimlico. But while these way of Aldershot, and that the general in events were transpiring in the metropolis command at the camp, who had 1,371 men of the empire, still graver issues were of all arms under him, all told, had re. being arrived at on that "silver streak," ceived orders to oppose them, and this which, up to now, had popularly, but erro- announcement seemed to restore in some neously, been regarded as its sure de- measure the public confidence. Mean. fence. What had been left of the British time a quite phenomenal activity prevailed Channel fleet after its first disastrous at the War Office, and the horses of the encounter with the joint Armada off the General Omnibus Company were at once Lizard had rallied, and was now awaiting requisitioned for the service of the Royal the attack of the again on.pressing and Artillery. The Duke of Cambridge, on advancing enemy, in what promised to be hearing of the catastrophe, had appealed a decisive encounter for the possession of to the authorities instantly for the eleven the mouth of the Thames, in the imme- thousand men he had recently insisted diate neighborhood of Herne Bay. The on. With that force, he said, even at the admiral, in his hasty retreat, had collected eleventh hour, he would guarantee the about the shattered remnant of his forces safety of the country. Mr. Whiteley some auxiliary adjuncts. He had been forth with undertook to furnish them with joined by her Majesty's ironclads, Styx in twenty-four hours. His offer was acand Megatherium, and by the belted cepted with enthusiasm. It was known cruiser, Daffodil; but owing to the fact too that Lord Wolseley had already started that these vessels, not possessing any with a miscellaneous force of volunteers. guns, had had to put to sea without their Guards, and policemen, hurriedly colarmaments, the recent arrivals could lected, for Sydenham, with the intention of scarcely be counted on by him as an addi- I taking up a defensive position among the

antediluvian animals, and there waiting the land snails. When the chaffinch says course of events. The authorities were weet, weet," it is an infallible sign of fairly on their mettle. They instantly rain. As the rain draws nearer peacocks supplied three volunteer regiments with cry and frogs croak clamorously from the rifies of an obsolete and antiquated pat-ditches. These are signs which almost tern. Nor was this all. They telegraphed every one has heard who lives in the coun. to Woolwich to expedite the selection of try ; though one of the surest ways of a model for the new magazine rifle, and predicting weather changes is by observmarked their communication “urgent.” ing the habits of snails. Snails never Matters, meanwhile, at headquarters were drink, but imbibe moisture during rain and not less vigorously pushed forward. In- exude it afterwards. They are seldom quiries were made for Mr. Stanhope's seen abroad except before rain, when they plan of "defending the Thames.” Every commence climbing trees and getting upon pigeon-hole was examined, but it could not the leaves. The tree snail is so sensitive be found. Still, the department did not to weather that it will commence to climb despair. They despatched a third-class two days before the rain comes. If the War Office clerk to Greenwich to report downpour is to be prolonged, the snail on the situation and say what he thought seeks the under part of a leaf; but if a of it. When, however, it transpired the short or light rain is coming, it stays on next morning that, spite of all the efforts the outside. There is another species to stay their advance, fifty thousand of which is yellow before rain and bluish the enemy had taken possession of the after it. Others indicate change by dents, Bank of England, seized the lord mayor and protuberances resembling tubercles. and aldermen as hostages, and were pre- These begin to show themselves ten days pared to treat with the government, with before rain, and when it comes the pores a view to evacuation, on the cession of of the tubercles open and draw in tlie Margate, Canada, India, Gibraltar, Malta, moisture. In others, again, deep indenAustralia, and Madame Tussaud's wax- tations, beginning at the head between the work collection, together with a prelimi- horns and ending with the jointure of the nary payment of fifteen milliards, English- tail, appear a few days before a storm. men began soberly to recognize that what One of the simplest of nature's baromethey had so long regarded as an impos- ters is a spider's web. When there is a sible vision had really come about, and prospect of wind or rain, the spider shortthat the “next Armada" was an unhap- ens the filaments by which its web is suspily accomplished fact.

tained and leaves it in this state as long as the weather is variable. If it elongates its threads, it is a sign of fine calm weath. er, the duration of which may be judged

by the length to which the threads are let From St. James's Gazette.

out. If the spider remains inactive, it is NATURE'S WEATHER-PROPHETS.

a sign of rain; if it keeps at work during NATURE's barometers are the only ones rain, the downpour will not last long, and of which most country folk have any will be followed by fine weather. Obserknowledge. These they may consult at vation has taught that the spider makes all times, and they know them by heart. changes in its web every twenty-four Almost all field-workers are "weather- hours, and that if such changes are made wise," and their conversation on this head in the evening, just before sunset, the has no town conventionalism about it. night will be clear and beautiful. The farmer has been so beaten about by In Hampshire swans are believed to be wind and weather that he himself is hatched in thunderstorms; and it is said scarcely sensible to changing atmospheric that those on the Thaines have an instincconditions ; but that does not prevent his tive prescience of foods; before heavy observing its influence on the things about rains they raise their nests. This is charhim. Before rain his dogs grow sleepy acteristic of many birds, which add piles and dull; the cat constantly licks herself; of material to their nests to prevent swampgeese gaggle in the pond, fowls and ing. When rooks fly high and seem to pigeons go early to roost, and the farm. imitate birds of prey by soaring, swoophorses grow restless. Abroad, the ants are ing, and falling, it is almost a certain sign all hurry and scurry, rushing hither and of coming storm. Staying in the vicinity thither; spiders crowd on the wall; toads of the rookery, returning at midday, or emerge from their holes ; and the garden coming to roost in groups, are also said to paths are everywhere covered with slugs be omens to the like effect. Various prov

erbs would seem to indicate that the cry bly listless against snowy, foul weather, of the owl, if heard in bad weather, fore. while, according to another author, their tells a change. The constant iteration of early arrival and continued abode “fore. the green woodpecker's cry before a storm tells a liberal harvest." In Wiltshire the has given it the names of rain-bird, rain- coming of the dotterel betokens frost and pie, and rain-fowl. Stormcock is a pro- snow, and there is a proverb that the vincial name shared by this bird and booming of the bittern will be followed by the missel-thrush, the latter often singing rain or worse. In Morayshire, when the through gales of wind and rain. Storm- wild geese go out to sea, they say the bird also is applied to the fieldfare. The weather will be fine; but if towards the abhorrence in which mariners hold the hill, stormy. The saw-like note of the swallow-like storm-petrel is well known; great titmouse is said to foretell rain; its appearance is believed to denote wild that of the blue-tit cold. In the south of weather. This little bird is the Mother France so much store is set by the wis. Carey's chicken of sailors, and is also dom of the magpie, that if it builds its called storm-finch and water-witch. Her nest on the suminit of a tree the country ons, says an old author, Aying up and folk expect a season of calm; but if lower down in the evening, as if doubtful where down, winds and tempests are sure to fol. to rest,“ presage some evill approaching low. When a jackdaw is seen to stand weather" legend as old as Virgil, on one of the vanes of the cathedral tower though probably devoid of foundation. at Wells, it is said that rain is sure to folConcerning gulls in general, children who low within twenty-four hours. Wells must live by the sea say,

be a wet place! In Germany dwellers in Sea-gull, sea-gull, sit on the sand:

the country lack faith in the skylark's song It's never good weather while you're on the as announcing tine weather; but when the land;

lark and the cuckoo sing together they

know that summer has come. The robin, and fisher folk know that when the sea. buzzard, lapwing, starling, and a number mews fly out early and far to seaward fair of other birds are said to foretell weather weather may be expected. To Scotch changes; we have noticed that in nearly shepherds the drumming of the snipe in all the species named the various cries dicates dry weather and frost at night; and calls are closely connected with the and Gilbert White remarks that wood. bird's food supply. cocks have been observed to be remarka

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John Gibson LOCKHART. – In a late num- one of the handsomest men of his day, with a ber of Scribner's Magazine is an article by Mr. remarkably intelligent countenance and finely R. L. Stevenson on Gentlemen,' in which shaped head. In his family life, of which i occurs the following passage: “Napoleon, saw much, he was to his son, poor Walter, Byron, Lockhart, these were surely cads, and and his daughter, afterwards Mrs. Hope, the the two first cads of a rare water. I am not kindest and most indulgent parent. aware how far Mr. Stevenson's intimacy with To us children he was always good-natured, these three distinguished men gave him special and we still have a copy of his “Spanish opportunities of forming an estimate of their Ballads " which he gave us for the sake of the character. The first two I myself never saw, illustrations. In society his conversation and but I knew the last well, if one may talk of manner were a little cynical; but to old knowing well a person forty years older than friends, like my father and a few others, he oneself. When I was a child (about 1841) was always most cordial and, I might almost my father went to live in Sussex Place, Re. say, affectionate. As for the manners (which gent's Park, exactly opposite to the house maketh man), Mr. Lockhart was of the old occupied by his intimate friend, Mr. LockScotch school, somewhat French in its cerehart. From that time till 1852, when I sailed monious and formal politeness, but with a to join my regiment in India, I saw Mr. Locke certain old-world charm which was very attrachart, when I was at home, nearly every day, tive. In a long and varied experience I canand my recollections of him are extremely not remember a more perfect gentleman than vivid. Of his mere external advantages it is John Gibson Lockhart. perhaps irrelevant to speak, though he was Athenæum.

F. G.

Fifth Series, Volone LXII.

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No. 2295. — June 23, 1888.

From Beginning,
Vol. CLXXVII.

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CONTENTS. I. THE DISLOCATIONS OF INDUSTRY,

Contemporary Review, II. MR. MAX MULLER's

“SCIENCE

OF
THOUGHT,"

Nineteenth Century,
III. NOTES FROM PROSPEROUS AGRICUL-
TURAL COUNTRY,

Fortnightly Review,
IV. ETON: 1836 to 1841,

Longman's Magasine, . V. SCRATCHED OUT,

Time, . VI. Down GOYDEN POT,

Chambers' Journal,
VII. THE LOST CONSCIENCE,

Longman's Magazine, .
VIII. THE POSITION OF WOMEN IN ANCIENT
ROME,

Contemporary Review,
IX. THE CHARACTER OF THE DEVIL IN THE
MIDDLE AGES,

National Review,

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION, For Eight Dollars, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punotually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office money-order, if possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks, and money-orders should be made payable to the order of LITTELL & Co.

Single Numbers of The LIVING AGB, 18 cents.

A SONG OF SPRING.

And rough the path leads on.

What joy God's love has broken winter's chain,

To follow now the gay herd boy! The earth is Paradise again.

The long dark winter nights are o'er, A smile of sun, a kiss of showers

And cattle in their stalls no more Stars nature's firmament with flowers:

Need linger, in the flower-strewn grass After this waiting, what relief

They ring their bells and lowing pass,

With dark moist nostrils snuffing air
To scent the spring! the robin thief
Chirps champion on the holly bough,

That fresh and cool from pastures fair
Let's sing! the winter's over now,

Brings tidings sweet. The foaming streams And lovers lead beloved ones home.

Rush down anew, and murmur dreams
The snowdrop's come!

That haunt them from their winter's rest
While hushed they lay with sleep oppressed.

Ah, would that we might sometimes taste
Have you forgotten? Love, last year
Our springtime smiled without a tear!

This joy of wakening life! We haste,

As goaded on by hope and fear,
That night when we went out and kist

Through every season of the year,
The roses folded up in mist!
That day you pulled the branches down

Nor pause enough to gather strength;

“ Our life is all too scant a length,” And made for me a leafy crown!

We cry; "no time to us is given To you, sweet heart, when sun had set

For peaceful thoughts, but onward driven I gave closed daisies, Margaret!

We toil for pleasure or for gain; 'Tis spring again! Love's hour

Nor pause, lest others should attain
The snowdrop's home!

The prize we seek, and thus till death

We strive. Can we take breath
Have you not felt as yet? You will, And look around with calmer thought?"
That wild reaction, and the thrill

Ah, fools I in winter's rest is wrought
Of nature's resurrection-day,

A needful work. No life may cease, That comes as prelude to our May!

But rather grow in that still peace, The May we've sworn to love, whose birth And hidden germs enclose the power Sends carols round the weary earth.

That later opens out in flower. I have forgiven all; can you,

Academy.

B. L. TOLLEMACHE. Who sent me winter thyme and rue, Forget love's birthday? Spring is home.

The snowdrop's come !

come.

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Take any thought, write round it or below it,
Above or near it, as it liketh thee;
It's all a trick, quite easy when you know it.

MAY AT ST. MORITZ.
WHERE marble forms of ice and snow
Lay chiselled, now the waters flow,
And breath and life so warm and sweet
Are round the ancient mountains' feet.
The crocus o'er the fields will roam,
Until the golden age has come
Of glist’ning kingcups shining far
From the green earth, as many a star
From blue black sky shall shine to-night
And quench the flowers' softer light.
Far up the hills the browsing goats
Ring tiny bells with treble notes,
And climb and play, from rocks they leap
And climb again where narrow, steep,

Pursue your task, till, like a shrub, you grow

it,
Up to the standard size it ought to be;
You need not be an atom of a poet.

Clear it of weeds, and water it, and hoe it,
Then watch it blossom with triumphant glee.
It's all a trick, quite easy when you know it;
You need not be an atom of a poet.
Academy.

WALTER W. SKEAT.

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