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Extract from New Turkish Constitution, May 24, 1924.
FROM the point of view of citizenship, the people of Turkey are called Turks without distinction of religion or race. Every child born in Turkey or abroad of a Turkish father, or who, born in Turkey of a foreign father living in Turkey, lives in the country, and, on reaching its majority, opts officially for the quality of Turk, or is accepted as a Turk in accordance with the law on citizenship, is a Turk. The quality of Turk is lost in the circumstances fixed by law.
Act of September 22, 1922, H.R. 12022, regulating National Status of Married Women.
An Act relative to the Naturalisation and Citizenship of Married Women.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that the right of any woman to become a naturalised citizen of the United States shall not be denied or abridged because of her sex or because she is a married woman.
Sec. 2. That any woman who marries a citizen of the United States after the passage of this Act, or any woman whose husband is naturalised after the passage of this Act, shall not become a citizen of the United States by reason of such marriage or naturalisation; but, if eligible to citizenship, she may be naturalised upon full and complete compliance with all requirements of the naturalisation laws, with the following exceptions :
(a.) No declaration of intention shall be required.
(b.) In lieu of the five-year period of residence within the United States and the one-year period of residence within the State or territory where the naturalisation court is held, she shall have resided continuously in the United States, Hawaii, Alaska or Porto Rico for at least one year immediately preceding the filing of the petition.
Sec. 3. That a woman citizen of the United States shall not cease to be a citizen of the United States by reason of her marriage after the passage of this Act, unless she makes a formal renunciation of her citizenship before a court having jurisdiction over naturalisation of aliens provided that any woman citizen who marries an alien ineligible to citizenship shall cease to be a citizen of the United States. If at the termination of the marital status she is a citizen
of the United States she shall retain her citizenship regardless of her residence. If during the continuance of the marital status she resides continuously for two years in a foreign State of which her husband is a citizen or subject, or for five years continuously outside the United States, she shall thereafter be subject to the same presumption as is a naturalised citizen of the United States under the second paragraph of Section 2 of the Act entitled "An Act in Reference to the Expatriation of Citizens and their Protection Abroad," approved the 2nd March, 1907. Nothing herein shall be construed to repeal or amend the provisions of Revised Statutes, 1999, or of Section 2 of the Expatriation Act of 1907 with reference to expatriation.
Sec. 4. That a woman who, before the passage of this Act, has lost her United States citizenship by reason of her marriage to an alien eligible for citizenship, may be naturalised as provided by Section 2 of this Act: provided that no certificate of arrival shall be required to be filed with her petition if during the continuance of the marital status she shall have resided within the United States. After her naturalisation she shall have the same citizenship status as if her marriage had taken place after the passage of this Act.
Sec. 5. That no woman whose husband is not eligible to citizenship shall be naturalised during the continuance of the marital status.
Sec. 6. That Section 1994 of the Revised Statutes and Section 4 of the Expatriation Act of 1907 are repealed. Such repeal shall not terminate citizenship acquired or retained under either of such sections nor restore citizenship lost under Section 4 of the Expatriation Act of 1907.
Sec. 7. That Section 3 of the Expatriation Act of 1907 is repealed. Such repeal shall not restore citizenship lost under such section nor terminate citizenship resumed under such section. A woman who has resumed under such section citizenship lost by marriage shall, upon the passage of this Act, have for all purposes the same citizenship status as immediately preceding her marriage.
Approved, the 22nd September, 1922.
Extract from Venezuelan Constitution of July 1, 1925.
TITLE II.-Of Venezuelans and their Duties and Rights. (Translation.)
Article 27. Venezuelan nationality is had by birth and may be acquired by naturalisation.
Article 28. Venezuelans by birth are
1. All those born within the territory of the Republic.
2. The children of Venezuelan parents, whatever may be the place of birth.
Article 29. Venezuelans by naturalisation are
1. The children of legal age of Venezuelan father and mother by naturalisation, born without the territory of the Republic, who come to live in the country and express their wish to be Venezuelans.
2. Those born, or who may be born, in Iberian-American republics, provided that they shall have fixed their residence in the territory of the republic and expressed their wish to be Venezuelans.
3. Those foreigners who may have obtained, or who may obtain, letters of naturalisation according to law.
4. The foreign wife of a Venezuelan, while the married state is continued or when, in case of its dissolution and within one year following, she shall manifest her wish to remain a Venezuelan.
Article 30. The expressions of desire to which the preceding article refers should be made before the chief Registrar of the respective jurisdiction in which the person interested may have established residence, and the Registrar receiving these should enter them in the appropriate protocol and shall forward a copy thereof to the Federal Executive for publication in the Official Gazette.
Nationality shall not be deemed acquired so long as such publication shall not be effected.
with the object of Securing
Signed at Geneva, September 25, 1926
Presented by the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
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