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INDE X.

107 For concise statements of the leading topics of the book, see the SUMMARIES,
which will be readily found by means of the Table of Contents. The references in this
Index are only to the fuller treatment of subjects in the body of the work.

A.

Acid, acetic, 156.

boracic, 44.
carbolic, 138.
carbonic, 11, 29.
chromic, 87.
citric, 127
hydrochloric (see muriatic).
hydrocyanic, 27.
hydrofluoric, 41.
hydrosulphuric, 35.
hypophosphorous, 43.
malic, 127
muriatic, 3, 9, 38, 77.
nitric, 24.
nitrous, 24, 33.
Nordhausen, 33.
oxalic, 127
phosphoric, 11, 13, 23, 43.
picric, 138.
prussic, 27.
pyroligneous. 134, 157.
sulphuric, 13, 33.
sulphurous, 11, 13, 32.
tannic, 127,
tartaric, 126, 175.

tungstic, 89.
Acids, 13, 171.

fatty, 128.

vegetable, 126.
Affinity, 8.

characteristics of, 8.
Alabaster, 86.
Albumen, 131.
Albuminous substances, 101, 103, 114,

116, 131.
Alcohol, 155.
Alkalies, 14.
Alkaloids, vegetable, 130.
Allotropic states, 13, 175.
Allotropism, 175.
Alternation of crops, 114.
Alum-cake, 79.
Alumina, 79.
Aluminium, 72, 98.

salts, 79.

Alums, 79, 175.
Amalgamation, 66.
Amalgams, 65.
Ammonic chloride, 26.
Ammonia, 6, 9, 23, 44, 115, 190.

preparation of, 26.

produced by decay, 102.
Ammonium, 26.
Anästhetics, 25, 156.
Anhydride, carbonic, 11, 29, 91.

nitric, 24, 91.
nitrous, 24, 33.
phosphoric, 11, 13, 23.
sulphuric, 13, 34

sulphurous, 11, 13, 32.
Anhydrides, 13, 172.
Aniline, 138.
Animal heat, 104.
Animals, food of, 131.
Antimony, 72.

salts, 82.
Apparatus, list of, 181.
Aqua ammonia, 23.

regia, 39, 67.
Argand burner, 147.
Argentic salts, 69.
Arrowroot, 121.
Arsenic, 43.
Asphalt, 136.
Atmosphere, composition of, 91.
Atoms, 9, 161.
Atomicity, 166.
Auric salts, 70.

B.
Balsams, 130.
Barilla, 76.
Barium, 87:

salts, 87.
Bases, 14, 169.
Bell-metal, 58.
Benzole, 135, 139, 174.
Bessemer process, 55.
Bismuth, 73;

salts, 82.
Bleaching, 37

powder, 37

Blende, 60.
Blowpipe, the oxy-hydrogen, 16.
Boracic acid, 44
Borax, 44, 79.
Boron, 44
Brass, 58.
Bread, composition of, 103.

making of, 157
Brewing, 154.
Brimstone, 31.
Britannia metal, 6o.
Bromides, 40
Bromine, 40.
Bronze, 58.

aluminium, 72.
Bude light, the, 147
Bunsen's lamp, 146.
Butter, 103

Collodion, 126.
Combustibles, 94.
Combustion, nature of ordinary, 94.

self-sustaining, 96.
spontaneous, 102.

supporters of, 94
Compounds, 6:

binary, 15.
molecules of, 9.

ternary, 15.
Copper, 57;

alloys of, 58.

salts, 63.
Corn-starch, 121.
Corrosive sublimate, 69.
Cream of tartar, 127.
Creosote, 135.
Crops, alternation of, 114
Crystals, 162.
Cumole, 139.
Cupellation, 66.
Cupric salts, 63.
Cyanogen, 27.

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C.
Cadmium, 89.
Calamine, 60.
Calcic carbonate, 85.

chloride, 86.

sulphate, 86.
Calcium, 84.

burns in air, 98.
Calomel, 69.
Candle, a gas-factory, 148.

products of burning, 92.
Candle-fiame, analyzed, 148.
Cane-sugar, 122.
Caoutchouc, 130.
Caramel, 123
Carbolic acid, 138.
Carbon, 28.

and oxygen, 146.
Carbonic acid, 11, 29, 91, 105, 115, 117.

bisulphide, 35.
group, 45.

oxide, 30.
Caseine, 103, 131.
Catalysis, 23.
Cellular structure, 109.
Cellulose, 114, 125.
Chalk, 84, 85.
Charcoal, 11, 133:
Chlorides, metallic, 168.
Chlorine, 4, 36, 41.

group, 41.
nascent state of, 39.
oxyacids, 39.
preparation of, 36, 184, 186.

supports combustion, 98.
Chrome yellow, 63, 88.
Chromium, 87:

salts, 87.
Cinnabar, 64, 69.
Clay, 8o.
Coal, 136.
Coal-gas, 142.
Coal-oils, 138.
Coal-tar, 137.
Cobalt, 88.

compounds, 88.
Coffee, alkaloid in, 130.

tannin in, 128.

Earth, the crust of the, 98, 99.
Earthen-ware, 8o.
Efflorescence, 19.
Elements, 7:

classification of the, 176.

electrical relations of, 176.
Epsom salts, 79.
Ether, 155.
Eupion, 135.

F.
Farina, 121.
Fats, 128.
Fermentation, acetous, 156.

alcoholic, 152.

causes of, 151.
Ferments, 152.
Ferric chloride, 61.

sulphate, 61.
Ferrous acetate, 61.

sulphate, 61.
Fibrine, 131.
Flame, nature of, 145.

Isomerism, 175.
Isomorphism, 174

Fluorine, 41.
Fluor-spar, 41.
Food, 103.

of animals, 131.

», plants, 111.
Furnace, the blast, 52.

the reverberatory, 54.

K.

Kaolin, 80, 82.
Kelp, 26.
Kupfernickel, 73.

G.
Galena, 56, 63.
Garnet, 80.
Gas, imperfect, 162.

true, 162.
Gelatine, 127.
German silver, 61, 73.
Glass, 80.

soluble, 79.
Gluten, 103.
Glycerine, 128, 129, 173.
Glycose, 124
Gold, 67:

salts, 70.
Grape-sugar, 124.
Graphite, 28.
Growth of plants, 108, 152.
Gum-resins, 130.
Gums, 129.
Gun-cotton, 125, 173.
Gunpowder, 84.
Gutta-percha, 130.
Gypsum, 84, 86.

L.
Laughing gas, 25.
Lead, 56.

black, 28.
red, 62.
salts, 62.
sugar of, 62.

white, 62.
Leaven, 158.
Lime, 84.

chloride of, 37

light, 16.
Limestone, 84, 98.
Litharge, 62.
Lixiviation, 78.
Lunar caustic, 69.
Lungs, described, 104.

H.

Heart, description of the, 104.
Heat, animal, 104.
produced by decay, 101.

» rusting, 102.
Hydracids, 39.
Hydrates, 14.
Hydraulic cement, 85.
Hydric chloride (hydrochloric acid), 38.

fluoride (hydrofluoric acid), 41.
phosphide (phosphuretted hydro-

gen), 43, 191.
sulphide (sulphuretted hydrogen),

35.
Hydrocarbons, 134.
Hydrogen, 3, 5, 15.

a metal, 176.
generator, 182.
preparation of, 15.

M.
Magnesia, 72, 79.
Magnesium, 71.

burns in air, 97.

salts, 79.
Maizena, 121.
Malachite, 58.
Manganese, 88.

black oxide of, 11, 89.
Manures, use of, 112, 113.
Marble, 84, 85, 98.
Marsh-gas, 136.
Mercury, 64:

salts, 69.

trough, 189.
Metallic veins or lodes, 50
Metals, 49, 176.

fusible, 73, 89.
noble, 64.
melting-points of, 49.
most useful, 51.
ores of, 50.

specific gravity of, 49.
Mica, 8o.
Milk, composition of, 103.
Mirrors, silvering of, 65.
Molasses, 122.
Molecules, 9, 161.
Monads, dyads, triads, etc., 166.
Mordants, 64.
Morphine, 131.
Mortar, 84.
Mosaic gold, 64.
Muriatic acid, 3, 9, 38, 77.

I.

Ignition, point of, 97.
Illumination, 145.
India-rubber, 130.
Ink, 61, 127;

indelible, 69.
Iodine, 12, 40.
Iridium, 89.
Iron, 51.

manufacture, 52.
pyrites, 34, 61.
salts, 61.

N.
Naphthaline, 139.
Nascent state, 23.

salts, 82.

Neutrals, 14.
Nickel, 73;
Nicotine, 131:
Nipper-tap, the, 182.
Nitric acid, 24.

chloride, 28, 189.
iodide, 28.

oxide, 22, 33.
Nitro-benzole, 139, 174.
Nitro-cellulose, 125.
Nitrogen, 6, 21.

group, 44, 73.

properties of, 22, 27.
Nitro-glycerine, 173.
Nitrous oxide, 25.

Porcelain, 80.
Potash, caustic, 84.
Potassic carbonate, 84.

chlorate, 84, 106.
cyanide, 27.

nitrate, 84.
Potassium, 83, 93.
Problems, 178.
Prussian blue, 27.
Putrefaction, 101.

Q.
Quantivalence, 165.
Quinine, 131.

R.
Radicals, 27, 161, 166.
Reaction, 11.
Rectifying of spirits, 155.
Resins, 130.
Respiration, 103.
Rochelle salts, 127.
Rusting of metals, 102.

0.
Oils, 128.
Opium, 131.
Organic structure, 110.
Osmose, 104.
Oxides, acid, 13.

basic, 14, 170.
names of, 13.

neutral, 14.
Oxyacids, 39.
Oxygen, 5, 10.

and carbon, 146.
daily consumption of, 107.
group, 35.
making of, 187.
nascent state of, 37.
partially active state of, 100.
properties of, 11.

sulphur burned in, 187.
Ozone, 12, 100

way of making, 188.

P.

Paraffine, 135.
Parchment, vegetable, 126.
Parhelia, 21.
Pearlash, 84.
Petroleum, 140.
Pewter, 6o.
Phosphorus, 11, 25, 42, 91:

caution in using, 188.
burned in chlorine, 191.

properties of, 42.
Photography, 70.
Plants and animals, 119:

earthy portion of, 112.
food of, 111.
growth of, 108, 116, 152.
organic portion of, 114,
prepare food for animals, 118.
purify the air for animals, 117.

structure of, 109.
Platinum, 68.

salts, 70.
Plumbago, 28.
Plumbic salts, 62.
Pneumatic trough, the, 181.
Polymorphism, 175.

S.
Sago, 121.
Sal-ammoniac, 26.
Salt, 74.

rock, 75.

springs, 75.
Saltpetre, 84.

soda, 78.
Salts, 14, 172.
Scheele's green, 63.
Silica, 44.
Silicon, 44.
Silver, 66.

salts, 69.
Soap, 129.
Soda, bicarbonate of, 78.

caustic, 74.
Soda-ash, 76.
Sodic borate, 79.

carbonate, 76.
chloride, 74.
hyposulphite, 79.
nitrate, 78.
silicate, 79.
sulphate, 78.

tungstate, 89.
Sodium, 5, 71.

salts, 74.
Solids, liquids, and gases, 162.
Specific heat of atoms, 165.
Speiss, 73:
Spirits, distillation and rectification of,

155
Stalactites, 85.
Stalagmites, 86.
Stannic salts, 64.
Starch, 103, 120.

converted into sugar, 124.
kinds of, 121.

Steel, 55

V.

Strontium, 86.

salts, 86.
Strychnine, 131.
Substitution, 173.
Sugar, composition of, 105.

fermentation of, 152.
kinds of, 122.

rapid combustion of, 106, 191.
Sulphides, 30.
Sulphur, 11, 18, 30, 35.

in eggs, etc., 67.
properties, 31.

supports combustion, 98.
Sulphuretted hydrogen, 35.
Sulphuric acid, 33.
Sulphurous acid, 32.
Sunlight, an agent in growth of plants,

116. Symbols of compounds, 9.

elements, 7.

[blocks in formation]

T. Tannin, 127, Tapioca, 121. Tartar-emetic, 82, 127. Tartaric acid, 126, 175. Tea, alkaloid in, 131.

tannin in, 128. Theine, 131.

alloys of, 60.
salts, 64.

water-pipes, 59.
Tobacco, 131.
Toluole, 139.
Tungsten, 89.
Type-metal, 73.
Types, chemical, 167,

condensed, 168.

W.
Water, 5, 9, 17

as food of plants, 115.
kinds of, 18.
in plants and animals, 19.
lead pipes for, 56.
of crystallization, 18.
tin pipes for, 59.

uses of, 20.
Wax, 129.
Weights, atomic, 10, 163.

molecular, 162.
Welding, 52.
Wolfranium, 89.
Wood, composition of, 100, 116.

distillation of, 134.
naphtha, 135.
tar, 135.

vinegar, 134, 157. Woody fibre, 114, 125.

converted into sugar, 124.

Tin, 59:

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U.

Uranium, 90.

Zaffre, 88.
Zinc, 60.

salts, 64

Cambridge: Electrotyped and Printed by John Wilson and Son.

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