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respecting the commonwealth coin, ii.
Palace of Fame described, ii. 14.
Palæstrina, described, i. 485; fragments
there of the Temple of Fortune, ib.
Palatine, mountain, supposed to abound
in buried treasures of sculpture, i. 470.
Palladio, his design of the church of St.
Justina at Padua, i. 384 ; said to have
learnt a rule in architecture from an
ancient Ionic pillar, 478.
Palm-branch, an emblem of victory, i. 289.
Palm-tree, why represented on coins re-
lating to Judea, i. 332.
Palm-trees, plantations of, near St. Remo,
though not to be found in other parts
of Italy, i. 360.
Palmes, Brigadier, v. 360.
Palmistry of the gypsies, ii. 492.
Pam, a greater favourite with a gaming
lady than her husband, iv. 232.
Pamphlet, stirring up compassion for the
rebels, examined, v. 1; the author ar-
gues on supposed facts, 14.
Pamphleteer, takes precedence of single-
sheet writers, iv. 48.
Pamphlets, political, Mr. Addison's “State
of the War,” a model for, iv. 363, note.
Pan, a fine head of him in porphyry at
Florence, i. 497.
Pancras church-yard, epitaph in, iv. 66, 67.
Pandæmonium, fine description of, iii.
208; proposed to be represented in fire-
works, iv. 188.
Pandora's box, moral deduced from that
story, iii. 493.
Panegyric on the Princess of Wales, iv.
474 ; well written, ib. note.
Pantænus, who travelled in the second
century, found St. Matthew's Gospel in
India, v. 127.
Pantaloon, a standing character in Vene-
tian comedy, i. 394.
Pantheon, at Rome, now called the Ro-
tunda, i. 418; its effect on the imagin-
ation, iii. 409
Paper-manufacture, its benefit to the pub-
lic, iii. 348; its wonders enumerated,
Papers of the Spectator, publisher's ac-
count of the number distributed, ii. 253.
Paphos, prayers from, to Jupiter, iii. 369.
Papirius, the Roman senator, story of
him, v. 20.
Papist king, can never govern a Protest-
ant people, v. 60.
Paradin, Mons., his remark on the head-
dresses of the fourteenth century, ii.
Paradise, how described by Milton, iii.
Paradise Lost, if not an epic, a divine
poem, iii. 176 ; in what superior to the
poems of Homer and Virgil, 178; great-
ness of its subject, 179; the action con-
sidered, 177, 188; space of time not to
be ascertained, 180; actors, 181; why
universally interesting, 184 ; senti-
ments, 185; an exceptionable pleasantry
noticed, 189; language, 189, 190; its
event unhappy, 198; fable interwoven
with improbable circumstances, 200;
too many digressions, ib. ; frequent al-
lusion to heathen fables, 202 ; ostenta-
tion of learning, ib. ; jingle of words,
ib. ; technical terms, 203. First book.
Simplicity in opening the poem, 204 ;
person, character, and speech of Satan
sublimely appropriate, 206 ; catalogue
of evil spirits, 207 ; character of Mam-
mon, and description of Pandæmonium,
beautiful, 208; noble similies and allu-
sions, 209. Second book.-Satan's en-
counter with Sin and Death-Moloch's
character, 211; Belial, 212; Mammon,
213; Beelzebub, ib.; rising of the assem-
bly, 215; diversions of the fallen an-
gels, ib. ; genealogy of Sin and Death
managed with delicacy, ib. ; gates of
Hell-Chaos, 216. Third book.–Failure
of Milton in the speeches of the Divine
persons, 218; the Almighty's survey of
the creation, ib. ; the fable a master-
piece in reconciling the marvellous with
the probable, 220; fine conception of
the angel in the sun, and Satan's flight
tion of Paradise, 224 ; Satan's meeting
and conference with Zephon and Ga-
briel, 226; the golden scales, 227; Adam
and Eve, 228; their evening worship,
230. Fifth book.-Eve's dream, 231 ;
morning hymn, 232 ; Raphael's descent
to Paradise, 234 ; revolt in Heaven, 235.
Sixth book. — Sublime description of
Messiah, 242. Seventh book. The six
days' works of the creation, 244. Eighth
book.- Adam relates to Raphael his
own history, 250 ; his love for Eve, 254.
Ninth book.--Story of the serpent and
the tree of life, taken from Scripture,
257; Eve's temptation and transgres-
sion, 260. Tenth book.-Greater variety
of persons than in any other, 262;
guardian angels' return to Heaven from
Paradise after the fall, ib.; arrival of
Sin and Death into the works of crea-
tion, 263; Satan's return to Hell, and
transformation, 265; Adam's remorse
and despair, 266 ; bold personifications
of Milton, 269. Eleventh book.- Pe-
nitence of our first parents on the spot
where their sentence was pronounced,
270 ; intercession of Messiah, 271 ;
eclipse of the sun, a noble incident, 272;
Adam and Eve's regrets on hearing
their sentence of expulsion from Para-
dise, 273; Adam's visions, 274 ; of the
deluge, and its effect on Adam, 277.
Twelfth book.-Sketch of the plagues
of Egypt, 278; Abrabam, 279; Messiah
foretold, ib.; noble conclusion of the
poem, 280; a small alteration in it pro-
posed, 281; judicious division of the
poem into twelve books, 281, 282; mo-
ral to be deduced from it, 282 ; time of
the action, from the fourth book to the
end, ib. ; replete with scenes most pro-
per to strike the imagination, 418; Ton-
from, v. 695.
Paradoxes, the essentials of a Tory's creed,
iv. 452 ; a most absurd one in politics,
Paragrams, several species of puns so
called, ii. 354.
Parallel passages frequent in Homer and
Milton, iii. 262.
Parallels, of Homer, Virgil, and Ovid, ii.
416; fashionable in Mr. Addison's time,
Paranomasia, a species of pun, ii. 355.
Pardon, promised by the Pretender to
those who will rebel for him, iv. 434 ;
general pardon of the rebels, its expe-
diency discussed, v. 2.
Pardons, why necessary in a government,
Parentage, change of, in the allegory of
justice, ii. 33.
Parental love in animals, exemplified by
a barbarous experiment, ii. 458, 459;
ceases, when no longer necessary for the
preservation of the species, 459.
Parents, their taking a liking to a particu-
lar profession often occasions their sons
to miscarry, ii. 274; their hardness of
heart towards their children inexcusa-
ble, iii. 42.
Paris, curiosities there, described, iv. 182;
Addison at, v. 322–324.
Parish-politics, discussed in the church-
yard, ii. 446.
Parker, Charles, an ecclesiastic, his monu-
ment to the Dukes of Suffolk and Lor-
rain at Pavia, i. 365; inscription on his
own monument, 366.
Parker, Lord Chancellor, preamble, v. 604;
letter to, ib. note.
Parker, Geo., son of the Lord Chancellor,
and afterwards Earl of Macclesfield,
V. 645, and note.
Parliament, the Pretender's remark on,
iv. 431; a Scotch one to be called by
him, 434; Irish Houses of, grant for
clerks and officers, v. 501 ; Addison's
arguments on the Triennial elections
of, 614 ; silent members of, in 1715-16,
Parliamentary privilege, Steele's plea of,
Parma, its famous theatre and gallery de-
scribed, i. 503; the extent of its domi-
pions and condition of its inhabitants,
Parnassus, an artificial floating mountain.
so called, iv. 222; stations of the poets
on it, ib.
Parody on Cato's Soliloquy, v. 729.
Parr's, Dr., praise of Addison's Latin Dis-
sertation on the Roman Poets, v. 587,
Parrot, Michael, admonished respecting
his advertisements, ii. 168.
Parsimony, a particular favourite of Ava-
rice, ii. 90.
Parsley, emblematical of Achaia, i. 329;
a garland of it, the reward of the victor
at the Nemæan games, ib.
Parson Patch, iv, 224.
Parthenope, the ancient name of Naples,
its origin, i. 430.
Parthia, described on a medal and by the
poets, i. 333.
Parthians, a medal on the victory of Lu-
cius Verus over them, i. 311.
Partialities in the national judicature,
glanced at, iv. 170.
Participle, its use as a substantive, agree
able to the English idiom, ii. 275, note,
how to be used instead of a substantive,
iii. 170, note; two near together have
an ill effect, 204, note; misused as a
substantive, iv. 311, note.
Parties, in a nation, see things in differ-
ent lights, iv. 463; whence originating,
490; may bring destruction on
country, v. 24; their animosities dis-
turb public entertainments. 25.
Partridge, John, the astronomer, adver-
tisement respecting him, ii. 158; Swift's
jokes upon, in the name of Bickerstaffe,
Party-contests once managed with good-
breeding, iv. 482.
Party-fictions of the Tories exposed, iv.
Party-lying exposed, iv. 25.
Party-patches, account of, ii. 389.
Party-spirit, its evil tendency, ii. 476 ;
prejudicial to the judgment, ib. ; occa-
sionally prevails in all governments,
477 ; association proposed, to extinguish
it, 478; more prevalent in the country
than in town, 480 ; injurious to the
cause of virtue, iji. 138.
Party-violence, disclaimed by the Specta-
tor, ii. 230, 231; his endeavours to mi-
tigate it, 267.
Party-writers, how they recommend their
productions, iv. 106.
Paschal, his observation on Cromwell's
death, iv. 257.
Pasquin, the statue, dressed in a dirty
shirt, in ridicule of Sextus Quintus, ii.
Passing-bells, who are such in conversa-
tion, ii. 118.
Passionate men unfit for public business,
Passions, exhibit themselves in the coun-
tenance, ii. 398; according to Plato,
survive the body, 405; their various
operations, as more or less swayed by
reason, iii. 96; instanced in the story
of two negroes, 96, 97; the use of them, Pax Gulielmi auspiciis Europæ reddita,
156; descriptions most pleasing which Poema, i, 233.
move them, 419; those of hope and fear, Payment of Addison's salaries, official
492 ; affect us more when asleep than entries of, v. 643.
when awake, iv. 2.
Peace, described on a medal, i. 275; the
Passions of the Fan, a treatise, for the use olive-branch an appropriate token, 276;
of the author's scholars, ii. 430.
figure of, on a medal of Vespasian, 313;
Passive obedience and non-resistance, general, a caution to poets on its cele-
state of the controversy respecting, iv. bration, iv. 46; a couple of letters, the
390; the doctrine of Turks and Indians, fruits of it, 181, 183; none can be made
391 ; its assertors have always been the without an entire disunion of the French
favourites of weak kings, 392; tends to and Spanish monarchies, 340, 345, 347;
make a good king a very bad one, 393; a time of, is always a time of prodigies,
ruined James II., 394 ; of all kinds, 495 ; furnishes few materials for his-
disallowed, except from a lover to his tory, 498.
mistress, iv. 426; misrepresented to the Pedantry, learning without common sense,
people, 435; its real meaning, ib.
ii. 134; in learning, like hypocrisy in
Pastoral hymn from the 23rd Psalm, iii. 446. religion, 149.
Pastorals of Pope and Philips, v. 696. Pedants, an insupportable kind of them
Patches, worn by the ladies as party-sig- noticed, ii. 134; described by Boileau,
nals, ii. 389.
135; their combination to extol one
Patent fee of £100 per annum, granted to another's labours, 149; their various
Addison, v. 640.
classes, 432; who so to be reputed, ib.;
Pathetic, not essential to the sublime, iii. the book-pedant the most insupport.
able, 433 ; apt to extol one another, ib.;
Patience, her office in the Vision of the how they often make buffoons of them-
Miseries, iv. 94 ; a commander in the selves, v. 219.
war of the sexes, 274.
Pedro II., Don, king of Portugal, his
Patin, Mons., his abhorrence of the Eng- death, v. 355.
lish, iv. 506.
Peer, an English one, his pleasant story
Patrician, The, No. I., v. 249; No. II., of a French duellist, ii. 424.
280; No. III., 283.
Peerage Bill, proposed by Lord Sunder-
Patriot, how a true one may console him- land, v. 236 ; the subject of a controversy
self under obloquy or falsehood, iv. between Addison and Steele in the Ple-
beian and Old Whig, ib.; opposed by
Patriotism, recommended as a moral yir. Sir R. Walpole, ib.
; pamphlets occa-
tue, iv. 411; a stimulus to great ac- sioned by, 248, 306.
Peers, on increasing the number of, v.
Patriots of a certain kind, more numerous 262 ; on turning the sixteen Scottish
in England than in any other country,
elective ones into twenty-five hereditary
Patronage of a prince necessary to learn- Pegasus, how represented on the floating
ing, v. 23.
Parnassus, iv. 222.
Paul, Mrs., married to Brigadier Mere- Pelion, Homer's epithet on, iii. 239.
dith, v. 357.
Pelta, the buckler of the Amazons, i.
Paul, St., describes our absence from, 334.
and presence with, the Lord, iv. 35; his Pembroke, Countess dowager of, epitaph
account of being caught up into the on her, iii. 328.
third heaven, 131; his affection for his Penance of Mary Magdalene, tradition
countrymen, 414; he and Barnabas respecting, i. 359.
persecuted by women, v. 21.
Pendentisque Dei, in Juvenal, explained,
Paul the hermit, v. 123.
Paul Veronese, his painting of the mar- Penitents, female, forbidden to appear at
tyrdom of St. George, i. 378; of the mar- confession without tuckers, iv 225.
tyrdom of St. Justina, 384.
Pension, retiring, v. 641. See Salaries.
Paul's, St., the fox-hunter's visit there, Pension List, Tom Onslow's motion for
considering the, v. 646.
Pausanias, his account of Trophonius's Pentheus, story of, i. 130; his death, 135.
cave, iv. 152.
Peplus, part of the Roman dress, i. 261.
Pause, in music, its fine effect, ii. 97. Pepper, a production of Arabia, mention-
Pausilypo, the grotto of, described, i. 431 ; ed by Persius, i. 336.
the beautiful prospect of its mount, Perfection, distinguished into essential
and comparative, ii. 381 ; the soul's ad-
Pavia, once a metropolis, now a poor town, vancement to, a proof of its immortality,
i. 365; monuments at the Ticinum of 444, and note; spiritual, many kinds of it
the ancients, i. 366.
besides those of the human soul, iv. 53.
Pericardium of a coquette's heart, mark- Pescennius Niger, a scarce medallion of
ed with millions of scars, iii. 293; some him at Parma, i. 504.
account of the lady, 295; the heart of a Pestilence, awfully personified in Scrip-
salamandrine quality, ib.
ture, iii, 270.
Pericles, his address to the females in a Peterborough, Lord, to be superseded by
funeral oration, ii. 392.
Lord Galway, v. 355; mentioned, 446 ;
Periodical writers, a most offensive spe- his imprudent conversation against the
cies of scribblers, iv. 133.
Emperor, 447 ; arrested at Bologna, 447,
Peripatetic Philosophy, v. 608, 609, 611. 493; letter to, 446.
Peripatetics, an obvious difference be- Peterborough, Lady, invited to dine with
tween them and the Christians in the Duchess of Marlborough, v. 365.
propagation of their tenets, v. 133, note. Peter's, St., church at Rome described ;
Periwig, of King William's reign, still in the reason of its double dome; its beau-
fashion in the country, ii. 489; turned tiful architecture, i. 417.
grey by the fear of the wearer, iv. 66. Petition of Simon Trippit, ii. 44; to po-
Perjury, different degree of guilt in, iv.
417; always reckoned among the great- Petits esprits, a class of readers of poetry,
est crimes, ib.; punished by the Scy- ii. 361.
thians and Egyptians with death, 418; Petre, Lord, family of, v. 697.
in oaths of allegiance, an aggravated Petronius Arbiter, St. Evremond's judg.
crime, 419; every approach towards it ment of, v. 737 ; Addison's account of,
to be avoided, 420; the guilt of it how 738; translation of, ib.
incurred, ib.; the gate of, in the High: Petticoat, its cause tried, ii. 64; petitions
lander's vision, 496.
in its favour answered, 66; hoop, com-
Perrault, ridicules the homely sentiments plaint against it, 482; the women's de.
of Homer, iii. 188; his ill-judged sneer fence of them, ib. ; several conjectures
at Homer's similitudes, 210.
upon it, 482, 483; compared to an Egyp-
Perron, says Gretzer, has a deal of wit for tian temple, 484.
a German, iv. 507.
Petticoat-politicians, a seminary of them
Perry, Micajah, Lord Mayor of London, to be erected in France, iii. 314.
Petticoats, growing shorter every day, iv.
Persecution, religious, personified, ii. 206; Tom Plain's letter on, 220; notice
209; in religious matters, immoral, iii. to the Pope respecting them, 271.
Petty, Sir William, his calculations re-
Persia, the Queen of, her pin-money, iii. specting petticoats, ii. 65 ; his computa-
309; account of a fair there, for the sale tion of the number of lovers in Great
of young unmarried women, iv. 28; the Britain, iv. 407.
daughters of Eve reckoned there as Phædria, his request to his mistress on
goods and chattels, 408.
leaving her for three days, iii. 22.
Persian emperor, his pompous titles, ii. Phædrus, his fable of the Fox and the
Mask, i. 467.
Persian ambassador, at Paris, his daily Phaëthusa, sister of Phaëton, transformed
homage to his native soil, iv. 412.
into a tree, i. 97.
Persian history, a tale from, on detrac- Phaëton, story of, from Ovid's Metamor-
tion, iv. 463.
phoses, i. 87 ; asks to guide his father's
Persians, ancient, their opinions on par- chariot for a day, 88; sets fire to the
ricide, iii. 60.
world, 93; struck by thunder, falls into
Persians, modern, our silk-weavers, ii. 372; the Po, 96 ; notes on the story, 139–
their custom of royal sepulture, iv. 327. 145; his sisters, the poets blamed for
Persius, his description of a wreck, i. 295; not transforming them into larch-trees
a passage from, in ridicule of the cere- instead of poplars, 505.
mony of making a freeman, 292; con- Phalaris, his consolation to one who had
sidered a better poet than Lucan, 336; lost a good son, iii. 339.
his account of a contest between Luxury Phaon, the inconstant lover of Sappho, iii.
and Avarice, ii. 332 ; his second satire 105, 106.
occasioned by Plato's Dialogue on Pharos of Ravenna, its remains, i. 399;
Prayer, iii. 81.
of Caprea, noticed by Statius, 445.
Persons, imaginary, not proper for an Pharsalia, battle of, a digression in Virgil
heroic poem, iii. 268.
relating to, i. 157; of Lucan, a transla-
Perspicuity, a great requisite in epic po- tion of that poem desirable, as a satire
etry, iii. 190; of a sentence, how hurt on the French form of government, v.
by elliptical forms, iv. 58, note, 134, note, 48.
Phenomena of nature, imitated by the art
Pertinax, his bust at Florence, i. 496 ; of man, iv. 187.
two medals of his, 504.
Phidias, his proposal to cut Mount Athos
Pesaro, its marble fountain, i. 406.
into a statue of Alexander, iii. 408; his
statue of Jupiter copied from a descrip- 109; and the darkness and earthquake
tion in the first Iliad, v. 218.
at his death, ib.
Philadelphians, a religious sect, ii. 209.' Phæbus, description of his throne, i. 87 ;
Philander, a character in the Dialogues on remonstrates against his son's wish to
Medals, i. 255.
drive his chariot, 89; in petticoats, a
Philip of Macedon, in his contest with the figure of Ned Softly's, ii. 147.
Athenians, demanded their orators, iv. Phænix, a medallic emblem of eternity, i.
283; described by Claudian, ib.; by
Philip II., golden medal of his, weighing Ovid, 284; her radiated head, 285; tra-
twenty-two pounds, i. 340; medal of, dition respecting, 287.
on the resignation of Charles V., 347; Phænix, the tutor of Achilles, his mode of
his treatment of the Catalans, v. 12, 13. remonstrating with his pupil, iii. 366.
Philippics of Cicero, how applied to two Physic, professed by Mr. Bickerstaffe, ii.
scenes in Cato, i. 187, note.
178 ; its professors, a formidable body
Philips, Mr. Ambrose, his verses to the of men, compared to the British army
author of Cato, i. 170; his translation in Cæsar's time, 273; the science flourish-
of Sappho's hymn to Venus, iii. 107; his ing in the North, ib. ; cruel experiments
character as a poet and as a man, 106, in, 273, 274 ; the substitute of exercise
note; his imitation of another fragment and temperance, iii. 64.
from Sappho, 116, 117 ; his Pastorals, Physician of St. Marino, the fourth man
to what class of writers recommended, in the state, i. 405.
iv. 45; his Epilogue to the Distressed Physicians convert one disorder into an.
Mother, supposed to be written by Ad- other, ii. 279.
dison, v. 228; his pecuniary difficulties, Physiognomy of men of business noted,
375, 376 ; his Pastorals, 380; his wish ii. 9; an art of which all men are in
to be appointed to Muscovy or Geneva, some degree masters, 398; resemblance
384; the difference between him and of human faces with those of various
Pope, 415, 417; recommended by Addi- animals, 399.
son to the Earl of Halifax for office, Pickled herrings, drolls so called in Hol.
425; his political appointments, 428 ; land, ii. 326.
his adaptation of the Distressed Mother, Picts, their painted bodies proposed for
429; Budgell's Epilogue to it, 679; the imitation of the ladies, iv. 270.
his verses nicknamed Namby Pamby, Pictures a source of entertainment in bad
696 ; Pope's ironical review of his weather, ii. 392.
Pastorals, 696; letters to, 370, 371 ? Pied piper, of Germany, charmed all the
375, 380, 383, 384, 399, 428.
mice from a great town, ii. 243.
Philips, John, his Splendid Shilling, how Piercy, Earl, accepts the challenge of
occasioned, ii. 188.
Douglas at Chevy Chase, ii. 377 ; his
Philogamus. his letter to the Spectator in magnanimity in death, 378.
praise of marriage, iv. 19.
Pierre, in Venice Preserved, his behvaiour
Philomedes advises the Spectator to raise when brought to execution, ii. 98.
the price of his paper to sixpence, iv. 5. Pietists, a new sect sprung up in Switzer.
Philomot, feuille morte, iii. 174.
land, i. 531; their immoralities, 532.
Philosopher, an ancient one, his reply Piety, on ancient medals represented as a
concerning what he carried under his vestal, i. 282; holds in her hand the
cloak, iii. 104 ; an old one, his remark acerra, ib.; an antidote to superstition,
on his passionate wife, iv. 119; repartee ii. 246.
of one to a cynic, 174.
Pig whipped to death, a fashionable dish,
Philosopher's stone, Mr. Ironside once in ii. 108.
search of it, iv. 322.
Pilgrimage, a term applied to human life,
Philosophers, why longer lived than other in Scripture, iii. 100.
men, iii. 66.
Pillar on a medal of Vespasian, its use, i.
Philosophy, a thorough insight into it
makes a good believer, ii. 225; the use Pillars, ancient, at Rome, in various kinds
of it, 245, 246 ; said to be brought down of marble, i. 476 ; their proportions not
from heaven by Socrates, 253; natural, exact, 477 ; those of Trajan and An-
its uses, iii. 372; a source of pleasure tonine the noblest, 478; two antique
to the imagination, 425 ; oddly recom- ones at Florence, wrought with figures
mended to the fair sex, iv, 284; the of Roman arms, 498.
Newtonian, v. 607; New, Addison's Pills to purge Melancholy, D'Urfey's mis.
Latin Oration in defence of the, 607 cellanies so called, iv. 161.
Philo-Spec, his letter, suggesting an elec- Pilot, his office and station in the ships of
tion of new members to the Spectator's the ancients, i, 294.
Club, iv. 69.
Pindar, his vast conceptions and noble sal-
Phlegon the Trallian, attests the fulfil- lies of imagination, ii. 505; his modern
ment of our Saviour's prophecies, v. imitators compared with him, 506.