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out on his travels. Those who remember him at college affirm that his temper was the same it appeared ever afterwards; that is to say, his abilities were exceeded by nothing but his modesty.
A walk with rows of trees along the side of the collegemeadow, is still pointed out as his favourite haunt; it continues to bear his name, and some of the trees are supposed to have been planted by him. [It is said that he obtained his election into Magdalen College by the merit of his Inauguratio Regis Gulielmi, 1689; which see, ante, p. 546.]
ADDISON, AN OXFORD COACH.' The following paragraph occurs in a letter from Mr. (afterwards Bp.) Smalridge to Mr. Gough, preserved in Bp. Atterbury's Correspondence: “Sir John Harper is under Mr. Addison's care at Magdalene." The letter is undated, but was most probably written about the
appears also, from documents communicated to Miss Aikin by Lord Northwick, that Sir James Rushout (born 1676, died 1705) was for some time under the tuition of Addison, no doubt at Oxford. Philip Frowde (as is stated at page 324) was another of Addison's Oxford pupils.
ADDISON ORIGINALLY INTENDED FOR THE CHURCH. “MR. ADDISON (says Mr. Wbiston) was brought up at Oxford with intention to take holy orders; and I have heard it said that the Saturday papers in his famous Spectator, which are generally on religious subjects, were intended originally for sermons when he should be in holy orders. However his parts appeared so promising to the Lord Halifax, and Lord Chancellor Somers, that they diverted him from his purpose, and procured him £400 a year of King William, to enable him to improve himself by travelling, – yet he retained such a great regard for the Christian religion, that before he died he began to read the ancient fa
| The amount of this pension has been variously stated, and Addison, in his Memorial, says, it was only paid for half a year. We have not been able to find any official papers respecting it, but have met with a grant of King William's, dated June 1, 1699, to - - Addison, Esq., of the sum of £200, not as pension, but as “ free gift and royal bounty; payable out of “ any treasure or revenue remaining in our exchequer applicable to the uses of the civil government.” It is signed Montague, Tankerville, Fox, Smith, Boyle.
thers of the three first centuries; and the last of them that I know of his reading, was Justin Martyr, the first of the heathen philosophers that became a Christian and a martyr."
THE KIT-CAT CLUB.
Tuis society is said to have first met (about 1700) at an obscure house in Shire Lane, and consisted of thirty-nine noblemen and gentlemen, zealously attached to the Hanoverian (or Protestant) succession, amongst whom were the Dukes of Somerset, Richmond, Grafton, Devonshire, and Marlborough, and (after the accession of George I.) the Duke of Newcastle ; the Earls of Dorset,' Sunderland, Manchester, Wharton, and Kingston ; Lords Halifax and Somers; Sir Robert Walpole, Vanbrugh, Congreve, Granville, Addison, Steel, Garth, Maynwaring, Stepney, and Walsh. The club is supposed to have derived its name from Christopher Cat, a pastry-cook, who kept the house where they dined, and excelled in making mutton-pies, which always formed a part of their bill of fare. In the Spectator, No. IX., they are said to have had their title, not from the maker of the pie, but the pie itself. The fact is that, on account of its excellence, it was called a Kit-cat, as we now say a Sandwich. So in the Prologue to the Reformed Wife, a comedy, 1700:
“Often for change the meanest things are good:
A Kit-cat is a supper for a lord.” In an Epigram, supposed to have been written by Arbuthnot, the club is thus ridiculed :
“Whence deathless Kit-cat took its name,
Few critics can unriddle;
THE KIT-CAT AT HAMPSTEAD. Sir Richard Steele, at one part of his life, resided occasionally at a small house on Haverstock Hill, in the road to Hampstead. At this time the Kit-cat Club held their sum
! The Mæcænas of the wits of that day; he was one of the earliest members of the club.
mer meetings at the Upper Flask,' on Hampstead Heath; and Addison, Pope, or some other of his friends, used to call on Steele and take him to the place of rendezvous.
The Kit-cat Club took its name from one Christopher Cat, maker of their mutton-pies. The portraits of its members were drawn by Kneller, who was himself one of their number; and all portraits of the same dimensions and form are to this day called kit-cat pictures. This club was originally formed in Shire Lane, about the time of the Trial of the seven bishops, for a little free evening conversation, professedly on literature and the fine arts, but secretly” to promote the Hanoverian succession. In Queen Anne's reign, the club comprehended upwards of forty noblemen and gentlemen of the first rank for quality, merit, and fortune, chiefly of Whig principles.
TONSON AND THE KIT-CAT.
You have heard of the Kit-cat Club. The master of the house where the club met was Christopher Cat. Tonson was secretary.
The day Lord Mohun and the Earl of Berkeley were entered of it, Jacob said he saw they were just going to be ruined. When Lord Mohun broke down the gilded emblem on the top of his chair, Jacob complained to his friends, and said that a man who would do that, would cut a man's throat. -So that he had the good and the forms of the society much at heart.
[Pope remembers having seen a paper in Lord Halifax's hand-writing, of a subscription of four hundred guineas for the encouragement of good comedies; it was dated 1709.]
Soon after that they broke up.--Steele, Addison, Congreve, Garth, Vanbrugh, Maynwaring, Stepney, Walpole, and Pultney were of it; so was Lord Dorset, and the present Duke. Manwaring, whom we hear nothing of now, was the ruling man in all conversations; indeed, what he wrote had very
little merit in it.—Lord Stanhope and the Earl of Essex were also members. Jacob has his own and all their pictures, by Sir
* There is a view of this tavern, as well as of Steele's College at Haverstock Hill, in Smith's Curiosities.
410, Bohn. ? Horace Walpole says, “the Kit-cat club, generally mentioned as a set of Wits, in reality THE PATRIOTS THAT saved Britain."
Godfrey Kneller. Each member gave him his, and he is going to build a room for them at Barn Elms.-Spence.
ADDISON became a member of the Kit-cat Club in 1703. It was the custom of the wits who composed it to celebrate the several beauties they toasted in verse, which they wrote on their drinking glasses. Among these ingenious pieces, which were so many epigrams (preserved in Dryden's Miscellanies), is one by Addison on the Lady Manchester, which is given at our page 228.
The custom of toasting ladies after dinner, peculiar to the Kit-cat Club, and the society out of which it was originally formed, viz. “ The Knights of the Toast,” is thus alluded to in No. 24 of the Tatler. Though this institution had so trivial a beginning, it is now elevated into a formal order, and that happy virgin, who is received and drank to at their meetings, has no more to do in this life but to judge and accept of the first good offer. The manner of her inauguration is much like that of the choice of a Doge in Venice; it is performed by ballotting; and when she is so chosen, she reigns indisputably for that ensuing year; but she must be elected anew to prolong her empire a moment beyond it. When she is regularly chosen, her name is written with a diamond on one of the drinking-glasses. The hieroglyphic of the diamond is to show her that her value is imaginary ; and that of the glass, to acquaint her that her condition is frail, and depends on the hand which holds her.”
Kit-cat Memoirs, p. 5.
BUDGELL,“ a young Templar of some literature," author of many of the papers in the Spectator, was the first cousin to Mr. Addison, to whom he had been introduced on his coming to town. Mr. Addison, perceiving in young Budgell a love of polite learning, assisted him with his advice in the course of his study, and honoured him with his friendship.
When Mr. Addison was appointed secretary to Lord Wharton, in April, 1710, he offered his friend Budgell the place of clerk in his office, which he accepted, and this was his first introduction to public notice.
Mr. Budgell is said to have contributed to the Tatler; but his
papers are not ascertained. In the Spectator he had the most considerable share after Steele and Addison. The papers marked with the letter X are all written by Mr. Budgell. He also wrote those papers in the Guardian distinguished by an asterisk.
EPILOGUE TO THE DISTRESSED MOTHER.
This admired epilogue is, in the last paper of the seventh volume of the Spectator, ascribed to Mr. Budgell. It was known, however, in Tonson's family, and told to Mr. Garrick, that Addison was himself the author of this epilogue;' and that when it was actually printed with his name he came early in the morning before the copies were distributed, and ordered it to be given to Mr. E. Budgell, that it might add weight to the solicitation which Addison was then making for a place for Mr. Budgell, whom he used to denominate “the man who calls me cousin.” Dr. Johnson says “this was the most successful composition of the kind ever yet spoken in the English language. The first three nights it was recited twice, and not only continued to be demanded through the run, as it was termed, of the play, but whenever it is recalled to the stage—where by a peculiar fortune, though a copy from the French, it keeps its place—the Epilogue is still expected, and still spoken.
DEATH OF EUSTACE BUDG ELL. THE termination of this gentleman's life was truly deplorable. From a variety of imprudences-upon which it would be painful to dwell—be was reduced to great distress in his circumstances. His miserable condition preyed so on his mind, that he became visibly deranged. He in 1736 took a
| The Epilogue (printed at p. 229 of the present volume) is believed to have been written by Budgell, and merely corrected by Addison.
? He publicly alludes to this in the preface to his ‘Memoirs of the Family of the Boyles, published 1732. “ Suffer me, my Lord, under all my misfortunes, to reflect with some little satisfaction, perhaps with a secret pride, that I have not been thought unworthy the friendship of a Halifax, an Addison, and an Orrery." It is in this volume that Budgell records the famous conversation before Lords Halifax and Godolphin, (cited in a succeeding page,) which led to the writing of “the Campaign."