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Considering, my dear Lord, the part I have still acted, and the zeal that such of mine as were there showed, I hope the King will please to bestow upon me the post in the Exchequer now vacant by the decease of Mr. Addison. I knew he was so ill he could not subsist long; but as I wished him to live, and, barring God's pleasure, thought him deserving to live, I could not ask it. I hope there is no engagement, as in the last for my Lord Chancellor's son,” which could not be helped. If your Lordship please to exert yourself now for me at this juncture, you cannot do it for one who has suffered or endeavoured to do more for the service, and who must be undone, if nothing be done for him. It is needless to tell you that there is none with greater sincerity, truth, and respect than I, my Lord,

Your Lordship’s most faithful and most

obliged humble servant, Marl. Street,

SUTHERLAND. 19 June, 1719.

I am doing what I can to have Mr. Douglas chosen Member of Parliament for Wallingford, knowing him to be at your Lordship’s disposal. Your Lordship’s lady and children are, I thank God, well.

! What this post was we have been unable to discover. As his great friend Charles, Earl of Halifax was 'Auditor of the Receipt of the Exchequer' from 1699 till Sept. 1714, when he resigned in favour of his nephew, Addison is very likely to have obtained some office there. It could hardly be merely the ‘Patent fee' which his Lordship so earnestly applies for.

2 George Parker, afterwards Earl of Macclesfield, was admitted, July 4, 1719, under a patent in reversion, dated May 3, 1718.

3 John Earl of Sutherland had the command of a regiment under King William and followed him through all his campaigns in Flanders. He was a Privy-councillor in the reign of Queen Anne and one of the Cominissioners for the Union. After the accession of George I., on the breaking out of the Rebellion in 1715, he offered his services to raise the northern clans for Government, raised 300 men, and, joined by other Scottish chiefs, took possession of Inverness, which he successfully defended against Lord Seaforth and the Pretender's party till the Rebellion was quelled. The king gratefully acknowledged his loyalty. In 1715 he was appointed President of the Board of Trade, in 1716 was invested with the order of the Thistle, in Sept. 1747 granted a pension of £1200 per annum, and Jan. 3rd, 1721, was made a Privy-councillor. It does not appear whether he obtained the place he here prays for. Macky calls him.“

a very honest man, a great assertor of the liberties of the people; a great lover of his bottle and his friend; brave in his person, which he has shown in several duels; too familiar for his quality, and often keeps company below it: a fat, fair-complexioned man, forty-five years old.” To which Swift adds, A blundering, rattle-pated, drunken sot.

ADDISON'S REPORTS OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

TO

EARL OF SUNDERLAND'S PRIVATE SECRETARY, (Probably either at Dublin or with the Earl at Bath.) SIR,

(London,) May 17th, 1715. I have received yours of the 14th instant, and shall be careful to observe the particulars contained in it. My Lord Halifax is very ill of a high fever. He was yesterday almost despaired of, but by the help of blisters he is at present something better. This will put a stop, for some time, to our proceedings in the Treasury. I will take care that no letter shall go from thence to Ireland, but through my Lord-Lieutenant's hands, though I remember the clerks used sometimes to play us those tricks in my Lord Wharton's time. I shall give such an answer to Mr. Gore's friends as His Ex. cellency directs. I cannot yet find who called for the Irish pensions ; if they did not come in by virtue of a General Order, it was by a Whig motion ; it being supposed there is a pension, under another name, for the late Speaker, as well as a very remarkable one for the late General, under his own name. Nothing in the House has yet glanced upon this subject; the

paper which gives offence, and will be canvassed to-mor. row, being the List of Pensions granted here to persons in high offices, and to some (as has been hinted in the House) of doubtful principles, since His Majesty's accession to the throne. Tom Onslow moved for a day to consider these pensions, seconded by Mr. Carter, and thirded by Sir Charles Hotham. They propose to themselves, as I am informed, to procure an Address to His Majesty upon this head. I shall write to the Archbishop of Dublin, pursuant to my Lord's instructions. I will speak to my Lord Halifax, as soon as it is practicable, in behalf of Mr. Loggan. His Lordship asked me some time since whether I had received any orders from my Lord-Lieutenant relating to Lord Grantham; so that I suppose nothing is as yet done in that affair ; but of this I will inform you by the next post. I keep Mr. Boote's letAddison was at this time M. P. for Malmesbury

2 Sir Thomas Hanmer

ter by me, till the affair of Caulfield is despatched, and will then date it accordingly.

I have talked with the Bishop of Clogher about Mr. Stone. He tells me that the trustees for the forfeited impropriations are appointed by Act of Parliament, and that the bishops have no other right to vote, and act among them, than by virtue of a compliment which is always paid them by the Trustees. The manager has his constitution from the trustees, so that His Lordship is of opinion this matter cannot any way be redressed till the meeting of Parliament, when a vote may pass, that one who had such a hand in dispersing the libels, is an improper person to be employed in this of fice. I do not believe, that any letter from the Treasury has been sent into Ireland for making up the difference of English and Irish pay to Churchill, Primrose, Preston, Sabine, and Corbett, because my Lord-Lieutenant's Report was against it, and I fancy they would not pass by His Excellency in transmitting such an order to Ireland.

In the affair of Schuldham the same expression was made use of that the Lords Justices had used in their letter to my Lord-Lieutenant; which was likewise the case in the letter for Pitt; and you know this is the general practice; but I think they are better as they are now drawn. I have inquired into M. General Gustavus Hamilton's estate, which is said to be about 2000li per annum. I cannot meet with Mr. St. George, but I hear he sets out for the Bath to

I very much rejoice in the recovery of my Lord-Lieutenant, and pray God to perfect it. I am ever, sir,

Your most faithful and most
humble servant,

J. ADDISON.

morrow.

P. S. Upon the Report about the Civil List there was a debate on the first question, and a division of 137 against 250, or thereabouts. The most material incident in the debate was a discovery Sir W. Wyndham made of a design to reduce the late Queen's expenses to 400,000li per annum; a scheme which, as he told us, he had presented to Her Majesty three days before her death. Nr. Stanhope observed with some warmth, that in this scheme there was reckoned 47,000 per annum for King James's Queen. This, he said, was a greater discovery than they had made in the Secret Committee, and indeed explained some papers which lay before them, in which there were several obscure traces of some articles stipulated with the Court of St. Germain's. Lord Coningsby' aggravated this circumstance very much against Sir W. Wyndham, who was Chancellor of the Exchequer at the time this scheme was formed in the Treasury; and concluded that the honourable gentleman must expect to hear more of this another time. Sir W. W. replied that as for any article stipulated on this head he knew nothing of the matter, and was not at all concerned about it; but that the Queen Dowager having demanded this, and threatened to sue for it at law, as having been settled upon her by Act of Parliament, he thought it fit to lay before the Queen all possible expenses that might arise in the Civil List, when he had her orders to lay such a scheme before her. In this part of the debate some little raillery arose upon the Secret Committee and Mr. Stanhope's expression. Upon which Mr. Walpole advised the gentlemen to be merry upon that subject whilst they might; for that he was sure in a little time their mirth would be spoiled. He then told us of a letter he had read that very morning from Mr. Prior to the Treasurer, where, speaking of this very subject, his expression is, If I make such an article, I shall be hanged in England ; and if I do not, I had as good be hanged as stay in France.

I write so much in haste that I wish you may understand

Ten o'clock. My Lord Halifax is much worse this evening than he was in the morning. He has been blooded twice this day, and we are in great pain for him.?

me.

WITHOUT ADDRESS, BUT PROBABLY TO THE PRIVATE

SECRETARY OF THE EARL OF SUNDERLAND.3 SIR,

(London) June 2nd, 1715. The Mutiny Bill being sent from the Lords yesterday, there arose a debate upon it, whether the amendments

This is the Lord Coningsby on whom Pope wrote the following Epitaph:

Here lies Lord Coningsby—be civil ;

The rest God knows—so does the Deril. ? He died two days afterwards, May 19, 1715. 3 The Earl was then ill at Bath. See note, p. 433.

should be then read, or whether the consideration of them should be adjourned to a further day. Mr. Pulteney showed that the amendments were of no manner of consequence, that they had been much insisted upon in another place to raise a clamour and furnish unjust suspicions, and that for these reasons they could not give too quick a despatch to them. The first amendment was defining the number of forces in Great Britain, which the Secretary at War said had been omitted as a thing of no manner of consequence, and had been omitted in former Bills, that the number of the standing army was settled by the Bill of Rights, which tied it down to such forces as should be kept up by consent of Parliament, and that this consent of Parliament appeared in the votes which make provision for such certain numbers of forces.

The debate proceeded chiefly upon the importance or insignificancy of the Lords' amendment, one side insisting upon a further day, on the first supposition, and the other upon an immediate reading, on the last. The second amendment was of the same nature with the first, in another part of the Bill. Upon a division for reading and agreeing with them, the Ayes were 248, Noes 90.

There arose an incident in the debate, which threw the House into a great ferment. Mr. Shippen? said that the House might very justly desire a longer time for considering a matter of so much moment, and follow the example of the Secret Committee, who had withheld so long their Report for reasons of the same nature. This being mixed with little flirts

upon the committee, Mr. Boscawen said he had seen 80 much of the Report that, if they were willing to proceed immediately in a parliamentary way, after the manner of their ancestors on such occasions, he was ready to stand up in his place, and in the name of the Commons of England to

1 William Shippen (at this time M. P. for Newton, Lancashire) was a firm and undisguised adherent of the Stuarts. The Court endeavoured in vain to buy him over. Of George the First he said that the King's Speech seemed calculated rather for the meridian of Germany than Great Britain ;' and that "it was a great misfortune he was a stranger both to our language and our constitution.” For which he was sent to the Tower, without, however, effecting any change in him. Pope immortalizes his inflexibility in these lines:

I love to pour out all myself as plain
As honest Shippen or downright Montaigne.

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