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the amount paid for wages in the industry (the figure supplied by the Mines Department), it would appear that 4.9d. was paid for compensation per £1 of wages, as compared with 5.7d. in 1922 and 1923. As regards railways, the information obtained from the railway companies indicates that the amount of compensation paid per £1 of wages would be just under 1d, which is about the same as in 1923. As regards shipping, it would appear from the figures shown in Table 1 on page 18, that the amount of compensation paid per ton of shipping was 3.3d. as compared with 2.4d. in 1923.
In Table 4 are given particulars of the duration of compensation in each of the industries. The table below shows, with regard to the accident cases, the proportions in each group for each of the industries and the proportions in 1924 as compared with 1923 for the combined industries. The most remarkable feature in the table is undoubtedly the great increase shown in the percentage of cases lasting less than two weeks. This has risen from 6.49 in 1923 to 30.95 in 1924. This result must be ascribed to the operation of the new arrangements (referred to on page 4) under the Act of 1923 in regard to the waiting period and the dating back of compensation.
The italic figures in brackets show the percentage in 1923.
It must be borne in mind that cases terminated by payment of a lump sum are not taken into account in the foregoing table. These cases are usually cases in which the disablement is likely to last for a considerable period—as the payments made (see Table 5) show-and therefore if such cases were included, the
proportion of cases of disablement of longer duration would be higher than the figures in the last two columns of the table indicate.
The 487,442 disablement cases included 61,485 continued from 1923. 430,850 cases were terminated during the year, leaving 56,592 cases outstanding. Of these outstanding cases 24,118 had lasted one year or more, including 2,892 cases (mostly in the mining industry) which had lasted ten years or over.
The following table groups the non-fatal cases of accident and disease according to duration of disablement.
Duration of Compensation. (Cases of Accident and Disease.)
It will be observed that there is a marked difference as regards duration between the figures for accidents and disease. About three-fifths of the cases of accidents come within the group of those lasting less than 4 weeks and less than 10 per cent. lasted for 13 weeks or over. In the case of disease the numberlasting less than 4 weeks is less than two-fifths of the total number, and the proportion of those lasting for 13 weeks or over averages 32.8
Table 5 shows the number of cases in which the workman's claim was settled by a lump sum payment, and the amount so paid. Out of 487,442 cases, 21,304 were settled by payment of a lump sum, either at once or after a period during which a weekly payment was made.
The tables give particulars concerning the various industrial diseases included under the Workmen's Compensation Act. Compensation was paid, in the seven industries, in 24 fatal cases to the amount of £5,400, and in 16,828 disablement cases to the amount of £714,393. The number of "continued cases ” was 8,222, or 48.9 per cent. of the total number of disablement
cases (in the case of accidents the proportion was only 11.3 per cent.), and they accounted for £524,603, or over 73 per cent. of the total disablement compensation paid for industrial diseases. The 24 fatal cases included 18 cases of lead poisoning, 1 of anthrax, 2 of epitheliomatous cancer, 1 of scrotal epithelioma and 2 of nystagmus.
As in previous years the bulk of the cases occurred in the mining industry, and were chiefly due to miner's nystagmus, beat hand and beat knee. Those diseases, together with beat elbow and inflammation of the synovial lining of the wrist joint and tendon sheaths, numbered 15,586 or 92.5 per cent. of the total number of cases. Of the remainder, 449, or 2.7 per cent., were cases of lead poisoning, 564, or 3.3 per cent., were cases of dermatitis produced by dust or liquids, and 145, or .9 per cent., were cases of skin or other ulceration or cancer. The remaining 108 cases, or 6 per cent., included 65 cases of various forms of industrial poisoning and 25 cases of anthrax.
Cases of miner's nystagmus show a slight decrease on the total for 1923, but they still constitute over 64 per cent. of all cases of industrial disease. The growth in the number of cases of this disease since 1908, the first full year after the disease was scheduled under the Act, is very striking.
Cases of dermatitis have also been steadily growing, from 270 in 1919 to 564 in 1924. They occur in a great variety of industries, but chiefly among workmen employed in the baking and confectionery trades and in dyeing.
Part 1,-General Statistics as to Administration of the Acts.
The total number of cases under the Workmen's Compensation Acts which were taken into court in Great Britain in 1924 was 5,955. Many of these, however, were applications for dealing with allowances already granted, and many were settled out
of court or otherwise disposed of, so that the total number of original claims for compensation finally settled with the cognizance of the courts was only 3,352. The decision in 2,621 cases, or 78.2 per cent., was in favour of the applicant.
There were 30,967 cases in which memoranda of agreements and informal arbitrations were registered in the courts.
The number of cases under the Workmen's Compensation Acts in Great Britain carried to the Courts of Appeal was 66, or 2.0 per cent. of the cases decided in the courts below. In addition, there were three appeals from these courts to the House of Lords.
The total number of cases under the Employers' Liability Act, 1880, taken into court in the whole of Great Britain, was 67, which shows an increase on the figures for the last three years. ect, however, to minor fluctuations the figures have steadily diminished since 1907, when the Act of 1906 came into full operation, and clearly show that the remedy provided by the older Act has been falling into disuse.
The following table shows the extent of proceedings in the courts in Great Britain under the Workmen's Compensation and Employers' Liability Acts since the year 1913 :-
As pointed out in the introductions to previous volumes there has been a big decrease in litigation since the beginning of the war, the number of applications for arbitration in recent years being less than 70 per cent. of the pre-war figures.
The increase in 1924 in the number of memoranda registered was due to the larger number of lump sum agreements recorded, and was no doubt consequent on the provisions in the Act of 1923 requiring the registration of all agreements for lump sum payments, whether in redemption of weekly payments or not.
Among the agreements which are now required under the Act of 1923 to be registered are cases where the employer, while disputing liability under the Acts, agrees to compromise by the payment of a lump sum. The returns for 1924 show 353 cases of agreements under this category which were sent and accepted for registration.
Information has also been obtained as to the exercise of the enlarged powers conferred on the county courts of refusing to record the memorandum of a lump sum agreement when the sum agreed is inadequate. In 1924 there were 493 cases where the Registrar refused to record the memorandum as first presented, but subsequently recorded it without reference to the Judge after the original amount agreed had been increased. In 320 cases he referred the matter to the Judge and in 143 of these cases the memorandum was ordered to be recorded after the sum originally agreed had been increased.
The number of medical referees appointed for the purpose of the Workmen's Compensation Act was, on the 31st December, 1924 In England and Wales, 207; and in Scotland, 79. Eighty-eight cases were referred to them for report by judges, arbitrators and committees under the provisions of Schedule II (15) of the Act of 1906. In 451 cases medical referees sat with judges as assessors-Schedule II (5) of the Act of 1906 as amended by Section 11 (3) of the Act of 1923. In 2,294 cases they were referred to, on the application of one or both of the parties, for certificates as to the condition of the workman and his fitness for employment, or as to whether and to what extent his incapacity was due to the accident-Schedule I (15) of the Act of 1906 as amended by Section 11 (1) of the Act of 1923. In 140 cases they were called upon to report as to the condition of a workman for the assistance of the Registrar in considering the registration of a memorandum of a lump sum agreement-Section 12 (1) of the Act of 1923. In 3 cases they gave certificates as to the permanent nature of the incapacity of a workman who desired to go abroad—Schedule I (18) of the Act of 1906. Lastly, in 957 cases they decided appeals against the decisions of certifying or other surgeons in giving or refusing a certificate of disablement on account of industrial disease—Section 8 (1) () of the Act of 1906; in 637 of these the surgeons' decisions were confirmed.
These figures show a large increase in the references to medical referees under Schedule I (15) of the Act of 1906, the number of which in 1923 was 1,390. This increase must be attributed to the new procedure introduced by the Act of 1923 (Sections 11 (1) and 14) under which, in the event of a conflict of opinion between the employer's and workman's doctors as to