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STATISTICAL ABSTRACT

FOR

BRITISH INDIA.

FOREWORD.

The second issue contained figures up to and including the year 1921-22. And is intended that this publication should appear annually and that each successive issue should show the figures of one year later than the previous issue. But in order to bring the publication up to date figures for the two years 1922-23 and 1923-24 have been added in this volume.

In the statistics of agriculture and co-operative societies the year runs generally from July to June. All the other tables relate either to the fiscal year (April to March) or to the calendar year, and where the latter is the case it is clearly indicated in the tables.

The undermentioned table shown in the 2nd Issue of the Abstract has been omitted :

No. 135. Currency Notes in circulation and held in Government Treasuries

in each Circle in India.

C. G. FREKE,

Director General. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE

AND STATISTICS, INDIA;

July 15, 1925.

(142) Wt. 15072,508 1,126 12/25 S.E.R., Ltd. GP. 56

CONTENTS.

TABLE No.

PAGE

2-5 6-7

9 10-11 12-13 14-15

16 17

18 19-20 21-22

23 2427

28 29—32 33-34 36–37 38-40 41-42 43–48

ARBA AND POPULATION.

49–52

53 54

55-58

1. India, British Territory and Indian States, Area, Population, etc.
2. Variation in Population since 1901
3. Density of Population according to Administrative Divisions
4. Towns and Villages classified by Population
5. Main statistics for Cities (including Cantonments)
6. Population of Principal Towns
7.

--- according to Religion
8. Variation in Distribution of the Population by Religion since 1901
9. Distrjbution of Christian Population by Race, etc.
10. Territorial Distribution of Christians
11. Distribution of Population by Residence, Sex and Civil Condition
12,

Religion, Sex and Civil Condition
13.

Age, Sex and Civil Condition 14.

Residence, Age and Sex 16.

Religion and Education
16.

Residence and Education
17. Numbers and Residence of Chief Castes
18. Population according to Occupation
19.

Classes of Occupation
20.

in Indian States 21.

Language (Families, Prevalence, etc.) 22,

in British Provinces and Indian

States 23.

Infirmities according to Residence
24.

Age
25. Number of Judicial Divisions and Number of Officers exercising

Appellate or Original Jurisdiction
26. Civil and Criminal Justice-Number of Čases decided in, and

Receipts and Charges of, the Courts
27. Civil Justice-Number and Description of Civil Suits instituted
28.

Number and Value of Civil Suits instituted 29.

General Results of Trial of Civil and Revenue

Cases in Courts of Original Jurisdiction, Civil Suits 30.

Miscellaneous cases 31.

Civil Appellate Courts-Appeals from Decrees
32.

Miscellaneous Appeals
33. Criminal Justice--Resalts of Trials
34.

Appeals and Revisions
35.
Natare of Offences reported and Number of Persons

tried for them
Punishments inflicted
37. Police, Strength and Cost of Civil Police
38.

Cognisable Crime, number of Cases and Persons concerned
39. Non-cognisable Crime, number of Cases and Persons concerned
40.

Property stolen and recovered
Equipment, Discipline and internal Management of the

Force
42. Strength and Cost of Military Police
43.

Principal Police Offences
44. Prisons, Number and Distribution of Prisoners
55. Religion, Age and Education of Convicts .
46.

Number and Disposal of Convicts
47. Nature aud Length of sentences of the Convicts
48.

Average Number of Convicts sentenced to Labour
49. Offences committed by Convicts and the Punishments in•

flicted on them
50. Sickness and Mortality among Prisoners
51.

Number of Convicts previously convicted
52. Expenditure incurred in guarding and maintaining

prisoners, exclusive of cost of building, repairs, etc.
53. Conditions of Prisoners discharged

59 60 61

62 63

64

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65 66 67

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36.

JUSTICE, POLICE AND PRISONS.

68—60 70–71 72–73 74477 78-81

82

AL.

84–87 88–89 90-91 92—98 94–95 96-97

08-99 100-101

102--103 104--105 106-107

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TABLE No.

PAGE.

JUSTICE, POLICE AND PRISONS.- contd.

54. Prisons, Working of the Mark System

110 55. Convict settlement of Port Blair

: 112-113 56. Offences committed by Convicts and the Punishments

inflicted on them in Port Blair 114-115

REGISTRATION

57. Number and Description of Documents, and value of Property

transferred

116-117

WILD ANIMALS.

58. Number of Persons killed by Wild Animals and Snakes. Number
of Wild Animals destroyed, and Expenditure on Rewards for

their Destruction

118

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FINANCE

[59. Abstract Statement of Revenue, Expenditure and Public Debt of
British India, in India and in England

119
60. General Statement of Gross Revenue and Expenditure charged
against Revenue or Capital, Aungal Surplus or Deficit, and

Cash Balances, in India and in England 120-121 61. General Statement of the transactions in India and England and

of the balances of the different Provincial Governments. 122-123 62. General Statement of the Revenue in India and England

124-127 63. General Statement of the Expenditure charged against Revenue,

in India and England 128--133 64. Distribution between voted and non-voted Expenditure

134-142 66. Expenditure (charged against Reverue) and Receipts in England,

in sterling

144-147 66. Ways anıl Mesns in England, in sterling

148—149 67. Customs Revenue and Charges

150-151 68. Taxes on Income and Charges

152 69. Details of raxes on Income

ib 70. Salt Revenue and Chargez

153-154 71. Qaantity and Value (excluding duty) of Salt produced

155 72. Balance (available for Consumption) of Issues and Imports over

Exports of Salt 156-157 73. Quantity of Salt (in maunds of 824 lbs, each) sold in each

Province

ib 74. Rate (per maund) of duty and Selling Price (that is the Price

which Goverument charged for Salt in addition to the Duty) 158-159 76. Opium Revenue and Expenditure

160 76. Number of Chests of Opium sold for Export and issued to Excise and Medical Departments and number of chests paying duty

ib 77. Auction average price per chest of Bengal (Patna and

Benares) Opium at each monthly Government Sale, the Average
of the year and the Number of Chests sold in each Calendar

year

160-162 78. Area of Caltivation, Total Production and Production per Bigha

of Bengal Opium

162 79. Quantity (chests) of Bengal opium made, charges thereof, net and average cost per chest of Provision Opium, and average

weight to each chest

163 80.

and Valge of Opium sold by Government direct to
Colonial Governments, etc., under agreemont

164 81. Amount of Land Revenue and Charges

165 82. Details of Land Revenue and Charges

166 83. Amount of Excise Revenue and Chargos

167 84. Details of Excise Revenue

ib 86. Number of Shops licensed for sale of Liquors and intoxicating

Drugs, Receipts from license fee, duty and other items of Excise
Revenue, and Incidence of Excise Taxation per bead of

Population 168–171 86. Amount of Stamp Revenac and Charges

172

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TABLE No.

PAGE.

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87. Details of Stamp Revenue and Charges

173 88. Forest Revenue and Charges

174 89. Details of Forest Revenue and Charges

ib 90. Forest Capital Expenditure not charged to Revenue .

175 91. Tributes from Indian States in each Province

il Net Revenue Receipts of State Railways, Charges against them

and net Gain or Loss to Government. 176 93. General Resolts of Irrigation, Navigation, Embankment and

Drainage Works, 178, 179 94. Capital Expenditure on the Construction of Railways and Irri.

gation, Navigation, Embankment and Drainage Works 180—181 95. General Results of the Post and Telegraph Department

182-183 96. Interest Receipts .

184_185 97. Expenditure on Famine Relief

186 98. Distribution of Expenditure on Famine Relief

ib 99. Military Expenditure in India and England

187-189 100. Contribution to the Central Government by Provincial Govern.

ments to provide for the deficiency of Central Revenue as
compared with Central Expenditure

190 101. Burderi of Taxation

ib 102. Public Debt

191 103. Detailed Statement-Details of Public Debt

191-195 104. Classification of Public Debt and Distribution of Interest

196 105. Government Promissory Notes enfaced for Payment of Interest

in London

197 106. Prices of Principal kinds of Indian Government Stock

ib 107. Unfunded Debt and Interest paid thereon

198 108. Sinking Funds for Central and Provincial Rapee Loans

198—200 FINANCE—Contd. { 109. Railway Sinking Fands created pursuant to certain Acts of Parliament and the application thereof

201—202 110. Gold Standard Reserve

ib 111. Exchange on Remittance Accounts

203 112. Loans and Advances by Government

ib 113. Council Bills and Telegraphic Transfers drawn on India by the

Secretary of State . 204 114. Sterling Bills and Telegraphic Transfers drawn on London by the

Government of India .

ib 115. Council Bills and Telegraphic Transfers drawn on Calcutta,

Bombay and Madras . 205 116. and Telegraphic Transfers paid in Caleutta, Bombay and Madras

206 117. Sales by Secretary of State of Bills and Transfers on India in

each month 207-208 118. by the Government of India of bills and transfers on London

in each month

209 119. Cash Balances at the close of each year

210-211 120. Minimum and Maximum Price in London of Standard Silver per

ounce in each month 212-213 121. Exchange on London, Bank of England Rate of Discount and

Bank of Bengal Rate of Interest 214-215 122 Price of Sovereigns and Uncojneå Gold in India in each month 216–217 123. Gold in London and Bumbay at the end of each half

month 218-219 124. (including import duty) of Bar Silver in Bombay

220 125. Rate of Excbange between Bombay and Hongkong in rapoes per

100 dollars for each month

221

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222

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COINAGE AND

CURRENCY.

126, Imports into and Exports from British India of Gold and the

amount received and the amount coined in the Mints
127.

Silver and the
amount received and the amount coined in the Mints
( 128. Quantity (in ounces) of Gold and Silver imported into and exported

from British India from and to foreign Ports

223

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TABLE No.

РАав. .

224239

240

ib

COINAGE AND

CURRENOYcontd.

129. Coinage at the Calcutta and Bombay Mints
130. Old Government of India Rupees (including small silver coins)
received into the Mints for re-coinage, and silver coinage in each

Mint
131. Coins other than the Government of India Rupees received into

the Mints for re-coinage
132. Namber and Value of Government Currency Notes of each deno-

mination in circulation on the 31st March in each year
133. Value of Notes in circulation and composition of the Paper

Currency Reserve on the 31st March in each year
134. Created Securities in the Paper Currency Reserve and Appropria-

tions for their reduction
135. Receipts, Charges and net Profits of the Paper Currency Depart-

ment

241

242

ib

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243-244

136. Progress of Banking Capital in India
137. Proportion per cent of Cash to Liabilities on Deposits of the

several classes of Banks on 31st December of each year

244

MUNICIPALITIES.

138. Population and Constitution of Municipalities with Income and

Expenditore
139. Income of Municipalities
140. Expenditure of Municipalities
141. Name of each Municipality containing Population of 50,000 and

above, with Income and Expenditure

246-247 248-251 252-253

254-257

DISTRICT AND

LOCAL BOARDS

}

142. Income and Expenditure of District and Local Boards

258-259

EDUCATION

143. Total number of Institutions

260 144. Scholars attending Institutions

261 145. Total Expenditure on Education

262 146. Classification of Colleges and Schools and Number of Scholars

attending them

263-264 147. Number of Colleges and Schools and of Scholars attending them,

by Provinces

266-273 148. Stages of Instruction in Recognised Schools for general education 274–275 149. Number of pupils in each stage of instruction, classified according

to Sex, Race or Creed 276—277 150.

male and female Scholars in Recognised and
Unrecognised Institutions, by Provinces

278
151.
University graduates and under-graduates

279 152. Results of prescribed Examinations .

280-285 153.

University, College and School Examinations, namber

obtaining each Degree or passing the prescribed tests 286-293 154.

Examinations in Arts and Science of Indian Universities. 294–297 155. Number of Recognised Educational Institutions under manage

ment of Government and Local Bodies and under private
management; also of Unrecognised Institutions, Number of

Scbolars. 298—299 156. Total Expenditure from all sources on each class of Educational

Institutions in British India 300—305 157 in different Provinces

306-313 158. Expenditure on Education in each Province

314 159. Distribution of Expenditure on Education

316 317 160. Sources of Expenditure on Education in British India

318 161. Total Expenditure on Public Instruction in different Provinces 319-320 162. Classification of Pupils in Schools for General Education according

to Standard of Instruction 321-322

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