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any legend of Gabriel having once occupied the papal chair? I happen to remember a supposed Occupation thereof by the archfiend (see Defoe's History of the Devil, and elsewhere), but not by an archangel.

This poem of "The Boy and the Angel" has been recalled to me by reading "Kynge Roberd of Cysille" (Hazlitt's Early Popular Poetry, vol. i. p. 264). There is a general analogy (by contrast, perhaps, rather than likeness) between the two poems, which points, I think, to the existence of a legend kindred to "Kynge Roberd" as the prototype of Browning's poem rather than to "Kynge Roberd" itself as that prototype. There are verbal similarities, however. For instance,

"More blysse me schalle befalle

In hevyn amonge my ferys alle,
Ye, in oon owre of a day,
Then in erthe, y dar welle saye,
In an hundurd thousand yere."

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DRYDEN QUERIES.-I have to thank several obliging contributors who have sent useful answers to various queries of mine relating to Dryden and his works." An attentive examination of his writings raises many nice questions, and he has not yet been well edited. I venture to trouble you with a few more Dryden queries.

1. What is the meaning of these two lines in the poem addressed to Chancellor Clarendon? Is there any passage of a Greek or Roman author which Dryden had in his mind when he compared Clarendon's "brow" to Olympus' top ?

"And, like Olympus' top, the impression wears Of love and friendship writ in former years." 2. Where does this Latin passage come from, ascribed by Dryden to Pliny the Younger? Nec sunt parum multi qui carpere amicos suos judicium vocant. (Preface to Annus Mirabilis.)

66 (Kynge Roberd of Cysille.)

"With God a day endures alway,
A thousand years are but a day."

(Boy and Angel.) The poem of "The Lyfe of Roberte the Deuyll" (Hazlitt's Early Popular Poetry, vol. i. p. 246), kindred to "Kynge Roberd of Cysille," but in no way kindred to "The Boy and the Angel," has a

passage

"And on the good frydaye to churche he went ywis, Towardes the quyere, & nothing dyd saye; For that daye the Pope sayed all the seruyce." which is strangely suggestive of Browning's "This Easter Day, the Pope at Rome

Praises God from Peter's dome."

To "Syr Gowghter" and the Jovinianus story of "Gesta Romanorum," I have not present access; but both, I fancy (while akin to "Kynge Roberd of Cysille "), have nothing in common with "The Boy and the Angel."

JOHN ADDIS, JUN. "THE CHESSBOARD OF LIFE," BY QUIS.-Who is author of this miscellany of clever papers criticisms, sketches, &c. (1858. London: Jas. Blackwood)? The preface is signed D. E. R. I. THE WORD "DOLE."-In Longfellow's translation of Dante (London, Routledge and Sons), occurs the following passage from the Inferno, relative to the inscription over the gates of hell:

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"Through me the way is to the city dolent; Through me the way is to eternal dole," &c.

The original is

"Per me si va nella città dolente;

Per me si va nell' eterno dolore," &c. My query is this, -Is there any warrant in modern authors for the use of the word "dole" in the sense of sorrow or pain? In Milton and Shakspeare I know it is used in this sense. I may also remark, that "city dolent" does not appear

3. What is the meaning of the words, "the town so called from them" in these lines of "Absalom and Achitophel," stating that the old Londoners were Roman Catholics (Jebusites)?

"The inhabitants of old Jerusalem

Were Jebusites; the town so called form them,
And theirs the native right."

4. What is the meaning of "Honest Will, and so he died" in the play The Wild Gallant, Act I. Sc. 2?-of "The famous Cobler, who taught Walsingham to the blackbirds" in Limberham, Act I. Sc. 1 P-of "Call me cut" in Troilus and Cressida, Act III. Sc. 2; and of neyes in same part of same play-" Do the neyes twinkle at him? CH.

JOHN SCOTUS ERIGENA.-In William and Mary Howitt's Ruined Abbeys and Castles, p. 48, the following curious passage occurs:—

"John Scotus Erigena, an Irish missionary of the ninth century, settled at the court of Charles the Bald, in his work, Margarita Philosophie, first broached the system of Phrenology. A copy of this work is said to be in the library of Oxford or Cambridge. It is said that the human skull is mapped out into organs similar to those of Gall."

Can any of your correspondents give me any information about this extraordinary statement ? I should be much obliged by an extract from the work in question in illustration of this subject. C. O. G. N.

FLAXMAN'S DESIGN FOR CEILINGS, ETC.-The ceilings of the drawing-room floor at No. 53, Portland Place, have attracted my attention by their chaste and beautiful design, executed in plaster, with medallion paintings; and I have since discovered that the adjoining house, No. 52, formerly the property of the late Mr. Knight of Wolverley, Worcestershire, but now of B. Bond

Cabbell, Esq., is decorated in a similar manner. Mr. Knight's son, the present M.P. for West Worcestershire, is in possession of Flaxman's original design for this house.

I have been informed these houses were the first erected in Portland Place; and these designs were probably early works of the distinguished sculptor.

Is it known that he was much employed in this -class of artistic decoration?

53, Portland Place.

THOS. E. WINNINGTON. GHOSTS IN THE RED SEA.-Can any of your readers tell, whether there is any authority, and if so what it is, for the idea of laying a ghost in the Red Sea? Every body has heard of the expression "laying a ghost," but disputes the fact of there being any authority for connecting this with the Red Sea. I am sure I have met with it, but I cannot remember where.* E. L.

THE HINDU TRINITY is represented by the letters A. U. M. pronounced OM. U is Vishnu, M. is Mahadeva (Siva). Of what name or attribute of Brahma is the letter A the initial? Something like this has been asked before.

Is the Hindu Sri the Egyptian Siris and the Greek Ceres? and is Horus Epws ? HITOPADESH.

THE IRISH GREYHOUND OF CELTIC TIMES. According to Sir W. R. Wilde (Cat. of Mus. of R. I. Acad. p. 248) this ancient breed of dogs has passed away from Ireland. If so, of what breed are those tall, shaggy, slate-coloured dogs called Irish greyhounds or staghounds? C. A. C. "MAGIUS DE TINTINNABULIS.". I should be glad to have the dates of the following writers cited in this work and in the notes of Franciscus Sweertius; also a word or two on the main points in the history of each: "Fortunatianus.-Wrote Latin verses about St. Medard. Is not this Fortunatus ?

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MASTER.-When did "mister" supplant "master" as a title of courtesy? CARYLFORDE. Cape Town, S. A.

MARKS ON CHINA.-Is there any correct account of the marks on china to be obtained? I

recently saw some figures with the following marks on them:

Indented:- x 4 No. 123; x 3 No. 307 (with "No. 27" printed in red); x 3 No. 301 (with "No. 27" printed in red); x No. 119; x No. 62. If you, or any one of your many correspondents, can oblige me with information, I shall be exceedingly glad.

There is also a bowl, and the only mark to be seen is a clumsy attempt to display either a fleur-de-lis or an heraldic eagle. R. H. RUEGG.

H.M. Customs.

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"As diamonds rough no lustre can impart
Till their rude forms are well improved by art,
So untaught youth we very seldom find
Display the dazzling beauties of the mind
Till art and science are to nature joined."

J. F. P. What did the following quotation originally allude to ?

"Let day improve on day, and year on year, Without a pain, a trouble, or a fear," &c. GLWYSIG.

"The ideal is only the real at a distance." Is this Lamartine's? If so, where is it to be found, and what are his words? BRIGHTLING.

SCOTTISH ROMANCE.-In an article in the Fortnightly Review of June, 1867 (p. 713), by Edward A. Freeman, it is affirmed that one Scottish romance goes so far as to make him [Robert Bruce] defeat Edward the First [!] at Bannockburn." Would Mr. Freeman, or any of the readers of "N. & Q.," oblige me with the title of that romance ? A. S.

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SETH WARD, BISHOP OF SALISBURY.—In Dr. Walter Pope's Life of Seth Ward, Bishop of Salisbury, 8vo, London, 1697 (p. 71), he tells us that the bishop

"After dinner, if any extraordinary company were present, he would stay with them, drink a dish or two of coffee or tea, while they who had a mind to it drank wine, whereof there was plenty and of the best."

THE TOMB AT BARBADOES.-In the Life of Lord Combermere, vol. i. p. 286, occurs an extraordinary account of a tomb built partly above and partly below the surface of the ground, composed of ponderous slabs of white sandstone, at Christ Church, in the Island of Barbadoes, in which, on being opened three separate times for interments, coffins were found thrown about in the strangest confusion. The wild rumours afloat respecting this He was Bishop of Salisbury from 1666 to 1688. circumstance induced Lord Combermere to be Query, is the custom of tea and coffee after dinner present at a fourth interment. He did so per- noted at any earlier date? That the bishop's sonally to inspect the vault; and having ascer- memory may not suffer at the hands of any intained that the coffins were in their original judicious admirer of teetotal principles, we must positions, previous to returning had the whole add that his worthy chaplain says: floor strewed with fine white sand.

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The slab forming the door was then fixed in position, and firmly secured with cement, on which Lord Combermere affixed his own seal, and many of those present made private marks. After nine months and eleven days, Lord Combermere, attended by a large concourse of people, revisited the tomb, which he found in the same state as when he left it, only that the cement had hardened into stone, and still bore the impress of the seal. An attempt to open the door was attended with considerable difficulty, but when at last it was successful, it was found that there was a heavy leaden coffin leaning against it, and the other coffins were scattered about in the same confusion as before. Subsequently all of them were removed, buried in separate graves, and the tomb abandoned. My object now is to ask whether any or what steps were taken towards ascertaining the cause of this phenomenon? Geologically speaking the site of this tomb is somewhat interesting, a coraline formation protruding through the calcareous strata of which the island is composed. A. C. M.

THE VALLEY OF MONT-CENIS.-In the original edition of De Saussure's Voyages dans les Alpes, vol. v. p. 142, occurs the following passage:

"La vallée du Mont-Cénis est ouverte au nord-ouest, du côté de la Savoye, et au sud-est du côté du Piémont; tandis qu'au nord-est et au sud-est elle est bordée de hautes montagnes."

It seems quite evident that there is in this a misprint somewhere or other; but where ? Will some correspondent take the trouble to collate the passage with some other edition, or to rectify it by his personal knowledge of the locality?

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S. H. M. "VIR CORNUB."-During some researches in the Record Office I find, under date 1570, a paper signed, amongst others, by "P. Edgecombe vir Cornub." Can any reader of "N. & Q." tell me who was P. Edgecombe, or why he took, par excellence, the title of "Vir Cornub"? or whether the words have any special meaning when so attached to a signature? A. E. L.

"Never was there a more hearty entertainer. I have heard him say: "Tis not kind nor fair to ask a friend that visits you, Will you drink a glass of wine? For besides that by this question you discover your inclinarefuse it tho he desires it. You ought to call for wine, tion to keep your drink, it also leads a modest guest to drink to him, fill a glass, and present it: then, and not till then, it will appear whether he had any inclination to drink or not.' "' E. CRESY.

Queries with Answers.

BISHOP CATRIK OR KETTERICK. I send you an inscription, which I copied in 1864 from the tomb of an English bishop, who lies buried in the nave of the church of Santa Croce, in Florence, and which is as follows, literatim:

"hic jacet dñs Johanes Catrik Epus quodam Exoniesis ambasiator Serenisimi dñi regis anglie q. obiit xxviii die decēbr anno dñi m.cccc

xix cuis anime p'picietur deus."

The tomb of the bishop is a flat marble slab, even with the pavement. The inscription is cut around it on the edge, and is still very legible. The slab also bears a coat of arms: Three dogs nothing remaining by which the heraldic tincor leopards, 2 and 1. Of course there is now

tures can be traced.

John Catrik, or as he is named in Heylin, "Ketterick," was, in 1409, made Bishop of St. Davids; whence, in 1414, he was translated to Lichfield; and in 1415 to Exeter. He was sent in 1419, by our Henry V., upon an embassy to Pope Martin V., then at Florence; and died shortly after his arrival in that city. Prior to 1417, there were three popes contending for the рарасу, but no one of them in possession of Rome. In November, 1417, the General Council of Constance brought a fourth into the field by the election of Cardinal Colonna, by the name of Martin V.; but as this Council was not able to put the pope they had elected into possession of the temporalities of his see, Martin V. accepted the invitation of the Florentines; and in February, 1419, made that city his home, and it was to him that our bishop was accredited.

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[The dates of Bishop Catterick's translations, as given in Stubbs's Registrum Sacrum Anglicanum, p. 63, from the Lambeth registers, are as follows: consecrated Bishop of St. David's, April 29, 1414; translated to Coventry,

1415; to Exeter, 1419; died Dec. 28, 1419. Bishop Catterick and Bishop Hallum (of Salisbury) were the two English prelates present at the council of Constance. ("N. & Q." 3rd S. vi. 517.) The inscription on Bishop Catterick's tomb in the church of Santa Croce is printed in the Gentleman's Magazine for June 1851, together with his arms and a description of his monument.]

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["The very ingenious and subtle writer, whom there is good reason for suspecting to be an Ex-Jesuit, not unknown at Douay," was William Hazlitt, who furnished three articles to The Examiner on "Guy Faux," which appeared in that paper on Nov. 12th, 19th, and 26th, 1821, pp. 708, 723, 740.]

Replies.

ASSASSIN OF REGENT MORAY.

BIBLE, 4TO, OXFORD, 1769 (Edited by Dr. Blayney). In the Catalogue of Mr. Offor's Library (lot 1162) sold at Sotheby's in June, 1865, this edition is noted as very scarce, probably having been tacitly suppressed when the delegates found Dr. Blayney had taken unwarrantable liber- JAMES HAMILTON OF BOTHWELLHAUGH, THE ties in departing from the text of the authorized edition." In a catalogue recently issued by the same auctioneers, another copy of the same Bible occurs with the following note: "The standard edition from which nearly all the subsequent have been printed." Seeing no possibility of reconciling these two statements, I shall be glad to know which (or whether either of them) is correct? F. N.

[With the exception of the omission of a clause in Rev. xviii. 22, Dr. Blayney's edition of 1769 has always been considered the most complete revision of the authorised version. From the singular pains bestowed on it, under the direction of the vice-chancellor and delegates

of the Clarendon Press, it has hitherto been considered the standard edition. We do not agree with the conjectural statement of George Offor, that the delegates tacitly

suppressed it on account of the unwarrantable liberties

in departing from the authorised edition; but think that
the rarity of the quarto edition is owing to a calamitous fire
having destroyed nearly the whole impression. Horne's

Introduction to the Holy Scriptures, ed. 1846, v. 101, and
Anderson's Annals of the Bible, ii. 560. A full account

of Dr. Blayney's Collation and Revision was communi-
cated by him to the Gentleman's Magazine for Nov. 1769,
vol. xxxix. p. 517-519.]

QUOTATION.—In a former number of "N. & Q" the following appeared from Lawson's Maniac:"Spare me, oh God, that dreadful curse,

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(3rd S. xi. 453.)

In the manuscript chartulary of the monastery of Paisley there is a tack for nineteen years, granted on May 16, 1545, by John Hamilton, Abbot of Paisley (afterwards Bishop of Dunkeld and Archbishop of St. Andrews), in favour of David Hamilton and Chrystine Schaw, his spouse, of "the six merk lands, of old extent, called Robin Schaw's tak, of the ovir mains of Monkton, together with the mills of Monkton and Dalmelling, lying in the lordship of Monkton and sheriffdom of Ayr." On March 3, 1545, following, a charter will be found in the same volume, granted by Abbot Hamilton, to that honourable of Dalmelling, of old extent, called the taylis man, David Hamilton, of "the three merk lands quarter; as also, the 16/8 lands, of old extent, David now occupies, lying within the regality of called the Jasper steyne steid, which lands the said Paisley, barony of Kyle Stewart, and sheriffdom granted by and to the same parties, of "the six of Ayr." Another charter of the same date was merk lands of Ovir mains of Monkton, which lands the said David now occupies," lying in the same regality, barony, and sheriffdom.

Bothwellhaugh, was charged on February 28, 1570-71, art and part of the murder of Regent Moray, either by devising the murder or resetting the criminal. The case was continued to the be so good as to furnish the preceding Justice Air of Lanark, and no more is heard of it.

Christeane Schaw, relict of David Hamilton of

A disobedient child."

(Pitcairn's Criminal Trials.) David Hamilton must have acquired the lands of Bothwellhaugh since 1545, and they were probably the paternal inheritance of his family. It would seem he had the following children: James, the assassin, who succeeded to the lands of Bothwellhaugh; John, who became Provost of Bothwell; David, who succeeded to the lands of Monkton Mains; and Janet, married to James Muirhead of Lauchope. James Hamilton was married to Isobel Sinclair, and David Hamilton to Alison Sinclair: both daughters and heiresses portioners, of Sinclair of Woodhouselee, in the parish of Glencross, Edinburghshire. Sir John Bellenden, lord-justice clerk to Regent Moray, who deceived James Hamilton out of his wife's estate of Woodhouselee, was a relation of the Sinclairs.

On June 27, 1579, a summons of treason was instituted against Claud Hamilton, Commendator of Paisley; James Hamilton, of Woodhouselee, called formerly James of Bothwellhaugh; John Hamilton, Provost of Bothwell, his brother; David Hamilton of Monkton Mains; James Muirhead of Lauchope, and others. John Calder, the Bute pursuivant, who served the summons, states in his indorsation that he summoned James Hamilton of Woodhouselee or Bothwellhaugh, and David Hamilton of Monkton Mains, at their dwelling-places in Bothwellhaugh, where their wives and families make their residence, and delivered a copy to each of their wives, who refused to receive the same. (Acts of the Scottish Parliament.) It may be inferred that an arrangement had been made between the brothers, that David was to hold the paternal estate of Bothwellhaugh, in the parish of Bothwell, Lanarkshire, and James the estates of their wives of Woodhouselee.

Claud Hamilton was the third son of James, second Earl of Arran, Duke of Chatelherault, Governor of Scotland. On September 5, 1543, Sir Ralph Sadler, ambassador of King Henry VIII. to Scotland, wrote to his sovereign that the governor had now revolted to the Cardinal (Beaton):

"And on Monday last the Governor had letters from the Cardinal; and on the same day, towards night, departed hence suddenly, with not past 3 or 4 with him, alledging that he would go to Blackness to his wife, who, as he said, laboured of child."-Sadler's Letters.

"Stern Claud, Grey Paisley's haughty lord," as Sir Walter Scott calls him, would therefore be born in Blackness Castle, parish of Carriden, Linlithgowshire.

The statute of 1685, cap. 21, restoring forfeited lands, included Bothwellhaugh's heir; but the following act (cap. 22) excepted the lands of Woodhouselee in favour of Sir Louis Bellenden, justice clerk, eldest son and heir of Sir John Bellenden; which was ratified by 1587, cap. 61, and

1592, cap. 11. By an act of Privy Council, passed on January 12, 1592, it was ordained that David Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, otherwise designed of Monkton Mains; Isobel Sinclair and Alison Sinclair, heretrices, portioners of Woodhouselee, should be repossessed; and they were finally restored by Act of Parliament 1609, cap. 41. David Hamilton died on March 14, 1613, and was interred in Dundonald churchyard, where a monumental stone was erected to his memory, bearing the following inscription in bold relief round the margin:

"HEIR LYE CORPIS OF ANE HONORRABEL MAN CALLYT DAUID HAMILTOVNE OF BOTHWELHAVCHE, SPOVS TO ELESONE SINCLAIR, in his tyme quha desist the 14 of Merche, 1619."

In the confirmation of his personal estate, in favour of Claud Hamilton, his second son, dated May 7, 1613, it is stated the death occurred in March 1613; and in the confirmation of the personal estate of Alisone Sinclair, relict of the deceased David Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, also in favour of Claud Hamilton, dated April 17, 1619, it is stated she died in June, 1618. They both resided at Monkton Mains, Ayrshire. On November 29, 1628, James Hamilton was served heir in general to his grandfather David Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh; and on February 20, 1630, James Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh was served heir to his grandmother, Alison Sinclair; and Alison Hamilton (daughter of the assassin) was served heir to Isobel Sinclair, her mother, also on February 20, 1630.

David Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh was frequently a witness to writs executed by Lord Paisley, and his son the Earl of Abercorn, in the end of the sixteenth and beginning of the seventeenth centuries. In the year 1602 David Hamilton, the younger, of Bothwellhaugh, is mentioned in connection with a case of scandal before the Presbytery of Paisley-a most scandalous tale of truth, which ruined several innocent and guilty persons. (Presbytery Records.) The heroine was Elizabeth Hamilton, daughter of John Hamilton and Elison Bane, who resided in Blackston, one of the mansions of Lord Paisley. She was well connected : one of her sisters, Isobel, being married to Thomas Knox, a younger son of Ranfurlie, and brother of Andrew Knox, Bishop of the Isles; and another sister, Elison, to Robert Semple, town clerk of Paisley, a younger son of Fullwood. Elizabeth Hamilton rusticated a short time on a farm on Bothwellhaugh, but I have not discovered whether young Bothwellhaugh married her. He was married, and seems to have predeceased his parents, from Claud, the second son, being their executor, and his own son James being served heir to his grandfather and grandmother.

This communication may so far supply the in

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