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Vol. II. facing p.109
N. Blakey inv.kdel.
G.Scotin Sculp. Boastfull first don is adquire; The next a and much aliar; Tom struts a Soldier
, open, bold and Bravel; Will oneaks a Soriverier, an
Char: of Mens
E P I S T L E I.
ES, you despise the man to Books confind,
Who from his study rails at human kind; Tho' what he learns he speaks, and may advance Some gen’ral maxims, or be right by chance. The coxcomb bird, so talkative and grave, 5 That from his cage cries Cuckold, Whore, and Knave, Tho'many a passenger he rightly call, You hold him no Philosopher at all. And yet
the fate of all extremes is such, Men may be read, as well as Books, too much. 10 To observations which ourselves we make, We grow more partial for th’Observer's fake;
NOTES. VER. 5. The coxcomb | Books too much, &c.] The bird, &c.] A fine turn'd poet has here covertly deallusion to what Philoftratus scrib'd a famous fystem of a said of Euxenus, the Tutor man of the world, the cele. of Apollonius, that he could brated Maxims of M. de la only repeat some sentences Rochefoucault, which are of Pythagoras, like those one continued satire on hucoxcomb birds, who were man Nature, and hold much taught their cū apézle and of the ill language of the their Ζεύς έλεως, but knew Parrot : The reason of the not what they signified. censure, our author's system
Ver. 10. And yet — Men of human nature will exmay be read, as well as I plain,
To written Wisdom, as another's less :
That each from other differs, first confess;
Our depths who fathoms, or our shallows finds, Quick whirls, and shifting eddies, of our minds? On human actions reason tho' you can,
25 It may be Reason, but it is not Man :
NOTES. VER. 22. And all Opi-y on Man he gives both the nion's colours cast on life.] efficient and the final cause : The poet refers here only | The First in the third Ep. to the effects: In the Ejay | x 231.
E'er Wit oblique had broke that fteddy light. For oblique Wit is Opinion. The other, in the second Ep. X 283
Mean-while Opinion gilds with varying rays
These painted clouds that beautify our days, &c. Ver. 26. It may be Rea. appearances
he would in, fon, but it is not Man:}i.e. vestigate ; and yet that hy. The Philosopher may in- pothesis be all the while very vent a rational hypothesis wide of truth and the nas that shall account for the ture of things.
His Principle of action once explore,
' You lose it in the
35 Contracts, inverts, and gives ten thousand dyes.
Nor will Life's stream for Observation ftay, It hurries all too fast to mark their way: In vain fedate reflections we wou'd make, When half our knowledge we must snatch, not take. Oft, in the Passions' wild rotation toft,
41 Our spring of action to ourselves is lost : Tir'd, not determin’d, to the last we yield, And what comes then is master of the field. As the last image of that troubled heap, 45 When Sense subsides, and Fancy sports in sleep, (Tho' past the recollection of the thought) Becomes the stuff of which our dream is wrought: Something as dim to our internal view, Is thus, perhaps, the cause of most we do.
50 True, some are open, and to all men known; Others so very close, they're hid from none;
(So Darkness strikes the sense no less than Light)
But these plain Characters we rarely find ;
70 See the same man, in vigour, in the gout; Alone, in company ; in place, or out; Early at Bus'ness, and at Hazard late; Mad at a Fox-chace, wise at a Debate; Drunk at a Borough, civil at a Ball ;
75 Friendly at Hackney, faithless at Whitehall.
Catius is ever moral, ever grave,