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"If they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.”—Isaiah viii. 20.

No. 69.



MANUAL OF THE TRUE kind only from 1431 ; that of the Sale of

Indulgences from 1099 and 1520 ? &c. &c.

Instead, therefore, of boasting of its antiOr, Short Answers of a Disciple of the Bible quity, this Church ought much rather to

to the principal questions of the Romish admit her novelty, since she had no existence controversy. By Dr. Cæsar Malan, of in the time of the Apostles. Geneva. (Translated from the French.) Stranger.—But, are not the miracles of SECOND CONTROVERSY-THE church. the Church of Rome exclusive ?

Disciple.-Alas, yes! for Monseigneur (Continued from p. 83.)

Pierre Tobie, Bishop of Fribourg, in SwitStranger.-Still, at least, (I repeat the zerland, on the 14th of July, 1834, secured priest,) the Church of Rome is ancient and a patent right for the reading of the life of durable.

St. Philomena, Virgin and Martyr, and surDisciple.—Listen. There are two ancient named the Thaumaturge (Thaumaturgus, or religions in the world, and no more: that of worker of miracles) of the 19th century. man's merit, and that of the grace of God. Nothing can be more patent or exclu

Abel was of the latter, and Cain of the sive, I admit, than the narrative of the first. To which does Rome belong? For miracles wrought by the bones of this saint. an error does not become truth from its For as I read at the commencement, that antiquity.

“ the bones of St. Philomena, discovered in If then the Bible on one side, and history 1802, in the catacombs of St. Priscilla at on the other, not only declare that certain Rome, first became animated, then agitated doctrines are erroneous, but that besides, with indignation, against an imprudent they have been proved to be of recent origin, bishop who had seated himself on the coffin what do you think of the antiquity or the which contained them;” that “the dried-up durability of a Church, in which, for exam- blood of the saint transformed itself, in preple, the dogma of the Invocation of the sence of many witnesses, into gold and ruby Virgin dates but from the year 450; that of dust;" also that “ a piece of papier mâché, the Worship of Images from the year 786 which contained the bones, became animated and 842; that of the Celibacy of the Priests with marvellous beauty, that it became from 1070; that of the Ceremonies of the Mass adorned with an abundant head of hair, that from 420 to 1090; that of Communion in one its eyes opened and its mouth spake," &c.

&c. I confess that these prodigies induced The Pope represents himself as infallible, in me a feeling of grief rather than of dis- The Bible says that Jesus is the only Head gust, and this fiction (of which there are a of the Church. thousand similar instances in print) re- The Pope makes himself its “ earthly and minded me of that which the Bible declares visible head." of that man of sin, that son of perdition, The Bible represents the Holy Spirit as whose coming is after the working of Satan, occupying the place of Christ here below. with all power and signs and lying wonders The Pope says, “ It is I who am Christ's (2 Thess. ii.); shewing thus, that these lying Vicar.” wonders are the proofs of an apostacy, and The Bible declares that God alone pardons not of the Church of God.

or condemns. Stranger.–And do you also reject the The Pope says, “I retain and I remit triumphs of the Church of Rome?

sins.” Disciple.—Of what do you speak? Per- The Bible declares, lastly, that Jesus is haps of its autos-da-fé in Spain, France, and the anointed of God, the Great High Priest, Italy? Of its crusadesfirst against the the Pastor and Bishop of souls. Paulicians, then against the Lollards, and Pius VI. replies, “1, the Sovereign Ponafter against the Vaudois and Albigeois ? Or tiff and the Prince of Bishops, I am Moses by do you speak of its Saint Bartholomew my anthority Pater hy my dicnity and Chrict

mew, my authority, Peter by my dignity, and Christ which the medal of Gregory XIII. will eter- even by mine anointing: also to me are nise? Or of the proscriptions of Nismes, committed the keys of heaven and the sheep in 1815,-or of the tortures and poisonings of Christ.” (Brev. Roman. Parisiis, 1775.) of the Inquisition or of its seduction's or its Now decide.- What is he who holds such abductions, secret and open, which in every language ? age, and even in our own day, cause men Stranger.-But were not the Popes the to dread Rome, as one trembles before a successors of St. Peter, the Prince of the ferocious beast, or at the approach of an Apostles, who was, during twenty-five years, assassin ?

the first bishop of Rome? Ah! these are not the triumphs of the Disciple.--Empty fictions! For without Church of Jesus, the weapons of which, it is arguing at greater length on this point, I written, are not carnal; (2 Cor. x. 4;) and of would ask, if there had been this succession which it is also written, violence shall no more of Popes, of what service is it, since even the be heard in thy land, wasting nor destruction sons of Aaron, the Bible says, belonged not within thy borders ; (Isaiah Ix. 18 ;) but they to a perfect state of things, because that, are assuredly those of that great whore, who, though many priests, they were not suffered the Bible says, is drunken with the blood of to continue by reason of death (Heb. vii. 23). the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs The Popes also are dead; their succession, of Jesus. (Rev. xvii.)

consequently, if it ever had been, is useless. Stranger.-You do not believe then that But since it has not had any existence; the Pope has been established by God. since about fifty schisms have cast it to the

Disciple.- I believe the Bible: how then four winds can I believe this of him whom the Word Stranger.-Schisms, do you say, among the of God evidently calls the Man of Sin ? Popes? (2 Thess. ii. 3.)

Disciple.—History declares it, when it Stranger.-The Man of sin! you say. tells us :

Disciple.-Judge for yourself. First, the Of Heretical Popes: certain among them Bible, in the enumeration of the Leaders of having even denied the immortality of the the Church, makes no mention of a Pope. soul, and sacrificed to idols. (Eph. iv. 11.) To name him, is to go far. Now, Rome says, heresy breaks the sucther than that which is written :-it is to cession : here then is schism. place the Holy Spirit himself in the Index. Of Popes whom Councils have called

The Bible says, Thou shalt worship the apostates, thieves, sorcerers, &c. Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. Now, Rome declares, that apostacy and

The Pope is worshipped by the Cardinals sorcery break the succession: these create who have elected him. (Adorant quem schism. creant,--they adore him whom they create, is Of one Pope, who was only a layman. inscribed on a Popish medal.)

Now, Rome teaches, that without ordinaThe Bible declares that God only is holy. tion there is no succession: here is schism. The Pope calls himself“ His Holiness.” Of Popes who have been poisoners, muro

The Bible declares that every man is derers, impure, and abominable. a liar.


Now, Rome declares, that abominable In 63, he certainly was not, since St. Paul crime breaks the succession: here then is makes no mention of him in either of the schism.

four epistles which in that year he wrote Of two and three Popes at the same time, from Rome. and all three declared to be Anti-Popes. Lastly, he was not in that city in 66,

Now, Rome declares, that an Anti-Pope since it must not be supposed that he would is not in the succession: here then is a have deserted his brother Paul, when all schismatic.

men, he writes, forsook him at his first answer Lastly, of Popes, infallible in the Chair before the Emperor. of St. Peter, and yet styled Sons of Satan. Therefore, St. Peter was never Bishop of

Now, Rome unhesitatingly declares, that Rome. a Son of Satan breaks the succession: this Therefore, the Pope certainly has not sucis schism.

ceeded him. Stranger. Is it not then a fact that St. Therefore, if the Romish Church builds Peter, the Prince of the Apostles

on that foundation, it builds in the air. Disciple.--Stop, for you must know that Stranger.- What then do you leave to the Bible declares, that the Apostles were all that Church, since you refuse to acknowBrethren, and on an entire equality ; that St. ledge its divine character, its Head, and even Paul declares he was not inferior to any its foundation ? among them; and if there was a difference, Disciple.--As the Bible and History refuse it was St. Paul and not St. Peter who had to acknowledge these, can I do otherwise ? the best claim to be above the others, for he Stranger.- What Church then do you says, I laboured more abundantly than they admit to be the Church of God? all. (Matt. xxiii. 8; Gal. ii. 11; 1 Cor. xy. Disciple.—That only which the Bible

recognises as such. Stranger.-But did not Jesus say to Stranger.-- What is that privileged Church? Simon Peter, that he (Peter) should be the Disciple.--The Bible renders glory to the foundation-stone of the Church?

Grace of God. That Church then, which Disciple. If St. Peter confessed that submits to this Grace of God, is certainly Jesus is the Christ, and if the Lord declared the Church of God. that that immovable truth is the rock on Stranger.-But how may it be known that which his Church is founded, it is not cer- it submits ? tainly a mortal man that the Saviour has Disciple.--As it may be known whether taken for the corner-stone. The Bible de- children are docile, or a people obey the clares, that Jesus is that stone, and also, the laws: they profess their submission or obeonly foundation of the Church that can be dience, and then by their conduct evince the laid. (Matt. xvi. 16, xxi. 42; 1 Cor. iii. 11; sincerity of their profession.—The Church Eph. ii. 20; 1 Peter ii. 6.)

then which confesses Salvation by Grace, Stranger.-But was not St. Peter the first and then observes the laws of Grace, such a Bishop of Rome during twenty-five years ? Church is certainly the Church of God.

Disciple.--He certainly was not after his It is there that the Holy Spirit, the Comdeath.

forter, who takes of the things of God, and gives Stranger.—After his death!

them to the Church, and who glorifying Jesus, Disciple.Since he could not be during speaks to the Churches, that he who hath an ear

may hear what the Spirit saith. (John xvi. Stranger.-Ah! what prevented him ? 14; Rev. ii. 7.) Disciple.-That peremptory reason which There the Holy Spirit governs; not, as the law terms an alibi.

the Bible says, like an earthquake, a whirlStranger.- What, was not St. Peter ever wind, or a devouring fire, but as a still small at Rome during his life?

voice. (1 Kings xix. 11, 12.) Disciple.--It is certain that he died before There also, far from bulls, rescripts, senthe year 66 or 67, the thirteenth of the tences of excommunication, or the tortures Emperor Nero. Now in 52, the Bible in and funeral piles of an Inquisition, forcing forms us, he was either at Jerusalem, at and constraining obedience, the anointing of Cæsarea, or at Antioch: he could not have the Holy One teaches, and the gentle and been at Rome at the same time. In 58, he deep influence of Grace accomplishes in the was not there, since he is not even named in heart, the good, and acceptable, and perfect the salutation in the Epistle to the Romans, will of God. (1 John ii. 27; Rom. xii. 2.) written in that year by St. Paul.

There, the obedience of the Church is In 61, he was not, since we do not find true and genuine; and therefore it is that that he was among the brethren who received the Worship of such a Church ever responds St. Paul on his arrival in that city.

to the love of God.

his life

Stranger.-Is the worship of this Church he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son also agreeably to the Grace of God only? whom he receiveth.” There must be a

Disciple. To that alone; and this is why melting of the gold before it can be sepaI blame and reject that of the Church of rated from the ore; there must be a rending Rome ;---because the Holy Spirit is shut out of the root before the tree can be taken from of it.

the wilderness and transplanted into the

garden of the Lord. And so it is with (End of the Controversy on THE CHURCH.)

believers. There must be a melting of the

heart, a humbling of the earthly will, a PURGATORY.

weaning of soul, that they may cleave to

Christ alone. And this is the purpose for ( Concluded from page 85.) which we are chastened. He does it " for The doctrine of purgatory is in direct our profit, that we may be partakers of his opposition to the doctrine of the atonement

oni holiness." Affliction has the same effect as set forth in scripture. In the extract to

ant that Nebuchadnezzar's furnace had on the already quoted from the Catechism of the

three children in captivity. It could not Council of Trent, it was stated that in the touch their persons, but it burnt the bands fire of purgatory the souls of the pious

that bound them, and enabled them to walk make expiation for their sin. There are two more freely with their Lord. But expiation, things to be noticed in them: 1st, They that is Christ's wor

that is Christ's work. “He is the propiassert directly that man's sufferings can

on tiation for our sins," and if suffering in make expiation for his sin and and they man could expiate for sin in man, then the imply that the death of our Lord was not a suffering of Christ were a waste of blood, a complete expiation for our sin: let us ex- waste of agony, a waste of life, and a waste amine each part separately. 1. First then we of 1

of love. have a direct assertion that by enduring

2. And this leads us to our second repain the believer makes expiation for his mark, tha

on for his mark, that the doctrine of expiation through soul, that is, that our temporary sufferings purgatory's fire implies an incompleteness satisfy God's broken law. "If this be true. in the atonement of our blessed Lord. If what occasion was there for the blood of expiation be still needful, then in his atoneJesus? Why the stupendous mystery of

of ment there must be something wanting. man's redemption? Why the agony in the Nor is this the mere conclusion of a garden? Why the burden of the cross? bigotted Protestant, it is the bold assertion Why the hiding of God's countenance ? of the

cei of the Church of Rome herself. Listen to Why the enduring of the curse in our stead ? her canon. “If any man shall say that after Such a work was surely needless. a mere the gift of justification has been received, mistake on the part of Jesus. The atone- sin

ones sin is so remitted to any penitent sinner, ment is become a fable, if man's passing

[observe it speaks of justified believers and pain can make expiation for his sin. But true penitents,] and the debt of eternal again, if pain is expiation, how is it that hell punishment so blotted out, that there refire burns for ever; was ever suffering so

mains no debt of temporary punishment to intense as that ? Was there ever such a be endured, either in this world or the world scene of woe and misery, of hatefulness to come in purgatory, before a way oan be and hopelessness as that ? But does it opened into the kingdom of Heaven, let him make expiation for the sinner's sin ? Does be anathema."* it blot out the curse? Does the fire burn I feel utterly at a loss in attempting to out its fuel? " It is the worm that dieth speak on such an awful passage. Can they not, and the fire that is not quenched.” remember that they are speaking of the Yea, verily, if the curse of one single sin atonement wrought by the Son of God! could be burned out by ten thousand

He gave his own most precious life to centuries of pain, hell would be no hell, for I never could understand how the Church of there would be a faint gleam of far distant Rome reconciles this decree with its doctrine of ex. hope, shining even upon the miseries of the 14. E

treme unction. The Council of Trent decrees, Sess.

14. Extremne Unction, Chap 2:-The matter of the damned. There is no expiation then in Sacrament is the grace of the Holy Spirit, whose pain. Believers are chastened, but chasten- unction blots out all such offences and remains of ing is not atonomont ing is not atonement. It is God's gentle

Itin'codi contis sin as still require expiation. If this be true, wbat

sins remain for expiation in purgatory? What discipline by which he prepares his jewels can be the use of masses for the dead? Surely the for his crown, and just as the finest gold is priests of the Church of Rome cannot believe their wrought most carefully, so the most pre- own decree, for if they did, it would be nothing cious of God's children are often chastened

short of robbery to receive fees for extricating

u souls from purgatory. They are already free througo most heavily, “ For whom the Lord loveth extreme unction.

satisfy the law, and can any portion of the No! we will not for a moment admit the debt remain ? He purchased us with the price thought of any other expiation than that of his own most precious blood, and is further wrought out for us by the Lamb of God. payment needed? The eternal Redeemer And as for our dear departed brethren, was our ransom, are we not free? The nothing that Rome can say shall ever rob well-beloved of the Father endured the curseus of our delightful hope. They have felt as our substitute, was his work so ineffectual no pain since the day we parted; their that the curse still hangs over the very men sainted spirits have been basking in the he came to save ? Awful dishonour to the sunshine of the countenance of God. I Son of God! Now Rome, thou must in- myself have parted with a mother ; such a deed be Antichrist, for thou dost rob Christ mother, that I often wonder if the world can of his glory; thou strivest to tarnish the ever more behold her equal; so strong in beauty of his diadem. He says, “ Behold faith, so ardent in her thirsting after Ğod, the Lamb of God that taketh away the so pure in spirit, so sensitive to sin, so sin of the world.” But thou contradictest beaming in her holy loveliness, that you Christ, and sayest that there is a remnant might almost believe you saw the Father's left to be punished in the believer still. He name written legibly by the Holy Ghost says, “I, even I, am He that blotteth out upon her forehead. To this day do I hear thy transgressions for mine own sake, and the tones of her dying voice when in answer will not remember thy sins.” But thou to my questions respecting her soul's peace, sayest that the blot is not effaced, that the she replied, I can reverently say with the sin is still remembered, still punished, even deepest humility, “Lord, thou knowest all in the child of God. He says “I am the things, thou knowest that I love thee.” way, I am the door, by me if any man enter And I would rather have this arm torn from in, he shall be saved.” But thou sayest the its socket, I would rather be scorched and door cannot be opened, except it be through scathed in Moloch's fire, than I would purgatorial pain. He says that he has loved abandon my firm and fixed persuasion that us and washed us in his own blood, and such love has never been interrupted, that made us kings and priests unto God and her Redeeming Lord has never left her for the Father. But thou sayest the washing a moment; my perfect persuasion that was incomplete, for sin must after all be while we were weeping round the bed of burned out by fire, that love is still de- death, she was taking her place amongst fective, for the saints must yet be punished; the company of palm-bearers, and is now the inheritance not fully purchased, for after standing before the throne, having washed all that Christ has done, the justified be- her robes, and made them white in the liever has still to make an expiation for his blood of the Lamb. So also for ourselves ; sins. *

for we too must die, our day is hastening on, * How miserable is the confidence of a poor

or our time drawing to its close. A few short dying Roman Catholic; he trembles at the thought years, and multitudes amongst us must of purgatorial fire, and leaves money to the priest change their faith for sight, forsake the world that masses may be said for his release. If the of flesh for the world of spirits ; a few short priest happen to forget him, in purgatory he must remain; nay more, if the masses are offered they rapid years, and every one, both you and I, may be worihless, for the Church of Rome declares shall find ourselves in heaven or hell. But the intention of the priest to be necessary to a let us fear nothing; only let us be found in Sacrament, Trent, Sess. 7, Can. 11:-“If any man Christ instified through his blood, with our shall say that the intention of doing that which the Church does, is not required in ministers while they names written in his book of life, and the perform and confer the Sacrament, let him be ac. Father's name engraven by the Holy Ghost cursed.” The priest, therefore, may perform all the on our forehead, and then neither death or masses and get all the money, and yet if his intention

In Christ uappen to be wanting the poor soul wonld profit noth. hell can ever prevail to hurt us. ing. This places the soul in purgatory at the absolute we are safe, washed in his blood we are mercy of the priests on earth. The Rev. James Page in his letters to a priest of the Church of

ness we are completely justified, and kept Rome, gives the following passage from the "Master Key of Popery," written by D. Antonio Gavin, in which he who was himself a priest gives reason than my malice and wickedness. Many an extract from the private confession of a priest of them are dead, for which I am heartily sorry. As being at the point of death, in 1710. “The ne for the times I have consecrated without intention, cessary intention of a priest in the administration we must leave it to God's almighty mercy, for the or baptism and consecration, without which the wrong done by it to the souls of my parishioners sacraments are of none effect, I confess I bad it and those in purgatory, cannot be helped." On not several times, as you shall see in the parish that we could persuade our poor Romon Catholic books, and observe there that all those marked brethren to trust at once to the great High Priest, with a star the baptism was not valid, for I had who blotteth out all sin by his own most precious no intention, and for this I can find no other blood.

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