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system, let our dear Protestant Operative oath.” On this you will observe, that some friends throughout the empire exert them- causes prevent an oath from imposing any selves, by influence and example on one obligation, so that though a person takes an another, by their votes, petitions, and ad- oath, yet he never was bound to keep it. dresses, to prevent the growth and develop- Some causes, again, take away the obliga. ment of Romish power, which, when it shall tion after it has been imposed, so that a man have gained the dominion, will oppress and is bound by the oath after he takes it, but persecute them, deprive them of their dearest then some cause arises which delivers him privileges, and that chief of all, the right of from the obligation. Now I shall first menreading the word of God in their native tion some of the causes that prevent an oath tongue.
from imposing any obligation. There are Much has been done-much yet remains seven causes enumerated--but I must select to be done--and let the result of the ques- certain passages only-it would be impossition now before Parliament be what it may, ble to trespass on your patience by reading we feel convinced it will have brought this them all. Some of these seven causes are good in the train of evils which follow it, that just and right, as, for instance, the defect of it will have aroused the Protestant spirit liberty--that is, that a person has no right throughout the empire, and made them de- to take an oath: a child has no right to take termined to uphold their religious and civil an oath to do a thing which his parent will privileges, and contend earnestly for the not allow him to do. A third cause menfaith once delivered to the Saints.
tioned here is the hindering of a greater good which is opposed to the thing promised
by the oath. So that if a man takes an oath, PERJURY AS TAUGHT IN THE COL. and then there is some greater good that
LEGE OF MAYNOOTH, SUPPORT: might result if he had not taken the oath, ED BY THE BRITISH GOVERN- the oath involves no obligation at all. The MENT.
word of the living God says, “He that
sweareth to his neighbour and disappointeth This is a college in which “the candidates him not, though it were to his own hindfor the office of the priesthood, are trained in rance”—the Church of Rome says, " The a system of perjury, persecution, sedition, and hindering of a greater good prevents the obunrelenting hostility to their Protestant So- ligation of an oath.” “The seventh cause vereign and Protestant fellow subjects.” excusing from the obligation of an oath is, “ For if ever the devil invented a system to the limitation-either expressed, or even corrupt and degrade the human heart below tacitly and silently understood of the inthe ordinary level of its natural depravity, tention of the swearer. For in every oath the system of training Roman Catholic certain general conditions are, from justice Priests is that system.”
and use, included. One of them is, unless Now, the first subject to which I (Rev. R. you accept, unless you remit; another is, J. McGhee) call your attention is this—I salvo jure alieno--that is, saving the right of say that the candidates for the priesthood in another.” You shall hear by and by what this college are trained in a system of awful that limitation is. Every Roman Catholic perjury; they are trained in a system that must take this oath-saving the right of his opens the door wide as the gates of the Col. Superior-saving the right of the Pope, of lege of Maynooth for the violation of every his bishop, or his priest. oath that man can take to his fellow-creature. Again,—There are five causes that take I first call your attention to Bailly's Moral away the obligation of an oath after the oath Theology. This is one of the books which has imposed an obligation. One of them is, every scholar is obliged to purchase at his “if the thing sworn becomes impossible, or own expense. It is stated here as a propo- unlawful on account of the prohibition of sition, vol. ii. p. 117–
any Superior, illicita ob superioris prohibi“A promissory oath obliges, under the tionem." So that if a man takes an oath, penalty of mortal sin, to do that which is pro- and then his Superior is pleased to prohibit mised in the oath.” Well, that is very sound; the observance of it, according to the Church then follows—" unless a legitimate cause ex- of Rome the obligation of the oath is entirecuses.” Well, there may be causes, certain- ly taken away. ly, that preclude the observance of a pro- The fourth cause is, “the making void of missory oath. We turn now to consider the oath by him to whom the person of the some of these causes, and we find, p. 119, a swearer or the matter of the oath is subject." chapter with this title—“ Of the causes which See how this is illustrated. “Thus the prevent or take away the obligation of an Superior" (that is, the General) of all the orders of the monks can validly, even without of the disciplined hosts of France, with the cause, make void the oaths of all his subjects.” sole object of arresting the progress of the One of these men, Dr. Anglade, Professor Gospel at every Missionary outpost; in alof Divinity, is asked, in this Report of the lusion to which a Morning Paper observes, Commissioners, Where does the Superior “We receive no letter from any part of of the Dominicans reside ? At Rome.- Europe, Africa, or Asia, that does not anWhere does the Superior of the Franciscans nounce the appearance of a French Envoy, reside ? At Rome. - Where does the Supe- Missionary, or Emissary.” rior of the Jesuits reside? At Rome. You 4. That there may be an increase of have here, on the oath of this man, that the friendly intercourse between England and Superior of these orders of monks-every the Protestant Governments and Churches one of them-resides at Rome. So, while of Europe, for it has been truly said, “That you have monks spreading themselves there is still for England, as the supporter through every quarter of your country, you of Protestantism, an unexplored vista of have a man residing at Rome who can make power, happiness, and glory; whilst, on the void with a word-lawfully make void, as other hand, history proves very clearly that they assert-every oath of allegiance, or judgment and misfortune have always folevery other oath, which all the monks in lowed close upon the track of each alternate the British empire take to their Sovereign movement towards Rome." or their fellow-man.
5. That there may be a more general agreement, amongst Christ's faithful Pro
testant servants, in regard to the real chaIMPORTANT HEADS FOR PRAYER, racter and fated doom of Rome; as being SUITED TO THE TIMES. destined not to be converted; but to be ar
rested in the full career of impiety by the The events of the times do seem to call brightness of another advent; a circumas if with providential voice, for special stance which in an especial manner calls prayer and watchfulness: the conflict of the
upon Christians to “Watch, and pray always, Church is thickening ; faithful men are per- that they may be accounted worthy to escape secuted: Atheists blaspheme; the nations all these things that shall come to pass, and are bending under the iron yoke of Rome; to stand before the Son of Man.” and the general movement of events seems
6. The discovery and revival of the long
6. The disc to be towards some great conclusive catas- lost ten tribes of Israel, as being still within trophe.
the reach of faith, and hope, and prayer; It is therefore suggested that those who « For neither after their revolt, nor after bear the honored office of being the “Lord's their idolatrous lapse, nor after their captiremembrancers,” should with confession of vity, ,
0l vity, nor after their supposed utter dispersin, humiliation, supplication for pardon, sion, were their names blotted out from the and other usual subjects of prayer, devote an breastplate. They are still in existence, as additional fragment of time every morning a separate people, for their names are still to earnest entreaty on the following points: burning in the breastplate of their eternal
1. With reference to the Church of Eng- High Priest, although their ancient earthly land in particular: that the Heads of the dwelling-place knows them no more." Church may be gifted with the spirit of 7. That the British public may be led to moderation, preventive wisdom, and pro- see the importance of Christian Missions to phetic discernment of the times, in relation the Jews; and the certain prosperity which to the present stormy epoch in the history awaits the Christian cause in the Holy Land, of the Church.
however severe the intervening conflict may 2. That the Laity may be led to adopt be:-* such legal and temperate measures in resisting the present spring-tide of Ritualism, as
“ For the time to favor Zion, yea, the set time, is
come." may not endanger the safety of the Church; For thy servants take pleasure in her stones, and that those "false brethren" whose hearts And favor the dust thereof.
So the heathen shall fear the name of the Lord. are already fixed on Rome, may be led
And all the kings of the earth thy glory." AMEN. either to see their danger, or to quicken *" Is there nothing in the struggles of Rome to their footsteps thither.
seat herself in the Holy Land, not only by the 3. That the British Government may be arms of the
arms of the Crusaders, but in the secret moveawake
ments (known only to a few) which at this moment are gathering the conflict of the Church to the
East, around Jerusalem itself, to suggest the ving fraternized with democracy, are be thought that on the scene of the past battles of the
Church, the final blow may even now be struck?" ginning to set in motion the arms and limbs -QUARTERLY Review for Dec., 1842, p. 238.
THE AWFUL BLASPHEMY OF THE we should hear the Church as THYSELF,
CHURCH OF ROME. AS TAUGHT unless we wished to have our part with the IN THE TEXT BOOK OF MAY- heathen.” — (Matt. xviii. and Luke x.) NOOTH COLLEGE.
“Thou, THYSELF, HAST DECEIVED. US, by
thy apostles, by the pastors and doctors “I will frankly state on the first day of which thou hadst appointed in thy Church the Session, that it is our intention to pro- for the perfecting of the saints, and the edipose a liberal increase for the vote for the fying of thy body” (Ephes. iv.), “who comCollege of Maynooth ... and I beg to state manded us so to act.” “Thou, THYSELF, with equal distinctness, that we do not pro- hast deceived us through thy Church, called pose to accompany that increased vote by any by Paul the pillar and ground of truth." regulations in respect to the doctrines or dis- (1 Tim. iii.) “For that Church, by its cipline of the Church of Rome, that can di- decrees always exacted from its children a minish the grace and favour of the grant."— firm assent in heart and soul, under the deExtract from the Speech of Sir Robert Peel. nunciations in thy name of an eternal curse —Times, 5th Feb., 1845.
against those who refused to obey its authoOn the 3d May, 1825, before the “Select rity. Conscious, alas! of our ignorance in Committee of the House of Lords on the Divine things, and of the infirmity of human State of Ireland,” His Grace the (late) reason, how could we have trusted to our. Archbishop of Dublin, gave the following selves in searching the Scriptures, and have evidence, p. 419:
despised an authority so pre-eminent ? “Is your Grace prepared to inform the Fearlessly, we say, O Lord, if it be an error Committee in what manner the doctrine of which we have followed, Thou, THYSELF, exclusive salvation and its effects are taught hast DECEIVED US, AND WE ARE EXCUSED.” at Maynooth, by any text book ?--I have Removing every prejudice of birth, educathe text book of Maynooth in my posses- tion, fortune, and all other circumstances,
let the reader, supposing himself to be sum“There is a description of what may be moned to-morrow before the tribunal of the consequences of the doctrine of exclu- God, to render an account of his faith and sive salvation at the day of judgment, is motives, conclude what part prudence should there not ?-There is a very strong one: it suggest to him to act, whether that of the is a description of the difference between the Protestant, or of the Catholic.'”—“Tracstate of the Protestant and that of the Roman tatus de Ecclesiâ,” p. 511. Catholic when called to the final tribunal at Such. Protestant brethren, is the awful the day of judgment. The words are these; blasphemy of the Church of Rome for the ... the translation of which is as follows:- propagation of which, together with other
« • The Protestant when called to judg- fearful crimes, between 400,0001. and ment, will appear provided with no other aid 500,0001. of the public money has already than “his own private judgment," with which been voted by your representatives in Parhe searched the Scriptures, and proved the liament. And now the Prime Minister of articles of his creed: although he had been your Protestant Sovereign proclaims to the again and again warned, that he acted so world," that it is the intention of the Govern“at his own great peril,” and that a more ment to propose to Parliament a liberal insevere account would be required of him for crease of the vote for the College of May. this very thing. What follower of the Re- nooth," and that too, be it observed, without formed Churches, reflecting on this, and aceompanying “that increased vote by any considering how natural it is for man, from regulations in respect to the doctrines or the frailty of his nature, to err, but must discipline of the Church of Rome.” look with terror to the sentence of his most Surely, if you the descendants of those severe Judge?
faithful and fearless men who under God “But how different would be the lot of had braved the faggot, the sword, and the the Catholic, even though (which let it not Inquisition, in the inestimable blessings of be believed) he should have fallen into error civil and religious liberty they have bein obeying the decrees of the Church con- queathed to you, can calmly look on withcerning doctrine : might he not fearlessly out an effort to arrest the infliction of this reply to his Supreme Judge interrogating premeditated act of national degradation, him concerning this ?_"O Lord, if that be then, indeed, will you richly deserve the an error which we have followed, Thou, Thy- scourge of Papal persecution. SELF, HAST DECEIVED us by thy command,
A PROTESTANT SENTINEL. so clearly and repeatedly announced, that Guildford, March, 1845.
The great High Priest of our profession WHERE are we? Under what dispensation answers every purpose. He has offered the are we living ? One would suppose from sacrifice which is efficacious to put away sin hearing so much said among a certain class -has shed a blood which cleanseth from all of people about priests, and their offering sin; and He ever liveth to be our advocate sacrifice, that the Old Testament dispensa- with the Father. Neither for propitiation, tion-the, dispensation of types and shadows nor for intercession, need we any other —was still in force : and that the Messiah, priest. Other priests are quite out of place the substance and antitype, was yet to come. since He has come. Priests were a sacred order of men under If Christ instituted an order of priests, the Jewish dispensation, and sacrifice con- why do we not read any thing about them stituted an important part of divine service. in that choice piece of ecclesiastical history, But, under the Christian dispensation, there the Acts of the Apostles ? It is very strange. is no order of priests, neither any literal We read about Jewish priests in the Acts, sacrifices offered. We have, indeed, under and mention is made of the priests of Jupithis dispensation, a great High Priest, Jesus, ter, but not a word do we hear of any Christhe Son of God, who, having once offered tian priests. Who were they? What were Himself to bear the sins of many, has passed their names? Stephen was a deacon ; into the heavens for us, where He ever lives Philip was an evangelist; Paul was an to make intercession; and He makes all his apostle ; Peter was an elder; and there were disciples, in a sense, both “kings and priests many who were addressed as bishops. But unto God;” (John i. 6;) even as also who was a priest ? If Paul was, why does Peter, who is prime authority with us all, he not sometimes call himself so in the testifies. When addressing the Christians, introduction of his Epistles? Was he to whom he wrote, he says, “Ye are a holy ashamed of the office? Peter says he was priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices." an elder or presbyter, but gives no hint of (1 Pet. ii. 5.) This priesthood, which Peter his having been a priest. He seems to have recognises, is very different from the Roman had no idea of his being a priest in any other Catholic priesthood. All Christians share sense than as being one of that "holy priestequally in the New Testament priesthood, hood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices," which and these priests are set apart to offer up all true believers compose. spiritual sacrifices, or as it is said (v. 9). If the priesthood be a Christian order of that they “ should show forth the praises of men, why does Paul, in writing to Timothy God.” This is not the object of the Roman and Titus, take no notice of it ? He gives priesthood, neither are its functions per- the qualifications of bishops and deacons, formed by all the faithful.
but says nothing about those of priests. The truth is, the Roman Catholic priest- Were they to have no qualifications ? Must hood, that large and influential body of ec- a bishop be “blameless, the husband of one clesiastics, has no more warrant and autho- wife, vigilant, sober, apt to teach,” &c., and rity for its existence from Christ, than it might a priest be any thing he pleased, in has from Mohammed. There is no more in these respects ? Might any body be a the Bible in favor of such an order, than priest? If not, the silence of the Apostle there is in the Koran, and perhaps not as is decisive. Any one may see now why the much. Christ instituted no such office Catholic priests do not like the Bible. Who authorized no such characters in his church. likes to be treated, by book or man, with “He gave some apostles, and some prophets, silent contempt? The priests will never and some evangelists, and some, pastors and forgive the Evangelists and Apostles for teachers ;” but He gave none priests. And having passed them by in the way they have these He gave or appointed “for the per- done. Never. And they will never let their fecting of the saints, for the work of the people have the genuine Bible. If they do, ministry, for the edifying of the body of they will lose the people. Christ,” not for saying mass, offering sacri- I suppose it is scarcely necessary to say, fice, burning incense, hearing confessions, that if Catholics meant no more by a priest, and the like of those things. Christ ap- than some of our Protestant brethren mean pointed no officer to perform such functions by the word, viz. a presbyter, of which priest, as these. I have quoted from Eph. iv. 11, as used by them, is but an abbreviation, 12. In 1 Cor. xii. 28, we have another enu- there could have been no occasion for this meration of the officers which God has set in article. But they mean by a priest, a real the church, but there is not a word about sacerdotal character, as much as the priest priests. They are a class of persons not at of the Old Testament was-one who literally all needed under the Christian dispensation. offers sacrifice. They pretend that their priests offer sacrifice now—that whenever now He is offered in an unbloody manner ! they perform mass, a true, proper, and pro- This is what their priests do. A priest must pitiatory sacrifice, for the living and the have somewhat to offer. He is ordained to dead, is offered by them. And if you ask offer gifts and sacrifices. Now, the Catholic them what they offer, they tell you they offer priest, finding nothing else to offer, pretends Christ—that, under their hands, He becomes to rëoffer Christ. For all this—this priestagain, and as often as they choose to make hood-and this sacrifice every one knows him so, a propitiatory sacrifice—that He is there is no more authority in the Bible, than as really offered by them in their missal ser- there is for the Hindoo suttee—the burning vice, as He was by himself on Calvary, only of widows.
POOR LITTLE POPERY.
The sessions had closed, no new mischief was planning,
From my slumbers I started, exclaiming “Who's there ?”
His wants I relieved, I indulged all his wishes,
Revived and refresh'd, the false urchin arose,
Then deep in my bosom he darted the steel,
THE CELIBACY OF THE CLERGY. This is the Roman Catholic doctrine ; but willing that the people should read the Bible is it Bible doctrine ? I believe, however, We shall see what a world of trouble it would that the Catholics say it is no part of doc- occasion the priests, were they to be in the trine, but of discipline. This is a sorry eva. habit of reading it. Suppose, for example, sion. It amounts to a confession that some an intelligent Catholic to take up Paul's of their ecclesiastical practices have no war- first epistle to Timothy for perusal. Well, rant in Christian doctrine. It is saying that he reads along until he comes to the third it is a part of their discipline that their chapter, where he finds Paul telling Timothy clergy do not marry, but no part of their what a bishop must be. He must be this doctrine that they should not.
and that, and among other things “the husBut let us see how this doctrine or disci- band of one wife." The reader is shocked. pline, or by whatever name it may be called, “Why, what does this mean? Our priests tallies with the Scriptures; and as we pro- tell us that a bishop must not marry at all. ceed, we shall see why the Catholics are un. Our church prohibits all her clergy from