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of the offence being repeated ; and 3. He Portugal. Our readers will no doubt realso prohibited them from seeking by any collect that the Portuguese Bishops brought means whatever to convert to Protestantism before the Chamber of Peers a motion tendthe Papist, united in marriage to a Protes- ing to prohibit heretical Bibles, and to subtant, or any other Papist, and forbad them mit every book entering the kingdom from to allow Papists to frequent Protestant reli- without to censors, who should examine gious assemblies, under pain of the application them to see that they did not contain any of article 1 and 2 of the penal code.

errors or immoralities. (In this motion the In harmony with such measures, Popish religious books circulated by Protestants churches and convents are being reared in have been associated with various immoral the valleys, in the midst of a population books!) The sellers of these books, and almost entirely Protestant ; none, if possible, also the readers, the motion set forth, should but Popish labourers are permitted ; and be visited by the most severe penalties. lastly, the decree which enjoins the Vaudois This proposition was sent to a commission to sell in the space of two years the property (committee) for examination, the result of which they possessed beyond the ancient which has been the rejection of the entire limits fixed for them, if it has not yet been motion.-L'Esperance, Feb. 11. carried into execution, has not been officially rescinded, and is a constant source of Prussia.–At Bromberg, in Prussia, a anxiety to interested parties.-L'Esperance. congregation of Catholics has separated Nov. 19.

from the mother Church. It refuses to

acknowledge the authority of the Pope, as Bavaria.-We read in the Universal Ger

head of the Church, or to continue auricular man Gazette, that the Synod of Ansbach has

confession, but it preserves the celebration represented with firmness and dignity the of the mass. grievances of the Protestant Church. The Government has excluded from the assembly The Magdeburg Gazette states that some many lay-members, whose presence and influential inhabitants of Dusseldorf have speeches there is feared, who are nevertheless formed the idea of establishing a Christian most honourable men. The Bavarian Min- Catholic Communion in that town, and have ister has refused, among others, to confirm conferred with several pupils and friends of the nomination, as a member of Synod, the late Professor Hermes, in order to arrive of the worthy burgomaster of Regensberg, at a full understanding of the doctrines of M. de Thow. Dittmer. This is a member Hermesianism, and to reduce them to 8 of the Chamber of Deputies of Bavaria ; he system in accordance with their own dangers. is in the first rank among the deputies who – Morning Herald. have with so much courage demanded the entire liberty of the Evangelical Church, and who have endeavoured to induce the Another work of the Special Publications Bavarian Government to act in a more con- of the Protestant Association has just apstitutional and tolerant manner.-L'Espe- peared— Accusations of History against the rance, Jan. 31.

Chureh of Rome. By the Rev. Ġ. Townsend,

M.A. Prebendary of Durbam. Revised and Hanover.- Letters from Hanover state corrected by the Rev. J. E. Cox, M.A., that a portion of the goods of the Bishop of Senior Curate of Stepney, &c. Hilderheim have been seized by order of the authorities, in consequence of his refusing to It is expected that the Protestant Assopay the fine imposed on him for causing the ciation will hold a great Meeting in Exeter Ultra-montane Catechism of Father Cani- Hall, in opposition to the proposed increased suis, a Jesuit, to be reprinted without the grant to Maynooth College. Of this, further sanction of the censorship.—Morning He- notice will be given as arrangements are rald, Feb. 4.

completed. Published under

the direction of
THE PROTESTANT

ASSOCIATION,
At F. BAISLER'S

NAZINIS DAMA PROTESTANT DEPOSITORY 124, Oxford-street;

at 11, Exeter Hall; SIMPKIN, MARSHALL & Co.

And R. GROOMBRIDGE.

LONDON:
W. DAVY & Son,]
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"If they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.”—Isaiah viii. 20.

No. 61.

APRIL, 1845.

VOL. VI.

affecting prayer.

ENDOWMENT OF POPERY. God for the belief that there is a large body

of Christians in this Protestant country, who A Meeting to oppose any increased grant can agree, and who do agree together in this, to Maynooth, was held on Tuesday, in the that there is one book above every book Great Room of Exeter Hall. J. P. Plumptre, (hear, hear); and that is God's book (hear, Esq., M.P., in the chair. There was a very hear); and that there is one name above full attendance, and upon the platform, which every name, and that that is the name to which was crowded with gentlemen, we observed, we are all looking for our common salvation. amongst others, Lord Farnham, Sir C. E. The Hon. and Rev. BAPTIST NOEL Smith, Bart., Hon. and Rev. Baptist Noel, then rose to move the first Resolution. Rev. Tennyson Cuffe, Rev. J. Burnett, Rev. He said, Feeling, as I do, that it is not for E. Auriol, G. Finch, Esq., J. C. Evans, Esq. clergymen to mix in party politics, if I saw (Barrister-at-law), and Dr. Sleigh.

anything in this meeting intending to emDr. Holloway offered up a solemn and barrass the Government or make a party

movement, I should have felt considerable The Rev. J. Blackburn read the forty- hesitation in appearing to-day. But whatsixth Psalm, the favourite one of Martin ever may be my objections to this grant, and

however freely I may express that objection, The Chairman then rose and said, My I feel that no exclusive blame attaches to Protestant friends, we are assembled together Her Majesty's Ministers, because they are at this time on, as it seems to me, a most sustained by some of the most able and enimportant occasion. I rejoice to believe that lightened statesmen of all parties. WhatI am on this occasion surrounded by Pro- ever some may think of Exeter Hall, that it testant Christians of every denomination. is such a magazine of fanaticism that it And I rejoice to know and to believe, my needs but a spark to ignite, and that every Protestant fellow-subjects, that ministers and Protestant who attends the Meetings there, Christians of every Protestant denomination, when he goes forth, is ready to plunge his will have the honour, and as they will feel it dagger in the first Catholic he meets, I to be, their duty to address you. If, as is have no feelings of the sort, and I entered the case in a world where sin hath made so this room and now address you without any many rents and sown so much division, we bitterness against, or dislike to, my Roman cannot all of us see eye to eye, yet I bless Catholic fellow-subjects. I lift my voice

Luther.

against no secular or civil privileges the country are now inert and silent, it is not in Roman Catholics ask for, but I ask your the smallest degree improbable that this opposition to a grant, the effect of which is measure will pass, and this principle be conto endow and sanction the doctrines of the secrated once and for ever—that the priests Church of Rome. I here draw a distinction of the Roman Catholic Church are to be between the encouragement of their secular endowed in Ireland. Upon you, then, I interests and this sanction of their doctrine. think, it depends to resist this measure. In Whatever difference of opinion may exist, a free country like this, where public disevery one must at least see this palpable cussion has much influence, there are three distinction. A person may support a mea- things which a Minister of the Crown is sure to remove the civil disabilities of the likely to do in preparing any measure which Jews, while at the same time he may, on is obnoxious,--to deliberate secretly, to act religious grounds, protest against the pay- with promptitude, and to show an unswerving ment of Jewish rabbies. The one he may resolution. Hence is the necessity, if any consider a measure which their numbers, feel their principles aggrieved, and outraged, wealth, and intelligence may justify, while, that they should make the matter as public by the other, he would be sanctioning doc- as possible, that they should act with equal trines which blaspheme our Lord and Saviour. promptitude, and oppose to the Minister's There is no conceivable difference in prin- resolution an equal resolution. They should ciple between paying to educate priests in act without asking whether success is proRoman Catholic doctrines, and paying to edu- bable. Each one should act as if success cate the people in Roman Catholic doctrines. depended on him alone. Now we have seen The two principles are the same; and if it what combined exertions may do, in recent is just for Protestant senators to vote money measures, and measures of the same persons. that Roman Catholic students be taught I appeal to the Dissenters of this country, Roman Catholic error, then it is equally as well as to the members of the Church of right that when they have received this England ; I appeal to the Church of Scoteducation, they should be enabled to propa- land, and to the Free Church of Scotland ; gate those notions which English legislation I appeal to all who have ever been distinhas enabled them to learn. So let us not guished by their adherence to Evangelical deceive ourselves with the idea that this is truth, that they should now manifest a comany final measure. It is most distinctly bination against this measure; and Sir a measure introductory to another, the Robert Peel himself, and all the members payment of the Roman Catholic priests in of the Cabinet, will not venture to stand Ireland. I would therefore argue it on that against them. For what object should they ground, and beg you to consider how far it have in doing so ? He has manifested his is legitimate that Protestant senators should own good-will to the Roman Catholic popuvote away the public money for the payment lation of Ireland; and if this measure should of the Roman Catholic priests of Ireland, or be withdrawn at your earnest solicitation, how far it becomes a Protestant people, who and in compliance with Petitions poured in have the right of petitioning, coldly and from every part of this country, he will only inertly to suffer such legislation to go on. be paying a grateful tribute to the loyal and But, let me ask, what Protestant senators, manly Protestants. If I have used in this what Lord Stanley, and Lord Sandon, and address any expression in the least degree Mr. Gladstone do, if they vote for money to unfair to those against whom we are opgo to the support of Roman Catholic doc- posed, I assure you that it was far from my trine? They know, full well, as Protestants, intention and from my heart to do so. I that the Sacrifice of the Mass is taught by wish the greatest good to Ireland, and to the the Roman Church, which impairs the glory Roman Catholic portion of our fellow-suband darkens the efficacy of the only one jects there. If there were any measures great sacrifice which the Lord Jesus Christ proposed and carried by which her comhas made for sinners. (Hear, hear, and ap- merce could be enlarged, and the richest probation.) And yet they would pay men merchandise poured into her shores, by for learning that doctrine first, and promul- which her bogs could be reclaimed and her gating it to their fellow-men afterwards. agriculture improved, the huts of her poor (Hear, hear.) They know full well that the inhabitants well glazed and furnished, if I Roman Catholic Church will teach men to could behold rising up on the lovely banks bow down to statues and pictures of saints. of the Shannon villas as lovely in every We must not deceive ourselves with the direction, nothing would be more agreeimagination that this measure is not likely able and gladdening to my heart. As sin. to be carried. If the Protestants of this cerely as Mr. O'Connell himself I wish for Ireland that she may be

a really consistent public man. He (Mr. “Great, glorious, and free,"

Prest) rejoiced in our land being a great. and with but one other lovely exception alone, and glorious land, but how came it to attain which Mr. O'Connell would permit to an that character? He answered that her prosEnglishman, that she may be

perity and her influence had gone on with “ First gem of the earth,

greater force because for centuries she had First isle of the sea."

been a Protestant land. (Cheers.) Look at (Loud and repeated cheering.) It is not in the building up of our liberty and of our a bitter spirit, but be assured in a Christian Constitution, and when did our country put spirit, that we come here this day. Believing forth the latent elements of her greatness, but that we entertain the soundest prineiples, we when the incubus of Popery had been removed are obliged to act in this way. I wish no from the public mind, and from our instiill to that gentleman, but that when he is tutions ? The question to-day was this, obliged to retire, through the infirmities of Was the country which had been made great age, from the fierce strife and passionate by Protestantism to abandon that which had contests of political life, he may learn, in built her up ? Were we, because we now the seclusion of Derrynane, to commune with were great, to imagine that we could stand God in secret, to read and meditate on his without that help which had made us so, and holy word, and, in full and complete reliance to rank this system with others which had on the atoning blood and all-satisfying been detrimental to the welfare and liberty merits of the blessed Saviour, to prepare for of the country. We were not prepared to a better and a happier home. (Loud and do this. We were somewhat discouraged by repeated cheers.) I heartily rejoice in that the state of indifference to religion which the response which this Protestant meeting has age exhibited, when all systems were regiven to that sentiment (renewed cheers), garded as equally important or unimportant. because it shows what the spirit of Protest- But there were on the other hand encourageantism is; and it will enable any who differ ments. The British and Foreign Bible from us in our opinions to be more tolerant Society had not laboured in vain in Ireland. and more charitable to us when we further Sunday schools had been established, by add, that as believers of the Gospel, as dis- means of which truth had been instilled into ciples of Christ, as Englishmen, and as the youthful mind. There was encouragefriends of Ireland, we cannot but protest ment in the establishment of Evangelical against the endowment of doctrines which truth and vital godliness in the hearts of we know (an interruption, “Believe, you thousands. Here were the elements of mean!”) which we know to be superstitious, power and of truth, the antagonistic elements and calculated to injure the best interests of against Popery, and till they were neutraour country and our people. I beg to lized, the errors of Popery could not prevail. move the following Resolution :-" Re- There was some encouragement in the detersolved, --That this Meeting, recognising mination not to tolerate innovations in the the holy Scriptures as the only unerring modes of worship which tended towards rule and standard both of faith and prac- Popery. (Loud cheers.) Some men had tice, and convinced by the testimony of that gone on too fast for their Jesuitical inword that the doctrines of the Church of structors. (Cheers.) They should have Rome, as defined by the Council of Trent, done what they wished gradually, and not embodied in the Creed of Pope Pius IV.. suddenly have come out with innovations, and exemplified in its general practice and by which the latent principles of Protestteaching, are "superstitious and idolatrous,' antism were aroused. (Cheers.) That was and opposed to the best interests of society, a spirit not easily laid when once aroused, and to the welfare of immortal souls, must (continued cheering,) and it was soon shown regard all support and countenance given to that there could be no submission to such such a system by the State as calculated to base thraldom. (Cheers.) There was energy bring down the judgments of God upon this in the country, and this Meeting would tend Protestant country.” The Hon. and Rev. to stir it up. This was no ordinary Exeter Gentleman resumed his seat amid prolonged Hall Meeting at which people were accuscheering.

tomed to sneer; there were elements in it The Rev. CHARLES PREST, Wesleyan Mi- which did not always come together in Exeter nister, seconded the Resolution. He would Hall. They had been driven together, not by congratulate the Meeting on the presence fear, but to devise opposition to this measure, in the chair of Mr. Plumptre. In a day when like men and Englishmen, to look the danger many public men were consistent only in in the face, not to say hard things of their inconsistency, it was refreshing to meet with opponents, but to oppose a system which they all thought immeasurably dangerous. would advise every Protestant elector to There was encouragement in this, “the Lord write to his representative, and tell him if of Hosts was with them, the God of Jacob he upholds this proposition for an increased was their refuge." He could imagine Lu- grant to Maynooth, he would not support ther using this psalm when in the face of him at the next election. (Cheers.)" He Europe he made Popery quake. They (Mr. Prest) had done it. It was not a thing wanted Luthers now, not bowing men of likely to have much effect when a Parliaexpediency. (Cheers.) The champions of ment was young, but when, as now, it was expediency could be taught a lesson by on the eve of expiring, it was very likely to Protestants. What had created expediency be effectual. Let all Protestant men do in Ireland ? Agitation. This might be fair, something to show a stern and uncomprobut should the Papist express his opinion mising resolution not to permit the dignity and the Protestant not ? Let them tell and influence of this nation to be frittered Parliament that they would not allow such away by the machinations of the Roman legislation, and if there were a Protestant Catholics, or yielded by the cowardice di demonstration, it would be far more expe- any men whatever. dient for the Government to bow before the The Rev. EDWARD BICKERSTETH then force of Protestant opinion than to quail be- rose to propose the second Resolution :fore Irish agitation. It was said that this was “Resolved, —That the support so long given a political question. If it were so, he (Mr. to the College of Maynooth, in which those Prest) would have nothing to do with it; but doctrines are taught, by an annual Parliait was not that. Men said, as a clergyman mentary grant, has ever been viewed with he should not meddle with them; but he re- the greatest repugnance by the large majoplied, “ Then do not let them meddle with rity of British Protestants of all denominame." If politics came in the way of reli- tions; and that this Meeting is convinced gion, of the Bible, of human souls, then he that the said grant has been maintained must, as a clergyman, lift up his voice during past years, notwithstanding the reagainst them. He considered himself, there- pugnance, mainly from an impression on fore, now as much in the discharge of his the minds of many persons that the national duty as if employed in a direct ministerial faith was pledged to its continuance. That office. He denied that there was any com- this Meeting, however, is unable to discover pact to support and endow Maynooth. If any evidence of such alleged compact or there was a compact, let it be brought out agreement, and fully believe the said inbefore a Committee of the House of Com- pression to be certainly erroneous, and that mons, and before a farthing was voted there no such engagement ever was entered into." ought to be an inquiry into its truth. It He said, I appear at this Meeting simply was said that they were opposing Ireland; because I believe it to be a solemn duty but was it come to this, that Popery and Ire- to my country and to my Saviour. We land were identical ? No. He reciprocated British Christians, and especially we the feeling of Christian regard and charity ministers, have the Protestant faith of which had been expressed by the Hon. and our forefathers deposited with us, to keep Rev. Mover of the Resolution towards the undefiled and hand down to our children. Roman Catholic population of Ireland and I believe it to be in imminent peril now from towards Mr. O'Connell himself. A Protes- various quarters and this grant is one. tant was truly Catholic, (he knew what he view it as a religious and not as a political was talking about,) but it was one thing to question. I thank God for his grace to mybe a Catholic and another to be a Roman self, and I thank him for what I have already Catholic. (Cheers.) Protestants were the heard to-day. There has been no reviling true Catholics. They wished to rid Ireland of rulers, or speaking evil of dignities, of Rome, because they loved the souls of against which we are strongly warned. !! Romanists. It was said, the priests, by this is not in the spirit of hatred, but of griet grant, would have better education, and and sorrow, and humiliation, that I speas would be made more finished gentlemen. against this measure as a national sin in t* If that were so, he would not grudge them sight of God. (Hear, hear.) I doubt not a little. But it would not come to that. but that the Prime Minister thinks it is for More money, more priests of the same sort. the good of the country, and for the ada If the heads of houses there were what they vancement of national prosperity. I admis are, they could not make the priests better. his capabilities for knowing what is calcu. It would be still the same murky poisonous lated to be good for the country. He never stream, overflowing Ireland with more force. would have parted with his friend, Mr. GladThey were met to-day to oppose that. He stone, if he had not thought this measure

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