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religion, and that it proved totally unavail. new and unknown, of whose holiness we ing, I suspect he will make no more out of have but little assurance, and of whom we
know some only by revelations; so that it is And in the blindness of Romish supersti- justly doubted of several, that they never tion how many vain and fruitless prayers existed at all.' "-Cassand. Consult. p. 971, have been offered! How many invoked as quoted by M'Culloch, p. 346. This is an saints, of whose future state charity itself important concession by a Popish writer. could scarcely indulge a hope !-how many He speaks as if it were universally admitted whose very existence has itself been doubted! that the ancient and known saints should be
In illustration of the statement, as to the worshipped; he finds fault only with the uncertainty of the existence of many of the prevailing practice of worshipping those upsupposed saints of the Romish church, we start saints who were unknown, and of whose subjoin the following anecdotes:
existence there was no evidence. “ The Spaniards, it seems, have a saint “ We have in England,” says Middleton, held in great reverence, in some parts of p. 174, “ an instance still more ridiculous, Spain, called VIAR; for the further encou- of a fictitious saintship, in the case of a cerragement of whose worship, they solicited tain saint called Amphibolus; who, accordthe Pope to grant some special indulgences ing to monkish historians, was bishop of the to his altars; and upon the Pope's desiring Isle of Man, and fellow-martyr and disciple to be better acquainted first with his charac- of St. Alban: yet the learned Bishop Usher ter, and the proofs which they had of his has given good reasons to convince us, that saintship, they produced a stone with these he owes the honour of his saintship to a antique letters S. VIAR, which the antiqua- mistaken passage in old acts or legends of ries readily saw to be a small fragment of St. Alban: where the Amphibolus mensome old Roman inscription, in memory of tioned, and since reverenced as a saint and one who had been Prefectu S. VIARum, or martyr, was nothing more than a cloak, overseer of the highways.”-Middleton's which Alban happened to have, at the time Letters, p. 173.
of his execution; being a word derived from This St. Viar, or Viarius, was, notwith- the Greek, and signifying a rough, shaggy standing, worshipped for I do not know how cloak, which ecclesiastical persons usually many ages. “ Over the bishop's sepulchre wore in that age.”-Middleton, p. 174. is a table of stone, upon which the mass was “ They pretend to shew here at Rome,” wont to be sacrificed in honour of his saints says the same author, “ two original impresship, whom they call Viarius; and hither sions of our Saviour's face, on two different came all persons who were pained about the handkerchiefs; the one, sent a present by loins, and were invariably cured. When himself to Agbarus, Prince of Edessa, who Ressendius, who designed to publish his life by letter had desired a picture of him ; the along with those of the other saints, visited other, given by him at the time of his exethe spot with a view to pick up information, cution, to a saint or holy woman named he inquired of the priests if they possessed Veronica, upon a handkerchief which she any records or inscriptions respecting St. had lent him to wipe his face on that occaViarius. Upon this he was directed to the sion: both which handkerchiefs are still table over his sepulchre; which was in- preserved, as they affirm, and now kept with scribed with a Latin epitaph of considerable much reverence; the first in St. Sylvester's length. But Ressendius, (who happened to church, the second in St. Peter's; where in be better acquainted with Latin inscriptions honour of this sacred relic, there is a fine than the priests, soon discovered that the altar built by Pope Urban VIII. with a stacelebrated tomb of St. Viarius contained tue of Veronica herself.” “ But, notwithonly the heathenish carcases of two men- standing the authority of the Pope, and his ders of Roman highways. Information was inscription, this VERONICA, as one of their immediately sent to Cardinal Alphonsus, at best authors has shewn, like Amphibolus that time Bishop of Evora, who ordered the before mentioned, was not any real person, place to be shut up, to the great discontent but the name given to the picture itself, by of all the simple faithful who were pained the old writers who mention it; being formed about the loins."--M'Culloch Pop. Cond. p. by blundering and confounding the words 345. “ Such legendary lore drew from a Vera Icon, or true image, the title inscribed, learned man of the Romish church the fol- perhaps, or given originally to the handkerlowing complaint. There is also another chief, by the first contrivers of the imposerror not unfrequent, that the common peo- ture.”—page 76. ple, neglecting in a manner the ancient and
THOMAS A BECKET. known saints, worship more ardently the For an account of the arrogance, duplicity, and turbulence which marked Becket's first for the Virgin, the second for Thomas character, we refer the reader to Hume's a Becket, the third for Christ. The followHistory of England. His conduct was so ing list of the yearly offerings to each, is flagrantly turbulent and overbearing, that taken out of the old Ledger Book:the very bishops appealed to the Pope
£ $. d. against him, setting him forth in plain terms To the Virgin Mary .... 63 5 6 as a disturber of the public peace. Yet was To Thomas a Becket..832 12 3 this wretched man made the principal object To Christ .... . . . 3 2 2 of devotion by the people of England, at that time universally drunk with wine of the
Next Year. . cup of Rome's fornication.
To the Virgin Mary.... 4 1 8 The church of Canterbury, before the dis- To Thomas a Becket . . . 954 6 S solution of abbeys, had three shrines; the To Christ . . . . . . . 0 0 0
THE FIFTH OF NOVEMBER. This day is appointed in our prayer-book, as we are told by the historian, to blow up with an especial service, to be commemora- the king, the royal family, the lords and ted as a day of thanksgiving for the most commons, and to bury all our enemies (as singular and providential deliverance of the they said) in one common ruin. king, lords, and commons of England, from The following are the words ascribed by the most singularly atrocious and wholesale the historian Hume to Catesby, the inventor slaughter that ever was meditated in the of this diabolical design :corrupt heart of man. It was in the year “Happily, they are all assembled on the 1604, exactly 239 years ago this day, in the first meeting of the parliament, and afford reign of James I. of England. The trials us the opportunity of glorious and useful of the conspirators, the proofs of their guilt, vengeance. Great preparations will not be the clear demonstration of it at the time, requisite. A few of us combining, may run and the appointment, from that day to this, a mine below the hall in which they meet; of the commemorative service in the Chris- and choosing the very moment when the tian Church for that deliverance, bring the king harrangues both houses, consign over proof of it plainly before us. It was a plot, to destruction these determined foes to all
piety and religion. Meanwhile, we our- should believe, conscientiously believe, that selves, standing aloof, safe and unsuspected, they are doing God service; that they are shall triumph in being the instruments of performing a righteous duty. Let it not be Divine wrath, and shall behold with pleasure supposed that in thus speaking in thus those sacrilegious walls, in which were pas. drawing such an awful picture of the Church sed the edicts for proscribing our church of Rome, we mean to say, that all persons and butchering her children, tossed into a who belong to that religion, necessarily thousand fragments, while their impious in- hold the horrible principles of the system, habitants meditating, perhaps, still new per- as they are laid down in their books. No! secutions against us, pass from flames above we trust that there are multitudes better to flames below; there for ever to endure than their awful superstition, and who are the torments due to their offences."
not drilled in all its iniquities. The atrocity of this plot, it is unnecessary The discovery of this plot at the time, to dwell upon. The characters of the men was indeed a most remarkable interposition who were engaged in it, form one very sin- of Divine Providence. There was one of gular feature in it; for they were by no those persons who knew of this plot, and means, as might be supposed, atrocious who, stimulated by affection to one indivimonsters in their general lives or characters, dual, Lord Monteagle, who must have sufor persons who could be suspected of being fered in the general destruction, wrote him guilty of such crimes ; quite the reverse. a letter previous to the time, giving him a We are told by the same historian, that mysterious warning. He says,
“Before that audacious attempt, their “Out of the love I bear to some of your conduct, seems, in general, to be liable to friends, I have a care of your preservation. no reproach. Catesby's character had en- Therefore, I would advise you, as you tender titled him to such regard, that Rockwood your life, to devise some excuse to shift off and Digby were seduced by implicit trust in your attendance at this parliament ; for God his judgment; and they declared, that from and man have concurred to punish the the motive alone of friendship to him, they wickedness of this time.” were ready, on any occasion, to have sacri. Now mark; it was a crime in which he ficed their lives. Digby himself was as imagined God participated ! highly esteemed and beloved as any man: “And think not slightly of this advertisein England; and he had been particularly ment; but retire yourself into your country, hononred with the good opinion of Queen where you may expect the event in safety; Elizabeth."
for though there be no appearance of any This was the character of the men. What stir, yet, I say, they will receive a terrible then could have possessed them—what could blow this parlianient, and yet they shall not have induced them to an act of such atrocity see who hurts them. This counsel is not to as this? We are told from the same autho- be contemned, because it may do you good, rity, “ It was bigotted zeal alone, covered and can do you no harm ; for the danger is with the appearance of duty, which seduced past as soon as you have burned this letter. them into measures which were fatal to And I hope God will give you the grace to themselves, and had nearly proved fatal to make good use of it; into whose holy protheir country.” It shows clearly that this tection I commend you." awful deed, as I will prove to you hereafter, The historian thus describes the effect of was not concocted from any peculiar depra- this mysterious warning :vity of the individuals concerned in it, but “Monteagle knew not what to make of was the result of the horrible nature of that this letter, and though inclined to think it a anti-christian system in which these men foolish attempt to frighten and ridicule him, Were educated a system which makes such he judged it safest to carry it to Lord Salisa crime a virtue, reverses the very order of bury, Secretary of State. Though Salisbury good and evil, and will perpetrate a deed of too, was inclined to pay little attention to it, the most cruel treachery, treason and blood, he thought proper to lay it before the king, under the sanction, and to promote the in- who came to town a few days after. terests of a superstition which they call the “To the king it appeared not so light a Christian religion. It was the fulfilment of matter ; and from the serious, earnest style our blessed Lord's own words. He says in of the letter, he conjectured that it implied otJohn xvi. 2, “Yea, the time cometh, something dangerous and important. A that whosoever killeth you will think that he terrible blow, and yet the authors concealed; doeth God service.”
a danger so sudden, and yet so great ; these This awful system teaches them, that in circumstances seemed all to denote some putting the saints of Jesus to death, they contrivance by gunpowder, and it was
thought advisable to inspect all the vaults Is it Christian or anti-Christian? Is the below two houses of parliament. This head of this system a servant of Christ, or is care belonged to the Earl of Suffolk, Lord he antichrist? Chamberlain, who purposely delayed the Let us bring it to the test of fact. Let search till the day before the meeting of us hear the plain commands of God's holy parliament."
Word, with respect to the very subject of So the result was that the vaults were in- this day. Here is a project of a remorseless spected, and there they found the gunpow. wholesale massacre the most frightful ever der. For having let it rest till the night recorded on the page of history, undertaken before parliament was to meet, and then on the very principles of a system of relisending the magistrates with the officers to gion which teaches, that it is a righteous inspect the vaults, they discovered thirty-six act to put those who are heretics-that is, barrels of gunpowder, and the conspirator those who oppose that religion, to death. who was to fire the train, with all the imple. Observe how they identified their crime ments, ready to carry his atrocious crime with the most sacred mysteries of their reinto effect; and so God, by His amazing ligion. The historian says, “ When they and gracious interposition discovered the enlisted any new conspirator, in order to plot, and rescued the nation from the dread. bind him to secresy, they always, together ful calamity.
with an oath, employed the communionNow, why is a perpetual thanksgiving for the most sacred rite of their religion: and this, rightly appointed in our Church ? In is remarkable, that no one of these pious the first place, to perpetuate the memory of devotees ever entertained the least compuncso great a deliverance from God. For if, tion with regard to the cruel massacre which as they expected, such a desperate crime they projected, of whatever was great and had succeeded, and the nation had been eminent in the nation. Some of them only thrown into such confusion as must neces- were startled by the reflection, that of necessarily have ensued from the slaughter of the sity many Catholics must be present, as royal family and all her nobles and senators, spectators, or attendants on the king, or as they thought that by that means they would having seats in the house of peers; but be able to carry on a system, whereby they Tesmond, a Jesuit, and Garnet, superior of might establish Popery in the land again; that order in England, removed these scruand God alone can tell whether it is not to ples, and showed them how the interests of that deliverance, that we have been in- religion required that the innocent should debted for the blessings and privileges we be here sacrificed with the guilty.” have since enjoyed, and enjoy to this day. After his condemnation, Sir Everard
But another reason why it is necessary is, Digby, one of these conspirators, an English to keep continually in the remembrance of baronet, highly esteemed and beloved in the nation-in the remembrance of the Pro- England, in a letter to his wife, says, “ Now testant sovereign, of the Protestant peers, for my intention ; let me tell you, that if I the Protestant commons, the Protestant had thought there had been the least sin in bishops, the Protestant clergy, and the the plot, I would not have been of it for all Protestant people-the awful character of the world: and no other cause drew me, to that antichristian apostacy which could con- hazard my fortune and life, but zeal to coct and endeavour to carry out such an God's religion.” He expresses his surprise atrocious crime as this; to teach them that to hear that any Catholics had condemned that religion is false, and ever to be held in it.”—(Digby's Papers, published by Secreabhorrence; to teach them that the religion tary Coventry.) of Christ, the standard of God's eternal Such were the sentiments of Digby. We truth-His holy Word, is to be appreciated, are informed by Hume, that “ Notwithprized, maintained as men desire to preserve standing this horrid crime, the bigoted either the blessings, or to bear the character Catholics were so devoted to Garnet, that of being servants of God.
they fancied miracles to be wrought by his All we have to do, in speaking of such a blood, and he was regarded in Spain as a system, is to ask-Is this the religion of martyr." . Christ? Is such a system conformable to But there is another singular circumGod's law, or opposed to His law? Is it stance, connected with the antichristian conformable to His Gospel, or opposed to principles of Popery. There was another His Gospel? Is it conformable to the crime committed thirty-two years before the whole tenor of His Word, or opposed to it? Is it conformable to the precepts and for in the Almanack of the (Roman) “ Catholic
* And in England too, even at the present day; example of Christ, or is it opposed to them? Directory” for 1844, his martyrdom is recorded.
gunpowder plot--the massacre of St. Bar- Christian love, but inseparably combined tholomew, in which thousands of Protestants with fidelity to God, and fidelity to manwere, by a simultaneous attack, butchered if this be so, then, the question comes home in France, when they little expected the to every one of us—How am I, as a Chrisblow. At that time, in 1572, the reigning tian, to feel, with respect to this system of Pope, Gregory XIIÍ. had a medal struck to the Papacy? How am I, as a Christian, commemorate the massacre that was then not only to feel, but how am I to deal with committed, on the eve of St. Bartholomew's it, according to my religion ? day, and on one side of this medal is the Any thing spoken against Popery, is now head of the Pope who ordered it, and on the considered political animosity — political other side, the angel of that Church, hold- bigotry! When in our missionary meetings, ing up a cross with his left hand, and with I have seen my reverend brethren-faithful a sword in his right hand putting the here- men, devoted servants of God-standing up tics to death; and several bodies are lying to plead the cause of the heathen in foreign strewed on the ground before him. That lands; when I have heard them speaking medal is at this moment to be struck at the with earnest fidelity, and appealing to the mint at Rome. I have in my own posses- consciences, the affections, the understandsion four of these medals, one of which was ings of immense multitudes for their salvastruck in 1839 in bronze, two in bronze and tion; when I have heard them telling of the silver in 1840, and one in April, 1842, atrocities of the heathen, their cruelties, which were brought over to me from Rome. their wickednesses, their idol pilgrimages, Therefore, the idea of saying that there is a their suttees, their various crimes, their change in the system, indicates nothing but deeds of blood, and appealing to the Christhe grossest ignorance, or the most delibe. tian liberality of their hearers, to give them rate falsehood on the subject.
money to send out missionaries and to send Look, then, at these doctrines and prin- out books, as the means of converting them, ciples of Popery. I say, if opposition to the I could not but often think and ask, in the Word, the precepts, the laws of God name of the living God, if I feel for the whether in the abstract or in detail--if heathen in a foreign land, am I not to feel opposition to all the doctrines and com. for my poor countrymen, “bone of my bone, mands of Christ-if opposition to the God- and flesh of my flesh,” in the land that I head of Christ, in professing that that live in-my native soil? Am I not to feel Godhead can be embodied at the will of the for the poor Roman Catholics of Ireland, priest, into a bit of paste-if opposition to and to endeavour to send to them the Gosthe manhood, the humanity of Christ, in pel of Christ? Brethren, I say before God, declaring that Jesus is not a refuge for us, “Verily, we are guilty concerning our tender, gracious, and affectionate to receive brother.”—(From a Sermon by Rev. R. J. sinners, but that we must have recourse to McGhee, peached at Harold's Cross Church, His mother, as more tender, gracious and Dublin. affectionate than He-if opposition to the Word of God, in keeping that Word from
INTELLIGENCE. the instruction of children, debasing and degrading it, as you have heard to-day, by “PRAY WITHOUT CEASING.”—1 Thess. v. 17. antichristian commentaries, and shutting out that Word from the poor-(what wonder Popery in Madeira.-The Sierra San Anthat God's holy Book should be shut out by tonio, a mountain district of Madeira, has such an awful system ?)—and if opposition recently been given up to pillage under the to the Church of Christ, in slaying those following circumstances :-On the evening who will testify of Christ, and hold up the of the 16th of September, fourteen policeGospel of Christ-if this be antichrist, then men, some armed and others intoxicated, there never yet was seen on earth such a attempted to seize Nicholao Vieira, a Pordevelopment of antichrist as the system of tuguese, who, about eighteen months ago, the Papacy.
had joined the Scottish communion. Their Now, if we must faithfully testify that only authority was a warrant, not signed as this religion is fearfully opposed to the required by law. Under these circumstances, commands of God, what, let me ask, is the Nicholao refused to follow them until it religion that we profess? What is the should be light. His neighbours rallied religion of the Church of England ? If, round him; and after some altercation, but instead of persecution, intolerance, and without a blow being struck by either side, cruelty, the religion of the Church of the police retired. On the 23rd of SeptemEngland, or, in other words, the religion of ber, 50 soldiers, commanded by Captain the Bible, commands toleration, kindness, Oliveira, proceeded, under pretence of seiz