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the amount, I believe, of about fifty men, ship of the Virgin Mary is again showing itself, being Romanists, were accustomed to be with such unblushing effrontery? What are marched to mass at this very chapel. I we to think of the modern miracle wrought have this fact from the captain of that de- by Mary, which a priest of the Church of tachment, and therefore I am perfectly safe Rome declares to be ascribable to her prein making this statement. The officer, who vailing intercession-even that a set of British usually accompanied them, waited upon the senators gave over their right to a set of law captain, and asked his counsel under these judges, whose verdict might have been anticircumstances. The captain said, “ Make cipated ? that this is all owing to an infatuait a point to be with your men; and if any- tion, thrust upon the minds of Protestant thing transpire, or if anything be said, that rulers and senators, through the prevalent they ought not to witness or to hear, march intercession of the Virgin Mary? Why, them out.” Accordingly, the men went as really I think, in the calendar of Popish usual to mass; and high mass was celebrated miracles this deserves to stand as the most with more than ordinary splendour, and prayer miraculous of all. But what are we to think for O'Connell was offered up; and then the of the credulity and the prostration of an asleading priest stood up at the altar, and began sembled congregation, who, when this miracle a harangue about Ireland's wrongs, and Ire- is announced, and they are bid to adore land's woes, and got as far, I am told, as to Mary, fall prostrate, the whole multitude, say, that O'Connell, had he his due, would upon the ground, to offer adoration and be king of Ireland. And, just at this junc- thanksgiving to a poor mortal, that was ture, when all was hushed and breathless at- saved as entirely through the blood of Him, tention, up started the British officer, and that after the flesh she gave birth to, as you said, "Attention--face about-march ;' and or I? I say it, Sir, with all firmness, whilst with slow, steady, measured tread-no very with all reverence. I respect her, and “ call melodious music, or cheering to the ears of her blessed,” as the mother of the flesh of the the astonished priest and of the confounded human nature of my Lord; but she herself congregation, out walked the soldiers and said, “ My soul doth magnify the Lord, and proceeded to their barracks. Sir, this is a my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.” little specimen of what Rome is beginning Mary is in heaven, through that one Saviour, to do in England. We used to bless our- and His one intercession, as much as the lowselves, that the channel was between us and liest, humblest penitent that ever came nigh old Ireland; but you may depend upon it, to God; and Mary, could she speak to her there are things going forward on this side poor infatuated votaries, would speak to them of the channel, which are almost as extrava- with tears of agony, intreating them not to gant as anything on the other side. It is a deify a creature, and dethrone the Creator; fact, which I can prove on incontestible for it is little better. Yes, yes; they have evidence, that a poor Romanist, who dares to hidden the blessed Babe in the arms of his read his Bible, and to avow his faith in that mother, and Jesu's glory is shrouded often Bible, in the face of the mummeries of in the glories, the idolatrous glories, asRome, has his life in danger in England, cribed to His mother. even as in Ireland. I have a Romanist, at Christian friends, there are further grounds this moment, employed as one of the subor- why we should be active, and at our posts, at dinate officers in my Church, whose life has this juncture. If our Protestant Associabeen attempted two several times, but it has tions and machinery become disbanded, if always been providentially preserved ; and they get into such a condition that they will this, for no reason whatever, than that he not be in working order, and prepared for dared to follow his conscience rather than action, when the time of need arrives, I wish his priest, and to have Christ instead of anti- to know what machinery is there, to meet an christ to reign over him.
emergency in Protestant affairs. Not our And as Romanism is thus appearing with Conservative Societies ; they are, for the most bolder front amongst us, so is she appearing part, tied and bound to the present adminiswith more monstrous and unblushing super- tration, whatever they may carry: I speak stition. She is too wise and too wary, to advisedly. Not our associations of a politiunmask more of her hideous features than cal character, of any kind. Alas! in the she thinks the Protestant mind will bear; House of Commons, though we have a few and it is a sad indication that the Protestant faithful and good men, among whom stand mind is becoming vitiated and perverted, foremost in the front of the battle my Lord that Rome will dare to unmask so much as Ashley and Mr. Plumptre-alas! how few she does. What are we to think of the they are there are parties enough springmonstrous way in which the idolatrous wor: ing up in wild collision. There is the great
Conservative party; the half-extinguished self-interest, and place, and pelf, and the Whig party; the Chartist and extreme Radi- favour of the great, and the frown of the hoscal party; the Romish party; and “ Young tile, all under your feet, and dare to fear England,” to crown the whole, with its fop- your God alone, and to seek His smile, and peries and its follies. But, my Christian steer by the chart of His eternal truth, and friends, when we look for a PROTESTANT say, We cannot compromise our principles PARTY; when we look for a party that a Wil- to please man or devil, or the whole universe berforce once so nobly headed—a man who we must please God, and do that which counted political place and political influence is right in his sight ?' but as dust in the balance, when compared And, Christian friends, this is all the more with influence for the truth, influence for hu- needful, because of the lull and the calm, manity, influence for Christ; when we look that has come over the face of the lately for the party which was once led on by him, troubled deep, which seemed heaving from and which formed such an antagonist to every its very abysses, and threatening some fearparty, that would betray the truth, and sacri- ful convulsion. I believe, that there is more fice principle-a party so compact, and so to be feared often in the treacherous calm, well organized, that whenever the balance than in the awakening storm. For you may trembled between right and wrong, they were depend upon it, Jesuits are not asleep; prepared, whether the balance were held by Rome is not at peace, though she seems to friend or foe, to throw themselves into the say peace. You may depend upon it, the scale of right; when we look for such a party agitators for Rome in Ireland would not be so in the House of Commons, alas ! how small tranquil, but that there is some concession it is, and sometimes, I fear, how disunited! in prospect; they see far a-head, and we My christian friends, an election is coming Protestant mariners do not keep a sufficient on; it cannot be far distant. The period of look-out. You may depend upon it, there the present Parliament's existence is hasten- are storms for us gathering in the horizon; ing to a close ; and whilst some are combin- and the storm to us, is the calm and the suning to oppose corn laws, and others to uphold shine to them. You may depend upon it, them,-whilst some are combining for the that there will be concessions made to Ireseven points of the Charter, and others are land ; if the right-minded in this country do treating the combination with contempt, not lift up their voice as one man, and say whilst some are only anxious to keep in the 'We will have no more concessions,' asConservative party, and others only are eager suredly, concessions will be made. And are to thrust them out of power, that they may we to be blinded by men's names ? are we to succeed to their places,---whilst men are thus be lulled into tranquillity, because they are combining and uniting, for their various se- professed friends, who betray us ? No; give cular and secondary, and transient purposes, me the open enemy, rather than the treachshall not the faithful people of God unite erous friend; give me the high priest's and be as one man, that they may endeavour servant, that smites the Saviour on the face, to add to the faithful Protestant party, that rather than the Iscariot, that “ dips his hand will stand by their Bible, their Church, their with Him in the dish, and lifts up his heel Queen and their God, in the face of truckling against Him.” If men, professing to uphold expediency, as well as of open hostility and re- our Church and State, will tamper with the bellion ? Our question, my Christian friends, interests of the Church of Ireland, and talk if question we put—and by letter the quietest of giving her over to Popery, or putting Poand most retired clergyman may put a ques- pery on a level with her, I say, whatever be tion-our question to candidates for our votes their names, or whatever .be the mask of let it not be, Will you support this Admin- friendship which they wear, with them we istration, or will you oppose that Administra. may have peace, but with their principles and tion ?'- let it not be, :Will you vote for the measures we can have none--none whatever. corn laws, or will you vote against them?'- My Christian friends, the clergy of the but let it be, . Will you stand by the Protes- Church of Ireland, at this moment, have tant Constitution, that our martyred fore- serious apprehensions, that five or six years fathers have handed down to us? will you will not elapse, before, as an establishment, oppose the man, whether professed friend or the Church of Ireland will cease; and if the open foe, who endeavours to mutilate and progress of events be such in the next five mangle its fair proportions, already lacerated years, as it has been in the last ten, I do and torn so fearfully? will you take up as not see that their apprehensions are in the your watchword-Not one concession more least exaggerated. But shall it be so? We to Rome, not one step further down the pre- have a Bench of Bishops, thank God, amongst cipice of concession? will you put party, and whom there is not one avowed Tractarian,
and as a body they have stood nobly by the the way of a controversial ministration, truth as it is in our Church, crippled though which would be unwholesome for our own they are in many ways that we do not under- people, but setting forth the bright forestand, and without the power the laity fancy ground of evangelical truth, by contrasting they have—and we ought to judge with great it with the dark back-ground of Popish suleniency our spiritual rulers, and pray for perstition and perversion. In this way can them, and uphold them, and not be rash to a faithful minister of the Church preach juscensure and discourage them. I do trust, tification by faith in Christ; preach on good that our Bench of Bishops will not forget works, as the necessary evidence of a sintheir forefathers, who in the days of King ner's faith, and yet valueless for such a sinJames II. walked fearlessly to the Tower, ner's acceptance with God; preach on baprather than concede the rights of Protestant- tism, as the sign and symbol of regeneration; ism. I trust, that, led on by the two vene- preach on the Lord's supper, as a blessed, rable Primates, they would wait upon any lively and significant source of aliment to Administration, of whatever political creed, the believing soul; preach on any one carwho would go to swamp the Establishment dinal truth, that he must bring before his of Ireland, and say— My lords and gentle- flock in constant reiteration, and not have men, it is not, you will remember, the Uni- occasion to advert to the antagonist error, ted Churches, but the United Church of with which Rome has darkened that cardiEngland and Ireland; we are one, and we nal truth? And thus, without a controverstand or we fall together; discard the sister sial tone of ministry, he may be continually Establishment, and in doing so you discard fortifying and establishing the minds of his ours ; if you dare encounter the peril and people, so that they will regard Romanism the hazard of the terrific experiment of dis- with that instinctive horror, that used to severing the Church and the State, do it, characterise an Englishman. For an Enbut we will fall or we will survive together.' glishman, wherever you met him, used to be That would be a noble part for the Church startled at the name of Popery; and our of England to act; and that part, we trust, very children thought Popery a bugbear, she will be prepared to act. We are not and would be almost frightened in the dark, going to give over our brethren in Ireland if the name of the Pope was sounded in to the tender mercies of the Papacy. We their ears. Alas! alas ! it has no terrors are not going to let the faithful, fearless any longer ; and instead of the Pope being men, who are so nobly carrying on the bat. regarded with such antipathy by Englishtle of the Reformation there, say— Our men, there are those, I am sorry to say, who stronger brethren in England forgat us in begin to speak of him as our forsaken fathe hour of our danger. No, no." And ther, to whom we ought to return. One is whatever were the faults of the Irish Estab- our Father, even God; and “one is our lishment in former days, however “ the fa- Master, even Christ;" we know none else, thers ate sour grapes, and the children's and none else will we serve or acknowledge. teeth are set on edge,” I am bold to say, But, my Christian friends, it is time that that the English clergy would do well to I should give you, some of the cheering and learn a lesson from the Irish at this mo- encouraging, as well as some of the discoument; for whilst we alas ! have a stream of raging aspects of the times. clergymen and young candidates for the And first of all, to do justice to the preministry going over to Rome, they have a sent Administration-and glad should I be stream of Romish priests and laymen coming to speak solely and simply in the language into the Irish Protestant Church. Surely it of approval of the measures of “ the powers ought to suggest to our reverend brethren that be"—their appointments to the Engon this side the Channel, that that antago- lish Episcopal Bench, and still more their nist mode of ministration, from which they appointments to the Irish, have been truly recoil with such sensitive horror, must be, satisfactory and delightful. Not a Tracafter all, the wholesomest and the best; tarian has been appointed to any post in the since, while we, who are content with simple Church of England ; and I am thankful to defensive warfare, are losing from our ranks, say, that every one of the Bishops they have they who carry on an offensive warfare, are appointed, has been, directly or indirectly, winning continually from the ranks of their the known antagonist of that heresy. foes. I would that the clergy of the Church This is cheering. But still more cheerof England would look well to it, and see ing I consider it to be, that Tractarianism whether they ought not to imitate their has received a signal defeat on its own chobrethren in Ireland, and begin to treat Po- sen battlefield. We had the trumpet pery as the old Reformers treated it; not in sounded through the land, stealthily at first as their wont is, and more overtly afterwards part, which they could not carry by storm. as is their mode of warfare, summoning the Already many are going over to Rome. Tractarian ranks, however motley and how- And let Rome have her own; we do not ever mixed, to come together, to break want them ; we can afford to give her a few through the precedents, and to interrupt traitors from the camp—we have true men the order and the usage of their alma mater; enough left. I only pray to God, that if for these men, such sticklers for form and for they are honest men, they may, like the order and for decency, when it suits their misled, but I believe sincere-minded Sibpurpose, are the most outrageous tramplers thorp, discover the haven they sought to be on all form, and forget apostolical order, so miry, that they will rejoice to shorten when that suits their purpose. But what sail, and hasten back into the haven of the was the result ? I believe, many of our lay Reformed Church again. It is the worst friends listen to what Dissenters tell them wish that I indulge for them ; my heart's
that the mass of the clergy are gone, that desire and prayer to God is, that they may they are little better than Romanists in dis- see their error, and may bitterly repent for guise; and yet in the hot-bed of the heresy, the wounds they have inflicted on the truth, there is only found a minority of 183, to a and through the truth on the Saviour that noble majority of 882. Surely, my Chris- they have betrayed. I am thankful to say, tian friends, this ought to convince the laity, that I know several clergymen, who have that their clergy in the mass are simple held Tractarian opinions, but who have sound-hearted men, who stand by the Thir- wholly renounced them. I am thankful to ty-nine Articles they solemnly subscribed, say, that we have clergymen in our own and mean what they swear, when they abjure neighbourhood and our own parish, preachthe Pope of Rome with all his superstitions. ing as sound and faithful evangelical docIt was my privilege, to give my vote on the trine, as any one perhaps in the kingdom, spirit-stirring occasion, and I can assure that once went all lengths with Tractarianyou, as an eye-witness of the scene and a ism ; but they were honest men, and an partaker in the struggle, it was Protestant honest Tractarian cannot long stand midspirit, that actuated and animated the great way; he must “ go to his own place”-to mass of the majority ; insomuch that mo- Rome, or he must come back, and renounce ving as I did amidst the waving crowd, I the errors that led him to the verge. And could hear Protestant sentiments, that made how much better, that these men should be my blood run the quicker in my veins, and fairly out of the vessel, than that they should I thanked God that there was such Protes- serve as a kind of bridge, over which wavertant spirit still. And if evidence had been ing and weak young men may pass, insenwanting, that it was Protestant spirit, it came sible of the transition, into the bosom of the forth in bold relief-I must say almost ir- apostate Church. reverently and indecorously, yet we may But there is another animating and de, pardon this for the zeal that gave it birth lightful feature in the times. The Church when Dr. Symons, the newly-elected Vice- of England, though she is “troubled on Chancellor, took the path of abjuration, every side, is not distressed;" though she is which he did very distinctly and very em- " perplexed, she is not in despair;” thoug.. phatically, in a way that could not be mis- she is “ persecuted, she is not forsaken;" taken ; when he got to the strongest portion though she is “cast down, she is not des of the oath, there burst a spontaneous cheer troyed ;” but rather, like the trampled from the whole mass of Masters of Arts, that camomile bed, she spreads the more, the filled the arena of the theatre. I could not more she is trodden upon. However little help thinking, it was the first time in my she may be favored or befriended by those life, that ever I heard an oath cheered; but in place or in power, the Church of Enga as I said, we may forgive the indecorum, for land is enlarging her borders, “lengthen, the noble testimony it gave, that the mass of ing her cords and strenthening her stakes. the clergy, aye, and the laity of our Church, If the Romanists in the last ten years have are ready to swear, that the Pope of Rome built fifty mass-houses, (and I believe hath not, and ought not to have, any juris- have taken an exaggerated statement,) she diction in this realm of England.
the last ten years has built near six-hundred My Christian friends, you may depend new churches. Let our friends who chets upon it, that Tractarianism, as a body, has a little while ago the six-hundred mene seen its zenith; though Tractarianism as a houses for the whole kingdom, set the secret, covert band of sappers and miners, I on the one hand, and nearly six-hund fear, will long haunt our Church, and long the other; and if they are arithmetic. try to sap the foundations of that noble ram- enough, I will leave them to subtraci,
see how much the Church of England has as expect a painted sun to radiate heat, or a it in addition over the Church of Rome. If shrivelled mummy to perform the actions of we build six hundred pure and simple sanc- a living man. Such a dry, soulless, hearttuaries, to their fifty mass-houses, they less, nerveless, powerless system never can have no great thing to boast, after all; and do for Old England. Unpervaded as our if they do not go on a great deal faster, the masses are by true religion, little alas ! as Church of England will not fall from with- practical godliness does obtain in the counout; if she fall, she will fall from perfidy try, yet in morals what country can comwithin.
pare with us as a whole? In godliness But more than this : if they have built in what country can compare with us as a the last ten years some thirty schools and whole? What country, in moral ascencolleges, the Church of England has built dancy and influence? What country, in some three or four hundred daily schools. commercial enterprise? in boundless wealth ? Let any man look to the appropriation of in liberty and freedom, whatever abuses and the grant made by Government, and open oppressions there may sometimes be ? Engto the Romanists as well as to the Church land sits the admiration of all lands, and the of England; I am sure they would not be envy of all her enemies. And what has backward in applying for the money, if they made her so ? Her Christian education ; had schools erecting, that were entitled to her Church ; her Bible; and the blessing it, and yet if I recollect the numbers rightly, of her God upon the preservation of His the Romanists applied for aid in building own truth. And are we to be cajoled and one or two schools, the Methodists one or cheated out of our principles, and out of our two, the British and Foreign School Society education ? No; let the Church of England some thirty or forty, while the Church of alone. The State shall not meddle with England had applied for and received grants her, if the State will try to coerce her into for five hundred. We have been told, that any unhallowed amalgamation with all sects the Church of England is inimical to edu- and parties. The Church of England has sation; we have been told, that she would her own fixed, unchangeable principles : keep the poor in darkness, that she may those who hold her principles, while they keep them in bondage ; we have been told, dissent from her discipline, she lets alone, that the want of education in the land is and she wishes them God-speed, so far as owing to her opposition to it. Look to they have truth ; but she cannot come down deeds—not to words. Five hundred schools from her high vantage ground, and mingle built, while all other denominations have herself up with every kind of schisms and built only forty or fifty-does this look as if division. Her strength is in her unity, her the Church of England was heartless and compactness, her faithfulness to her princicold in the cause of national education ? ples; and compromise, and concession, and No, sir; the Church of England is not cold, truckling and trimming will be her bane, but hearty and warm, though she is opposed and her curse and her destruction. to an unnational system of education-a I must, however, ere I sit down, give you system devised in contrast to the Church it a very few suggestions, with regard to the ought to support; and I trust, if there be spirit and the way, in which we should carry any attempt made, (as I fear from Lord on our hallowed warfare. Wharncliffe's speech is by no means an un- Let us never forget, then, let us never likely thing,) to amalgamate a system of lose sight of the great principle, that it is a universal education, the Church of England religious struggle, and that it must be carwill rise as she did in the days of Whig Ad- ried on in a holy spirit--a spirit of meekministration, and compel any minister who ness, a spirit of watchfulness, a spirit of may be in power, to arrest the progress of prayer ; that we must not lean on “ arms of such a fatal measure. I would rather have flesh," that we must not be asking what this the most sectarian education in the world, man does, or what that man counsels, but than the unsectarian, latitudinarian educa- we must look to God, follow the Captain of tion, that so many of our modern political our salvation, and fight His battles in His economists are dreaming and doting about; own name, and with His own weapons, an education, where there is to be every re- which are “not carnal, but mighty through ligion, and therefore no religion; where God to the pulling down of strongholds." there are to be morals without motives, pre- My Christian friends, we must further recepts without principles, virtues without member, that if it be a religious movement, foundations. And just as well might you then the conversion and rescue of our dear expect, that such an education should pro- Romish brethren ought to be one of the duce life, and light and holiness in the land, great and prominent purposes of our asso