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May He who led His chosen few

Bishop of St. David's, the martyr who was Safe home to Canaan's land,

burnt at the Cross of Carmarthen in 1555, Direct us all our journey through,

for maintaining the faith of the Reformed And all our foes withstand.

Church against the errors of the Church of "Till in the realms of light and love,

Rome. Halifax was the birth-place of that Where earthly troubles cease,

zealous churchman. We join the ransom'd hosts above

A crowded and respectable meeting of the In never failing peace.

Peckham and Camberwell Operative AssoW. B., a Protestant Operative. ciation was held in the Lecture Room, Hill

street, Peckham, in September last. The

Rev. J. R. Barber in the chair. The speakers INTELLIGENCE.

were the Rev. J. Irons, and Messrs. Allen, "PRAY WITHOUT CEASING.”—1 Thess. v. 17.

Binden, and Rigby.

The City of London Operative Association The Jesuits.—“Switzerland, Morat. Ac- held a meeting on Monday, October 16th, in cording to official report, the institution of the British Institution, Cowper-street, CityJesuits of this town has been frequented in road. Mr. C. Sibley in the chair. Speakers, the course of this year by 637 students, viz., the Revs. J. R. Barber, and W. Duggan, 37 theologians, 153 philosopes, 384 French and Messrs. Binden, Archer, Callow, and collegians, and 83 Germans. Compared Allen. with preceding years, the number of Poles,

es, The Annual Sermon of the Marylebone Spaniards, and Dutch has increased; many

any Association (commemorative of the Gunalso of the students have been from Havannah, Smyrna, and Constantinople.”--L'Esperance,

' powder Plot) will be preached (D.v.) in Fitz

roy Chapel, (Rev. Dr. Holloway's,) LondonOct. 3, 1843.

street, Tottenham-court-road, on WednesPrivileges of the Church.Rome. We day Evening, November 8; and that of the said in a former number, that the sentence Tower Hamlets Association on the same of death pronounced against an ecclesiastic, Evening, in St. Thomas' Church, Arbourconvicted of the murder of Achila, his own square, Commercial-road East. nephew, would be carried into execution, notwithstanding the character of priest with Lambeth.—A course of Lectures will be which the condemned was clothed: but we delivered in connection with this Association are now obliged to announce, after all the during the months of November, December, information to the contrary which had and January, in the School Room attached reached us, that the ancient maxim of Rome, to St. Paul's Episcopal Chapel, (Rev. J. R. not to deliver up a priest, is again to prevail. Barber's,) Vauxhall. A similar course will The Pope himself ought, it is true, to have be delivered (D.v.) in connection with the decided that justice should take its course: Tower Hamlets Operative Association in the but the numerous objections which have School Room attached to St. George's Wesbeen made in favour of a principle by which leyan Chapel, St. George's East, about the it is hoped the wicked Abbé may profit, are same time. A course of Lectures is in conlikely to retard the sentence indefinitely, so templation in connection with the City of that the affair may be gradually forgotten.” London Association. -Ibid.

British Critic.—It is announced that the The Archbishop of York, the Bishop of current number will be the last under the Ripon, and the Bishop of Hereford, have present superintendence. It is stated that liberally contributed to the fund for the erec- the Editor and all his friends are to withtion of a testimonial in the parish church at draw, and it will henceforth be conducted Halifax, to the memory of Robert Ferror, on other principles.-We shall see. Published under

the direction of
THE PROTESTANT

ASSOCIATION,
At F. BAISLER'S

PROTESTANT DEPOSITORY 124, Oxford-street;

at 11, Exeter Hall; SIMPKIN, MARSHALL & Co.

And R. GROOMBRIDGE.

LONDON:
W. Davy,]
Seven Shillings per Hundred, for Distribution.

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“If they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.”—Isaiah viii. 20.

No. 45.

DECEMBER, 1843.

VOL. IV.

DR. BAINES' LETTER TO SIR might be pleased to think me too civil, or CHARLES WOLSELEY. not sufficiently pastoral, I declared, that in

objecting to the term heretics being indis( Concluded from p. 82.)

criminately applied to Protestants, I did not We have now to examine the charge of mean to deny that the term may be applied his being "a man whose grand object was, in a correct theological sense to the memnot to advance the cause of religion (popery], bers of any sect which denies the articles of but to flatter the heterodox.”—p. 6. The the Christian Faith, and is separated from Bishop says, “ In my Pastoral I had com- the centre of Catholic unity [Rome]; but plained that some of our controvertists had only to assert that some individuals, who err begun to apply certain reproachful terms, invincibly and without obstinacy, are not such as heretics, to our separated brethren, heretics in the strict and formal sense of the and to write in a style of asperity and harsh- term, and that harsh appellations, however ness. As far as I could discover, the fault true, ought to be refrained from, as more found with this passage by my accusers, was likely to repel men from the truth (Church not that there is anything incorrect in it, of Rome], than allure them to it. As to but that it indicates an undue leaning to my the charge of wishing to flatter Protestants, heterodox countrymen, whom I am accused I referred to a passage in my Pastoral in of wishing to flatter, and that it departs from which I compare the Anglican clergy to the the language employed by the Church in pagan priesthood.”—pp. 13, 14. her public documents, to which class a. This is a rather long quotation, but its Bishop's pastoral must be supposed to be- importance justifies its being inserted at long. In such documents the word heretic length. For by the constant interchange of is frequently employed to designate all who the terms heretic and Protestant, and by the are separated from the Catholic Church by very clear definition of the term heretic, merely holding erroneous tenets, or who there cannot be the shadow of a doubt, that belong, however inculpably, to heretical whenever the Church of Rome speaks of sects."

heretics, she means Protestants. And yet, "I met with no one in Rome who dis- how constantly is this denied by Papists, puted the accuracy of my doctrine, or pre- and how little is it believed or thought of tended to justify the use of such language by Protestants. as I had reproved; but to satisfy all who Those Protestants who are accustomed to

treat these reproachful terms as tales of We turn to the Pastoral, and find the folfeudal times, as the idle rant of musty anti- lowing truly christian statement and exhorquity, as dead letters, obsolete phrases, used tation, pp. 6, 7,—“We have witnessed, with only, if used at all, to give eloquence and excessive grief, the events that have recently harmony to Papal documents, will be some- taken place in this district, and we have not what surprised to find such a devoted servant ceased to pray that God would give wisdom of Rome put upon his trial for being “too to our rulers to avert the evils that threaten civil or not sufficiently pastoral," by speak- us. In the mean time, one subject has ing of Protestants as separated brethren, afforded us inexpressible consolation. It is, instead of spurning them as “heretics.- that none of our beloved flock have been Indeed, we have heard the soft language of involved in these rebellious proceedings." the Pastoral so often reiterated, that but for “The early Christians, though frequently this trial, and the letter by which it is ex- doomed to shed their own blood in testiposed, it would have passed into obscurity mony of the truth, were never found to shed without being noticed by us. Rome, how- the blood of others, either in defence of their ever, is too eagle-eyed to allow of this, too civil or religious rights." well aware of the potency of a word, and “Do you, my beloved children, continue having now her agents in power, resting to act upon these wise and sublime princisecurely on the fatal bill of 1829, she thinks ples. Never attempt to correct human laws it time to assert that those who were treated by violating the divine.” “ Never listen to as heretics in the reign of Mary, would be those wicked or deluded men, who would urge so dealt with in that of Victoria, had she you to break the laws of your country, and (Rome) but the same plenitude of power. offend God, for any purpose whatsoever."

The Dr. must admit that “the term, Had any Protestant charged the Dr. with heretic, is theologically” [i. e. ecclesiasti- attempting to curry favour with the governcally, not scripturally] “correct as applied ment, he would have had to bear a torrent of to Protestants, but he thinks it premature to reproach from Papists, and he would have begin to apply it just now; it is likely to had to bear it almost alone, so very few of repel them from our chapels and from aid- his brethren would have sympathised with ing us in building our cathedrals, schools, him. But as the plaintiffs are Papists, and and nunneries. True the sectaries are here- as far as we can ascertain, members of the tics, but as it was by their help we gained Propaganda, and nothing less than a solemn our emancipation, so by their help we may trial before the Pontiff would satisfy them, also obtain government stipends for our and who, in the Dr.'s own words, “ manipriesthood. Father Mathew also has to try fested extraordinary anxiety that I should his plan of wheedling the Protestant [here- be condemned, and when acquitted, that I tical] tee-total societies to join the Catholic should be considered guilty." " It is evident ranks upon the novel ground of freedom that Rome has no wish to see Papists obey from sect or party--to call them heretics our rulers, or rather our laws-except so far before these objects are secured would be to as it suits her purpose. Her old assumption repel them from lending us their aid. of power to release the subjects from their

The Anglican establishment is still a bare allegiance to their sovereign, appears to be rier to our full power to chastise heretics. the cloven foot upon which this charge rests. Strong as the Tractarian party is, and grow. Before the emancipation bill passed noing as their attachment is to our church, it thing could exceed the loyalty of the English would be unwise to treat them as heretics, Papists; and still many of them will conand repel their yearning affection towards tend that they owe no civil allegiance, but us. No one can suspect me of wishing to only spiritual reverence, to the Pope. The flatter her clergy, for “ I compare them to answer to this charge ought to undeceive the pagan priesthood.” By referring to p. both them and also the Protestant public. 8 of the Pastoral, they will find that “I “And as to the complaint that I had allude to them only as exhibiting a similar seemed to place myself in opposition to the hostility to the Catholic religion, and as Holy See, I could only regret if this hapopposing it by similar means." Those who pened through any fault of mine, it having are favourable to Rome therefore, will per- ever been my intention, as it was undoubtedly ceive that they are not included in this my duty, to shew every deference, respect, and reproach.

obedience to that supreme authority.It will The last of the charges named in this let. be observed, that the Dr. is charged with ter is, that the Bishop “ sought to curry seeking to curry favour with the governfavour with the government," our govern- ment, which cannot be construed into anyment, of course. Letter, p. 6.

thing but a civil or political offence: spiri

tual and ecclesiastical considerations are degraded themselves and their profession wholly out of the question. But as the as to kneel before a Popish priest, and make charge relates to a civil offence, so must the their vows to one, who distinctly stated that defence by which the charge is met. There- he was ready to lay down his life in support fore, to curry favour with the government, of a system of idolatry and superstition, or in other words, to teach obedience to law- hateful to the Almighty, and ruinous to ful authority, is to be in opposition to the immortal souls. The great enemy of manHoly See. The deference, respect, and su- kind is indeed busy amongst us, and it preme authority referred to as due to the behoves every individual who loves his Pontiff must also be political ; consequently country and values her independence, to as supreme authority is vested in him, and strive hard to disseminate the truth, and obedience to it is the duty of the priesthood, banish error, to preserve the Protestant conand of course of the laity also, it follows that stitution unimpaired and uninjured; but our sovereign, Queen Victoria, cannot claim there must be more zeal displayed, or all from her Popish subjects the supreme alle- will be lost. giance which is her due as sovereign of In the reign of Edward VI. a large band these realms.

of insurgent Romanists besieged the city of Trusting that this brief notice of Dr. Exeter, and nearly reduced the brave ProBaines' letter, will awaken some of our Pro- testant inhabitants either to surrender or testant brethren to a sense of the danger in starve. They were just upon the point of which our faith and our country are placed opening their gates to admit the enemy, by Romish intrigue, and that they will never when a bold citizen rushed before them,again lend themselves to forward the designs “ My friends," said he, “there is my house of any agent of Rome, however plausible open to you; take all that I have, and and apparently good those designs may be, divide it amongst you ; as for me, I will I have the honour to remain, &c.

fight with one arm and feed upon the other, G. J. M., A PROTESTANT, before these rebels shall enter our city.”— Marylebone.

Animated afresh by the zeal of their fellowcitizen, they made a desperate attack on the

besiegers, and drove them from the place. To the Editor of the Protestant Operative.

Such zeal should be displayed in these times

by every true Protestant; there should be a MR. EDITOR,-If there be one reason determination to give up everything, rather more weighty than another, in these alarm- than sacrifice those great privileges gained ing times, why all true Christians should for us by our martyred forefathers. All unite together to maintain the truth, it is sincere Christians should unite together, the fact of there being so many professing agreeing to waive all minor and unimportant Protestants who are unfaithful to their duty, differences, and contend earnestly for that 80 many calling themselves followers of faith once delivered to the saints, that comChrist, who are giving the right hand of mon faith written of by the apostles and fellowship to those who are bringing in a evangelists, even salvation by Christ alone, system completely anti-christian ; sanction- to every one that believeth. May the efforts ing, and even patronising, the introduction of our Protestant Associations be more and of the most deceitful and soul-destroying more successful in awakening all to a sense doctrines, and we may add, of many exert- of the imminent danger to which our beloved ing themselves to the utmost, in spreading country is exposed, by the open aggressions the most pernicious principles, especially of Popery, and by the more subtle intrigues amongst the poorer classes of the people; of Puseyism. raising up in the minds of such as imbibe

Yours very faithfully, them, the greatest bitterness of spirit and

R. O. uncharitableness towards those who may happen to differ from them. We have too,

ROMISH RELICS. very lately had a most lamentable proof of the apathy and indifference with which The following is a translation of a printed many, we may say hundreds, of those calling list of relics which is hung up in the church themselves Protestants, regard the doctrines of Santa-Croce in Jerusalemme at Rome.and practices of the apostate church of Rome It was furnished to a member of the Com

in the very great deference paid to one of mittee by a correspondent, who was lately her priests, and the anxiety to obtain his travelling in Italy, and who was informed by blessing. We really grieve to think that a priest at Rome that they were the best there could be found so many who thus authenticated of any relios there. The

priest however added, that though he for of Mount Calvary, sprinkled with the preci. one believed in their authenticity, it was ous blood of our Saviour Jesus Christ. not required that all persons should do 16. Still further a phial of the precious SO.

blood of our Saviour Jesus Christ. “The Popish writers themselves," as Dr. 17. Another containing the milk of the Conyers Middleton observes, “ are forced to Blessed Virgin. allow that many both of their reliques and 18. A fragment of the sepulchre of our their miracles, have been forged by the craft of Saviour Jesus Christ. priests, for the sake of money and lure.”* 19. A fragment of Mount Calvary. And surely such are some of the relics enu- 20. A stone from the birth-place of Christ. merated below. It is surprising, until the 21. The stone on which the angel stood, dark and corrupt state of Italy, and of the who announced the great mystery of the system which broods over it and perpetuates incarnation to the most Blessed Virgin. that darkness and corruption, is considered, 22. A stone from the house of the most that such evidence of the “ frauds of Ro- Blessed Virgin. mish monks and priests”f should be allowed 23. A small piece of stone on which Jesus to exist. The perusal of it must produce in sat when he pardoned the sins of Mary the mind of every Protestant a fearful feeling Magdalene. of disgust. It should also excite within us 24. A small piece of the stone where pity for the deluded followers of the Roman Christ sat after his temptation. church, and a hearty and thankful desire to 25. A piece of the rock on which the walk worthy of our calling, “Turned to God Lord wrote the tables of the law given to from idols, to serve the true and living God, Moses on Mount Sinai. and to wait for his Son from heaven.”

26. Ditto from the place where Christ 1. Piece of wood from the holy cross, ascended into heaven. brought by Constantine.

27. Ditto from the place where the cross 2. The inscription over the cross of our of our Saviour Jesus Christ was found. Saviour Jesus Christ.

28. Ditto from the tombs of St. Peter and 3. One of the sacred nails.

St. Paul. 4. Two thorns from the crown of our Savi 29. Ditto of the vessel which received the our Jesus Christ.

precious blood of our Saviour Jesus Christ. 5. The finger of St. Thomas which touched 30. Ditto of the manna with which God the most holy side of the risen Lord. fed the Israelites in the wilderness.

[The above are exposed on Good Friday, 31. Ditto of Aaron's rod which budded in on the Feast of the finding of the most holy the wilderness. Cross, and on the 4th Sunday in Lent.]

32. Relics of the eleven Prophets. 6. The transverse piece of the cross of the 33. Relics of the head of St. John the penitent thief.

Baptist. 7. One of the pieces of money for which 34. Relics of the head of St. Clement, it is believed Judas betrayed Christ.

Pope. 9. The sponge.

35. Relics of the head of St. Preseda. 10. A great part of the garment of our 36. Part of the skin and hair of St. CathaSaviour.

rine of Sienna. 11. A great part of the holy veil and of 37. A tooth of St. Peter the Apostle. the hair of the Blessed Virgin, and coat of 38. A tooth of St. Gordian. St. John the Baptist.

39. Bones of St. John the Baptist. 12. The upper part of the arms of St. 40. Bones of St. Bartholomew the Apostle. Peter and St. Paul.

41. Bones of the Holy Innocents. 13. A heap of cinders and ashes united in 42. Relics of St. Peter and St. Paul and the form of bread with the fat of St. Lorenzo. of St. James. 14. The heart of St. Vincenzo.

43. A part of the rib of St. Lorenzo. [The above are under the altar of the 44. Bones of St. Fabian and St. Sebastian, chapel of St. Elena.]

martyrs. 15. Under the pavement of the chapel of 45. Bones of St. Hyppolita and several St. Elena, a considerable quantity of earth other martyrs (naming them).

46. Bones of St. Thomas, Archbishop of * Letter from Rome, showing an exact confor- Canterbury. mity between Popery and Paganism, p. 213, 8vo. 47. Relics of twelve Saints, Popes, and 1740.

Bishops (these enumerated). + Many examples, probably now no longer ex 4 8 A niece of stone from the house of St. isting, are detailed in letters published under the above title, London, 1704.

Peter.

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