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"If they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them."-Isaiah viii. 20.

No. 43.

OCTOBER, 1843.


A REMARKABLE TRIAL. prisoner at the bar has not only perverted (Concluded from p. 66.)

a most important institution of the Gospel,

but has, through his corrupt practices and WHEN asked if he would appear in the tenets, made more infidels in the world than Court of REASON, he seemed very unwilling all other heresies or errors whatsoever: for, so to do; but not being able to deny that wherever Mass is worshipped, and the Bible God has given to man reasoning faculties, unknown, there the reflecting portion of the and that the Great Maker of all appeals to community being prejudiced against revethat reason which he has given, in such sen- lation, from the montrous absurdities which tences as these :-"The service of God is a they are told constitute Christianity, are apt reasonable service.”—“I speak unto wise to reject altogether the word of inspiration, men: judge ye what I say;" he at length and remain in the dreary regions of infimade his appearance, though very reluc- delity. tantly, at the bar of Reason, but seemed a As the prisoner was now trying to make good deal confounded, when a very able ad- his escape, an officer from the court of vocate, called, Sound UNDERSTANDING, ap- Truth tapped him upon his shoulder, and peared against him, and said he could hardly said there was an indictment brought against think the prisoner was in his right mind; for him of a very grave description, which was, he had been heard to say, that the same body if possible, worse than any thing hitherto which is now in heaven, is also in many advanced against his character that he thousands of places upon the earth: in some had not only perverted Scripture, outraged places standing still upon the altar, and in reason, and made infidels, but put a number others, being carried about the streets: in of innocent persons to death, because they motion and not in motion, at the same time! would not bow down and worship what he If such things, added he, can be true, nothing said was God, but which they believed to can be false; but if such things cannot be have been an idol. Some others came fortrue, the Church that teaches them cannot be ward before the court of Truth, and said infallible, whatever arts of puzzling sophis- they knew instances of persons who had try may be used to prove this or any other been led to prevaricate, that they might esof her doctrines. But, added he, as I wish cape with their lives. A celebrated princess, well to so glorious a cause as that of Chris- when asked if she believed in the doctrine of tianity, it is with great grief I aver, that the the Mass, narrowly escaped by replying:

“ God was the word and spake it, He knows what wand'ring hearts we have, He took the bread and brake it,

Apt to forget his lovely face ;
And what that word did make it, And to refresh our minds, he gave
That I believe and take it.”

These kind memorials of his grace.
Two or three other persons at this time
related some dreadful things which happened
in the reign of Queen Mary; and some

DR. BAINES'S LETTER TO SIR shocking facts were also disclosed about the CHARLES WOLESLEY, Inquisition, and the horrible tortures in- Relating his trial at Rome on account of his flicted upon those who were shut up in its

Pastoral of 1840. gloomy cells. But the Mass seemed to have received a settling blow, when the following

The most conclusive evidence of the real paper was read in court, proving “THE character, the present aspect, and the future Pope HIMSELF AN UNBELIEVER IN THE designs of Rome, are to be found in the DOCTRINE OF TRANSUBSTANTIATION.” documents and writings of the members of

that apostate Church. But as few have ac

cess to those writings, and very few have the When the cholera visited Rome, the Pope, patience to wade through the misty, profitin order to relieve the uneasy apprehensions less pages of Roman Catholic writers to get of infection which troubled the Priests in

s, in


an insight of this mystery of iniquity, and visiting the dying, had recourse to the fol- thus the bulk of Protestants remain fatally lowing extraordinary expedient, to obviate ignorant of this pernicious system, it will be the necessity of contact with the patients. well to draw occasionally from those sources, We quote the very words of the Pope's my means of the Penny Operative, and to order:

supply a condensed view of Popery from its “The sanatory commission of the pro- own accredited writings. vince shall ask of the respective Bishops, The letter before us was written in selfthat there may be given to the parish Priests defence, and by an attentive perusal of it sufficient instruction for the occasion, that we ma

it we may get a peep behind the veil. when they require it, they may obtain the It appears that Dr. Baines was one of necessary authority from the holy father; those liberals who knew the character of his and, in short, that those holy ecclesiastics countrymen. and therefore says. " In my who from zeal may devote themselves to the Pastoral of 1840, I had complained that work of the ministry, under circumstances some of our controvertists had begun to of such danger, may and ought to take pre- apply certain reproachful terms, such as caution, and avoid immediate contact with heretics, to our separated brethren, and to the sick persons, and therefore may robe write in a style of asperity and harshness." themselves as quickly as possible, and ad- This gentle rebuke of his fiery brethren gave minister the Eucharist with a pair of tongs.them great offence, and forthwith they prefer

If the Pope really believed that the con- a list of charges against him at Rome; and secrated wafer were transubstantiated into so determined were his accusers to prevent Christ, the expedient recommended above the continuance of such an anti-papistical would never have suggested itself to his Bishop, that, as he says, page 5, “Some one imagination. It is true, indeed, that the offered a wager that I should be unmitred late Dr. Doyle commended the Kildare pea- within five days! and another promised to sant who took the Bible, the word of Christ, eat Trojan's column if I were not!!” in a pair of tongs. But, deliberately to re- Another striking feature exhibited by this commend that the Saviour himself should letter, is the secret tribunal before which the be treated with such an indignity, were too hierarchy of Rome, no less than the laity palpable a blasphemy, even for the authority and clergy, are made to quail. öf the Church to justify. He knew the con- " I fancy," he continues, “that some of secrated wafer was only a bit of paste, Had my readers will here express surprise, as I he actually believed it to be the Lord of

remember you did, that a Bishop should be Glory, the tongs-contrivance would never called to account, and not allowed to know have been thought of.

his accusers.See 44th chapter of Isaiah.

Yes, and well they may, for such proceed

ings are quite at variance with the princiJesus is gone above the skies,

ples of the constitution, and happy form of Where our weak senses reach him not; government under which most of his readers And carnal objects court our eyes, live. They are contrary to the principles of To thrust our Saviour from our thought. natural justice; and it is when the free and truly noble institutions of our country are without their consent,' they therefore, ‘apbrought into contrast with the slavish and pealed against both decrees in a common ignoble institutions of others, that we per- letter to the Sovereign Pontiff. We were ceive the vast advantages which our mode of given to understand by an authoritative administering justice has over the inquisi. exposition, that it did not authorize the torial tribunal of Rome, or Romish eccle- regulars to build without the consent of the siastics.

Bishops.' The decree about indulgences Before we examine the charges which he we considered of less moment, and as the had to answer at Rome before the Pontiff, Holy See had refused to recall it, we all it is needful to bear in mind, that the mean- acquiesced; and from that moment it never ing attached to some of the terms is very entered into my head to make the slightest different from the fair and ordinary meaning. opposition to either of the decrees."- p. 8. Error, means Scripture truth.

*** To meet this charge I declared to his A convert, is a proselyte to Rome. Holiness, That I did not in the Pastoral

The conversion of the Country, means the allude to the decrees of the Propaganda of subjecting it to the Papal tyranny and the 29th Sept. 1838: that I fully receive the priestcraft.

same, and consider them as the rule of my Religion, is devotion to Romish ceremo- conduct; that I never thought of ridiculing nies, fastings, and beads.

those who patronize or observe them, and Heterodox heretics and schismatics, are should consider it wrong to do so.'”-p. 9. Protestants of every sect.

This lifts the veil, and shows us what To curry favour with the government, is abject bond slaves Papal Bishops are ! to set one's self in opposition to the Holy Englishmen though they be, that affords See.

them no protection from the imperious tyThe awful charges which this good Bishop ranny of the Italian master, to whom they had to answer personally at Rome, and have ignobly bowed their neck. which took him “ from his District and The other part of this first charge is to us Colleges for more than eleven months; very interesting, because we are expressly caused (him) many painful anxieties, and named, and it confirms the truth of our considerable vexations, and no small pecu- statements. niary loss,”-p. 17, seem to have been, that “If any one wish to know what I alluded he was “a patron of error; an opponent to to in my Pastoral when I spoke of practices the conversion of his country; and enemy of of piety which the Church tolerates rather converts; a man whose grand object was to than approves, which good taste cannot deflatter the heterodox, and to curry favour with fend, nor reason easily explain,' let him look the government.”—p. 6.

at a book now very common in England, It is not probable that the charges were entitled “The Devotion and Office of the made in these exact words, but that the Dr. Sacred Heart of our Lord Jesus Christ, inhas put them in the words least likely to cluding the Devotion to the Sacred Heart of offend Protestant ears; and should one of Mary,' and in page 136 it is said, 'O sacred these letters fall into their hands, the decla- heart of Jesus, annihilate in me all that is rations he signed at Rome in answer to displeasing or offensive to thy pure eye, these charges are so artfully separated from imprint thyself like a divine seal on my the charges, and so dispersed and interwoven heart,' &c. In another edition the sacred with the text of the letter, as to prevent the heart is represented as having eyes in the detection of all that is intended in them, plural.' I speak of this prayer only as not except by a careful and critical examination. being approved by the Church, and not

The first charge was, "That he patronized being in good taste."--p. 10. error,”—p. 5.

He raises no objection to the unscriptural Under this title two distinct crimes ap- and absurd nature of this prayer, but only pear to have been imputed to him. The its bad taste and want of authority. first was, daring to oppose “ two decrees of “In the same book is the angelical exerthe Propaganda, Sept. 1838, issued at the re- cise, so often quoted by the Orators of Exequest or suggestion of some parties unknown, ter Hall, in which are many passages not in and without the knowledge of any of the good taste, nor easy to be explained.” Bishops; one authorizing the regular clergy (Glossed over.] to build churches wherever they pleased, and "In sec. 1 of Devotions to the Sacred the other granting indulgences to certain Heart of Mary it is said, “If you have the pious practices mentioned in the decree. least remains of confidence and reliance on * All the Bishops understood the first as au- her protection, doubt not she will carry you thorizing the regulars to build churches through her own most blessed heart in the most speedy and most favourable manner, to fore his master; had never been able to the truly merciful and most sacred heart of ascertain (not even from the Pope himself) her Son Jesus.' I again repeat, that I what he approved, or what he did not apspeak only of the good [bad] taste of all prove, although he had to appear before him this, and its [want of facility of comprehen- on account of this very book; and yet such sion. The book is full of such passages.” was his dread of the power of the “ Select pp. 10, 11.

Congregation,” that he signed a declaration, The Dr. says (p. 9), “ The first promo- " That in no part of the Pastoral did he mean ters of this book succeeded in obtaining for to disapprove of the Devotion to the Sacred it the approbation of the Holy See. To Heart, as far as it had the approbation of the what precise particulars the approbation Holy See. If I alluded to the subject at all, extended, I have never been able to ascer- it was only to disapprove of certain inaccutain.”

rate expressions contained in books which Again, (p. 11) he says, “ Against such the Holy See has never approved, or of the compositions I have made no secret of my imprudent way in which the devotion is somedecided opposition. His Holiness will re- times brought forward. As to the doctrine collect in what strong terms of reprobation of the Immaculate Conception, all I alluded I expressed myself to him respecting this to in the Pastoral was, the making dedications and similar prayer-books, terms which would to it of books which were liable to fall into shock many pious people in this country, the hands of PROTESTANTS, to whom such though they did not shock the learned, sen- dedications were more likely to give scandal sible, and enlightened head of the Church.” than edification.” He had condemned the book in toto be

(To be continued.)



All seek their own, not the things which are Jesus Christ's.”—Ph. ü. 21. A Scotchman of fortune, tired of the dull, are condemned throughout eternity to suffer cold climate of his native land, had settled the flames of hell. But he soon found that in one of those lovely villages which embel- these arguments were far from convincing lish the banks of the Loire. There he lived his parishioners so powerfully as the libepeaceably in the bosom of a numerous rality of my lord; so he resolved to change family; making it his delight to bestow on his battery, and pluck up the evil by the the inhabitants of the hamlet, those benefits roots : and to effect this he formed the prowhich his large fortune enabled him to ject of converting the Scotchman to the confer. The poor people soon began inces- faith of the Holy Mother Church. For this santly to repeat, that this heretic, as their purpose he formed his acquaintance, and priest called him, gave more alms than all hesitated not to converse with him on the the collections made in their parish church risk his soul incurred, and eagerly to press amounted to together. The priest feared him to enter the church out of which there that this generous conduct, by gaining the is no salvation. The Scotchman, from one hearts of his flock for this Protestant, might motive or another, long evaded the quesdiminish in the same proportion their love tion; but at length, one day as they were for “The Holy Catholic Church.' He there- walking together in the garden, which exfore undertook to prove in the pulpit, that tended itself along the bank of the river, the all heretics, Calvinists as well as Lutherans, curé* resumed his ordinary conversation, and was this time very much surprised to C.-Certainly. hear his companion say with a friendly M.--It is then about fifteen francs per smile, “Come, my good curé, talk to me a annum, besides six francs for Lent; that little of your religion, so that I may in the makes twenty-one francs. first place, thoroughly understand it. Let C.-You forget the fasts. us sit down here," added he, pointing to a M.—You are right, let us add ten francs ; grassy bank sloping towards the Loire, so then, to excuse me from fasts and absti" and let us chat together. It is still early, nence, thirty-one francs. Thus forty-five the sun has not yet reached his meridian ; sous for baptism, three francs ten sous for all is peaceful ; we need not fear interrup- the first communion, thirty-one francs for tion. Tell me, then, first, according to fasts and abstinence. Well ; what more your apostolic and Roman Catholic faith, does your church require ? what must I do to be saved ?

* Parish Priest.

C.--To go to mass every Sunday. The Curate.--First you must be baptized. M.--And what does it cost to be accomMy Lord.—And how much does it cost to modated at the mass ? be baptized ?

C.--To be comfortably seated you may C.—That depends upon the generosity of hire a place in the choir for fifteen francs, the godfather ; however, the price is fixed at or the seat-keeper will give you a chair forty-five sous.*

every Sunday morning, for one sou, except M.-Well, and after baptism what must at great festivals, then she will charge two be done ?

or three sous. C.-The child on arriving at years of dis- M.-Just so: on those days the faithful cretion, must receive the first communion. show more readiness to come to church, you

M.-And how much does it cost to par must encourage them to come by raising take of the first communion ?

the price of seats. Thus one sou every C.—That will be according to your gene- Sunday, that will come to fifty-two sous a rosity, and

year. I reckon ten sous for seats at solemn M.-I am not now speaking of myself, festivals, and this will make the sum of but I ask only your current price; what do three francs two sous per annum. What the young villagers generally give you ? more ?

C.-Alas! sometimes only a taper, which C.-You must confess at least once a is hardly worth three francs ten sous. year; I will give you absolution for your

M.-Well, forty-five sous for baptism and sins, and you will only have to perform the three francs ten sous for the first commu- penance I shall impose; such as, for examnion; go on. What more must be done ple, to repeat fifty Paters, and fifty Ave towards salvation ?

MariasC.—To fast at the quarterly vigils, abstain M.-But if, by chance, I should forget to from meat Friday and Saturday in every repeat my Ave Marias and Pater Nosters, week, and during the whole of Lent. and that after a certain number of these

M.-But I confess that we English people omissions, it became impossible for me to are great eaters, and particularly eaters of make up all my arrears, could I not then be meat, and for my part, it would be very saved ? painful to me to fast and abstain from meat, In that case you might still have recourse and my health

to the treasury of indulgences for the remisC.-Oh! if your health is concerned, we sion of such sins. can dispense with fasts and abstinence. I M.—And what must be put in the chest could even quote to you the example of a of indulgences ? recent Pope, who, to reward the generosity C.-Money. of one of the faithful who had presented him M.-But how much ? with a tiara worth 6000 francs, granted him C.-We do not know what each of the upon parchment, letters patent, signed, faithful puts in, but we find in it some gold, sealed, and docketted, granting the privilege more silver, and still more pence and halfof eating meat during their whole lives to pence. him and his male descendants for ever.

M-Well, I will take the medium, and M.—I don't doubt it; but I have no tiara reckon twelve francs for my penances. But to give. I ask what is generally given for à propos for money boxes, I have seen the indulgence of eating meat during Lent? several in your church; what do they put C.-A crown, worth six francs.

in them all ? M.–And for the fifty-two Fridays and C.--Money. Saturdays in proportion, is it not ?

M.-In that against the first pillar on the * A sous is worth a half-penny. A franc, 10d. left ?

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