Abbildungen der Seite

to those inflicted upon some of their brethren greater aversion, as heretics, by the Church at Damascus? Who does not see that Pro- of Rome, may expect like mercy, if the same testants, who are regarded with equal or power may yet have rule over them?

[graphic][merged small]


We, Fra Vicenzo Salina, of the order of Predicatori, Master in Theology, General Inquisitor in Ancona, Sinigaglia, Jesi, Osinio, Cingoli, Macerata, Tolentino, Loreto, Recanati, and other towns and districts, &c.

It being deemed necessary to revive the full observance of the disciplinary laws relative to the Israelites residing within our jurisdiction, and having hitherto without effect employed prayers and exhortations to obtain obedience to those laws in the Ghetti (Jewries) of Ancona and Sinigaglia, authorised by the dispatch of the Sacred and Supreme Inquisition of Rome, dated June 10, 1843, expressly enjoining and commanding the observance of the decrees and pontifical constitutions, especially in respect to Christian nurses and domestic servants, or to the sale of property either in towns or country districts, purchased and possessed previously to 1827, as well as subsequently to that period, we decree as follows :—

1. From the interval of two months after the date of this day, all gipsy and Christian domestics, male and female, whether employed by day or by night, must be dismissed from service in the said two Ghetti; and all Jews residing within our jurisdiction are expressly prohibited from employing any Christian nurse, or availing themselves of the

service of any Christian in any domestic occupation whatever, under pain of being immediately punished according to the pontifical decrees and constitutions.

2. That all Jews who may possess property, either in town or country, permanent or moveable, or rents or interest, or any right involving shares in funded property, or leased landed property, must within the term of three months from this day dispose of it by a positive and real, and not by any pretended or fictitious, contract. Should this not be done within the time specified, the Holy Office is to sell the same by public auction, on proof the annual harvest being got in.

3. That no Hebrew nurses, and still less any Hebrew family, shall inhabit the city, or reside in, or remove their property into, any town or district where there is no Ghetto (place of residence for Jews); and that such as may actually be there in contumacy to the laws must return to their respective Ghetto within the peremptory period of six months, otherwise they will be proceeded against according to the tenour of the law.

4. That, especially in any city where there is a Ghetto, no Hebrew must presume to associate at table with Christians, either in public-houses or ordinaries, out of the Ghetto.

5. That in a city which has a Ghetto no Hebrew shall sleep out of the Israelite quarter, nor make free to enter into familiar conversation in a Christian house.

6. That no Hebrew shall take the liberty, under any pretext whatever, to induce male Christians, and still less female Christians, to sleep within the boundaries of the Ghetto.

7. That no Hebrew shall hire Christians, even only by the day, to work in their houses in the Ghetto.

8. That no Hebrew, either male or female, shall frequent the houses of Christians, or maintain friendly relations with Christian men or women.

9. That the laws shall remain in force respecting the decorum to be observed by the Hebrews who may absent themselves from their Ghetto, to travel in other parts of the state.

10. That all Hebrews are expressly prohibited from trafficking in sacred ornaments, or books of any kind, and from purchasing, reading, or keeping possession of prohibited hooks of any sort, under the penalty of 100 scudi and seven years' imprisonment; and they who may have such articles in their possession must surrender them to the Tribunal of the Holy Inquisition; and in case of failing to do so, they will be subject to the above-mentioned penalty.

11. That the Hebrews, in conveying their lead to the place of burial, shall not observe any pomp or ceremony, and must especially abstain from singing psalms, or carrying torches or lighted tapers through the streets, without the boundaries of the Ghetto, under pain of forfeiting the torches and tapers, and suffering other punishments, to which the nearest relatives of the deceased will be condemned.

They who violate the above articles will incur some or all of the penalties prescribed in the edicts of the Holy Inquisition. And in order that no one may be ignorant of the disposition's above decreed, they shall be formally communicated to the deputies and representatives of the Israelite community of this Ghetto of Ancona, with the injunction that the same shall be published in the synagogue, the present edict being affixed thereto; and these dispositions are to be enforced in the same manner as if they were made known to all and every one, and notice must be given forthwith to the Hebrews residing out of Ancona, but belonging to this Ghetto.

Given at Ancona, in the Chancellory of the Holy Inquisition, on the 24th of June, 1813.

Fra Vicenso Salina,

General Inquisitor. Don Vitaliano Burattini

(for the Chancellor).


Sir,—The best of causes has, in all ages, suffered by the crafty and designing making use of them for purposes distinct from or opposed to their main end.

Drunkenness is the bane of society; total abstinence supplies a remedy for the confirmed drunkard; example and persuasion are needful to strengthen his resolution to abstain, and abstinence from intoxication raises him at least one step in the scale of society; therefore Temperance and Tee Total Societies are good in themselves, and separately considered. But it is only a negative good, and therefore capable of being conjoined to either positive good, or positive evil.

Of itself it possesses no value, no interest, consequently the active faculties of its members, liberated by sobriety, must find employment or amusement in some exciting scheme. The first and most natural object would be, to win as many converts as possible. Selfish indeed must they have been, could they have remained inactive while one drunkard was yet unreclaimed. Their efforts were properly directed to the reformation of drunkards of every creed and nation, pledging them only to observe abstinence from intoxicating drinks except medicinally, or in a religious ordinance. So far well. But beyond this every step became more dangerous. The abstinence from intoxication by no means bound to or implied abstinence from other vices; old habits modified but not changed still had full force with vast numbers; religion with its salutary restraints was as distasteful to them now as ever, and they must find something to occupy their time agreeably, and the danger was that they would go back; to prevent this, those who had religious principles joined their Sunday and holyday parties, to the neglect of Sabbath duties and ordinances, and thus by degrees attached more importance to this negative virtue than to all the other virtues, even to Christianity itself.

Meantime Rome was no idle spectator; she saw with alarm many who bore her name joined in associations with those of other creeds and of no creed. She therefore forbad the Catholic associations joining with others, but had no objection to any persons pledging in their associations whatever their creed might be. She felt, and felt truly, that her influence in the movement was necessary to preserve her ascendancy over her benighted people.

But this movement would soon outstrip these feeble barriers, therefore without delay she makes an aggressive movement. A skilful soft-tongued Priest begins the work of reformation in Ireland; success of course follows his efforts—they are so benevolent, so free from kumbug, so unsectarian, so free from party or personal considerations in the eyes of some, and according to his own account, that all alarm as to his ulterior objects may be hushed into silence.

Success having raised his fame in Ireland, and his plausible unsectarian profession having excited sympathy in his favour in England, he pays us a visit under pretence of reclaiming his own countrymen.

Supposing these professions to be true, of course they will bear investigation; it cannot, therefore, offend either the Apostle of temperance, or his master, Gregory XVI., if we claim our right to private judgment, and to examine for ourselves.

He professes to be unsectarian. As a Priest of the Church of Rome this is impossible. By his oath when he took Priest's orders, he is bound to use all his powers, his influence, and authority in the service of his Church. If he gains popularity, he must turn it to her account by swelling her numbers or increasing her influence. Whatever wealth he obtains it is hers; by his vow of celibacy he is severed from worldly relatives, ties, and affections for ever. The Church of Rome and her advancement take their place and claim his regard, consequently, he must either be untrue to his Church, or he cannot be unsectarian. But he cannot be untrue to his Church in this movement, or he would have been cited to acquit himself before the Pontiff-—such is the present discipline of his Church.

Can he be unsectarian in this movement, when he is bound by all the obligations which his Church lays upon him—the canons of the Council of Trent, the decretals of his Church, the Bulls of Popes, and the statutes of Maynooth, to root out and extirpate, either by craft or force, all heretics? He must either reclaim them to obedience, or extirpate them; the latter he cannot do. Is he not adroitly doing the former 1

See him as the representative of Rome receiving homage from those who fancy they are only complimenting the man. See him ordering them to kneel before him in the dust, receiving from them a pledge of allegiance, not to the principle of total abstinence, that they have already pledged to, but to the priest, the repesentative of Rome. Mark how he fixes them as her's; he pledges them to abstain from fermented liquors, without any exception, consequently they

cannot receive the Lord's Supper but in the Church of Rome, except they break their pledge. Having received of them this pledge, he crosses and blesses them as the children of his Church. Observe how jesuitically he turns his unsectarian profession to suit his purpose. He rejects an address because it bore the distinctive name of Protestant; he would have done the same had it borne the name of Catholic! Of course he would, they are already his—the others must be shorn of their name, or they could not receive his priestly blessing. How much of unsectarian spirit appeared in this 1 Had he been unsectarian, no such a prostration of principle would have been required. But it was because they were by name opposed to his Church, that therefore they, not he, must sink their party name, and merge themselves in his Church.

In his Church they have enrolled their names; from her official they have received a medal, liberally paying for it, but yet published by him; before her priest they have bowed and sworn, and what remains to be done, but for her to claim them as hers when she has the power.

Should any one doubt the object of this priestly movement, the sabbath desecration by public meetings with Popish banners, and all the hustle of every day business, accompanied by the express declaration by one Priest, that it was wholly unconnected with religion, stamps this movement with the impress of Popery.

Compare this with the declaration of the Romish hierarchy of Ireland, "We will suspend all instruction on Sundays to teach the people Repeal." Is this a departure from that declaration, or a precursor to Repeal agitation in England. The event will show perhaps too late. Let us beware —the Tee Total ranks have swelled the Repeal ranks in Ireland.

Sir, Protestants are yet asleep after all the noble efforts of the Protestant Association. Let them not slumber until it be too late. Let the authorities prevent the outrage of public decency which these Sunday meetings are perpetrating, and let all who love the truth and are Tee Totalers, separate from these unhallowed associations, and form one of their own.

A Protestant.


The " Annals of the Propagation of the Faith," as most of our readers know, is a Roman Catholic publication, giving an account of the proceedings of a society under the special patronage of his Holiness Gregory XVI.

These Annals are occasionally publications: and during the last year, the English branch of the Association printed 18,000 copies, besides several thousand copies of prospectuses.

If any one would wish to know what Popery is doing in the wide world, to bring over the heathen from the idolatries of paganism to the idolatries of Romanism,—her mode of proceeding to the accomplishment of this end,—her truthfulness, as to what she terms conversion,—her charitable feelings towards Protestant missionaries,—and other things connected with the working and operations of this mystery of iniquity,— they can here gain much of the information they may require.

We purpose occasionally to advert to these "Annals." The great scale upon which Rome is acting, ought to shame the puny efforts of British Christians; and a consciousness of the deadly nature of the cup which Popery mingles — the corrupt Christianity she imparts — should awaken many a pious prayer and strenuous exertion, to preoccupy the ground that she will otherwise take possession of, and plant the standard of the cross, the truth as it is in Jesus —pure christianity instead of its worst corruption.

In an early number for 1843, there is a letter from "•{• Celestine, Bishop of Vincennes," who had been laboring amongst the tribe of the Pottawattomies, an Indian tribe, and amongst whom his labors had been very successful.

"On going one day to visit them," he says, " they asked his benediction; whilst a group around us was melted to tears at the sight of a particle of the sacred wood of the cross, which had been exposed to their view.'1

If it were not for the solemnity of the subject, it would be amusing to think what an enormous pile a collection of all the sainted relics which this fond church of Rome has so mysteriously treasured up, would make—the head or arm of the same saint in several cities; and with reference to the cross, the third part of the sermon against peril of idolatry (see Homilies of Church of England, p. 254,) thus proceeds: "And whereas our Lord bare his cross alone, if all the pieces of the relics were gathered together, the greatest ship in England would scarcely bear them; and yet the greatest part of it, they say, doth yet remain in the hands of the infidels, for which they pray in their beads-bidding, that they

may get it also into their hands for such godly use and purpose."

Is not Popery then in our day the same in her idol atrous and superstitious rites and practices, that she was in the time of our forefathers,—and ought not our opposition to be equally firm and christian?

The writer proceeds :—" At length the wished-for day arrived. When we came to the moment of communion, my tears flowed in abundance. The men presented themselves first; the women came then enveloped in their white blankets as in a religious veil. Being prostrated during the ceremony, all advanced on their knees to the holy table. We may believe that had they known of any other mode of expressing greater humility they would have practised it. After having Received Their God, they remained motionless, and one might have supposed them dead, were it not that their lips moved slowly, and their faces appeared lighted up. No, I have never anywhere witnessed such recollection and piety."

What a frightful perversion of christianity is here!—The cross lifted up, not to destroy but to promote idolatry.


We must be content to be despised with Christ here in this world, that we may be glorified with him in yonder world."—Bishop Latimer's Sermon, Christ the best Physician.




They purified his temple,—cast

Buyers and sellers forth;

And then, without a murmur, pass'd

Through man's short " day of wrath."

Oh! may we keep that temple pure,

And in their faith abide;

Yes! like them to the end endure,

Should we, like them, be tried.

Oh! may our hearts within us stir,
When thus are brought to mind,
Our Cranmer, Ridley, Latimer,
The friends of all mankind;—
Then not in vain yon stately spire
Shall proudly lift its head,
Arising from the mould'ring pyre
Of England's martyr'd dead.

Richard Johns.


The Members of the various Protestant Operative Associations will be glad to learn, that the Rev. A. S. Thelwall, M.A. has promised, "if the Lord will," to preach a course of Five Lectures, on the Idolatry Of The Church Of Rome, more particularly addressed to Protestant Operatives and Sunday School Teachers, at Bedford Chapel, Charlotte Street, Bloomsbury; to commence on Wednesday Evening, Sept. 6th. and to be continued every Wednesday Evening till concluded.

The following are the subjects proposed:

I. The Sin And Danger Of Idolatry.

Sept. 6th.

II. The Idolatry Of The Host,

Sept. 13th.

III. The Invocation Of Saints,

Sept. 20th.

IV. The Worship Of Images,

Sept. 27th.

V. A Warning To God's People,

Oct. 4th.

Divine Service to commence at 7 o'clock. True Protestants are earnestly invited to attend, and to pray for a blessing on the word preached.

To The Operative Classes. — At a Meeting of Operatives held on Thursday Evening, the 20th July, 1843, a Committee was appointed to form an Association, to be called the Southwark Singing Association, for the study and practice of Vocal Music, on the method of Wilhem, as adopted by J. Hullah, Esq. The Association will be under the patronage of the Rev. W. Curling, M.A., Rev. S. Benson, M.A.. Rev. J. Horton, Rev. M. H. Seymour, M.A., and G. F. West, Esq. Organist of St. George the Martyr. The Classes will be conducted by Mr. J. E. Minot, an authorised Teacher of the above system. Any one wishing to join the Association (whether male or female) may obtain Cards at 2s. 6d. each, (for the whole course of 60 Lessons,) by applying to Mr. J. S. Sykes, 3, Adam's Place, High Street; Mr. Todd, 31, Worcester Street; Mr. Rogers, 2, Great Dover Street; or Mr. Smith, I5, Great Dover Street, Borough. Mem

bers will be required to provide themselves with the " Exercises" in 3 parts, at 6d. each, or the " Manual" in 2 parts, at 2s. 6d. each, which may be had of the Secretary.

The first lesson of the Course will be given (d.v.) on Monday Evening, September 18th, 1843, at the Parochial Boys' School, corner of Red Cross Street, Union Street, and be continued every succeeding Monday and Friday Evening, from half-past 8 till 10 o'clock, until the Course is completed. No person can be admitted a Member after the Second Lesson.—J. S. Sykes, Secretary.

The Inquisition again.—A great sensation has been created amongst the Hebrews in the City by the promulgation of the edict of the Pope by the Inquisition of Ancona, which they consider tantamount to the banishment of their countrymen from the Papal states. Such a measure was totally unexpected by them in the present age in Europe, and the general exclamation is, that did the power exist coequal with the will, the same anathema would be issued against Protestants. The Jews continue to be almost the only merchants in the Papal states, so that it will, to a considerable extent, derange the channels of intercourse with Italy.

A meeting of the Marylebone Association was held in the Fitzroy School Rooms, Grafton-street, on Friday, August 4. Subject— The necessity of Christian Union. Chairman, the Rev. A. S. Thelwall. Speakers, Messrs. Allen, Callow, Binden, and Smith.

On Thursday, August 10, the Tower Hamlets Association held a crowded Meeting, composed chiefly of Tee-totalers, for the purpose of pointing out to Protestants the impolicy and danger of their uniting with Papists in the Temperance Movement, The Meeting was held in the St. James' Sunday and Infant School Room, Ratcliffe. The Rev. A. W. H. Rose, A.M. in the Chair. Speakers, Capt. Hyland, and Messrs. Theophilus A. Smith and Binden. The notice of the meeting caused an unusual excitement in the neighbourhood.

The Shoreditch and Hackney Association held a Meeting on Tuesday, August 22, in the Lecture Room, 153, Shoreditch. Chairman, Mr. Binden. Speakers, the Rev. S. A. Dubourg, and Messrs. Poole, H. Dixon, of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, and Callow.

[merged small][graphic][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »