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the magnificence of princes—and when her the money. The price of payment was acabsolute dominion over the persons, pro- cording to the nature or degree of the sin, perty and consciences of men, brought mo- and the purchaser might have a full pardon, narchs to supplicate for pardon at the feet not only for offences past, but for every sin of her Pontiffs, and devote their treasures to that he might commit to the end of his life ; endow her abbeys, in commutation for their and release his friends from purgatory also, sins—then was the time when it might have if he chose to pay for it. been written, “ The glory has departed.” Mr. B.-It seems almost impossible that
Mr. B.-Just when she had the most out- people could be so senseless as to believe ward shew, her glory had indeed departed; such things. for what is outward splendour where there is Mr. A.We have very strong proof that corrupt doctrine and unholiness of life ? they did believe them ; I mean, their paying
Mr. A.—Yes, my friend, the true spiritual immense sums for these indulgences." Like glory of the church had passed away; for the Eve in Paradise, they find it more easy to few fundamental truths that remained were believe the devil's lie than God's true word. so obscured and weakened, that the words In the year 1517, Tetzel, a monk, was of the Saviour, first addressed to the Jews, sent into Germany with multitudes of these now applied well to her, “Ye have made indulgences, to raise money for Pope Leo. the commandment of God of none effect by Luther, a monk of the Order of St. Augusyour traditions,”—“In vain do ye worship tine, with many others, strongly protested ine, teaching for doctrines the command- against them; from this originated the term ments of men.”—(St. Matt. xv. 9.)
Protestant, a name given to all who declared Mr. B.-I suppose at this time, when against these indulgences. The people once Rome was at the height of her ambition, aroused, were led to the examination of the nearly all the nations of Europe owned her Scriptures; and this led to the Reformaas their mistress, and professed obedience to tion! her laws.
Mr. B.-And quite time it did so, I Mr. A.—Yes, the degradation was as uni- think. Well, I believe many members of versal in Christendom as she could desire : the Church of Rome in the present day you will bear in mind, however, that the begin to enquire and examine into thingsLord had still a church, a hidden few, they think for themselves a little more than against whom the “gates of hell could not they did then. prevail.”
Mr. A.—Yes, they do so-many are disMr. B.-I trust I shall never forget that satisfied with their church, and perceiving God has ever fulfilled that sweet promise ;- the whole to be a system of worldly policy but pray go on.
and priestcraft, turn from it with disgust; Mr. A.—Things continued in this state in but unfortunately, instead of seeking for the the Church of Rome for a long time, al- Truth, they too frequently reject religion though complaints had been made at various altogether, and fall into a state of indifferperiods by her members, of frequent abuses ence, or decided infidelity ; whereas, if they and extortions practised by the monks and would but take the New Testament, and priests, and of their excessive immorality.- calmly examine its sublime and elevating At length the sale of indulgences, granted doctrines, comparing them carefully with the by Pope Leo the 10th, roused the cry of errors from which they have turned with so reform. These indulgencies were pretended much aversion, they would soon be enabled to be drawn from the spiritual treasury of to distinguish the gold from the dross-the the church, which consisted of the superflu- wheat from the chaff. ous merits of the saints, who were supposed Mr. B.- I have felt convinced as our exto have performed more good works than amination has proceeded, that the Church of were needful for their own use and safety!— Rome does not teach the doctrines of ScripOf these superabundant merits, the Church ture, and therefore my next step shall be to of Rome has always charitably kept a little leave her communion entirely, and go where store, from which she could supply sinners the doctrines taught by Christ and his aposwho were deficient, in proportion as they tles are preached, that I may obtain farther could pay for them.
knowledge of them. What can excuse à Mr. B.-Not a very little store I think man for acting against his better judgment would suffice for such a purpose.
and conviction, as I should do, were I to Mr. A. Why no indeed! This Pope continue a member of this church now I am Leo issued these indulgences hy wholesale; convinced she has erred from the truth ? I employing preachers throughout all the pro- remember you cautioned me to look well to vinces to extol these blessings, and collect the foundation I was building upon-I see now that it was on the sand—my having regenerated at baptism, there is a danger been baptised in the Church of Rome could that they will rest satisfied that all is well, never have saved me; nor do I suppose we and therefore seek no farther. shall be saved merely because we have been
(To be continued.). baptised, though in any other church-what is your opinion ?
Mr. A.-You are perfectly right; we are not saved by baptism. but by faith in the WHAT ARE THE OBJECTS OF THE Lord Jesus Christ. “He that believeth and PROTESTANT OPERATIVE is baptised, shall be saved;" these were the
ASSOCIATIONS? words of the Saviour. By this believing, we are not to understand a mere assent to the The answer to this question is involved in facts related in the Gospel concerning the following passage, taken from "the first Christ ; but a living faith, which is the work part of the Homily on the Peril of Idolatry," of the Holy Spirit, regenerating and chang- and which is only one of many like passages. ing the heart: therefore the Redeemer said, viz.“Unless a man be born again, he cannot "It is written in the Book of Numbers, enter the kingdom of heaven." This new the 23rd chapter, that there was no idol heart is mentioned and promised in the Old in Jacob, nor any image seen in Israel, and Testament (Ezekiel xxxvi. 26, 27). “If any that the Lord God was with his people;' man be in Christ, (said the Apostle Paul, where note, that the true Israelites, that is when speaking of this change, he is a new the people of God, have no images among creature."
them, and that therefore their enemies canMr. B.- It seems then that the new crea- not hurt them, as appears in the process of ture is the fit subject for baptism; believing that chapter. And as concerning images comes first and then baptism.
already set up, thus saith the Lord, in Mr. A.-Baptising with water does not Deuteronomy, 'overturn their altars and make people believe certainly; but in the break them to pieces, cut down their groves, first days of the Christian Church, so much burn their images, for thou art a holy peopersecution and suffering attended the pro- ple unto the Lord.”-(Deut. vii. 12.) Here fession of the Gospel, that there was little note what the people of God ought to do to danger of any coming forward for baptism images when they find them. But lest any unless they had really experienced this private persons upon colour of destroying change, or conversion of heart; then they images, should make any stir or disturbance desired to be baptised, being willing to suf- in the commonwealth, it must always be refer the loss of all things for Christ. But we membered, that the redress of such public have one instance given which plainly shews enormities belongeth to the magistrate and that baptism and regeneration are not neces- such as be in authority only, and not to prisarily connected : this is the case of Simon vate persons, and therefore the good kings Magus, recorded in the 8th chapter of the of Judah, Asa, Hezekiah, Jehosophat, and Acts. Simon we see had been baptised, but Josias, are highly commended for breaking it proved, as the Apostle said, that he was down and destroying of the altars, idols, and still in the gall of bitterness and the bonds images-1 Kings xv., 2 Chron. xiv., xv., of iniquity; therefore, he had never been re- xxxi., and the Scriptures declare that they generated.
specially in that point did that which was Mr. B.-It is evident indeed that his bap- right before the Lord. And contrariwise, tism had not made him a new creature. Jeroboam, Achab, Joas, and other princes,
Mr. A.-No; and if such an exception which either set up or suffered such altars occurred in the time of the Apostles, how or images undestroyed, are by the word of much more frequent it must have been when God reported to have done evil before the worldly advantages were to be gained by the Lord.” profession of Christianity. Now the Church 1. This passage, which, it will be rememof Rome in her doctrine teaches that bap- bered, was spoken as applicable to the case tism is regeneration ; and the evil of this is, of Popery, shows that the reformation of a that it sets aside the practical use of the false religion is a function of the State. truth so emphatically declared by the Savi- 2. We know that it was held as such in · our, which is farther explained and repeated the British dominions till lately; that Scripby Him "Verily, verily, I say unto you, ture was held as the rule of the national unless a man be born of water and the Spirit conduct. he cannot see the kingdom of God” (John 3. We know that this function of the State iii.); for if men are taught that they are is now partially renounced, and that so far
from the reformation of false religion being Homilies, as in the time of Edward and aimed at, Popery is countenanced, upheld, Elizabeth—the sending abroad of preachers taught and propagated; that Scripture is the circulation of the Word of God—the abandoned as the national rule.
establishment of Protestant colonies in Po4. The Protestant Operative Associations pish districts and countless other obvious are unions of working Protestants to call means, to “redress those crying public public attention to these evils—to unite all enormities,” false religion, idolatry, and inin petitioning the authorities to withdraw fidelity, which are the cause of all the pracfrom Popery all manner of support, counte- tical evils which afflict society. nance, and encouragement of any kind what- 5. In fact, the Associations aim at the soever—to make Scripture their rule; and promotion of the general happiness, by proby means of Scriptural education-procla- curing a return to the ancient fundamental mations against error - the publication of principles of the Constitution.
[The Pope and his Librarian examining Pope. It is right to begin at the beginthe books in the Library of the Vatican.] ning.–A name savouring strongly of heresy
-open it, however, and let me see what it Pope.—What bulky book is this in so contains.—To touch it with our pontifical many volumes ?-Heresy no doubt !—These fingers would be to defile the hand which heretics have tongues always at work, and dispenses blessings to the faithful. pens as busy as their tongues—none but a Libr.--Your Holiness has the book open heretic could write so vast a work.
at the 15th chapter. Librarian. Please your Holiness, this is Pope. - What do I see-"He believed in the Bible.
the Lord, and he counted it to him for Pope.-The Bible !-Ho, I have heard I righteousness.”-(Genesis xv. 6.) Why this think of that book. If I mistake not, it has is rank heresy. Away with it to the flames done more mischief than enough to the holy -away with it! The arch-heretic Luther Roman States and the Chair of St. Peter. - could not have more broadly stated that We will examine it though, and give it, in never sufficiently to be detested Lutheran our condescension and clemency, a fair doctrine of justification by faith. Away with hearing.—How many volumes are there? it to the flames !—What is the next?
Libr.-Seventy-seven, your Holiness. Libr.--The second, your Holiness, is cal
Pope.-Seventy-seven !-a most suspici- led Exodus. ous number; no number savours so strongly Pope.—Exodus-Faugh no better than of heretical pravity. We will examine them his brother, I'll warrant. The name is susone by one.
picious. Libr.-The first is called GENESIS, your Libr.-Your Holiness has the book open Holiness.
at the 20th chapter.
Pope. What 'heresy is here! - this is children of Israel. This is evidently an worse than the former-" Thou shall not heretical statement. Every body knows make unto thee any graven image.... thou that the Holy See has expressly declared shall not bow down thyself to them.” This that to read the word of God indiscriminately is heresy indeed. Every body knows that to all people will do more harm than good. the Holy See has long ago decreed, and Besides Joshua was no priest.--Away with councils ratified the same, that the faithful it ! are everywhere to do homage and pay rever
(To be continued.) ence and worship to the holy images. Away with the book to the flames. Libr.-The third book is called Leviticus.
CORRESPONDENCE. I open it at chapter 4th.
PROTESTANT TRACT SOCIETIES. Pope.- Why every book is tainted with Lutheranism. Here I read—“If any one
58, Gt. James-st. Lisson-grove, of the common people sin through ignor
January 16th, 1843. ance, and be guilty," blood is to be shed to Dear Sir, atone for his sin (Lev. iv. 30). I flatter Will you allow me to suggest the myself every Catholic child could set this propriety of the speedy formation of Proarrogant writer right. Sins of ignorance testant Tract Societies, as auxiliaries to the require no atonement, as we all know well, Protestant Operative Associations, throughaccording to the infallible decisions of the out the metropolis, and in every part of the church.
country? The importance of the regular Libr.-The fourth volume is called Num- and constant distribution of sound Protestant bers. You have chapter 35th.
tracts, at such a crisis as this, cannot be a Pope.--Hey-day! what do I read in verse matter of question or doubt. 32—“Ye shall take no satisfaction for the The opponents of truth are using the life of a murderer, which is guilty of death ; powerful agency of the press with very much and he shall be surely put to death,” St. success; and it surely becomes the inperaPeter's exchequer would have run dry long tive duty of Christians to employ the same ago if our venerated predecessors had acted means, to the same extent, knowing that thus. No, no, everybody knows that the God will bless such efforts, if made in his plenitude of our indulgences is such as to strength, with corresponding success. be omnipotent. Many a murderer has been The plan I propose is a very simple one : most religiously reconciled to the Holy it is this-Let a few persons form themRoman Church, upon the payment of a due selves into a committee, who shall be manasum to our coffers and the performance of gers of the society, distributors of tracts, due penance.--Away with the book to the and collectors of funds; every member of flames !
the several associations to be considered Libr.-You have now the fifth volume, tract distributors within their respective called Deuteronomy. I open it at chapter circles of influence ; changing the tracts 4th.
weekly or fortnightly, as may be arranged. Pope.--Here is rank heresy again. In The funds required will not be large, if all verse 2 I find, “Ye shall not add unto the contribute. Fix the sum at 1d. per week, word which I command you.” Now, every or 4s. annually. Donations, however small, good Catholic knows that our predecessors, of money or tracts, can be solicited from who have so worthily filled the chair of St. others who are unconnected with the assoPeter, have held the exact contrary, and ciation-for to such an employment there acted upon their feelings; adding many cannot be any objection raised. commands, and softening down many things The society may be distinct, but not which appeared to their infallible judgments separate from the association ; and if 200 too harsh and grating. How could the persons will act as distributors, and they Christian commonwealth be governed if we having an opportunity of distributing ten had not the power of making new command- tracts each weekly, we have at once the large ments? The thing is preposterous.--Away number of 2,000 persons informed of the with the book!
errors of Popery, and fortified against its Libr.—You have now the sixth volume, introduction among themselves, with scarcely called Joshua ; and the 9th chapter is open any great effort. Among these persons before your Holiness.
there may be found those who would wilPope. -Oh, horrid heresy !-Here I find lingly help in this good work, and so the it declared (verses 34, 35) that Joshua read number of readers and distributors of tracts every word of the book of the law to all the . quickly be augmented.
I might enlarge much upon the good
IRELAND. likely to arise from such efforts ; but from what I have so briefly stated, enough I trust
From the Evangelical Mag. for December, 1842. has been said to induce our Protestant LET US PRAY FOR POOR IRELAND. friends to begin this aggressive but certain movement against error of every kind. One
It has been remarked by a valuable wrihas just been formed in Marylebone : and ter* on the Roman Catholic errors, that I will, if you think it worth notice. send you the great battle between Popery and Protesthe rules observing at the same time that tantism is yet to be fought, and that Ireland I should be most happy to assist, by advice is the place where this grand struggle will or attendance, the formation of kindred so
be carried on and brought to an issue. cieties.
Romish tradition represents Ireland as of I remain, dear Sir,
immense importance; averring on the au
thority of one, St. Lacerianus, that whenever Very truly yours,
the Holy (Roman) Catholic Church falls
R. H. BINDEN. there, she falls throughout the world ! t. To the Editor of
One of the most extraordinary signs of the Protestant Operative.
the extraordinary times in which we live is, that Ireland is so little thought of, so little pitied by British Christians : seven millions
of the votaries of the “ Man of Sin” ignoCABINET.
rant of the way of salvation, within a few
hours' steam conveyance of our own shores, Believe it, be persuaded of it, be convin- and no one caring for their souls. I ced of it, that thou must be broken if ever
Yours in the Gospel, thou wouldest have Jesus Christ to bind thee
C. G.T. up; thou must be sick of sin, if ever thou wouldest have Jesus Christ to heal thee; * M'Gavin, the author of “The Protestant." thou must be dejected and cast down, if ever | Mentioned by Middleton in his Evangelical thou wouldest have Jesus Christ to comfort Biography. thee.
1 2nd Thessalonians, ii.
POPERY DESCRIBED BY COWPER.