Taking the Naturalistic Turn, Or How Real Philosophy of Science Is Done
University of Chicago Press, 1993 - 553 Seiten
Philosophers of science traditionally have ignored the details of scientific research, and the result has often been theories that lack relevance either to science or to philosophy in general. In this volume, leading philosophers of biology discuss the limitations of this tradition and the advantages of the "naturalistic turn"—the idea that the study of science is itself a scientific enterprise and should be conducted accordingly.
This innovative book presents candid, informal debates among scholars who examine the benefits and problems of studying science in the same way that scientists study the natural world. Callebaut achieves the effect of face-to-face engagement through separate interviews with participants.
Contributors include William Bechtel, Robert Brandon, Richard M. Burian, Donald T. Campbell, Patricia Churchland, Jon Elster, Ronald N. Giere, David L. Hull, Philip Kitcher, Karin Knorr Cetina, Bruno Latour, Richard Levins, Richard C. Lewontin, Elisabeth Lloyd, Helen Longino, Thomas Nickles, Henry C. Plotkin, Robert J. Richards, Alexander Rosenberg, Michael Ruse, Dudley Shapere, Elliott Sober, Ryan Tweney, and William Wimsatt.
"Why can't we have both theoretical ecology and natural histories, lovingly done?"—Philip Kitcher
"Don't underestimate the arrogance of philosophers!"—Elisabeth Lloyd
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fine structure of scientific theories Whether a thoroughly naturalized philosophy
BEYOND POSITIVISM AND HISTORICISM
early 1960s logical positivism reigned supreme its primary concern was the rational
PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE REVISITED
NEW ROLES AND TOOLS FOR PHILOSOPHERS OF SCIENCE
PHILOSOPHY OF BIOLOGY
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actually approach Bechtel behavior beliefs biologists Burian Callebaut Campbell causal Churchland claim cognitive concepts context course criticism cultural Darwin discipline E. O. Wilson economics Elster empirical ence environment epistemology evolution evolutionary biology evolutionary epistemology evolutionary theory example explanation fact genes genetic Giere going history of science Hull human idea important interaction interested issue kind Kitcher Knorr Cetina knowledge Kuhn Kuhn's Latour Lewontin logical empiricism Longino look mathematics mean methodology naturalistic nature Nickles object organisms philosophy of biology philosophy of mathematics philosophy of science physics Popper positivism positivists problem psychology question Quine rational realism reason relevant Rosenberg Ruse science studies scientific scientists selection sense Shapere social sciences sociobiology sociologists sociology of science sort specific structure supervenience talk things thought tion tradition trying understand units of selection University Whig history Wimsatt
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