Taking the Naturalistic Turn, Or How Real Philosophy of Science Is Done

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University of Chicago Press, 1993 - 553 Seiten
Philosophers of science traditionally have ignored the details of scientific research, and the result has often been theories that lack relevance either to science or to philosophy in general. In this volume, leading philosophers of biology discuss the limitations of this tradition and the advantages of the "naturalistic turn"—the idea that the study of science is itself a scientific enterprise and should be conducted accordingly.

This innovative book presents candid, informal debates among scholars who examine the benefits and problems of studying science in the same way that scientists study the natural world. Callebaut achieves the effect of face-to-face engagement through separate interviews with participants.

Contributors include William Bechtel, Robert Brandon, Richard M. Burian, Donald T. Campbell, Patricia Churchland, Jon Elster, Ronald N. Giere, David L. Hull, Philip Kitcher, Karin Knorr Cetina, Bruno Latour, Richard Levins, Richard C. Lewontin, Elisabeth Lloyd, Helen Longino, Thomas Nickles, Henry C. Plotkin, Robert J. Richards, Alexander Rosenberg, Michael Ruse, Dudley Shapere, Elliott Sober, Ryan Tweney, and William Wimsatt.

"Why can't we have both theoretical ecology and natural histories, lovingly done?"—Philip Kitcher

"Don't underestimate the arrogance of philosophers!"—Elisabeth Lloyd
 

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Inhalt

AN INTRODUCTION
1
fine structure of scientific theories Whether a thoroughly naturalized philosophy
2
BEYOND POSITIVISM AND HISTORICISM
11
NEW DIMENSIONS
72
early 1960s logical positivism reigned supreme its primary concern was the rational
116
PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE REVISITED
126
NEW ROLES AND TOOLS FOR PHILOSOPHERS OF SCIENCE
190
PHILOSOPHY OF BIOLOGY
237
EVOLUTIONARY EPISTEMOLOGY
286
EVOLUTIONARY EPISTEMOLOGY
330
COGNITIVE APPROACHES TO SCIENCE AND PHILOSOPHY
338
DEVELOPMENT LEARNING AND CULTURE
377
PHILOSOPHY MOVES ALONG
432
Postscript
481
Index
523
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Über den Autor (1993)

Werner Callebaut is associate professor of philosophy in the Department of Social Sciences, Humanities, and Communication of Limburgs Universitair Centrum, Belgium, and assistant professor in the Department of Philosophy of the Rijksuniversiteit Limburg, The Netherlands.

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