Thirty Years in the South Seas: Land and People, Customs and Traditions in the Bismarck Archipelago and on the German Solomon Islands

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Sydney University Press, 2010 - 378 Seiten
Richard Parkinson's Thirty years in the South Seas was first published in 1907. In this 900-page work, Parkinson drew together and expanded on the scientific and popular papers he had been publishing since 1887, creating in the process a landmark ethnography of the Bismarck Archipelago. Parkinson moved to New Britain in 1879, only seven years after the first trader had established himself in the area. Over the next thirty years, he employed many local people on the family's expanding plantations, and travelled widely in the area, trading for produce (especially coconuts), observing traditional life, and buying artefacts for museums in Europe, USA and Australia. His travels covered the islands now known as New Britain, New Ireland, New Hanover, Manus, Buka and Bougainville, but he also collected information about the mainland of New Guinea (Kaiser Wilhelmsland). His observations covered a wide range of topics, from religious life and ceremonies to artefacts and language. It is clear he talked extensively with people - though mostly with a translator - and compared accounts. He also took many photographs, some 200 of which were included in the volume. Given the period, all his human subjects had to be posed, but the range of associated detail, probably unconsciously included, is substantial.What is particularly important about this work is the period in which it was written. While Parkinson may never have been the first contact of any local people, he was clearly among the first, and observed many societies before they were extensively incorporated into the Western economy, or missionised.Thirty years in the South Seas is unparalleled in the literature of the Bismarck Archipelago. It is an incomparable picture of a time and place now long past.
 

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Inhalt

New Britain with the French Islands and the Duke of Yorks
1
New Ireland New Hanover and their Offshore Islands
111
St Matthias and the Neighbouring Islands
139
10
143
17
144
The Admiralty Islands
155
The Western Islands
183
The German Solomon Islands together with Nissan and the Carteret Islands
199
Carving as a memorial to the dead
282
Stone figures from southern New Ireland Mask from Bougainville
284
Mask from Nissan
285
Stories and Fables
295
Languages
311
Cultigens and Useful Plants Domesticated and Hunted Animals
341
History of Discovery
349
Fragment ofa map of the western hemisphere by Th de Bry 1596
351

The Eastern Islands Nuguria Tauu and Nukumanu
225
Secret Societies Totemism Masks and Mask Dances
247
The dukduk assembled for a public dance
249
The dukduk on the taraiu
250
The dukduk presents itself on the water
254
The dukduk lands on the beach
255
Skull masks from the Gazelle Peninsula
258
Painted piece of bark ofthe Baining Various patterns of painted bark Various patterns of painted bark Various patterns of painted bark
271
Mask from Cape Orford Mask from Cape Orford Mask from Cape Orford
272
Mask from the circumcision ceremonies Liebliche Inseln and Möwehafen
276
Kneeling maskwearer from the French Islands
277
Tatanua mask from New Ireland
278
Mask New Ireland Mask New Ireland
279
Matua mask front and side views
280
Totok or kulibu carving
281
Schouten and Le Maires map De Eendracht Schouten and Le Maires ship
352
Tasmans chart
353
Heemskerk and Zeehaen Tasmans two ships Natives of New Ireland
356
Facsimile of Tasmans log with his personal signature
358
William Dampier Dampiers
359
Facsimile of Dampiers coastal survey of New Britain
360
Dalrymples map Part of a map put together in 1785 for orientation of the Count de la Pérouse
363
Fleurieus map 1790
364
Index
371
Gorge at Möwehafen Robert Koch Spring on the Willaumez Peninsula A group on the island ofAveleng Men of the Arawa Islands The laying out of ...
372
277
374
284
375
plates xxxviii 9 16 24 31 32 45 57
376
12
377
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