Rethinking India's Oral and Classical Epics: Draupadi Among Rajputs, Muslims, and Dalits

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University of Chicago Press, 1999 - 560 Seiten
Throughout India and Southeast Asia, ancient classical epics—the Mahabharata and the Ramayana—continue to exert considerable cultural influence. Rethinking India's Oral and Classical Epics offers an unprecedented exploration into South Asia's regional epic traditions.

Using his own fieldwork as a starting point, Alf Hiltebeitel analyzes how the oral tradition of the south Indian cult of the goddess Draupadi and five regional martial oral epics compare with one another and tie in with the Sanskrit epics. Drawing on literary theory and cultural studies, he reveals the shared subtexts of the Draupadi cult Mahabharata and the five oral epics, and shows how the traditional plots are twisted and classical characters reshaped to reflect local history and religion. In doing so, Hiltebeitel sheds new light on the intertwining oral traditions of medieval Rajput military culture, Dalits ("former Untouchables"), and Muslims.

Breathtaking in scope, this work is indispensable for those seeking a deeper understanding of South Asia's Hindu and Muslim traditions.

This work is the third volume in Hiltebeitel's study of the Draupadi cult. Other volumes include Mythologies: From Gingee to Kuruksetra (Volume One), On Hindu Ritual and the Goddess (Volume Two), and Rethinking the Mahabharata (Volume Four).
 

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Ausgewählte Seiten

Inhalt

1 Introduction
1
2 Oral Epics
11
A Classical and Oral Epics
12
B Epic Development and the Real Hero
21
C Against Death and Deification
29
D Bhakti Regionally and the Goddess
37
E Back to the Frames
43
3 The Elder Brothers and the Heroes of Palnadu
48
B The Muslim Captivity of Udal
218
C Solar and Lunar Lines
222
D The Agnivamsa
228
E Defending Folk Hinduism
232
8 Kuruksetra II
240
A Divine Plan Master Plan
241
B The Establishment of Kali and the Last of the Little Kings
254
C Duryodhanas Return
259

1 Births of the Heroes
52
2 Marriage and Virginity
60
3 The Virgins Blessing
62
4 Campukas and Anapotu Rajus Stratagems
63
5 The Virgins Anger
66
6 Impalements
70
7 Satis Revivals Salvation
75
8 Transformations of Dasara
81
4 The Epic of Pabuji
88
1 Births of the Heroes
89
2 Marriage and Virginity
96
3 The Virgins Blessing
101
5 The Virgins Anger
105
6 Impalements
108
7 Satis and Salvation
113
8 Transformations of Dasara
114
5 Opening Alha
121
A Portions and Incarnations
126
B Sons of DevakI
134
C Frame Stories and Divine Interventions
136
D The Maro Feud
142
6 The NineLakh Chain
153
B Bela Demands Draupadfs Jewels
155
C The Chain
159
D Belas Wedding
162
E Belas Homebringing
164
F Dasara
170
G The Death of Malkhan
173
H Sprouts
179
I Belas Tour
186
7 The Story of Krsnamsa
211
A What Kind of Text?
212
the Krsnamsacarita
263
A How Do We Get to Where We Are?
265
B The Buddhists and the Agnivamsa
278
C Vikramadityas Era
281
D Puranic Nationalism
293
10 Their Name Is Legion
297
A Rajputs and Afghans
299
B Rajputs and Afghans Looking South
310
C The Egalitarian Warband
320
D WarriorAscetics and Wandering Minstrels
332
11 The Ballad of Raja Desing
364
A The Story and Its Settings
365
B The Printed Ballad and an Oral Telling
369
C RajputAfghan Heroism Goes South
393
Furthering the Case of the Severed Head
414
A Reopening the Case
415
B Tracking Barbanka
417
C A Permeable Divide
431
13 The Myth of the Agnivamsa
439
A Variants
442
B Themes
453
C Agnikulas North and South
462
14 Draupadi Becomes Bela Bela Becomes Sati
476
B DraupadF Becomes Bel a
482
C High and Low Satis
491
D Bela Becomes SatT
495
E Bairagarh
501
F Questions Questions
508
Abbreviations
513
Bibliography
515
Index
543
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