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brook this new doctrine, and in consequence, sixty of the most godlylof them were forged into secession, M. Bonjour, the pred sent incumbent, of, San Giovanni, iş decidedly, evangelical, and the seceders now generally attend the other Vaudois churches, though they still refuse to join in communion with them, disap proving of the laxity prevalent in this matters anu din bón

The history of the Waldenses is, throughout, one of almost unnaried bardship and oppression. The fact that their garments are not stained with the corruptions of Popery has been regarded as affording sufficient ground for clogging them with civil restricz tions of every kind, vand excluding them from holding any situation civil or military throughout the kingdom: nay more, it is declared by law..." that no Vaudois may practise as a physician, snrgeon, apothecary, attorney, or advocate, excepț, among his oyyn community", 1 There was, howeyer, one brief period in their history when these ipersecuted mountaineers, found in their ruler. not only a hand strong enough, but, a heart sufficiently just and independent to brush away, like so many cobwebs, that marred and dishonoured the government of the country, all the restricz tions by which they had been trammelled. It was Napoleon, whon seeing their loyalty and industry, and touched by a sense of the wrongs inflicted on them, rendered them this justice. Nor: did this interest in this injured people expend itself in a single actisiNapoleon," says Dr Gilly, never lost sight of the church of the walleys after he had once learned to take an interest in its fadeben have the copy of an order signed by him at Moscow in 1812, oby which he directed a negligent Vaudois pastor, to be suspended. Strange, that the invader of Russia in the palace of the Czars should be concerning himself with the affairs of a small parish in the remote wilds of Piedmont. It is striking that the Vaudois should have found in Cromwell and Napoleon truer friends and inore untiring advocates than in any of the legitimato sovereigns of Europe. The immunities thus procured for them wedel Showever, lof very brief duration: No sooner was the king ofo Sardinia restored to his throne, than, in express violation of theistreaty of Paris of May 1814, which, among other things stipulated, teilthat in the countries restored and ceded by the present treaty, no individual, of whatever.class or condition, shall bet prevented, charassed, or disturbed in his person or property under any pretext,”—he revived almost all the harsh and tyrannical decrees which had formerly been in force against them. There seems noiroom to doubt that the Waldenses are indebted for all the hardships under which they labour to the priestly and Jesuitical influence which reigns at the court of Sardinia, Seve ralıof the kings seem to have been touched with the sufferings of

the inhabitants of the Valleys, and to have been with difficulty restrained by their ghostly advisers from extending to them the rights of peaceful and worthy subjects. It is deeply to belilari mented that the powers of Europe that our own Britain-cab look with indifference upon the systematic violation of the treaty above referred to a violation, too, resulting in the most dishoni nourable and inhuman acts of tyranny and persecution. rithra

We cannot resist offering an interesting extract, illustratives at once of the poverty and of the character of the Waldensés. -ido

nostro I do to Del “ Nothing perhiaps bespeaks their poverty more evidently than the manner in which they spend their long and dreary winter evenings. Fuel is much too dear an article to be used,

fire, the adjourn, during the winter, to the byre, and 'live among the cattle,--the i poses; bút to make up for the want of a cheerd opt for ne nary pura temperature being kept equable by their breath. Oil is also sufficiently, scarce to make it needful to economise, and at saving is effected by thes following contrivance: Two, three, and sometimes four neighbouringe families unite to spend the winter evenings, week about, in each other's byres. One lamp serves the whole assembly, and the family whose byres, is the rendezvous for the week provide the oil. I was sorry to learn that gambling by cards and dice is not uncommon in some of these reunions. In others, however, one person is appointed each night to read aloud to the company, while the others are engaged at their various occupations

! On these occasions, through necessity as well as choice, the Bible is most frequently the subject of study, because other books are tacking; ands hence, the modern Vaudois, like their ancestors; have generally a very excit tensive acquaintance with the sacred Scriptures. This mode of spend-17 ing the winter. evenings is not confined to the poorer; classes of the i Vaudois peasantry, but obtains also amongst those of, larger meanse Anis English lady, who is married to a Vaudois proprietor, assured me, that her mother-in-law, who lives with them, still, from force of habit, prefers the byre during the winter evenings, to the salle de comprefers

with its Pp: 248,

18971' postreptat 191-1, 190 AT PIP) TO OL Though it cannot be denied that the present race of Naudoisd are less eminent for piety than their fathers were, it is pleasing to receive the confirmatory testimony of Mr Stewart, whose careet ful personal observation gives weight to his opinion, that notwithstanding their defects, they are, after all, the most morali and religious people in Europe. U tom po 109909 1919

It is a remarkable fact, that "up to a very recent period, Scotar land was the only Protestant nation in Europe which has never, in its national capacity, contributed towards the alleviations of their poverty and distress"-Scotland, whose Presbyterian poli-ai ty confessedly bears to that of the Vaudois a closer resemblance than any other. It is pleasing, however, to know that this stig-lo ma no longer lies upon our country, and we may be allowed to i

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express our thope that by ourlexertions sin future we may' in some measure látone for our past remissnesgt-towards tout buffering brethrénat We hailiasla token of-reviving interest in the church of the Maudoig, Mr.Stewart's statement, that herla representa tive of the Free Church of Scotland, should wandesignedly meet! incthe Valleys, with two commissioners, one from the Dutch church, and the other from the Congregational churches of England, engagedrlike himself in inquiring into the welfare of ithigu primitive churchanoblo ll 9117 to 19371ulo out t. bus yht:69 9810 tr. inden jo

The subject of the lecture that follows, by the Rev. W. K. wbedie, is the state of religion in Holland and Belgium. The times aré lamentably changed since the period when the Dutch Reformed churches endured so patiently, and struggled so nobly in defence of the cause they had espoused. The lamp of the church in Holland for a lengthened period after the Reformation, shone with a pure and steady flame in spite of the blasts of persecution which assailed itso- At length the principles of the Rewit formation triumphed over every obstacle," and a pure church'un ! der Presbyterian govertiment was established in the land. Gralitally, however, her light became 'dimmer, til at length so feeble pd unfrequent were the flickering rays she emitted, that it might Imost have been doubted whether her candlestick were not altoether removed. Yet One on high has been watching over her, addeseems at length to hame put forth bis-hand to strengthenthe things which remained, and were ready to die. 11 He has put freshooil into her lampy and her slowly reviving flame seemset to promise that the land which formerly afforded an asylum to the persecuted Christians of England and Scotland is not itself to be left in total darkness. - It is true that therefore

reforming party in Holland has

contend against keen opposition, and even persecution, such as we are only now learning to think possible in our days. The Socinianism, Rationalism, and Popery which have made havoc ofra-puter faith are alballied to oppose

it, yet wercannot but hope that now as formerly, the truth will emerge triumphant from the midst of difficulties! odonitog 911 4v199,105 In Belgium, 100, which Charles Vivand the atrocious="Alvar lighted up with funbral piles, and where they carriedrion their pitiless persecution against the faithful with such sudoesSàs ale most eventuallyn to extirpate or driver thomt from the land in Belgium, the Bible is again beginning to do its silent but certain i workgandi the seed sown by the Evangelical Society of Belgium is-already givingo promise of a fruitfał harvest.ib baie v119 voq

The next lecture is by Dr M'Farlan tof Greenook, on the state of religion in Switzerland. 19 We may not linger with him on this interesting field, we may not evbni glance at its leading features...?

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but must content ourselves with making a nsingleatemark sought gested by the perusal' of the lecture. It is in reference to the influencé which Scotland and Switzerland have imutually exerted on each other's idestinies. In the eighth century, when trising Pow pery had succeeded in enveloping most nations in darknessarstwo Scotsmen from the college at Jona çame and settled in Switzer: land, and were probably the instruments, under God, of arresting fov a little in that country the fatal progress of the Mantof sin.". Again, enrly in this century, Mr Robert Haldane,satsos Scotsman, was the means of commencing a revival in Geneva att a time when there, and intother parts of Switzerland religion had become little better than a dead lettersit From among the eight: een students who formed his Bible class, have goneoforth some of the brightest and most honoured names of their times. It may be sufficient to refer to D'Aubigné and Gansdep among the living, and to Gonthier and others who have entered into their rest. We, on the other hand, have received not a little at the hands of Switzerland; since, to mention only this, it was at Ged neva that John Knox had his religious sentimients matured, and imbibed his sound views of church-government before returning to Scotland, where he was made the chief instrument of sb mighty à révolution.n; ib'it !!!:a. ui foge II. 1 318 sw veb jagasi of The concluding lecture of the first series was delivered by the Rev. J.G. Lorimer. Its subject is the state of religion in Hpaneet If, in that country, evangelical religion has never acquired an influence so general and powerful as it has in some other lands, yet there was, perhaps, no age when there was not in it a decided under current of true piety. This seems to have been maintained partly by the influence of eminent and pious rien raised up, some of them in the midst of darkness, cus Irenaeus of Lyons, Vigilantius and Claude of Turin, and partly by the agency of alleged hereties, whose chief fault we cannot but hope was their too great faithfulness and purity for the corrupt church from which they were drivengi as the Pauliciangs Patarinespeand Cathari.", The Albigenses did much to keep aliven the flame of vital godliness in the south their deep attachmentito the word of God affords at once a guarantee of the substantial rectitude of their principles, and the key to their success. Some curious testimonies are afforded by their enemies. Thuanus, a respectable Roinan Catholic historian, who flourished shortly after the rise of the Reformation, speaking of the inhabitants of a valleyrini Daupljiny, says, “ You can scarcely find a boy among them who cannot give you an intelligent account of the faith which they profess a And in this, he adds, they resemble their brethren of the other valleys:?. We quote another interesting proof of the same facts olgh in the south-east of France, on the borders of PiediaontPopish students from the Sorbonne of Paris, lafter an examination of the people, (áppvinted by the Popish bishop,) i confessed that they understood more of the way of salvation froin the answers of the little heretic cluildren in their categhishi, than frontialt, thebtheological disputations at which they had been present."io (P. 41-8) 2009/11 Meni suit (ldsdung 9147 bus bael to The Reformation was succeeded by a period of gradual decay, that reached lits climax during the midnight gloom whigh closed the lastrand ushered in the present century, when amid the din of war, and theselamorous triumph of, rampant infidelity, the gentle remonstranges of the still small voice were un beand on unei heededelt. No sooner, however, had the peace of 1815. been estar blished than the distracted nation, fatigued and disappoiated by its triałoof scepticism and infidelity, begạn, ithough slowlyą toiturni towards that religion which alone can satisfy the soul; b The sys1 tem of colportage, which has proxed of such inestimable walues to France, was established, and by means of the Bible: thus put intol drculation; the good work grew and prevaileak. At that period the number of faithful spastors was miserably small. It has, however, steadily though slowly increased, so that we believe that at the present day we are authorised in stating that the number of evangelical pasthrerin the Protestant church is at leastı oquals to that of those who are more or less Sucinian in their views.tv 16 botivpos 19V90 asti qoigila'y isoilumusvg ZIJA1009 tot ar 11 abaol 19dto smoa ni asd fi c10q bus Loty 199 oa eraguitar

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ti ai ton ecw 91903 190w 898 on 24611199 BBW 91317 394 ART. IVont lot The Bopes Encyclical Letterju London to 1847.1996 asli A Solenn Warning for the Times ; or, the Banner Unfurleda to eByna Standard:Beárey.te Edinburghs Ritchie.1103 qu byeier Yongye 90 vd y tieq bacatuT 10 obusly basenijetal191 V znov] en A ewhole cartiolai supon, aluPope'si sletter may be thought atoo mught. Our wisdom may be questioned in assigning to it $0 prominent a place, and investing it with so much importance: Many may feel inclined to eenguve us as mere alarmists, or condemn Us as weak, bigots forslaying such stress uponía document, which to 9butit991 lsinsjedua odt to 9930sIGY S 9:00 ja ebrotto bot) to 294 euoiu9 9moa .22999112 tiyri of vendort brg24qtnya 119: We would gladly, haxe presented our readers with some of the interesting infor,

second

, but our are the subječts treated brd2 The Papur bastern Churches, by DH Wilson. The Rei formations in Getmany sty Dis Forbes: The Present State and Prospects of Evano gelical Religion in Germanyd by Hey P. Fe

VK.
Tweedie. The Religious
Saltop. The State Bergen
of Trentby

'J. Fostulleen. 011

" Conailions of Spait at the period of the Suppression

of the Reformation, by Dr Hetherington. The Prospects of Christendom, by Dr Buchanan of Glasgowi

mation

in

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