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AGRICULTURE.

ing, and with obvious tokens of delight decide whether or not it had been in the at the sound of his own voice; which, habit of attacking the human race, or though not offensive, was by no means

whether its devastations had been conequal to his own opinion of its merits. fined to cattle, &c. He observed that Paul never took offence; he was bent such as had once killed a man, ever on making money, and his exertions after cared but little for any other were in the end amply successful. He prey; and that they could be distinwas possessed of a coolness and pre- guished by the remarkable darkness of sence of mind, which gave him a won- their skins, and by a redness in the corderful superiority in all matters relating nea, or whites of the eyes. to tiger-hunting. He rarely rode but Paul was assuredly a competent on a bare pad, and ordinarily by him- judge, but this assertion partook more self, armed with an old musket, and of hypothesis than reason.-Oriental furnished with a small

pouch containing Field Sports. his powder and ball. He was, however, remarkably nice in the selection of elephants for this purpose; and as he was The following easy, simple, and infor many years in charge of such num- fallible Method of forcing every Fruitbers, in which changes were perpetu

tree blossom and to bear Fruit, has ally made, from requisitions for service, been translated from the German of the and from new arrivals, we may justly Rev. Geo. CHARLES LEWIS HEMPEL, conclude, that he did not fail to keep (Secretary to the Pomological Society himself well provided, by the reserva

of Altenburgb in Saxony), by George tion of such as were, in his opinion, best Henry Noehden, LL. D. F. L. S. &c. qualified for his views.

- In my early years I saw my father, The consciousness of his own corpo- who was fond of Pomology, and skilled real powers, as well as the steadiness of in that science, cutting a ring on sevthe animal that bore him, and the con- eral branches of trees, which already tinual practice in which he lived, could were in blossom, for the purpose of propot fail to render Paul successful, even ducing, by that means larger fruit had bis disposition been somewhat less than usual. This was not his own inphlegmatic, and his mind less steady. vention, but as far I recollect, deAccordingly all were governed by him, rived from a French journal. 30 years when after game; for which he would ago, when I was a boy, I practised this search to a great distance, and would operation, in imitation of him and perhaps set off thirty or forty miles with thereby obtained larger pears, and as many elephants, on hearing of a tiger plums. In repeating this operation of having committed

depredations. As to singing the branches, which I did merehog-hunting, Paul thought it beneath ly for the purpose of getting larger his notice; and, as he used to express fruit, observed that the branches so himself, “ left that to the boys." In operated upon always bore the next deed, it was very rare to see him on a year By this reiterated appearance horse. His weight and disinclination, I was lead to the idea, that perhaps po doubt, were partly the causes of bis this mode of ringing the bark might rarely taking to the saddle; but, as he be a means of compelling every unwas a great dealer in elephants, we productive branch to yield fruit. may fairly conjecture, that the display With this view I cut rings upon a conof such as were ready for the market, siderable number of branches, which as was the motive which operated princi- yet showed no blossoms; and found, by pallv towards his riding elephants on all repeating the experiment, the truth of occasions.

my supposition indisputably confirmed Paul's aims were at the head or the by experience. The application of this heart, and in general bis shots were experiment, whereby upon every bough well placed; rarely deviating many in- or branch fruit may artificially be proches from the parts at which he levelled duced, is very simple and easy. With a his musket. He charged very amply, sharp knife make a cut in the bark of and never missed of effect for want of the branch, which you mean to force powder.

to bear, and not far from the place He used cften to remark, that he where it is connected with the stem, could instantly, at the sight of a tiger, or, if it be a small branch or shoot, Dear

to where it is joined to the larger bough: this latter application being before the cut is to go round the branch, or quite unknown to me; I will, on that acto encircle it and to penetrate to the count, by no means give myself out for wood. A quarter of an inch from this the first inventor of this opperation: but. cut, you make a secone cut like the I was ignorant of the effects to be profirst, round the branch, os that, by duced by this method, and only discov both encircling the branch, you have ered them by repeated experiments of marked a ring upon thebranch, a my own, which I made for the promoquarter of an inch broad, between the tion of Pomology. Frequent experience two cuts. The bark between these of the completest success has confirmed two cuts you take clean away with the truth of my observations. Nor do I a knife, down to the wood removing think that this method is generally even the fine inner bark, which im- known; at least, to all those to whom I mediately lies upon the wood, so that no showed the experiment, the effect proconnexion whatever remains between duced a peared new and surprising." the two parts of the bark, but the bare and naked wocd appears white and EFFECT OF HOT WATER ON FLOWERS. smooth. But this bark-ring, which is to By the following process, the lover of compel the tree to bear, must be made flowers will be able to prolong, for a at the right time, that is, when in all day, the enjoyment of their short-lived nature the buds are strongly swelling beauty. Most flowers begin to droop or are breaking out into blossom. In the and fade after being kept during 24 same year a callus is formed at the ed- hours in water; a few may be revived ges of the ring, on both sides, and the by substituting fresh water but all (the connexion of thebark, that bad been most fugacious, such as the poppy, and interrupted, is restored again without perhapsone or two others, excepted) any detriment to the tree or the may be completely restored by the use branch opperated upon, in which the of hotwater. For this purpose, place the artificial wound soon again grows flowers in scalding water, deep enough over. By this simple though arti- to cover about one third of the length of ficial means of forcing every fruit-tree, the stem; by the time the water has bewith certainty, to bear, you obtain come cold, the flowers will have become the following important advantages: erect and fresh, then cut off the coddled 1. You may compel every youn end of the stems, and put them into cold tree of which you do not know the sort water. to show its fruit, and decide sooner

MECHANICS. whether, being of a good quality, it Mr. Ackermann has taken out a may remain in its first state, or requires Patent for a most useful and ingenious to be grafted. 2. You may thereby, invention, viz. a Moveable Axle appliwith certainty, get fruit of every good cable to all Four-wheeled Carriages. sort of which you wish to see the pro- Its advantages over the stiff axle are duce in the next year. 3. This meth- numerous:-A carriage with the Moveod may probably serye to increase con- able Axle will turn in a much more limsiderably the quantity of fruit in the ited space:-It permits a carriage to be country. The branches so operated built shorter, and of course diminishes upon are hung full of fruit, while the the draught.-It affords complete secuothers, that are not ringed, often have rity against upsetting, and is, in like nothing, or very little, on them. This manner, a safeguard against accidents effect is easy to be explained from the in turning. the wheels never changing theory of the motion of the sap. For their position, but only their direction. when the sap moves slowly in a tree, it – With the Moveable Axle the fore produces fruit-buds, which is the case wheels can be made much higher, while in old trees; when it moves vigorously, thc body may be bung lower. A high the tree forms wood, or runs into shoots, fore-wheel adds much to the beauty of ashappens with young trees. Though I a carriage, while it also greatly reduces arrived at this discovery myself in con- the draught and surmounts obstructions sequence of trying the same process with much greater facility. It is by De with a different view, namely, to in- means so liable to break as the stig crease only the size of the fruit, but axle; and the breaking of the perchnot to force barren branches, that were bolt is rendered next to impossible. A only furnished with leaf-buds, to bear, carriage with the Patent Moveable

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Axle requires but six pieces of timber, country over the malignant ideas and including the pole, instead of twenty. unjust prejudices of a mind blinded by This gives the carriage an airy appear- passion. ance, and reduces the rattling noise. The literary portion of the Spectator

is not less ably written than the political FRENCH LITERATURE.

articles. It comprises a review on the A new periodical paper, devoted to li- Memoirs and Correspondence of Materary and political discussions, has been dame d'Epinay, by M. Auger, which spoken of for some time past; and what is without contradiction one of the best is very extraordinary to those who know that ever issued from the pen of that the profound indifference with which justly celebrated critic.-French papublications of this kind are regarded, per. the one above mentioned was a general

RUSSIAN LITERATURE. subject of conversation even before it Mr. Stanislave Siestrencewitz deBomade its appearance. The names of heisz, Metropolitan Archbishop of Bothe conductors were mentioned. Among hilew, bas published a work in French, them are several members of the French under the title of Recherches HistoriAcademy, and various young writers ques sur l'origine des Sarmates, des who nobly follow their footsteps in li. Esclavons, et des Slaves, under the periterature and public affairs.

ods of the conversion of these people to The first number has just appeared Christianity. It is in 4 vols. 8vo. and under the title of the Political and Lit. has three maps and a portrait of the autherary Spectator. At the head we ob- or. Though written in French, and pubserve the names of MM. Auger, Lacra- lished at St. Petersburgh about four telle and Campenon of the French Aca- years ago it is hardly known, we believe, demy; Deprez, Droz, Loyson, Pariset, to the rest of Europe, which induces us to Lourdoueix, &c. The Spectator will give some account of it. The author fixnot be periodical in the strict sense of es in the year 2143 before the vulgar era, the word, but in course of the year fifty the emigration of two Scythian Bactrian two numbers will be published at inter- Princes, and their arrival in Cappadovals nearly equal. It is evident that cia: in 1514 the passage of the Scythians the public have nothing to lose by this into Europe, and their settlement near arrangement, and that the proprietors the Borysthenes. In 1475 (still before have every thing to gain.

Christ) the Scytbians are attacked in The first article, which serves as an Tauris by Sesostris, and repulse him. introduction to the Spectator, is happily Twenty years after, a colony of Medes selected. It is a sort of dedication to (Enetes or Slaves) settle on the shores France, an homage to the country, of the Black Sea. The Enetes arrive in which has the more claims to the re- Thrace in 1209; in Italy, in 1183. In 380 spect and love of her children because the Sarmatians pass into Europe, and she is unfortunate. M Lacratelle has un- Scythia takes the name of Sarmatia. dertaken to repel the outrages of Lord From the commencement of the ChrisStanhope; in the mouth of an English- tian era, the facts and the details beman, a member of the English House come too numerous to be pointed out of Peers, he places the apology of a na- here. The author introduces them in tion, which daily proves that she can bis first three volumes without either endure any thing except contempt. proving or discussing them. The quoThis first article is entitled, A Speech tations contained in the fourth volume, which might have been delivered in the do not consist of transcriptions or illusBritish House of Peers, in reply to trations of texts, but merely in refLord Staphope's Speech.

erences to the author's books and chapM. Lacratelle says, that the senti- ters, where we are to find the authoriments of a Frenchman are frequently ties in support of the narratives or reobservable in this Speech; but he adds, sults in the three treatises, on the Sarhe does not fear being reproached with matians, the Esclavons, and the Slaves. having yielded too much to this feeling. The Esclavons must not be confounded We can assure him that wherever this with the Slaves. They were neither Speech might be delivered, it would pure Slaves nor pure Sarmatians: their enjoy over that of his opponent the ad- nation, formed by the Yazyk Sarmavantages which reason and true eleva- tians, included many Illyrians, who tion of sentiment maintain in every were Slaves by origin. The Greeks VOL. XI.

67

translated the name of Slaves (praiswor- from the rival exertions of Count LAStby) by that of Enetes (celebrated,) &c. TEYRIE and M. ENGLEMANN; their The method followed in this work is not spirited emulation has done for it what perhaps very strict, but it displays much a monopoly would not have accomplishresearch, and contains curious data. ed in a century. Under Count Lastey

Lit. Gaz. rie's care, it rivals copper in almost LUTHER'S MARRIAGE.

every line of engraving; and possesses, There has just appeared in Germany besides, advantages peculiar to itself. a work entitled, A Description of all A series of Lithographic prints, by the Curiosities relative to Martin Lu- Count Lasteyrie, is now publishing at ther; the author is M. Berger, Director Paris; the second number of which, of the Hospital of Eisleben. He appears containing six plates, has just appeared; highly indignant at an assertion made the sixth plate is written music, or, as by a Catholic of distinction, who con- the Lithographers denote it, autographtends that Luther was in reality never ed music. The method by which this inarried. M. Berger has taken infinite plate is executed displays one of the pains to collect authentic documents, most important advantages of Lithoin which the following facts are incon- grapby: a person writes a letter, comtestably proved. The author regards poses music, or makes a drawing on them as highly important to posteri- paper in the ordinary way, excepting ty:

that he uses a peculiar ink; this is On the 13th of June 1523, whilst transferred to the stone by simply pasDr. Pommer, the painter Cranach, and sing it through the press, and the stone, the advocate Apell, were discoursing without further preparation, is ready with Martin Luther, the latter re- to print off thousands of proofs, all quested that they would accompany equally perfect. It is this quality of him to call on the notary Reichenbach. Lithography that has secured its admisCatharine Bora, a reformed nun, lodged sion into all the French public offices; in Reichenbach's house, leading a life by its means 60,000 or 70,000 proclaof modesty and piety. Luther asked mations, in the autograph of the minis. her whether she was willing to become ter, may be taken off and dispatched his wife? At first she did not know before the plate even could be engrav. wbether he was joking or in earnest,

ed.

Gent. Mag. and she returned no answer. Luther

Maternal Tenderness. The superihowever declared that he was serious, ority to all selfish considerations which and Catharine at length gave him her characterizes maternal tenderness, hath hand. The marriage ceremony was

often elevated the conduct of women in performed on the 27th of June. In low life, and perhaps never appeared order that it might be joyfully cele- more admirably than in the wife of a brated, the magistrates delivered to the soldier of the 55th regiment, serving in guests four bottles of Malmsey wine, America during the campaign, 1777. an equal portion of Rhenish wine, and Sitting in a tent with her husband at six quarts of Franconian wine. The breakfast, a bomb entered, and fell becouncil of the city moreover presented tweenthem and a bed where their infapt Martin Luther with a tun of Eimbrick lay asleep. The mother begged her beer.

spouse would go round the bomb before Finally, as an additional proof of it exploded, and take away the baby, their admiration for the Reformer, the as his dress would allow him to pass magistracy pledged themselves, in the the narrow space between the dreadful name of the citizens, to pay for all the Inessenger of destruction and the bed. wine he might consume for the space He refused, and left the tent calling to of a year. The whole of these dona- his wife to basten away, as in less than tions amounted to the sum of three a minute the fuse would communicate thalers, four groschens, and two pfen- to the great mass of combustibles. The pings.'-This is certainly not the way poor woman, absorbing all care in anxin which Plutarch wrote the lives of his iety to save her child, tucked up her illustrious men.

Lit. Gaz. petticoats to guard against touching the

bomb, snatched the unconscious indoLITHOGRAPHY.

cent, and was hardly out of reach, when The art of Lithography continues to all the murderous materials were scatmake most rapid progress in France, tered around. Major of the 55th

regiment hearing of this action, distin- she had not before visited, always acguished the heroine with every mark companied by a single male friend. of favour. She survived many years to After her husband's death, she had a lament his fate at fort Montgomery, in house at Bromley, the measured disthe following month of October. tance of which, from her town resiLa Belle Assemblee. dence, in Great Ayliffe-street, Good

man's fields, was ten miles. Her carMrs. Hayley.-The extensive intellec- riage was drawn by four beautiful black tual endowments of this lady, entitles horses, and on stepping into it, she took her to a place among the illustrious, her watch in her hand, allowing her and her being the sister of the celebrat- coachman exactly one hour in going or ed John Wilkes, will, at least, class her coming. She was extravagantly fond amongst the distinguished. Her first of the drama, had a box at each of the husband was an opulent merchant, on theatres, and generally went from one whose demise she gave her hand to Mr. house to the other. She allowed her Hayley, his clerk. He was a mere coachman only half an hour to drive man of business, absorbed in commer- from Goodman's fields to either of the cial pursuits, while his lady was exceed- theatres. Her carriage was always ingly well informed, had read a great built after the nicest rules of fashion, deal, was possessed of fine taste and lit- and elegantly finished. erary judgment. She therefore sought When on the verge of seventy, Mrs. out with avidity, the society of those Haley bestowed her hand and fortune who were distinguished by their talents on a young man not thirty, with whom and writings; but those she thus prefer- she departed for America. In a very red were male writers only; for she al- short interval, a separation was judged ways evinced the utmost contempt for expedient. She had confided every thing her own sex, and it was no uncommon to the generosity of her husband, and sight to see her surrounded at table with such an allowance as he thought with ten or twelve eminent men, with proper to make her, she soon re-crossed out a single female.

the Atlantic; and after a short residence She attended all the most remarkable in London, fixed herself at Batb, where, trials at the Old Bailey, where she re- to use the words of the learned Mr. gularly had a certain place reserved for Beloe, from whom we have partly gleanher. Every summer she made an ex- ed this anecdote, she passed cursion to such parts of the kingdom as

“ An old age of cards."

La Belle Assemblee. ART. V.-Poetry. From a new book called “The Fudge family in Paris, by the author of the Two Penny Post Bag," who is generally supposed to be Anacreon Moore, we extract the following, not as the best, but the shortest pieces. In our next we hope to give an account of this amusing little work which though full of political and local allusions, some of which are unintelligible on this side of the Atlantic, is still replete with humour and entertainment. We particularly admire the edifying epistles of Mr. Bob Fudge, one of that species of beings called in the fashionable slang “ Dandies,” who are thus described by Miss Biddy Fudge.

A thing, you know, whisker'd, great-coated, and lac'd,
Like an hour-glass, exceedingly small in the waist:
Quite a new sort of creatures, unknown yet to scholars,
With heads, so immoveably stuck in shirt-collars,
That seats like our music stools soon must be found them,

To twirl, when the creatures may wish to look round them!
The race it seems flourishes on both sides of the Atlantic.

At the end of the book we find the beautiful monody on Sheridan, published in a recent number of the Magazine, (p. 186 of the present volume) which of itself is sufficient to indentify the author, and the following

LINES ON THE DEATA OF MR. P-RC-Y-L.
In the dirge we sung o'er him no censure was beard,

Unembitter'd and free did the tear-drop descend;
We forgot, in that hour, how the statesman had err'd,

And wept for the husband, the father, and friend!

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