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of the United States, and which he sup- death, and partners in a dever dying ported; three years governor of the fame.

Nat. Int. state, and afterwards a representative in the Congress of the United States, DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. under the present organization.

It is well known that, some time While governor of Virginia, he was since, Mr. John Binns, of this city, anselected by President Washington to nounced his intended publication of a command the army sent to quell

the in- splendid edition of this national magna surrection which had been excited from charla, pledging himself to employ in untoward and erroneous impressions in the work such materials and skill as the western counties of Pennsylvania, should reflect credit upon the state of in which he had the felicity to bring to manufacture, and of the arts, in this order and obedience the misguided in- country. In pursuance of which, we habitants without shedding the blood of find, that a considerable expense has one fellow citizen. He possessed this been incurred, incident to the necessapeculiar characteristic as a military ry arrangements, and that every recommander, of being always careful of quisite is in progress to give dignity and the health and lives of his soldiers, ne- effect to the execution of the design. ver exposing them to unnecessary toils Under circumstances less peculiar than or fruitless hazards; always keeping these, it is customary not to interfere, them in readiness for useful and import- but according to courtesy, and the rules ant enterprizes. Every public station to of the trade in this country, to await which he was called he filled with dig- the accomplishment of a work undernity and propriety.

taken, and not to counteract it. This In private life he was kind, hospita- practice, it is remarked with regret, has ble, and generous.

Too ardent in the been departed from in a recent instance pursuit of his objects—too confident in -proposals for a similar undertaking others, he wanted that prudence which having been circulated by a Mr. Tyler. is necessary to guard against imposition The public interests, far from being and pecuniary losses, and accumulate promoted, are likely to suffer by such a wealth. Like many other illustrious proceeding, and we would impress upon commanders and patriots he died poor. the minds of the community the impo

He has left behind him a valuable licy of giving currency to rival editions historical work, entitled “Memoirs of in general. When a publisher finds his the War in the Southern Department of ground infringed upon, the natural conthe United States,” in which the diffi- sequence will be, to damp his zeal, paculties and privations endured by the ralyze his exertions, or, if he persevere, patriotic army employed in that quar- to induce the covering of a detriment ter-their courage and enterprize, and by a less spirited performance. The the skill and talents of their faithful, ac- ordinary tendency is, to enhance the tive, and illustrious commander, are price, and diminish the value of a publidisplayed in never-fading colours; a cation--effects produced by restricting work, to use the language of the pub- the number of copies to a quantity conlishers, by the perusal of which the siderably less than would have been pupatriot will be always delighted, the blished without such interference, since statesman informed, and the soldier in the fewer the number of copies thrown structed: which bears in every part the off, as it is termed, the greater is the ingenuous stamp of a patriot soldier; original cost of each, and it is likely and cannot fail to interest all who de- that, oftentimes, less justice will be sire to understand the causes, and to done to the public in the end. know the difficulties of our memorable Just and liberal sentiments have been struggle. The facts may be relied on, expressed on this occasion by most of "all of which he saw, and part of which our editors of newspapers, (and we were he was.”

gratified to perceive those foremost who Fortune seems to have conducted in politics are decidedly opposed to Mr. him, at the close of his life, almost to the Binds) concurring in terms of animadtomb of Greene, and his bones may version upon the conduct in question, now repose by the side of those of his which, it is hoped will induce Mr. Ty. beloved chief; friends in life, united in ler to abandon his project.

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dition of Franklin's works, suggests in his preface- ü y as 1792,-his extreme surprise, that the continuation of the Memoirs, interesting as they were, should so long have been withheld from the public. In another London edition, of 1806, of the same work, it is roundly stated, that an ignominious bargain for the suppression of Franklin's papers, had been struck between his grandson and the British government and it is added, that previous to this bargain, arrangements had been made to publish them in three quarto volumes;--precisely the plan now pursued. The Edinburgh Reviewers seem to admit, in the article on Franklin's works, contained in their No. for July 1806, the authenticity of the intelligence, and pass some severe strictures on their government, for so unworthy a proceeding. VOL. XI.


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