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to the excellence of the school will be the excellence of home lessons. Besides the advantages adduced by Mr. Drage, he was convinced that home work was attended with great benefit to the parents of the children themselves. In beginning a course, too many subjects should not be embraced ; these could be multiplied in the course of time. Reading, spelling, and arithmetic should certainly form part of every day's work ; and then, on one evening, grammar and analysis might be given, on another occasion, history and geography, and so on. He laid particular stress on the adoption of exercise books instead of slates. Some teachers had urged as an objection, the careless writing manifested in such books; but this he considered constituted a strong reason for their adoption ; because, after all, it was on paper that they would have to write most hereafter. He differed from Mr. Drage with respect to the way in which history should be taught. It had long been his conviction that this subject should be mainly taught by means of good oral lessons, to be afterwards-supplemented by getting up the details from books.
Mr. White, of Abbey Street, observed, that in his school the subjects for home lessons were one or two of a special character, determined by his own discretion. He contended, as a principle, that home lessons should not be supplementary but preparatory. He described at some length the mode of testing the home work in his own school,-partly by mutual correction, partly by the reproduction of any portion for which the teacher might choose to call, partly by simultaneous repetition, and partly by individual repetition. By a combination of these methods, his pupilteachers could undertake to correct the whole of the written exercises of a section thoroughly in three-quarters of an hour.
Mr. Saunders said that a good deal of mis-education went on in some schools by permitting bad writing, and a slovenly, hasty manner of writing exercises. He warned teachers strongly against neglecting this point, or supposing that if the lessons were understood the neatness of the exercises was a matter of indifference. He recommended short lessons and thorough revision.
Mr. Drage having answered one or two objections which had been raised by these and by other speakers, Mr J. G. Fitch, the President, remarked, in conclusion, that home lessons were of especial value, as furnishing innocent and profitable employment for the leisure hours of children, especially of those whose homes were not otherwise provided with suitable pursuits. He did not think they could be dispensed with in any school. He recommended that over and above mere technical exercises, many should be given for the express purpose of teaching the correct use of language, the writing of intelligible letters, the making out of such bills and receipts as would be useful to the parents. We might depend upon it that what parents felt the value of at home always deserved attention. He strongly recommended that, in teaching history, the attention should rather be fastened on the great epochs, and all illustrative information, biographical and otherwise, should be made to group itself round the great centres of historical interest, than that teachers should aim at covering the whole area of English history in a meagre or mechanical way. He thought giving each evening in a week to a particular subject, preferable to the plan of having a little of each subject done every night. He reminded those who had not yet introduced the systematic practice of using home lessons, that the plan involved much forethought and preparation, and must not be rashly undertaken, because, unless systematically carried out and tested accurately, it was worse than useless. At least a six months' series of 'texts and other lessons should be mapped out beforehand, in order that the daily work of each class should be duly set, supplementary to the previous night's lessons, and preparatory to those of the next. When memory work was required, it was far better that it should bear reference to the teaching of the preceding than the succeeding day, because the memory laid hold much more readily of words which had been explained, than of those which had no meaning. He strongly recommended those who had been animated by the discussion with a desire to do more in this respect, to visit the schools in which the method had been most successfully carried out, and to see in them how much might be accomplished by a resolute adherence to a good system. The meeting then adjourned until the first Saturday in August.
WESTERN UNION. The first annual meeting of the Western Union of Teachers was held on the 28th of May. The chair was taken by Mr. Turner, the president, who spoke at great length on the advantage of such meetings, and pointed out some practical methods by which the collective experience of teachers might furnish data of great importance to the friends of education generally. Papers were subsequently read by Mr. Hudson on the Middle-class Examinations; and by Mr. Jelinger Symons, one of her Majesty's Inspectors, on the best means of adapting the education of the common school to labour life. He gave a number of illustrations of the deficiencies of schools in this respect, and advocated more practical aims on the part of teachers, and more care to adapt their instruction to the actual needs of the children of the poor. A discussion on the subject of both papers followed ; and in the evening other topics were introduced, and made the subjects of conversation,-Mr. Coomber reading a paper on the principles of ventilation, and their application to school-buildings; Mr. Seaton on the alleged inefficiency of elementary schools; and Mr. Dunstall on moral training
YORK. On Whitmonday, May 24th, a meeting of the British and Wesleyan Teachers of Yorkshire was held in the Wesleyan School-room, Priory Street, York, for the formation of an Association. Although the notice convening the meeting was only issued in the previous week, there was a considerable attendance of teachers. Mr. Richardson, of the Thirsk British School, was called to the chair. About forty letters were read, expressing hearty approbation of the objects of the meeting,-regretting the shortness of the notice, the inability to attend, and the intention of co-operating with the movement. The utmost cordiality characterised the meeting. After a sitting of four hours, a series of regulations were unanimously adopted. The officers for the ensuing year are :--President, Mr. Richardson, (Thirsk); Secretaries, Mr. Yeudall, George Street Wesleyan Schools, (York); Mr. Pick, (Garforth, near Leeds); Treasurer, Mr. Coates, Priory Street Wesleyan Schools, (York). The next meeting will be held on the first Saturday in July, in the Priory Street Schools, York, when the president will read a paper on the “ Advantages to be derived from Teachers' Associations."
TESTIMONIALS TO TEACHERS.
PETERBOROUGH. Mr. Pollard, who opened the Boys' British School between five and six years ago, has received a present from his pupils, of an electro-plated tea and coffee service, &c., of very neat and elegant design, and which cost £4. This present was accompanied by a letter signed by 100 boys, expressive of their gratitude for the pains taken in teaching them, and the kind interest he had always shown in their welfare.
HODDESDON. At the last Annual Examination of this school, which was a very satisfactory one, and gave evidence of the existence of a high state of discipline and attainment, the father of one of the boys rose at the conclusion of the proceedings, and said he had been deputed by the parents of the children to offer for the acceptance of the schoolmaster, Mr. Norris, a silver ink-stand, as a testimony of their gratitude for the zeal and diligence with which he had instructed their sons. He remarked, that the father or mother of nearly every child in the school had contributed, and that the offering had been a purely spontaneous one, originating at a meeting of the parents themselves. The presentation of the testimonial gave rise to the interchange of many expressions of good-will and kindness on the part of the committee, the teachers, and the friends of the children generally.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL SOCIETY.
DONATIONS, NEW ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTIONS, &c.
From March 1st, 1858, to May 31st, 1858.
"A Friend,” Bishop's Stortford, per Mr. Milne...
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Printed by JACOB UNWIN, of No. 8, Grove Place, in the Parish of St. John, Hackney, in the County of Middlesex,
at his Printing Office, 31, Bucklersbury, in the Parish of St. Stephen, Walbrook, in the City of London; and Published by Tas SOCIETY, at the Depository, Borough Road.-THURSDAY, JULY 1, 1858.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL SOCIETY.
AGENCY AND INSPECTION. Mr. Saunders has continued his visits of inspection, during the last two months, to schools in the metropolis, chiefly in the northern and eastern districts. Several in other districts have also received attention from him, where it seemed necessary in consequence of changes of management and other contingencies. Some few schools in the country under peculiar circumstances have been visited by him, at the direction of the Society's Committee.
In addition to Mr. Davis's engagements in Manchester and Lancashire generally, his visits during the past quarter have extended to the counties of York, Cumberland, Northumberland, Cheshire, Lincolnshire, and Derbyshire. Forty-nine visits have been paid to forty-six places; sixty separate schools have been inspected, four public examinations conducted, and five conferences held with Committees on various matters connected with the interests of their respective schools.
Mr. Baxter has visited thirty-nine towns and villages, to which he has paid fifty-two visits. He has made sixty visits to fifty-six schools for inspection, and other purposes connected with their improvement; thirteen public examinations have been attended and assisted by him ; and he has addressed sixteen public meetings for the promotion of popular education on the Society's principles.
Mr. Milne has visited forty-three towns and viilages, inspected fifty schools, conducted six examinations, and attended five public meetings. Several of the examinations were of a very interesting and satisfactory character, especially of the boys' schools at Leighton Buzzard and Northampton. At the latter place the Mayor presided, and remarked, at the close of the proceedings, that the doubts which he had formerly entertained respecting the scriptural instruction given in British schools had been completely dispelled by the admirable manner in which the boys had stood the searching examination to which they had been subjected.
On the 5th of June a very interesting meeting of the British School teachers in the district was held at Norwich, at which Mr. Milne presided. Upwards of thirty sat down to tea; after which, Mr. Hine, of Lowestoft, read an essay on the Teaching of Geography. An animated discussion closed a pleasant and profitable evening.
Mr. Vardy has now completed his first tour of the Southern district, having been principally engaged during the past three months in visiting the schools in the counties of Sussex and Hants, with the Isle of Wight. He has attended interesting meetings at Guildford and Crawley, and conducted public examinations at Guildford, Edenbridge, Reigate, and Folkestone.
Mr. Roberts, who has charge of the South Wales district, has visited twenty-seven villages and towns, to which he has paid thirty-eight visits; visited twenty-two schools, to which he has paid twenty-six visits ; addressed four public meetings; attended six examinations, and conducted two.
Three of the above schools, that have existed for a few years in a very inefficient state, are to be henceforth under inspection. Two new schools are in course of erection, and six others will shortly be commenced.
PUBLIC EXAMINATIONS AND MEETINGS. During the past quarter, several public examinations have been conducted by the Society's Inspectors, all of which have been of a very gratifying character, though often differing considerably in details.
SWANSEA.—The boys' school passed a very satisfactory examination on June 18th. The visitors were highly gratified, and the Committee resolved to hold a parents' meeting, as early as the Society's Inspector can attend to give an address.
CHARD.—This excellent school showed the results of good teaching and discipline, and exhibited evident signs of improvement since the first visit, two years previously.
SIRHOWY.—The examination was conducted by the Rev. Canon Jones, M.A., Mr. Baxter, and Mr. Edward Jones, of the Hibernian School, Liverpool, with very satisfactory results. Thomas Brown, Esq., of Ebbw Vale, expressed himself much pleased with the children's work, and invited them all, with their teachers, to take tea at Ebbw Vale Park on the following Tuesday, when an engine and five nicelylined trucks were sent to convey the juveniles—260 in number-headed by a fifeand-drum band.
TREDEGAR.—The town schools here also were examined by the Rev. Canon Jones, M.A., and the Society's agent, in the presence of a numerous and very attentive audience, and with good evidence of much diligence on the part of the teachers, as well as application among the children. The elder boys are remarkably well taught. The children and persons present were afterwards addressed by R. P. Davis, Esq., the manager of the Iron-works, and the children, subsequently, by Mr. Baxter. A large number of prizes was afterwards distributed to the most deserving boys and girls.
SHREWSBURY.- -The examination of this rapidly-improving school was held in the “Lion” Assembly Room. The children acquitted themselves with great credit, which, considering the very defective arrangements made for their accommodation, was the more remarkable. The reading was singularly clear and distinct.
Mr. Baxter afterwards addressed, at some length, the company assembled, consisting chiefly of parents, and the children's personal friends.