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contest for the office of President; the abuse | and the husband and wife live separately.-of the liberty of the press by incessant invec- || Slight mourning continues only for a week, tive and calumny; the publication of private and is worn on the decease of a husband or of letters; the reports of private conversation ; a wise. On returning from the funeral obsethe election of Gen. Jackson to the exclusion quies, the husband, wearing his mourning babof Mr. Adams; the general and easy submis- || iis, washes his hands, uncovers his feet, and sion to the will of the majority ; the new evi seats himself ou the ground, remains in the dence of almost universal trust in the efficacy same posture, and continues to groan and of our institutions and the spirit of the country. werp, without paying attention to any occuThe chief glory of the end of the year 1828, is | pation, until the seventh day. the situation of this Union.-Nat. Gaz.

The Chinese, when they are in mourning,

wear coarse white cloth, and weep three years MOURNING.

for the loss of the departed. The magistrate

no longer exercises his functions, the counsel. “ Black is the sign of mourning,”

lor suspends his suits, and husbands and wives, belais, " Because it is the colour of darkness,

as with the Jews, live apart from each other, which is melancholy, and the opposite to

Young people live in seclusion, and cannot white which is the colour of light, of joy, and

marry till the end of the three years. of happiness.”

The mourning of the Carribbeés consist in The tarly poets asserted that souls, after cutting off their hair, and in fasting rigorously death, went into a dark and gloomy empire. l until the body purify; after which they inProbably it is in consonance with this idea | dulge in debauches, to drive all sadness away that they imagined black was the most con from their minds, genial colour for mourning. The Chinese and The Siamese choose white, conceiving that the

PAINE AND FRANKLIN. dead become beneficent genii. In Turkey mourning composed of blue or

We are indebted for the following interesting violet; in Ethiopia, of gray; and at the time

reminsences, to the Philadelphia Monthof the invasion of Peru by the Spaniards, the

ly Magazine. inhabitants of that country wore it of mouse The first literary magazine ever pubcolour. Amongst the Japanese, white is the | lished in the colonies, was printed and sign of mourning, and black of rejocing. In edited by Benjamin Franklin. It was Castile, mourning vestments were formerly of l entitled 6 The General Magazine and white serge. The Persians clothed themselves in brown, and they, their whole family, and Historical Chronicle.” The first numall their animals were shaved. In Lycia, the ber appeared in January, 1741, and, men wore temale habiliments during the time according to Thomas, the work was conof their mourning. At Argos, people dressed themselves in time came out, in opposition to Franklin

tinued only six months. At the same white, and prepared large feasts and entertainments.

the American Magazine, or a monthly At Delos, the people cut off their bair, view of the British Colonies, printed and which was deposited upon the sepulchre of sold by Andrew Bradford.-This publithe dead. The Egpytians tore their bosoms, ll ca was even shorter lived than its and covered their faces with mud, wearing clothes of the colour of yellow, or of dead competitor; proving conclusively, that leaves.

the time for periodicat litature had not Amongst the Romans, the wives were obli- ll yet arrived. We meet with no other ged to weep the death of their husbands, and project of the kind, until October, 1757, children that of their father, during a whole when appeared the American Magazine year. Husbands did not for their wives, por fathers for their children, unless they were up- || dy noticed. The publication of this

under the auspices of Dr. Smith, alreawards of three years old.

The full mourning of the Jews continues for ceased at the expiration of one year. a year, aud takes place upon the death of pa- || In 1769 a small paper, of little value, en

The children do not put on black, but titled the Penny Post, was published by are obliged to wear during the whole year the Benjamin Mecom. His design was to clothes which they had on at the death of their father, without being allowed to change print it weekly, but it came from the them, let them be ever so iattered. They fast press in an irregular manner. The Aon the anniversary of his death every year.- merican Magazine, by Lewis Nichols, was Second mourning lasts a month, and takes commenced in 1769, and ended with the place on the demise of children, uncles and l year. To this work was subjoined the aunts. During that period they dare peither transactions of the American Philosophie wash themselves, shave, nor perfume themBelves, por even cut their pails.

cal Society. The Royal Spiritual MagThey do not eat in common with the family || azine, or the Christian & Grand Treasur


ry, was begun in 1771, and published || of the following year, excited some nomonthly, for a few months only, by John | tice by the “ Rights of Man," written in Mac Gibbons. In January, 1775, was answer to Edmund Burke. This drew commenced the Pennsylvania Magazine, || a prosecution upon him, and he fled to or American Monthly Museum, for which France, where he was chosen a memThomas Paine, author of Common Sense, ber of ihe National Assembly; but in was one of the principal writers. It was the time of Robespierre was thrown into published by Robert Aitken, upon whose prison, and narrowly escaped the guilloauthority, Thomas has recorded a char- tine. During his imprisonment, which acteristic anecdote of the indolent pro- l continued eleven months, he finished pensities of Paine. He bad engaged 10 bis ipfamous - Age of Reason." Alter furnish monthly, a certain quantity of his liberation, in November, 1794, be original matter for the Museum ; but it wrote some political pamphleis, ope of was often difficult to prevail on him to them a scandalous attack on the characcomply with his engagement.

ter of General Washington. His politiIn one of these indolent fils, while the cal writings were exceedingly popular, press was waiting, Aitken went to his and beneficial to the American cause. lodgings, and complained of his neglect. He returned to America in 1802, and " You shall have matter in time,” cool- | died June 8, 1809. His grave bas been ly answered the other ; but the printer, outraged, and his bones have been reentertaining doubts, insisted on procee- | moved across the Atlantic, for political ding immediately to business. Paine ac- purposes. It was no uncommon practice cordingly went home with Aitken, and among the ancients, to exhibit the blee. was soon seated at a table, with writing | ding and marred corpse of a favorite, to apparatus, and a decanter of brandy-excite the popular fury, and it seldom 66 without which," says Aitken, “ he failed of success; but we question wbethwould never write." The first glass er the same combustible tendency exput him in a strain of thinking; the lists in the dry bones of a disorganizing printer feared the second would disqual politician. The experiment, in the presify him, or render bim untractable ; butent instance, proved abortive. It is the it only enlivened his mind; and when || first on record, and we trust that it may he had swallowed the third glass, be e the last. wrote with great rapidity, intelligence and precision ; and his ideas appeared to flow faster than he could commit

What he penned from

There is not a being that moves on the inspiration of brandy, was perfectly the surface of the habitable globe, more fit for the press, without any alteration | degraded, or more contemptible, than a or correction. It may be presumed that tattler. Vicious principles want of horhis attacks on christianity were written esty, servile meanness,despical incidiousunder similar excitement.

ness form his character. Has he wit? la Paine was born at Thretford in Nor- | atemping to display it, he makes himfolk, in the year 1737, where he receiv- self a fool. Has he friends ? By unbesiled a common English education, and atingly disclosing their secrets, he will was brought up to the business of his make them bis most bitter enemies. By father, who was a stay-maker. By the telling all he knows, he will soon disadvice of Franklin he came to America, cover to the world that he knew dut little. and arrived in Philadelphia about the Does he envy an individual ? His tonclose of 1774. His pamphlet, entitled gue, fruitful with talsehoods, defames 6. Common Sense,” which was written

bis character. Does he covet the fa. at the suggestion of Dr. Rush, appeared vour of any one ? He attempts to gain it in January, 1776 ; and the legislature of by slandering others. His approach is Pennsylvania rewarded the author with feared-his person hated-his company 500 pounds. He also obtained a grant unsought-and his sentiments despised, of land in the province of New York. as emanating from a heart, fruitful with In 1790 he went to London, and in March guiie, teeming with iniquity, loaded with

them to paper.



envy, malice and revenge. Are there If he has never been run over, or conscious" any parents, who wish a son of this des. | ly in danger of it, he will peril his life in croscription ? Let them encurage bim in the lsing the street by the ill-timed security of his

faculties. II, fortunately, his perceptions have beginning of his career. Listen to every | been awakened without mortal injury, he tale he tells—declaim in his presence a thenceforth flies across like a frightened magainst the subject of it-condemn the niac, darting uneasy glances at carts and slandered unheard-and if their desires coaches not within pistol-shot. I saw such a are not gratified, it will prove an excep- || roused from a reverie by an accidental touch

man once turn pale and tremble at being ation in the eommon course of nature.

on the shoulder from a plank carned by a porOBSEXVATION. ter. He, probably, for a moment, thought

that it was either a “bum bailey,'or an insult,

and that he must go to jail or fight. LONDON STREETS.

It is a most unfortunate habit for a begin.

ner to walk, to fall into these fits of abstracA mighty mass of brick, and smoke, and ship. || in London is apt to induce. They are dan

tion, which the mere consciousness of being ping, Dirty and dusky, but as wide as eye

gerous to Mr. John Raw, until he has acquired Could reach, with here and there a sail just | old stager may tickle his fancy, if he chooses,

the art of locomotion on safe principles. Ana, skipping In sight, then lost amid the forestry

in building castles all the way from BishopsOf masts, a wilderness of steeples peeping

gate to Holborn. He can indulge with ease

and convenience. But nearly every body On tip-toe through their sea-coal canopy, A huge dun cupola, like a fool's cap crown

runs against a novice when under such halluOn a fool's head, and this is London town.

cination, and almost all who do, observe his Don Juan. countenance lighted up with the complacent

smile of some agreeable vision of broad day. When Dr. Kitchener concoctod his very ex The consequence is, that the canaille, having cellent maxims for locomotion,' by some sin. no sympathy with this sort of enjoyment, make gular oversight he omitted giving particular no ceremony of cursing him beartily, for a instructions to facilitate the progress of the rum one- not awake yet! An unitiated will upinitiated thro' that uncompromising thing, traverse the business parts of the metropolis a London crowd. The art of effecting a safe without raising his eyes above the level of the and tolerably rapid passage through human shop-windows, unless, perhaps, he went pur. shoals, is no mean accomplishment in peripa- | posely to see St. Dunstan's strike. tetic navigation. A friend first called my at On the contrary, behold the experienced tention to the theory of the thing, in some peripatetic ; how delightfully he glides along; very lacopic advice; • Throw your shoulders bis practised and comprehensive eye takes forward, sink your polite habit of yielding to in a thousand objects at a glance ; his inothers, and wait for nobody-at your present tense, but momentary stare, returps as much rate, you will be two hours getting through information to the head-quarters of his mind, Temple Bar.' He was right, and I experien- | as the contemplation of minutes would do for ced the benefit of "throwing my shoulders for the green horn. In traversing either of the ward, dispensing with my politeness,' &c. grand arteries of London, he will see a hun-.

But on a first visit to a crowded street, the dred queer people, odd things, and often hu. Strand and Fleet Street, for instance, it is al. morous little adventures, which would escape most impossible to keep the attention undis less experienced vision. Does he incline io tracted by the various objects around, instead stop ? He fences himself in with a knowing of directing it to the important business of the adjustment of his umbrella or his cane in a moment, videlicet, a safe progress. Ever and noli me tangere style, most worthy of imitaanon, the hapless absentee is disagreeably tion. Is a street to be crossed ? His rapid eye aroused by a powerful collision with a chim-takes inventory of the impediments, and with ney-sweep, a blind beggar or some equally a firm step, and not undignified haste, he unpleasant specimen of humanity. An inci traverses safely a Charybdis of carts and pient street-walker may proceed from Char coaches, where an ignorant pilot would proipg Cross to Ludgate-Hill, and see nothing bably be wrecked. Such is the force of habit, but the shop windows on one side of the street. that he may even harbor a reverie in the heart His most intimate friend may pass him unno of the city. Though his mind should for a liced, and the most bewitching soubrelle may | momeat abandon the helm, his body sways trip by him uvappreciated. He is liable to with its accustomed skill, and his bead would half an hour's embargo from a conglomeration | duck aside from intuition if approached by a of the lovers of the fine arts, collected at the threatening projection. window of a pript-shop. Upskilled green. Should he be on the look out for a friend? horn! he could not go off the curb without Not an individual can pass him unscrutinized, muddying bis trowsers, or brush through the and he would detect the flap of a coat that throng without tearing off bis vest bnttons. he was acquainted with in the most crowded

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part of the metropolis. Such is his habit of If you are to cross where there is a throng observation, that he could tell, if asked, the || of vehicles, Fleet Market, for instance, or Ludinscription on the pump in Cornbill in front of || gate Hill, take the opportunity when a great the Exchange, though he perhaps never stop mapy are about doing so at the same time ; for, ped to read it all through at once. Everybody though you will find plenty who would drive that has walked at all knows how multifari over a single individual, few have the hardious are the impediments to a rapid and com hood to ride down half a dozen at once. fortable progress.

Horrible, most horrible,' Give a penny to a sweeper at a crossing, if are the ills and disagreeable accidents which you have it, but if you have it not, the best beset the path of the pedestrian in London. way is to cross rapidly without paying any atThe disgusting importunity, and almost an. tention to the claimant. Fine words butter quenchable zeal with which you are assaulted no parsnips' with ihem, and they pursue a by the grined and greasy' sweeper of a kind-bearted man with redoubled vehemence. crossing, whom your most fervent protesta The chara, teristic masim of a Londoner tions cannot convince that you carry no cop must be something like a translation of saure per ; the practical announcement of no tho- | qui peut ; for your real knowing one cannot roughfare,' from a long line of ten or twelve be drcoyed into listening to shabby-genteel horses, with a coal-wagon, which they drag || beggars, with long rigmarole stories, who beset across your path from an archway, at the pace innocent strangers. The first symptoms of at. of a wounded suake ; detention, unavoidable tention is downright encouragement to vagranas it is annoying, by the jamque jamque ma. cy. Eschew il, therefore, and go on your way, gis cunctantem' of coaches and drays which | asking nothing, and giving accordingly.. Pal choke the streets, apparently masoned togeth- || pable beggars you shup of course. er by the design and hearty good will of Avoid caretully the too violent exercise of their respective drivers, and, like a utw par being hustled in the street.' A safe place is a liament, with a far-off prospect of their disso tradesman's shop ; it is better always to resort lution ; the risk of being beheaded without a to it upon the appearance of any commotion, trial, by some reckless bearer of a bram, who even if it be at the expense of purchasing someapproaches from bebind, unconscious as he is | thing you do not want. careless of your daoger--these are some of the Taking a pinch of snuff, looking at your less evitable perils which environ the lounger. I waich, using your handkerchief freely of a To these, however, experience can be opposed warm day, are luxurious babits, to be dispenwith advantage ; but as for the one hundred sed with as much as convenient, when walkthousand transient persons,' I pity thew. Ac ing east of Northumberland House. Piccadilcording to Mr. Leigh, there is always that num ly, except in the neighborhood of the White ber in London, most of them respectable || Horse Cellar, is a sort of debatable ground, • walking gentlemen.' Poor devils ! to be where the rules are to be exercised a la discreturned louse into the sluices of population, | tion, without proper “rules of action for their in But in Portland Place and Grosvenor Square, struction. Permit us to give you a few hints. || and such like streets, they are mostly unnecesIf you are walking east of Soho Square and sary. Oxford Street, of a morning, is generalCharing Cross, never "lay to' from motives of ly used by a tolerably genteel set of promenacourtesy or hnmanity to women or children. ders ; bui St. James's Street and Bond Street If you are a tall man, walk over them; if a are ultra-tonnish, and the simple rule is to short, force between.

dress as fashionably, look as dull, and behave If a child gets between your legs, do not as properly as you can, and then you will stop to let it disengage itself, but catch it up, stand a very good chance of not being noticed. and carry it to the vext vacant shop-door or As for Thames Street, Fish Street Hill, blind alley, where you can put it down with Smithfield, Covent Garden, Billingsgate, Thornout any diminution of speed.

haugh Street, and the like, if any curious ABe not too ambitious of taking the wall;

merican visits them, he must rely altogether stick to the outside edge ;' humility is often, | upon the discretion of the moment for his prolike virtue, its own reward ;' not but that priety of proceeding. Our countrymen delight you must have the faculty of twirling like a to see every thing in the way of queer sights, caterpillar ; you might as well expect to go

and with a knowing guide, they would explore through the world without making enemies, as

London with high relish. I have seen themat to go through the Strand in a right line.

the Cider Cellar, the Royal Saloon, and the

Finish, but never heard of any who had pene. Learn to adjust your umbrella, your elbows,

trated to the Shilling Hotel in St. Giles, where and the knuckle of your middle finger, so as to form a chevaux-de-frise for the protection of land clean straw and lodging-room may be had

the knives and forks are chained to the table, the rest of your person ; one may then read

at two pence per night. nemo me impune in your face.

If you come to a shoal at a print-shop window, and are doubtful of your physical powers MARCA OF INTELLECT.-Yesterday, two to effect a passage, select some broad-shoul- | portly good humored dames were holding a dered pilot, and stick close in his wake, public colloquy in Whipple street. One said



to the other, "Why these Portuguese, I don't Cupid and Hymen drive hargains with such like 'em-I don't understand any of their gib. | rapidity at Gloucest er, Nass. that rept bas berish-pot I-I am sure ours is the right lan has risen from 6 to 10 per cent. guage ; for as for the sun, moon, and stars, I

Elsie Whipple, whose husband was shot in am sure 'tis the right names for 'em, and they

Albany two or three years since by Strang, were always called the same, and always will her paramour, and who came near being hung be, and our English names be the only right with bim, was recently married in New Brunsones for all these things."

wick, N. J. to a Mr. Nathaniel Freeman.They were once school-mates in that place.

Some of the wags attribute the accident A Mr. Brown, of Edinburgh, has satisfied

wbich befel Don Miguel to his having taken himself that plants, wood, and even rocks, are

*Madeira. composed of congeries of living atoms ! " That man himself, the food be consumes,

A human skeleton, supposed to be an Indian

has been found in Haverhill, Mass. in a garthe clothes he wears, the buildings that shel. ter him, the air, perhaps, which he breathes,

den on the bank of the Merrimack, a quarter the dust that flies around his head, the solid

of a mile west of Haverhill Bridge. The Esearth that lies under his feet; with all the

sex Gazette thinks it has seen there 200 years plants and animals it nourishes, are but so ma

-it was found in a gully, washed out by the ny groups or masses of animated beings; that

late heavy rains. matter, so far from being inert or dead, is preg Six manufacturing companies were incorponant with unextinguishable life in all its forms ; | rated by the last legislature of North Carolithat the whole globe, in short, is literally alive.

The time we live ought not to be computed The third trial for Representatives to Conby the number of years, but by the use that

gress in the fifth district of Vermont has failed. has been made of it.-Addison.

It is said to be the anti-masonic feeling which

produces these results.
We deem it an unpleasant and thankless

A grandee and peer of Spain has lattask to criticise new publications-one in terly been breaking stones on a high which it is difficult to please even a part of road in the neighbourhood of London, at the reading community, for no one pretends to

the rate of 1s. a day, to support bis wife

and three children. please all. The idea of Sterne, upon a good natured reader, is strongly expressive of that kind of satisfaction which maby take in carp- their genius inclines them to, and so find all

Men reckon themselves possessed of what ing at the productions of the author they are their ambition to excel in what is out of their reading. " I would go fifty miles on foot, to reach. -Spectator. kiss the hand of that man, whose generous heart will give up the reins of his imagination Applause and admiration are by no means into his author's hands, be pleased, he knows to be counted among the necessaries of life.

Johnson, not why, and cares not wherefore,” says he, and it is a remark worthy to be kept in remembrance by all who read for amusement.

Placid and soothing is the remembrance of

a life passed with quiet, innocence, and eleThese remarks premised, will save us a long detail of reasons, &c. for liking some of the works recently published, and disliking oth Every one ought to sence against the temers- We like the “ Western Souvenir,” and

per of his climate, or constitution, and frc“ Pelham,” and think “ Zillah, or a Tale of quently to indulge in himself those considera

tions which may give him a serenity of mind. the Holy City,” to be a feeble and inferior

[Addison. work, one that is unworthy so much notice as has been bestowed on it.

Captiousness and jealousy are easily offend.

ed: and to him who studiously looks for an ITEMS.

affront, every mode of behavior will supply An elegant silver monumental Vase has been it.-Johnson. presented to Gen. Lafayette by the Midshipmen of the United States frigate Brandywine. Peevish displeasure, and suspicions of manIt was executed in Paris, under the direction

kind, are apt to persecute those who withdraw of Mr. Barnet our Consul, and presented to

themselves altogether from the baunts of men. the General by His Excellency Mr. Brown.



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