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id bottom in the cellar. It was well that

MADRID. the dame and all the children, were out of The ordinary sights of Madrid are adoors, witnessing the progress of the ex- | musing. On entering in the morning perinneot. Here was an honest, comfort- by the gate of Toledo, or the Place De able lit!le Dutch house, sacrificed to the | La Cenada, where the market is beld, improvement of a crooked chimney. nothing is more striking iban the contus

The man ofthe sunken corner, succeeded mass of people from the country and ed to his utter satisfaction in placing the the provinces, who variously clad, are four corners on a level, and was delighted arriving and departing, going and comwith his improvement'; until going into ing. There a Castilian draws around his house, he belield with utter dismay, I him with dignity the folds of his ample that the shock given to the old edifice and cloak, like a Roman Senator in bis tothe disturbance of its various parts which ga.. Here a cowherd from La Mancha, had cemented by time into one solid mass,

with his long goad in his band, clad in had crooked bis walls, so that they looked

a kilt of 08-skin, whose antique shape

bears some resemblance to the tunic like a fish net, dislocated the window sills, removed the ends of the beams from

worn by the Roman and Gothic warriors. their ancient resting places, in short, hair confined in long silk. Others,

Further on may be seen men with their wrecked the whole esiablishment. It was become like a sieve, and the next wearing a kind of short brown vest, time it rained, the whole family came

striped with blue and red, conveying the out like drowned rats. There was not a

idea of the Moorisn garb. The men who dry corner in the whole house, nor a

wear this dress come from Andalusia. dry thread on its occupants.

They are remarkable for their lively

black eyes, their rapid utterance, and The poor man set himself to work to expressive animated countenances. At remedy these inconveniences, and from the corners of the streets and places of time to time laid out a great deal of mon-resort, are to be seen women preparing ney, io stopping crannies and setting the refreshments for all those who have no dislocated limbs. But all would not do permanent abode in Madrid. The whole frame of the edifice had been On arriving, we observed long traios shaken to the centre, by the disturbance of mules, laden with skins, containing of its parts. There was no mending it; wine and oil; and large droves of asses and nothing was left but to pull it down, | under the care ot one person, speaking and build a new one, with all the mod- || to them incessantly. We were met by ern improvements. The man of the carriages also, drawn by eight or ten crooked chimney resolved to do the mules, ornamented with small bells. A same. But the man who begins to dig | single coachman guided them either at a new cellar, very often commences un trol or gallop with wonderous dexterity, dermining his own prosperity. The making no use of reins, and urging them houses were at last finished, and very forward with his voice alone, shouting fine houses they were--but they did not | most savagely. These mules are trainbelong to the owners. They were ed all to stop at the same instant by one mortgaged for more than half they were long shrill whistle. They might be worth, and in process of time money mistaken for teams of stags or elks, by growing very scarce, they were sold their long tapered legs, the beight of for just enough to satisfy the creditors. | their stature, and the bold lofty carriage The end of all was, that my neighbors of their heads. The shouts of the coach had changed the little houses, with the drivers and muleteers, the constant sunken corner and crooked chimney for chiming of the bells of the churches, an immense mansion without walls or the various dresses of the men,--the chimoey. They were literally turned more than sufficient show of southern enout of doors. “I wish we had let very ergy displayed by their gestures and well alone,” said they to me, as they de- | loud sonorous cries in a language we parted to the wilderness to begin the did not understand, their manners 80 world anew.

unlike our own; all contributed to give

to the Spanish capital a most strange ||hare weathered many a tough gale to appearance to people accustomed to the gether, and now we must part: you have quietness with which all is done in the been a good friend to me: I shall never north. We were the more strack with | find such another!"— The surgeon was it, because Madrid was the first large || struck by the manner in which he had city we had found peopled after we ep taken leave of his arm, and a bandsome tered Spain.

subscription was entered into for his At the hour of the Siesta, and more benefit. He got well in a few weeks, particularly in summer, during the heat but has not yet lost the recollection of of the day, all this uproar ceased, and parting with his old friend. the whole city resigned itself to sleep.

ARABIC SAYINGS.-Reside where thou wilt, The only sound then heard in the streets was the echo of the trampling of the stand thee in the place of ancestors: the man

acquire knowledge and virtue, and they will horses of some of our troops of cavalry, is he who can say; " See what I am ;'' not be returning from, or going their rounds who says, “ see what my father was." When or the drum of some detachment of in- || Gud would display in broad day, a virtue hidfantry about to mount the solitary guard. I den in the shade, be excites against if the That very drum had already beaten the tongue of the envious. If the fame did not

caich every thing surrounding it, the exquismarch and the charge in Alexandria, in ite perfume of the aloes would be unknown.Cairo, in Rome, and almost in every ci- || Thus life is but a fragile fragment ; sepseless ty of Europe, from Konigsberg to Ma- is he who attaches liimself to it: what is past drid."

is dead; what is to come is hidden : thou hast

only the moment in which thou breathest.PARTING WITH AN OLD FRIEND. || Thy life is divided into two portions ; consid

er well what they are : that which is gone, is About two years ago a sailor had the a dream; that which remains, a wish. mistortune to take on board more grog than ballast, and falling into the hold, POMPEII. Ten days ago we went to Pomdislocated his shoulder. The poor fel-peii. It was all marvel and beauty; the city low was at sea, and being without prop a wonder, and its site fairy-land. You do not er surgical aid, he lost the use of his | descend, you rise to Pompeii

. Its first aspect

is that of a mound of earth, and, when you limb. It hung useless from his body, and

cnter, above lofty columns and walls you see proved a great burthen. Having appli- || large trees growing. The ashes that overed to the most celebrated surgeon in | whelmed the city, and the soil thrown out in London, he was told that nothing could making the excavations, have produced this be done for him but removing the arm

mound-like exterior.-But what shall I say of from the socket. He was not so ready || theatres, palaces, temples, standipg in majes,

the interior? Perfect streets, rows of shops, at first to part company with bis arm, || tic and silent desolation : our aged guide and but being told it would never again ren- || ourselves, the only human beings visible, ader him any assistance, Jack consented | midst edifices, and in places once thronged, to have it cut off, observing at the time

and noisy with multitudes, intent on business, that no bull should keep aboard more

or pleasure, or piety! Tour of a recent Trav

eller. cats than could catch mice. He was admitted,some months since, into Guy's

GERMAN SMOKERS. The devotion for toHospital, and prepared for the operation. All the pupils attended to see the opera

bacco is here no sham or affectation, but a real

downright, hearty national infatuation-the tor take off the arm, and nothing could air seems impregnated with thesmell. The exceed the skill displayed by Sir clerk, whose hands are engaged in engrossing, on the occasion. The arm was put a

smokes, holding his pipe between bis teeth, side to be taken away. Jack never ut

the bowl of it resting some yards off in a wip

dow seat. tered a word until it was over.

The postilion, when the disentan

He then I glement of a contumacious knot in a package said, " I should like to see my arm, if you obliges him to quit bis, lays it down as he have no objection." " None,” replied

would surrender his heart's blood-with a disSir , "if you desire.” The am mal groan. The students more gentle and putated limb was brought, and Jack, || book-Learned, make more ingenious and actaking the hand, exclaimed very delib ceptable sacrifices to their Indian God; six

teen of them came here, occupying the Dillierately, 6 farewell messmate! You and I gence, from Halle, each armed with his pipe

and store of ammunition; they sat with the and made many enquiries respecting her situwindows closed that the valued fume might ation and mode of life. Finding she was denot escape, puffing away and revelling de- pendant and had formed the intention of trustlighted.

ing to ber pen for her future subsistance, he

urged her in the most eloquent and gentle A COMPLIMENT RETURNED. Hogarth be.

manner, to abandon such a thougat, and ing once at the house of Vanloo, ihen the pointed out the wretchedness of a mode of ex. fashionable portrait painter, and looking over

istence at once so laborious and precaricus.

He warned her of doing what she had then a legion of his portraite, Monsieur, with a low

done, and counselled her never again to visit bow, told him he had not words to express how much he admired his charicalures. Ho.

a young man, either in his own house or any garth returned his bow, and told him he equal. || expected to receive for her manuscript, which

where else; and having ascertained what she ly admired his.

he advised her not to publish, he presented

her with a £50 note, and dismissed her, full A PAIR OF POCKETS. No prince was more of gratitude, and deeply affected by his digniaddressed than Charles II. ; but the very pro

fied kindoess and the sterling value of his adple who sent these generous, nay, extrava.

vice. gant offers, scarcely allowed him the necessary supplies. Killigrew gave private orders to

WHAT CAUSE HAVE WE FOR GRATthe King's tailor to make one of his majesty's

ITUDE. coat-pockets of an enormous size, and the oth

I often consider that were we, more freer scarcely larger than a thimble. The King, being informed that this was done at the dequently than we do, to contrast our own po. sire of Killigrew, asked him the reason. May litical and social privileges, with the degraded it please your majesty,' replied the wag, 'the condition of the wretched of our race, in many large pocket is to receive the addresses and

parts of the world, we would hence find, and fessions of your subjects ; and the other is to I think, feel an imposing cause for individual put the money in, which they preseat you

and national gratitude. A few reflections on with.

this subject, even though desultory, may nevertbeless prompt useful thoughis and consider

ations. HAPPINESS. That all that are happy are In regard to our social relations, we cannot equally happy is not true. A peasant and a prize too highly the means within our grasp philosopher may be equally satisfied but not to improve them. Among these, and perhaps equally happy. Happiness consists in the the greatest of them,are freedom of inquiry,the multiplicity of agreeable consciousnesses. A security of individual rights, and the maintepeasant has not capacity for having equal hap nance of rational liberiy. These privileges piness with a philosopher. This question was are derived from the genius and construction very happily illustrated by the Rev. Mr. Robt.

of our government, and secured to us by the Brown, of Utrecht. “ A small drinking glass provisions made for the proper and efficient and a large one,” said he, “ may be equally administration of it Good government,theretull, but a large one holds more than the fore, and social happiness, are as intimately small."

connected as cause and eff-ct, the latter de

pending on the former. No country, it is conWhen straw bonnets first became general, || ceded, can boast of the same equality of rank it was compion to trim them with bunches of and fortune among its citizens, and the same artificial wheat or barley in ear, on which the like dissemination of social interest and enjoy. late Miles Pe!er Andrews wrute the following | ment, as our own; consequently, the argument lines:

results in favor of the ascendant genius and Who now of threatened famine dare complain, provisions of the American constitution, as the When every female forehead teems with grain? | operative causes of our political and social See how the wheat-sheaves nod amid the

prosperity. plumes !

With the privileges, and general sund of hapOur baros are now transferr'd to the drawing | nity, we enjoy, let us for a moment contrast the

piness which, as individuals, and as a commu. rooms, Aud husbands who indulge in active lives,

degraded character and conditions of the world. To fill their graneries may thrash their wives.

Many parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa, contain millions of the human family, who, in con

sequence of " man's inhumanity to man,” are BYRON. At the time Lord Byron was one doomed to suffer, under different forms, the iron of the committee for the management of Dru hand of oppression in all the wretchedness of ry Lane, a pretty young woman, who had hopeless penury. This, thank Heaven, is not a been smitten with the disease of scrawling po stain upon our national escutcheon. etry, went to his house with her manuscript, || portions of Asia and Africa man claims kindred to request permission to dedicate her work to with the brute, and feasts upon his fellow.his lordship. He received her in his library, ll Humanity shudders at the very 'suggestion,


and weeps over this ex!reme degredation of || knowledge at this period of the world, superour nature. In other regions, thousands of our cede the necessity of such an argument; yet species daily writhe under the severity of the it is necessary that the reader should be relash, or other instruments of torture far more minded of the general truth ; and I would furcruel and excruciating. Here is the gibbet, and ther remind him that it is in the great influthere the stake, from the one suspended, and ence the cultivation of the mind has upon the at the other burning, in quick succession, un character and moral condition of man, that its numbered immolated victims whose linger. || importance consists. Nations have arisen or ing tortures are insulted by the jeers of Calien in the scale of power and greatness, in their unfeeling tormentors.' loventions are proportion as they have attended to, or slightsought out, and even the productions of the ed the cultivation of the mind. It is the negmineral and vegetable kingdonys, are laid un. lect to improve it, that constitntes the differder contribution, to aid in administering to the ence between savage and civilized man. Those wretchedness of millions. Plains once verdant therefore who are disposed to impule the mis. are now red, and mountains streaming with eries of human life to any other cause than the blood of nations. The crown and the cres. man himself, should be cautious lest they of. cent meet in deadly coinbat, the former, the rend against, and incur the displeasure of avenger of Grecian wrongs, the latter, the de Heaven: for I do contend that it is contradictfender of assumed and unholy pretensions.- || ing all our knowledge, both natural and re. From these accumulated sufferings, even wo. vealed, of the infinite justice, wisdom, and man is not exempt. Though the oppression goodness of Deity, to suppose that so much onder which she is brought does not, like that inequality in both the physical and moral conto which degraded map is subjected, lacerate dition of man, as is discoverable in reviewing her body, and exact her blood, yet it is no less the nations of the earth, could have been the subduing. Not to speak of the wretched pen- || work of an infinitely just, wise and goo:1 Be. ury of her condition, vassalage is her portion. ing. Let us therefore cease impiously to imIf she is a mother, she is doomed to be separal- pugn the justice of Heaven, by attributing to ed from her children, and see them faint, per- Deity the authorship of a state of things wholhaps expire under the merciless scourge. If she || ly incompatible with his nature, and turn our is young and blooming, let the imagination de attention to the investigation of the causes of pict her sufferings ; the pen recoils from the those apparent inequalities, and the conse. description.

quent wretchedness of man, upon principles These, reader, are but imperfect outlines of deducible from facts, and from a just consides. the miserable condition of millions of our spe ation of the attributes and character of the cies. We, who bask in the sunshine of peace, | Deity. It is an observation of the celebrated and drink at the fountain of social happiriess ; | Addison, that the most of the difficulties and who neither feel nor fear the hand of oppres. misfortunes incident to human iife, result from sion; and whose budding hopes are every day our own imprudence and indiscretion. The blossoming and maturing into realities; we do same doctrine is taught us also, but under dif. pot appreciate as we ought our high and envi. ferent circumstances, by an apostle of the Sav. able destiny. The most abject creature of the iour of man, when he declares that by our American republic,is a prince, when the means works we must stand or fall. These authori. of his enjoyment are contrasted with thousands ties are sufficient to establish the truth of the of Europeans, Asiatics,and Africans. Could we position, (even if all others were wanting) occasionally witness degraded and wretched that the happiness of man, either collectively man as he exists in some parts of the earth,we or individually considered, depends upon him. would then value more justly than we do, and self. Be, therefore, who in consequence of see cause to be thankful for our “ goodly her- | misfortunes, repives at the dispensations of stage;" a legacy bequeathed to us by Heaven providence, offends against the clearest lights through our forefathers, for which the least re. of reasons, and stands in the presence of Deity, turn we can make, is the expression of our un a guilty violator of his revealed will. dissembled gratitude.

SILVANUS. But it it be true that our happiness, or mis

ery, is thus at our own disposal, how, it may

be inquired, is it that we find so much human NECESSITY OF CULTIVATING THE MIND.

misery and wretchedness in the world? This Amidst the infinite variety of subjects which interrogatory is answered by the argument the varying scenes of life call to our attention, showing the necessity of cultivating the mind. perhaps there is none of more importance than When this is neglected, reason loses her em. the cultivation of the mind. Indeed, this is a pire, the judgment is distorted, and man thus subject in which all are concerned, because deprived, as it were, of bis understanding, is the true interest and happiness of all are inti rendered incompetent to pursue regularly mately and iose parably connected with it those means which religion, reason, and sound It is unnecessary to enter on a process of me discretion prescribe as best calculated to avoid taphysical reasoning to show that the perma the evils of life, and to secure a happy immornent felicity of man depends upon the ascend tality. Jo viewiog the history of man from the ency of mind over physical nature. The great earliest ages to the present time, it will be advances of the intellect in the pursuits of II found that those nations who attended to the

cultivation of the human mind, and with order that a something may remain of them at whom literature, science aud the arts four ter their earthly dissolution, to collect laurels. ished to the greatest extent, were alone great, and to make them the objects of admiration powerful and happy: and, on the contrary, to posterity. Pliny the Younger made this that those vations who neglected the improve- confession: “I coufess," said he," that nothment of the mind, remained shrouded in iheing employs my mind more than the extreme mantle of ignorance, wretchedness and ob- desire I have of immortalising my name, since scurity. Now, those means which are best such appears to me to be a design worthy of a calculated to enhance national prosperity, man of honor and virtue. He, who knows wealth and happiness, are equally adapted to his life to be free from reproach, fears not to the same purposes in individual life ; for what. || have it handed down'to posterity." ever is calculated to increase the physical power, and improve the moral condition of a

THE TALISMAN. whole nation, must necessarily improve the condition of every individual in it. Upon these WORCESTER, SATURDAY, NOV. 20, 1828. principles, theo, let us profit by the experience of ages past. Let man study the history of

SUMMARY OF NEWS. himself, that he may improve his condition ; It is stated that a new method has been infor the world has existed long enough to af. vented and patented in France, for the inford experimental knowledge sufficient for the

struction of children of all ages in reading, in government and happiness of its inhabitants, without having recourse to theoretical specu.

from two to six days. This will probably elations in any of the departments of knowl- || ventually prove to be as gruat a hoax as many edge. We ought, therefore, however discord.

of our fortnight systems of learning grammar, ant our opinions in other matters necessarily mathematics, &c. However, it might be well connected with the journey of life, and as we value our own happiness, or that of those a

enough for our legislature to make some stalround us, to be united in the cultivation of the utory provision for the teaching par force all mind, as affording a rational ground of secur the children within the limits of our Commoning individual happiness, as the best security

wealth to read in the shortest mander possiof a free government, and as the true founda. tion for the perpetuity of the American Reble, in case the wonderful invention should public.

CLERICUS. actually be of as great worth as it is thought

to be. It might serve to amuse for our legisMISERIES. To be compelled to listen to the story of an honest man who has been un

lators and lengthen out the sittings of the genfortunate, and not to possess the means of re

eral court as well as legislating upon the lieving his distresses-A full heart and an width of wheel rims that the people may be empty pocket!

To have as much of sound principle as will permitted to use and the times and manner they keep you silent when a company of slanderers, | may be allowed to tako fish and shoot birds, like a flock of buzzarus round a stray horse, ll it being presumed that "the intelligent yeoare regaling themselves upon a character :

manry” of the state have not sufficient dis. knowing that you are deemed an idiot for not

cretion to direct themselves in such important s being fluent in scandall.

To be dunned by a wretch who stands be- || affairs. fore you with each fist resting upon money in bis pockets, while you are full of honor, but

It was announced some months since that empty of cash! feeling a painful desire to kick Capt Morgan was supposed to be in Smyrna, him down stairs, but constrained to soothe and

a recent letter from that place contradicts the to treat him with courtesy for the sake of those who look up to you for bread.

supposition of that person being Morgan who -Oh misery most refined !

was supposed there to be him. Passing along the street in attendance upon a lady who speaks so loud as to leave you in a

Great excitements exist in Ireland among confusion of doubts, to know whether she is the Catholic population, and it is thought they addressing the world or yourself-speaking to will eventually resort to force to assert their the public, or mildly replying in your private ear. No small misery.

rights. At an exhibition, to be seated behind the portentious screen of a Leghorn, or the total

The advances of the Russian Army in Tureclipse of a dandy's dozen capes, and compell- || key have by no meaus fulfilled the expectaed io stretch your neck another joint-looking || tions of Europe. They are wasting their ever afterwards as if you were half hanged !

strength and time before second rate fortresses, AMBITION. It is natural for great souls to and recent accounts state that their army is wish to procure immortality to their pames, in about retiring for winter quarters.

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