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and buy Bibles, and library books, and roll books, and schemes of lessons, &c.” Every body agreed that we should ask you what you would do ?
So we now come to you to ask, if you will do this ? As we thought you would, we have requested a number of ministers to go and preach to you, and tell you not tɔ put of flying to Christ any longer. You raised more than £600 for the Foreign Mission Scheme last year; will you raise £400 or £500 for the Education Scheme this year? The Sabbath-school mission, which is a branch of " The Education Scheme,” is a very cheap mission, because all the Sabbath-school teachers work for nothing. They teach because they love Christ, and be cause they know that he wishes children to be taught to love him too.
Now, make an effort for Sabbath-schools. Let teachers and scholars do what they can. Many of you should know the value of a Sabbath-school.
GIBRALTAR. BY REV. WILLIAM STRAUCHON, MINISTER OF THE FREE
(Continued from p. 80.) MY DEAR YOUNG FRIENDS,–Having given you to expect some further account of Gibraltar, I now endeavour to fulfil my promise. The western side of the rock in some places may be said to be almost at one with the level of the sea, and thence to rise in gradual acclivity until it reach its extreme elevation on the east side. The great upheaving volcanic force, which reared up this vast mass of limestone from the depths of the ocean, where it must have reposed for countless ages, appears to have expended its main energy upon the eastern side, which, therefore, reaches in some parts the height of above 1400 feet. The western side, being more remote from the influence of the greatest force, begins its rise from the water's edge, especially towards the north ; but in following the sea line southward, even the west side assumes a bolder aspect, and presents a rocky wall, though not of considerablé height. In so far as natural position is concerned, the fortress presents free access to an enemy along nearly the whole west and south. On the extreme north, and for the most part on the east, it
would be almost impossible to effect any sort of entrance, unless, perhaps, we might suppose that balloons should become so manageable, in these times of invention and improvement, as to permit men with certainty to scale what heights, and to steer what course they please. The town is situated towards the north of the west side. The main street is perhaps a mile in length, and throughout the greatest part of its extent consists of very commodious and pleasant-looking houses. You might, perhaps, bave heard some people say, that the houses are painted black, in order to counteract the powerful glare of the light; but there is no truth in such a supposition, for the houses are white-washed, or dingy, or wear the colour of the stone of which they are built, just as in other countries. So great is the propensity to white. washing in Spain, that I have seen some cottages entirely coated with bright white, walls and tiles upon the roof alike. In small houses, the effects of the summer's heat are very great. The limited quantity of air which they contain, must be very soon raised to a most uncomfortable temperature; and as white is found to reflect off the sun's rays, and thus prevent them from acting with full power in communicating heat, it is probable that the Spaniards find the advantage of whitening their cottages, tiles and all, in the acquisition of some degree of coolness. There are no particularly splendid buildings in Gibraltar. The Governor's palace might have been expected to have been a pile of some architectural grandeur ; but, on the contrary, it is a very plain structure, and is called the Convent, as it had actually been a Romanist establishment before it fell into the hands of the British.
In going from north to south there are good level roads; but in going to the eastward the streets are very steep--so much so, that in many instances a long ascent must be made by stairs. Most of the houses have a terrace, or flat space on the roof, where the inhabitants can walk in the cool of the evening, and where they dry their clothes, upon lines which are attached to upright poles for the purpose. I may state, however, that only a part of the roof is formed into a terrace, the remainder is sloped as in this country, and serves the important purpose of receiving the rain from the clouds, which is conveyed into large tanks under ground, where it is
preserved for use during the whole year, or at least as long as it will last. There are but few wells, and these altogether insufficient to supply the demands of the garrison; and hence the inhabitants are cast upon the resources of the clouds of heaven. Should the rain be delayed beyond its usual period of arrival, the cisterns are exhausted, and the wells must now more copiously yield up their contents, in order to satisfy, in some measure at least, the craving demands for this most common necessary of life, which is so wonderfully subservient to the health, cleanliness, and comfort of every household. Water is conveyed from the wells in small casks upon donkeys, which carry three of these casks at a time, one being placed on either side, and one on the top. All sort of loads which require animal strength, are borne by asses or mules. Horses are employed only for gentlemen's carriages, hackney-coaches, or for riding; they are never used, or rarely, for drawing carts or other common purposes. The reason for this allotment of animal labour probably is, that donkeys and mules are more suited to the rock, which cannot produce pasture for horses. These latter are fed upon barley, and not oats, as in this country; and they eat chopped wheat-straw instead of hay. I may mention what many of you probably know, that the rain falls in much heavier showers than here. And it is an object of no small interest to contemplate, through the aid of both eye and ear, the fall of a smart shower. The large round drops seem in haste to meet the ground, and announce their final contact with it by a loud plashing noise. Gibraltar is situated at about thirty-six and a half degrees from the equator, and the atmosphere of its latitude is more pervaded by moisture than the atmospheres of more northerly climates, and pours down more copious torrents of rain. It seems to be an ascertained law, that the number of cubic inches of rain water which fall annually upon the different portions of the earth's surface, increases as their distances from the equator diminish. And, doubtless, you will regard it to be a wise arrangement of the providence of God, that rain should fall in largest quantity where heat is the greatest, as thus vegetation is supplied with moisture adequate to ensure its existence under the scorching influence of a burning sun. Rain and cold weather, though very mild,
are the chief constituents of winter. Very thin ice is sometimes observed ; snow is scarcely seen except on the tops of distant mountains. The rain begins about the end of September, and falls at intervals till about the end of May, when it entirely ceases, with very few exceptions, until about the end of September following.
A Missionary Story. YOUNG readers are generally fond of stories. Those who read this little paper I hope, however, have no fondness for idle, silly stories. They prefer something instructive and useful—such is the character of the story I am about to relate. It is a missionary story--an account of some missionaries who lived a great while ago, long before any one now living was born. They went to a little island situated in the Atlantic ocean. There they found a very rude savage tribe of people. In some respects they were even more savage than the wild Indians in our country. Many of them lived by hunting and fishing ; some were clothed in the skins of wild animals, others painted their bodies and went almost or entirely naked. They were poor and miserable. Their huts were small, filthy, and comfortless. Education they had none. Their religion was a terribly cruel idolatry. Human sacrifices were often made to their hideous idols. The poor missionaries must have felt greatly discouraged when they began their labours with this people. They found them in a terribly wretched condition; but they thought if they could only teach them to read the Bible, and get them to cast away their filthy idols and worship the true God, their condition would soon be improved. So they went to work, to endeavour to instruct them. The first thing was to learn the language of this singular people. This was no trifling task. When this was accomplished, they translated the Scriptures for them. Then they collected the children and taught them to read. They told them all they knew about God and the Saviour, and the way of salvation. They now began to forsake their idols. Many embraced the gospel ; and, as they forsook their false and cruel gods, their condition began to improve. They cast off their shaggy skin coats, and ceased to paint their bodies. They now learned to clothe themselves in a more decent and comfortable
manner. They also built more comfortable houses, and began to cultivate the land, to raise flocks and herds, and ceased to chase the wild animals to obtain food. They established schools and colleges, they built towns and cities, procured ships and navies, and have now become one of the most intelligent, refined, wealthy, and powerful nations on the globe! Can you tell, now, where that little island is ? and what is its name? Yes, you will reply, it is England. England ! then those heathen people were our ancestors. We are their posterity, their children. Thus we learn that we all have a heathen ancestry. That our forefathers and mothers were just as ignorant and wretched as any of the present heathen. We see also that we are indebted to missionaries for the gospel, with all its rich blessings. Are we not bound, then, by the most solemn obligations, to do all we can to send the same gospel to others which has done so much for us? We see also from this what will be the result of our missionary efforts. What the gospel bas already done for our pagan ancestry and their descendants, it is now doing for many other heathen nations; and what it is doing for these, it is able and destined to do for all, when it is sent to them. Who, then, would not do all he can to speed the gospel ? Who would not even deny himself to supply the millions of miserable heathen with the same Bible that has conferred so many and such inestimable blessings upon us ?
W. S. R.
SABBATH-SCHOOL FUNDS. AT a meeting of the Sabbath-school Committee, appointed by the last General Assembly, it was unanimously resolved that there should be a regular monthly meeting of the Committee on the first Tuesday after the 15th of each month, at one o'clock. All interested in Sabbath-schools are invited to attend this monthly meeting.
We understand that the Committee feel the necessity for doing more for the young than has yet been done, in extending and improving the Sabbath-schools of Scotland. One difficulty felt by the Committee was the want of funds. It has nothing, yet it cannot teach without money.
It is requisite to pay for ministers'