Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

Shall, on the contrary, in the first person, simply foretells, in the second and third persons, promises, commands, or threatens; as, 'I shall go abroad;' "We shall dine at home.' • Thou shalt, or you shall inherit the land.' • They shall account for their misconduct.' The following passage is not translated according to the proper meaning of the word shall and will ; 'Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life; and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever;' it ought to be, 'will follow. me,' and 'I shall dwell.'—The foreigner who, as it is said, fell into the Thames, and cried out, ‘I will be drowned, no body shall help me,' made a sad application of these auxiliaries.

The second future tense expresses an action that will be fully accomplished, at or before the time of another future action or event; as, 'I shall have learned my lesson before, or when you return.' 'I shall have dined at one o'clock.' There never was a verb in the second future tense, without shall have, or will have, expressed or understood, joined to another verb.

REGULAR VERBS.

Regular verbs are such as will form their imperfect tense in the indicative mode, and perfect participle, with d or ed added to the verb; as, learn, learned; hon

red; introduce, introduced. Regular verbs end in ed in past time.

or, hor

IRREGULAR VERBS

Are those, which will not form their imperfect tense in the indicative mode, and perfect participle, with the addition of d or ed to the verb; as, write, wrote ; go, went. In short, they will not end in ed, in past time.

LIST OF THE IRREGULAR VERBS. The verbs marked r. admit also the regular form. Pregent.

Imperfect.

Perfect Participle. Abide,

abode,

abode. Am,

been. Arise,

arose,

arisen.

was,

Neus bas bereft, r.

Ped His abesought, Beseech, ili 10

[ocr errors]

Present.

Imperfect.
09109 10 awoke, r.
Awake,
Bear,to bring forthbare,
Bear, to carry

bore,
Beat,
Begin,

began, Bend

1.098 bodo bent, Bereave Bid,

bid, bade bussen Bind,

bound,

bit, Bleed,

leges szedt to blew, 1951 Break

broke,
Breeds bred,
Bring af brought,
Builă, avst üles de built,
Burst,
Hotels

burst, Buy,

bought, most 10 Cast,

cast, Catch, Chide,

ehid, Choose,

chose, Cleave, irito stick, or adhere. Cleave, to split. clove, cleft, -Oling,

clung, Clothe,

clothed, Come,

came, Cost,

cost,

Perfect Participle awaked. born. borne. beaten, beat, begun. bent. bereft, r. besought. bidden, bid, bound. bitten, bit. bled. blown. broken. bred. brought. built. burst. bought. cast. caught, r. chidden, chid. chosen.

[graphic]

cleft, cloven.
clung.
clad, ir.
come.
cost.
crowed.
crept.
cut.
dared.

Crow,

crew, Creep,

crept, Cut, cut Dare, to venture. durst, Dare, r. to challenge. Deal,

dealt, Dig,

dug,:. Do,

did, Draw,

drew, Drive,

drove, Drink,

drank, Dwell,

dwelt,

dealt, r. dug, r. done. drawn. driven. drunk dwelt, r.

Perfect Participle. eaten. fallen. fed. felt. fought. found. fled. flung flown. forgotten, forgot. forsaken.

frozen.

Present

Ith perfect. Eat,

eat, or ate,* Fall,

fell, Feed,

fed, Feel,

felt, Fight,

fought, Find,

found, Flee,

fled, Fling,

flung, Fly,

flew, Forget,

forgot, Forsake,

forsook, Freeze,

froze, Get,

got, Gild,

gilt, r. Gird,

girt, r. Give,

gave, Go,

went, Grave,

graved, Grind,

ground, Grow,

grew, Have,

had, Hang,

hung, r. Hear,

heard, Hew,

hewed, Hide,

hid, Hit, Hold,

held, Hurt,

hurt, Keep, ,

kept, Knit,

knit, r. Know,

knew, Lade,

Iaded, Lay,

laid, Lead,

led, Leave,

left, Lend,

lent, Let,

let, Lie, to lie down, lay, Load,

loaded, Lose,

lost,

Ate; pronounced et.

hit,

got. gilt, r. girt, r. given. gone. graven. ground. grown. had. hung, r. heard, hewn, r. hidden, hid. hit. held. hurt. kept. knit. known. laden. daid. led. left. lent. let. lain. laden, r. lost.

Present.

Make, Meet, Mow, Pay, Put, Read, Rend, Rid, Ride, Ring, Rise, Rive, Run, Saw, Say, See, Seek, Sell, Send, Set, Shake, Shape, Shave, Shear, Shed, Shine, Show, Shoe, Shoot, Shrink, Shred, Shut, Sing, Sink, Sit, Slay, Sleep, Slide, Sling, Slink, Slit,

Perfect Participles made. met. mown, r. paid. put. read. rent. rid. rode, or ridden. rung. risen. riven. run. sawn, r. said. seen. sought. sold. sent. set. shaken. shapen,r. shaven, r. shorn. shed. shone, r. shown. shod. shot. shrunk. shred. shut. sung. sunk. sat. slain. slept. slidden. slung. slunk. slit, .

Imperfect.
made,
met,
mowed,
paid,
put,
read,
rent,
rid,
rode,
Fung, rang,
rose,
rived,
ran,
sawed,
said,
saw,
sought,
sold,

sent,

set, shook, shaped shaved, sheared, shed, shone, r. showed, shod, shot, shrunk, shrank, shred, shut, sung, sang, sunk, sank,

sal,

slew, slept, slid, slung, slunk, slit, r.

Present.

Smite,
Sow,
Speak,
Speed,
Spend,
Spill,
Spin,
Spit,
Split,
Spread,
Spring,
Stand,
Steal,
Stick,
Sting,
Stink,
Stride,
Strike,
String,
Strive,
Strow, strew,
Swear,
Sweat,
Swell,
Swim,
Swing,
Take,
Teach,
Tear,

Tell,
Think,
Thrive,
Throw,
Thrust,
Tread,

Imperfect.

Perfect Participle. smote,

smitten. sowed,

sown, r. spoke, spake, spoken. sped,

sped. spent,

spent. spilt, r.

spilt, r.
spun,

spun.
spit, spat, spit, spitten.
split,

split.
spread,

spread. sprung, sprang, sprung stood,

stood. stole,

stolen. stuck,

stuck. stung,

stung. stunk,

stunk. strode, stride, stridden. struck,

struck, stricken. strung,

strung strove,

striven. [strewed. strowed, strewed, strown, strowed, or swore, swet, r.

swet, r. swelled,

swollen, r swum, swam, swum. swung,

swung. took,

taken. taught,

taught. tore,

torn. told,

told. thought,

thought. throve,

thriven. threw

thrown. thrust,

thrust. trod,

trodden. waxed,

waxen, r. wore,

worn. wove,

woven. wept,

wept.

won. wound,

wound

Sworn.

Wax, Wear, Weave, Weep, Win,

won,

Wind,

« ZurückWeiter »