The Origins of the Boxer War: A Multinational Study
Routledge, 04.02.2014 - 400 Seiten
This is the first book to provide a panoramic view of the origins of the Boxer War. Comprehensively examining this historical conundrum of the 20th century from a detached perspective, the book is based on ten years of exhaustive research of both unpublished and published materials from all nine countries involved. Analysing the misunderstanding between the Chinese and foreign governments of the day, Lanxin Xiang debunks the traditional view that the anti-foreign Empress Dowager of the Chinese Empire was chiefly responsible for this catastrophic episode which altered the course of 20th century China's relationship with the west.
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2 The Barbarians out of Control
3 Imperialism German Style
4 Italy The Theatrical Performance
5 The Eruption in Shandong
6 Two Problems of Communication
7 The Threat of Force
8 The Road to Confrontation
10 The Road to War
11 Admiral SeeNoMore
The Undeclared War
13 The Expulsion
14 Who Killed Baron Ketteler?
9 The Legation Guards and the End of Suppression
Andere Ausgaben - Alle anzeigen
action Admiral affairs allied anti-foreign Anzer began Beijing Bishop Boxer Archives Boxer movement British China Chinese government Christian commanders conﬂict consul converts Dagu Forts decision decree diary difﬁcult diplomatic corps Dong Emperor Empress Dowager Empress Dowager’s fact ﬁght ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁve foreign diplomats Foreign Minister Foreign Ofﬁce foreign troops French German minister Giers government’s Governor Hongzhang imperial inﬂuence Italian Italy Italy’s Japanese Jiaozhou Bay June Ketteler’s killed Langfang Legation guards Legation quarters Li Hongzhang Liu Kunyi Lord Salisbury Manchu Court military naval ofﬁcer ofﬁcials Peking Pichon political Powers Prince Duan Prince Gong protect railway riots Rong Lu Rong’s Russian Salvago-Raggi Sanmen Bay Seymour Expedition Shandong Sheng Xuanhuai siege signiﬁcant Sir Claude MacDonald Sir Robert Hart soldiers sufﬁcient suppression telegram Tianjin ultimatum Viceroy Yu Lu Yangzi Yi He Tuan Yu Lu Yu Xian Yuan Shikai Zeng Guofan Zhang Zhang Zhidong Zhili Zongli Yamen