Transportation Biofuels: Novel Pathways for the Production of Ethanol, Biogas and Biodiesel
Current world fossil oil production is struggling to meet demand and may even show a decline after 2010. It is therefore necessary to develop new energy-efficient production pathways for transportation biofuels. This book offers an insight into three promising and innovative pathways for the biological production of ethanol, biogas and biodiesel. These unconventional methods should provide higher product yields, less stringent feedstock specifications, lower chemical additive demand, reduced waste production and much better energy balances when compared to more traditional methods. One pathway concerns the enzymatic production of a new kind of biodiesel where no glycerol waste is produced and an up to twenty percent higher product yield is obtained. The other two pathways are based on the biological conversion of syngas into ethanol or methane using various kinds of lignocellulosic biomass as the starting point. For each of the three pathways a comparison will be made with competing production methods. The contents reflect extended desktop research and show practical experimental results. Government scientists, academics and biofuel producers with an interest in novel transportation fuels will all find this book to be essential reading.
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RSC Green Chemistry No 9
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Transportation Biofuels: Novel Pathways for the Production of Ethanol
Alwin Hoogendoorn,Han JMNV van Kasteren
Eingeschränkte Leseprobe - 2010
absorption acetate concentration activity alcohol alkylesters Alwin Hoogendoorn amount anaerobic Aspen Barkeri biodiesel fuel biodiesel production bioﬁlm biofuels biogas biological pathways biomass bioreactor C-source calculated Candida Candida antarctica carbon catalytical pathway Cell concentration chemical coeﬃcient Condensor conversion rate Courtesy diﬀerent distillation eﬀect energy eﬃciency enzymatic biodiesel enzyme esters ethanol ethanol concentration ethanol production EtOH experiments feedstock ﬁlter ﬁrst ﬂow rate ﬂuorescens Formicicum free fatty acids gasiﬁer glycerin Green Chemistry higher immobilised lipase Ingenia Kasteren kg/s Klasson lipase Lipase-Catalysed ljungdahlii mass transfer mass-transfer membrane methanation reactor methane methanogenic bacteria methanolysis mixture MJ/kg molecular sieve monoglycerides monolith column monolith trickle-bed bioreactor NaOH Novozym operation RT plant pressure puriﬁcation ratio Rectisol Rubrum shows simulated soybean oil speciﬁc stream substrate sunﬂower oil syngas syngas cleaning syngas conversion syngas fermentation synthesis gas Table temperature tert-butanol Thermonyces transesteriﬁcation reaction triglycerides vegetable oils viscosity waste wood yield