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Boling. But for our trusty brother-in-law, and the abbot,
Destruction straight shall dog them at the heels.
Your mother well hath pray'd, and prove you true.
SCENE IV.-The same.
Enter EXTON and Servant.
Exton. Didst thou not mark the king, what words he spake, Have I no friend will rid me of this living fear?" Was it not so?
These were his very words.
Exton. "Have I no friend?" quoth he: he spake it twice,
Exton. And speaking it, he wistly look'd on me;
As who should say, "I would thou wert the man
135-6. With pardon him] Pope; I pardon him with all my heart Qq, Ff 144. too] Found in Q5 only.
7. wistly] wishtly Qq 1, 2.
137. brother-in-law] John, Earl of Huntingdon, husband of Bolingbroke's sister Elizabeth.
140. several] separate. Compare Venus and Adonis, 1067: "His face seems twain, each several limb is doubled."
144. too] It is unreasonable to suppose that Bolingbroke took no leave of his aunt, hence we are driven to believe that the too of the 1634 Quarto merely sets the metre right without reinstating the original line. The Cambridge Edd., acknowledging the harshness of the line, which they declare to be,
Meaning the king at Pomfret. Come, let's go :
SCENE V.-Pomfret Castle.
Enter KING RICHARD.
K. Rich. I have been studying how I may compare
And here is not a creature but myself,
As thus, "Come, little ones," and then again,
18-19. Ambitious thoughts give rise to fancied possibilities.
21. ragged] rugged, rough. Compare Two Gentlemen of Verona, 1. ii. 121 : "Unto a ragged fearful-hanging rock."
26. refuge their shame] Find refuge for their shame in the thought that, etc. This and the next line are more closely compressed than modern custom per
For now hath time made me his numbering clock
Is pointing still, in cleansing them from tears.
Which is the bell: so sighs and tears and groans
46. check] rebuke.
31. person] Q1; prison the rest.
49-60. This, the most elaborate conceit in which the king indulges, is also the most difficult to follow with exactitude. "I wasted my time, now am I wasted by time," suggests the further elaboration: "For now has time made of me a clock to mark its progress: my thoughts are minutes registering themselves upon my eyes-which form the dial-as my sighs mark the jarring
(ticking) of the pendulum. My finger
60. Jack o' the clock] The automatic
This music mads me; let it sound no more;
Thanks, noble peer;
When thou wert king; who, travelling towards York,
In London streets, that coronation-day,
When Bolingbroke rode on roan Barbary,
That horse that I so carefully have dress'd!
K. Rich. Rode he on Barbary? Tell me, gentle friend,
Groom. So proudly as if he disdain'd the ground.
76. yearn'd] F 4 ; ernd Qq 1, 62. holp] The O.E. past part. holpen with the termination clipped.
66. brooch] Fr. broche, a spit, or pin. A buckle worn in the hat. Compare Ben Jonson, Poetaster, 1. 1: "Honour's a good brooch to wear in a man's hat at all times."
67, 68. This is best explained by a reference to Queen Elizabeth's jest "given by Tollet from Hearne's Discourse of some antiquities between Windsor and Oxford" (Clar. Edd.). "Mr. John Blower, in a sermon before her majesty, first said: 'My royal Queen,' and a little after: My noble Queen.' Upon which says the queen: What am I ten groats worse than I was?'" Gold nobles of Edward III.'s
2, 3, 4 ; yern'd Ff 1, 2, 3, Q 5.
reign were worth 6s. 8d. each. By the
of this value. In Elizabeth's time both
76. yearn'd] grieved; from O.E. ierman, to ill-treat, harass, through M.E. erme; confused with yearn from O.E. geornian, to desire.
Would he not stumble? would he not fall down,
Wast born to bear? I was not made a horse;
Keep. Fellow, give place; here is no longer stay.
K. Rich. If thou love me, 'tis time thou wert away.
Groom. What my tongue dares not, that my heart shall say.
Keep. My lord, will 't please you to fall to?
K. Rich. Taste of it first, as thou art wont to do.
Who lately came from the king, commands the contrary. K. Rich. The devil take Henry of Lancaster and thee!
Patience is stale, and I am weary of it. [Beats the Keeper. Keep. Help, help, help!
Enter Exton and Servants, armed.
K. Rich. How now! what means death in this rude assault ?
[Snatching an axe from a Servant and killing him.
[He kills another. Then Exton strikes him down..
That hand shall burn in never-quenching fire
That staggers thus my person. Exton, thy fierce hand
Hath with the king's blood stain'd the king's own land. Richa
Exton. As full of valour as of royal blood :
th [Dies. in for