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pose, as receiving a reasonable compensation for it, that we undertook to sketch, in a sprightly and popular way, some of the prominent features of our time-honoured Commonwealth. If we have collected together, in tolerable order, a mass of matter that will relieve, to some extent, the fatigue and monotony of travel, our main object has been attained. We may add, that over seventeen hundred dollars have been expended for pictorial illustrations, some of which we can point to as fair specimens of the art. During the particular time we were engaged in the preparation of these pages, however, an unusual activity prevailed among our best wood engravers, in consequence of large orders from the Government. We were, therefore, in several instances, forced to employ artists of ordinary talent—though, upon the whole, we think the reader will find little to complain of under this head. The matter is, what it purports to be, off-hand, and no particular credit is claimed or expected for it. We have profited from the works of others to a greater extent than we should, had our time been less limited. Our acknowledgments are due to the works of the late Prof. Richardson, and to those of Mr. Day, Mr. Trego, and others, from which the matter not strictly original has been mainly extracted. With these explanations
our work is done. E. B.
N. B.-It is proper to add, that not having corrected the latter portion of this work as it was passing through the press, some errors appear which would not otherwise have occurred.
Starting from the Depot—Preston Retreat—Girard College—Fairmount WaterWorks—Lager Beer Establishments—Railroad Bridge—Ice Houses— Tom Moore's Cottage—Laurel Hill Cemetery—Falls of the Schuylkill— Port Richmond—The Wissahickon—Norristown Railroad—Manayunk— The Factory System—Limestone Region—Spring Mill—The Copper Region—The Lead Region—Scenery of the Schuylkill—Conshehocken— Norristown—Montgomery County—Bridgeport—Valley Forge—Historical Associations—Phoenixville—Yellow Springs—Tunnel and Bridge—Royer's Ford—Limerick—Pottstown—Berk’s County—Douglassville—Birdsboro’ —Reading—Union Canal—Schuylkill Navigation Company—The Reading Railroad Company—Dragon’s Cave— Revolutionary Incidents—Hamburg—Port Clinton—Auburn—Orwigsburg—Schuylkill Haven—Mine Hill Railroad—Head’s Mansion House—Pottsville—Speculating Scenes–Swatara Falls—Tamaqua — Summit Hill — Gravitation Railroad— Mauch Chunk.
Coal, its Nature and Origin—Fossils—Coal Vegetation—The Strata of the Earth—The Dip—Walleys—Discovery of Anthracite Coal—Geographical Position, Dimensions and Structure of the Coal Basins—Geological
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Railroad Depot—Gas Works—Market Street Bridge—Blockley Alms