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pose, as receiving a reasonable compensation for it, that we undertook to sketch, in a sprightly and popular way, some of the prominent features of our time-honoured Commonwealth. If we have collected together, in tolerable order, a mass of matter that will relieve, to some extent, the fatigue and monotony of travel, our main object has been attained. We may add, that over seventeen hundred dollars have been expended for pictorial illustrations, some of which we can point to as fair specimens of the art. During the particular time we were engaged in the preparation of these pages, however, an unusual activity prevailed among our best wood engravers, in consequence of large orders from the Government. We were, therefore, in several instances, forced to employ artists of ordinary talent—though, upon the whole, we think the reader will find little to complain of under this head. The matter is, what it purports to be, off-hand, and no particular credit is claimed or expected for it. We have profited from the works of others to a greater extent than we should, had our time been less limited. Our acknowledgments are due to the works of the late Prof. Richardson, and to those of Mr. Day, Mr. Trego, and others, from which the matter not strictly original has been mainly extracted. With these explanations

our work is done. E. B.

N. B.-It is proper to add, that not having corrected the latter portion of this work as it was passing through the press, some errors appear which would not otherwise have occurred.

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Starting from the Depot—Preston Retreat—Girard College—Fairmount WaterWorks—Lager Beer Establishments—Railroad Bridge—Ice Houses— Tom Moore's Cottage—Laurel Hill Cemetery—Falls of the Schuylkill— Port Richmond—The Wissahickon—Norristown Railroad—Manayunk— The Factory System—Limestone Region—Spring Mill—The Copper Region—The Lead Region—Scenery of the Schuylkill—Conshehocken— Norristown—Montgomery County—Bridgeport—Valley Forge—Historical Associations—Phoenixville—Yellow Springs—Tunnel and Bridge—Royer's Ford—Limerick—Pottstown—Berk’s County—Douglassville—Birdsboro’ —Reading—Union Canal—Schuylkill Navigation Company—The Reading Railroad Company—Dragon’s Cave— Revolutionary Incidents—Hamburg—Port Clinton—Auburn—Orwigsburg—Schuylkill Haven—Mine Hill Railroad—Head’s Mansion House—Pottsville—Speculating Scenes–Swatara Falls—Tamaqua — Summit Hill — Gravitation Railroad— Mauch Chunk.

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Coal, its Nature and Origin—Fossils—Coal Vegetation—The Strata of the Earth—The Dip—Walleys—Discovery of Anthracite Coal—Geographical Position, Dimensions and Structure of the Coal Basins—Geological

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P A R T L V .

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Railroad Depot—Gas Works—Market Street Bridge—Blockley Alms
House—White Hall—Eagle Hotel—Paoli—Gen. Wayne's Birthplace—
Paoli Monument—Downingtown—Coatesville—Parkesburg—Pennington-
ville—Chester County—The Quakers—Lancaster County—Its Agricul-
ture—Fox Chase—The Brothers and Sisters at Ephrata—Ephrata
Springs—Monument at Ephrata—The Conestoga—Safe Harbour Iron
Works—Shad Fishing in the Susquehanna—Steam Navigation Experi-
ments—Robert Fulton—Columbia—Pennsylvania Canal—Tide Water Ca-
nal—Marietta—Mount Joy—Elizabethtown—Middletown—The Susque-
hanna—Harrisburg—The Internal Improvements—State Capitol—John
Hancock's Chair—Public School System—Pennsylvania Lunatic Hospi-
tal—The Cove—Fish Baskets—Duncannon—Petersburg — Liverpool—
Perry County—Franklin County—Duncan's Island—Newport—the Juni-
ata—Millerstown—Tuscarora—Juniata County—Mifflin—Patterson House
—Mifflin County—Lewistown—Reedville—Logan, the Indian Chief—
Alfarata—McVey Town—Newton Hamilton—Huntingdon County—Bed-
ford County—Mount Union—Mapleton—Mill Creek—Huntingdon—Pul-
pit Rocks—Head Waters of the Juniata—The Iron Region—Union Fur-
mace—Birmingham—Ironville—Tyrone—Cornwall Ore Banks—Lebanon
Furnaces—Miner's Tools—Manufacture of Iron, amply illustrated—Sink-
ing Spring—Tussey’s and Bald Eagle Mountains—Tyrone City–Altoona
—Pennsylvania Railroad—The Mountain House—Hollidaysburg—The
Portage Railroad—Making Maple Sugar—Bridges over the Conemaugh—
The Alleghany Bituminous Coal Region—Structure and Origin of the
Alleghanies—Conemaugh—Johnstown—Ebensburg–Cambria County—
Dockport—Westmoreland County—Ligonier Valley—Packsaddle Rocks—
Blairsville–Latrobe—The Lumber Region—Susquehanna Lumber Trade
—Salt Springs—Greensburg—Braddock's Battle—Washington Crossing
the Alleghany—Pittsburg—Western Commerce and Navigation.

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