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and glorified, who spoke by the Prophets. And (I believe) One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church: I confess one baptism for the remission of sins: and I expect the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.

I most steadfastly admit and embrace Apostolical and Ecclesiastical Traditions, and all other observances and constitutions of the Church.

I also admit the holy Scripture according to that sense, which our holy Mother, the Church, has held, and does hold, to which it belongs to judge of the true sense and interpretations of the Scriptures. Neither will I ever take and interpet them otherwise than according to the unanimous consent of the Fathers.

I also profess, that there are truly and properly Seven Sacraments of the New Law, instituted by Jesus Christ our Lord, and necessary for the salvation of mankind; though not all, for every one: to wit, Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Extreme Unction, Order and Matrimony; and that they confer grace: and that of these, Baptism, Confirmation, and Order, cannot be reiterated without sacrilege. I also receive and admit the received and approved Ceremonies of the Catholic Church in the solemn administration of the aforesaid Sacraments.

I embrace and receive all and every one of the things, which have been defined and declared in the holy Council of Trent, concerning Original Sin and Justification.

I profess likewise, that in the Mass there is offered to God, a true, proper, and propitiatory sacrifice for the living and the dead. And that in the most holy Sacrament of the Eucharist, there is truly, really, and substantially, the Body and Blood, together with the Soul and Di vinity of our Lord Jesus Christ: and that there is made a conversion of the whole substance of the bread into the body, and of the whole substance of the wine into the blood; which conversion the Catholic Church calls Transubstantiation I also confess, that under either kind alone Christ is received whole and entire, and a true sacrament.

I constantly hold, that there is a Purgatory, and that the souls therein detained, are helped by the suffrages of the faithful.

Likewise that the Saints, reigning together with Christ, are to be honoured and invocated, and that they offer prayers to God for us, and that their relics are to be respected.

I most firmly assert, that the Images of Christ, of the Mother of God, ever Virgin, and also of the Saints, ought to be had and retained, and that due honour and veneration is to be given them.

I also affirm, that the power of Indulgences was left by Christ in the Church, and that the use of them is most wholesome to Christian people.

I acknowledge the Holy Catholic Apostolic Roman Church, for the Mother and Mistress of all Churches; and I promise true obedience to the Bishop of Rome, successor to St. Peter, Prince of the Apostles, and Vicar of Jesus Christ.

I likewise undoubtedly receive and profess all other things delivered, defined, and declared by the sacred Canons, and general Councils, and particularly by the holy Council of Trent.

And I condemn, reject, and anathematize all things contrary thereto, and all heresies whatsoever, condemned, rejected, and anathematized by the Church.

This true Catholic faith, without which no one can be saved, I N. N. do at this present freely confess and sincerely hold, and I promise most constantly to retain, and confess the same entire and unviolated, with God's assistance, to the end of my life. Amen.

From the Lutheran Magazine, published at Schoharie, N. Y.


Philadelphia, Jan. 4th, 1830.

Mr. Editor. It is at all times pleasing to contemplate the increasing prosperity of our Evangelical Zion, whether it relate to the church universal, or whether it be confined to the formation and establishment of individual congregations. The only circumstance which has hitherto prevented the Lutheran church in the United States from exerting a more extensive influence, has, undoubtedly, existed among ourselves. Internal jealousies and civil discord, have destroyed that unanimity of effort, which alone is necessary to make her as powerful in the number of her adherents, as she is attractive in the beauty and simplicity of her doctrines. I am proud of my church, and where is the Lutheran who is not? I glory in the Revolution which gave us our title; and the rapid dissemination of principles so consistent with the precepts of our blessed Redeemer, will always proveto me a source of the highest gratification.

These reflections have arisen whilst viewing the present state of things in Philadelphia. It is but a very few hours since my arrival, yet this has not prevented me from making many observations of an interesting character. Having brought letters of introduction with me from New-York, to several clergymen in this city, I called immediately after leaving the boat, on the Rev. Dr. Schaeffer, by whom I was kindly received. This gentleman is well known to you as one of the fathers of our church in America. His talents and learning are also, sufficiently celebrated.-When announced, I was particularly struck with his venerable appearance, whilst his kind attention and generous deportment commanded my esteem. He invited me to spend some time at his house, but my sudden departure from the city, which will be much earlier than I had at first anticipated, prevents me from accepting an invitation so congenial with my own wishes.

The same evening, I went to the residence of the Rev. Mr. Krauth, whom I found in his study, preparing for the solemn duties of the Sanctuary. He appears to be what I expected to find him, a good christian-a ze: lous advocate for the principles of our church-and a friend to every thing which will promote her interests. He is pastor of an interesting and flourishing congregation, lately established in

this place, which has struggled against, and overcome numerous difficulties, and though they have received but little assistance from those to whom they should naturally look for encouragement, yet the abundant blessing of the Almighty, has, undoubtedly, accompanied their praise-worthy exertions. I gladly accepted an invitation from this gentleman to officiate in his stead, on the approaching Sabbath, being very desirous of becoming better acquainted with the character and strength of his congregation, which I expected to find but limited in the number of its members, on account of its late organization. Our Reverend brother called for me at my boarding-house in the morning, for the purpose of conducting me to their place of worship. It is a spacious edifice belonging to the University of Pennsylvania, and as I have been informed, occupied by the members of that University at the present time, who are engaged in erecting more extensive, and more convenient buildings. Two christian congregations of different denominations assemble here every Sabbath-the Methodist and the Lutheran. They worship under the same roof, having but a slight partition wall between them. How beautifully emblematical of that dividing line, composed of differeuce of opinion as respects some of the minor truths of the gospel, which prevents us from uniting more closely in this present world-and when I saw these christians, after the service of the sanctuary was ended, mingling unconsciously together, it reminded me of that union and fellowship, which will exist when time shall be no longer. It is whilst contemplating such scenes, that the soul is often lost in the most pleasing anticipations. The things of time and sense, vanish for a moment, from before us. The bright visions of futurity appear with their enchanting influence, and almost make us forget that we are mortal. Imagination soars from earth to heaven, and pictures to the mind a faint delineation of those glories which are inconceivable; while, no longer able to sustain the brilliancy of fancy's coloring, the splendid visions disappear, and we awake to lament that the dream of our happiness did not last forever. But I wander.

On being introduced into a room which would contain about five bundred persons, think of my astonishment, when, instead of a few individuals scattered here and there, I found almost every seat occupied. I was led to a very neat pulpit raised a few steps above the floor, and after having seated myself, I observed a convenient gallery opposite, well filled with singers. It is customary in many churches, not only of our own, but likewise of sister denominations, to have the singing of psalms and hymns confined more particularly to the choir; and it is to be lamented that every christian who possesses the requisite faculty, does not pay more attention to this delightful part of public worship. The case here is different from what I have generally observed. As soon as I had announced the hymn, a sudden peal of soul-inspiring melody burst from every lip, and the house of prayer resounded with the praises of Jehovah. This, thought I, is music-music, such as angels use, where all are employed, from the least to the greatest, in ascribing glory to their Redeemer and

their God. I felt its influence; and I knew that I was in a place where many hearts were engaged in devotion.

This custom, however, or rather, this practical spirit of devotion, exists in other places besides Philadelphia. During my visits at New-York, which are frequent, I alway derive a peculiar pleasure from attending the church of St. James; and though this pleasure is in part produced by many fond associations, yet it is increased by observing that active piety which seems to prevail. There are likewise many other instances of this kind.

I have always admired the practice, adopted by a very interesting family of my acquaintance, whose children are taught from their infancy to lisp in harmony the praises of their Creator. What a delightful exercise! What a pleasing recreation! How preferable to those vain amusements, which administer pleasure but during their momentary existence, and leave no joy behind. This is certainly a custom, which, if generally prevailing, would produce a very happy effect. Every christian family might constitute this a part of their evening devotion, and on every succeeding Sabbath, whilst engaged in the service of the sanctuary, all could unite in those ascriptions of praise which are due the Creator from every individual menber of the family of man. I hope you will pardon me from making a passing comment on those subjects, which are thus accidentally presented. I should even be pleased to indulge more freely in my ob servations, could they be comprehended within the limits of a single letter. But to return to our meeting.

The music was not the only thing which attracted my observation. The deep solemnity and serious attention which pervaded every countenance, convinced me that there was an earnest desire to become acquainted with the way of salvation, and those inspiring truths which relate to our welfare here, and are connected with our happiness hereafter. In short, I discovered that I was in the midst of a people, who had risen to their present happy condition, notwithstanding many trials and disappointments, which have only served to excite and cherish a spirit of christian perseverance.

You are, undoubtedly, well acquainted with the object of my mission to this city; and though I have found some whose charity not only begins at home, but ends there too, (how unlike the zeal of a Franke!) yet, thank God, I have found many who have expressed a deep interest in our success. Those who are desirous of contributing to our undertaking, are not able, in consequence of their own peculiar circumstances, to contribute any thing but their prayers; yet, surely, these will not ascend to heaven in vain:

I have often lamented that Lutherans are not more liberal in their intercourse with one another, and more anxious to promote those objects which will conduce to the general welfare. This is not confined to the lay members of the church, but it extends to ministers of the gospel; and here, in fact, we must look for the source of the evil. The Pastor of any people, has an opportunity of exciting among the members of his congregation a spirit of benevolence and liberality; and on the contrary, he can also, by his individual in

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fluence, warp these feelings, and substitute in their stead, qualities of an opposite character. I am sensible that I may be censured for such an undisguised expression of my sentiments on this subject. I may be told that the existence of such principles is a sufficient evil, without exposing them to public view; but I must confess, that I do not agree in opinion with those who employ such arguments. Shall we permit these feelings to exist without correction, or shall we openly exhort each other to banish them from the midst of us. I, for my part, am in favour of the latter course, and I should hail its general adoption, as a most important event in our history. I have regarded with pleasurable emotions, the efforts which are making in our church at the present day A change has certainly been effected. Missionary and education societies, connected with the Lutheran cause, are springing up in every part of the Union; and the operations of these associations, are a convincing proof of the fact, that our people are beginning to awake from their inactivity. Two Theological Seminaries have been established within a very few years, and a third is now in contemplation.

But I have already extended this epistle beyond ordinary limits; I will therefore close with the promise that you shall soon hear from me again.

With sincere prayers for your welfare, I remain your affectionate brother in Christ.



Among the number of those who have given pleasing evidence of a gracious change during the past year, and who will be admitted to the church at the next communion season, is Kuakini, governor of Hawaii. He is the last of his family who have now taken up their cross, but we devoutly hope and pray that he may not be the least in the kingdom of heaven. The evidence he gives of being a new creature, is as satisfactory as the nature of such evidence can be. It is no other than from being indifferent, he has become our warm friend, and from a besotted sceptic he has become a devout, a moral, and we trust a pious man. He has long been the subject of many prayers from the whole church in the island, and has at various times been under much concern of mind. His knowledge of the English language has, however, been a snare to him, as it has continually exposed his mind to the attacks of certain foreigners, who have left no means untried to prejudice his mind against Christianity, and to corrupt his morals. He has for several years deligently read his En lish Bible in order to discover the truth, and has long been familiar with the historical parts. He now discards his infidelity, and professes his full belief in the doctrines and precepts of Christianity, as his hope of salvation. May he prove a blessing to the church and

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