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Nouns in do and go are feminine, and have the genitive in žnis ; as, arundo, arundinis, a reed ; imāgo, imajinis, an image.
But the following are masculine : Cardo, -inis, a binge.
Margo, -inis, the brink of a ridet, Cudo, -ōnis, a leather cap.
also fem. Harpăgo, -cnis, a drag.
Ordo, -ynis, order. Ligo, -ōnis, a fpade.
Tendo, -inis, a tendon.
Udo, -ōnis, a linen or woolen fock. Cupido, defire, is often masc. with the poets; but in prose always feminine.
Exc. 3. The following nouns have inis :
Caro, flesh. fem has carnis : Anio, masc the name of a river, Aniēnis: Nerio, Neriênis, the wife of the god Mars; from the obfolete nominatives Anien, Nerien. Turbo, the name of a man, has õnis.
Exc. 4. Greek nouns in o are feminine, and have us in the genitive, and o in the other cases fingular; as, Dido, the name of a woman"; genit. Didús, dat. Didő, &c. Sometimes they are declined regularly; thus, Dido, Di. dõnis : so echo, ús, f. the resounding of the voice from a rock or wood; Argo, •ûs, the name of a ship; halo, -onis, f. a circle about the sun or moon.
C, D, L. 3. Nouns in c and I are neuter, and form the genitive by adding is ; as, animal, animālis, a living creature ; halec, halēcis, a kind of pickle. So, Cervical, a bolster. Minerval, entry-money. Puteal, a well-cover. Cubìtal, a cufbion. Minútal, minced meat. Vectīgal, a tax. Except. Fel, fellis, n, gall. Sal, sålis, m. or n. falt.
Lac, lactis, n. milk. Såles, -ium, pl, m. witty Sayings
Mugil, žlis, m. a mullet-fis. D is the termination only of a few proper names, which form the genitive by adding is; as, David, Davīdis.
N. 4. Nouns in n are masculine, and add is in the negative.
Exc. i. Nouns in men are neuter, and make their genitive in inis ; as flumen, fluminis, a river.
The following nouns are likewise neuter : Gluten, -ynis, glue..
Inguen, •inis, the groin, Unguen, -inis, ointment.
Pollen, -inis, fine flour. Exc. 2. The following masculines have inis ; peden, a comb; tubicen, a trumpeter ; tibicen, a piper, and ofcen, v. oscinis, fc. avis, f. a bird, which foreboded by singing.
Exc. 3. The following nouns are feminine : Sindon, önis, fine linen ; äëdon, önis, a nightingale; Halcyon, - önis, a bird called the King's fisher ; icon, -ōnis, an image.
Exc. 4. Some Greek nouns have ontis ; as, Laomědon, -ontis, a king of Troy. So Acheron, Chameleon, Phačthon, Charon, &c.
AR and UR.
5. Nouns in ar and ur are neuter, and add is to form the genitive; as, calcar, calcāris, a fpur ; murmur, murmăris, a noise. Except. Ebur, -oris, n. ivory. Jecur, -õris, or jecinoris, n. the Far, farris, n corn.
ER and OR.
6. Nouns in er and or are masculine, and form the genitive by adding is ; as, anfer, ansēris, a goose ; agger, -ěris, a rampart ; aer, -eris, the air ; carcer, -ěris, a prison ; affer, -ěris, a plank; dolor, oris, pain; color, oris, a colour.
Exc. 1. The following nouns are neuter:
Papāver, -ěris, poppy.
or Achilli, contracted for Achillëi or Achillei, of the second decl. from Achillëus : So Ulysses, Pericles, Verres, Aristotěles, &c.
9. Nouns in is are feminine, and have their genitive the same with the nominative; as, auris, auris, the ear ; avis, avis, a bird.
Exc. 1. The following nouns are masculine, and form the genitive according to the general rule : Axis, axis, an axle-tree. Enfis, a sword. Patruelis, a cousin-gerAquālis, a water-pot, Fascis, a bundle.
Fecialis, a berald. Piscis, a fiflo. Callis, a beaten road. Follis, a pair of bellows. Poftis, a poft. Caulis, the fall of an Fustis, a fiaff. Sodālis, a companion. herb.
Menfis, a month. Torris, a fire-brand. Collis, a bill.
Mugilis, or -il, a mul- Unguis, the nail. Cenchris, a kind of let-fifo. [world. Vectis, a lever. ferpent.
Orbis, a circle, the Vermis, a worm. To these add Latin nouns in nis ; as, panis, bread; crinis, the hair ; ignis, fire; funis, a rope, &c. But Greek nouns in nis are feminine, and have the genitive in idis ; as, tyrannis, tyrannidis, tyranny.
Exc. 2. The following nouns are also masculine, but form their genitive differently : Cinis, ēris, afbes.
Pubis or pubes, -is, or oftener -ěris, Cucůmis, -is, or očris, a cucumber.
marriageable. Dis, dītis, the god of riches, or rich, Pulvis, -ěris, duft. an adj.
Quiris, -ītis, a Roman. Glis, gliris, a rat.
Samnis, -ītis, a Samnite. Impubis, or impubes, -is, ar ēris, Sanguis, -inis, blood. not marriageable.
Semis, ifsis, the half of any thing. Lapis, ->dis, a stone.
Vomis, or -er, -čris, a plough bares
Samnis and Quiris, pubis and impubis, from the nature of their sig. nification, may also be feminine,
being properly adjectives. Pulvis and cinis are likewise sometimes feminine. Semis is also sometimes neuter, and then it is indeclinable. Exsanguis, bloodless, an adj. has exsanguis in the gen.
Exc. 3. The following are either masc. or femin. and
the boundaries of a ditch.
Exc. 4. These feminines have idis : Caffis, -;dis, a hel. met ; cuspis, idis, the point of a spear ; capis, -idis, a kind of cup; pronulis, idis, a kind of drink, metheglin. Lis, strife, f, has litis.
Exc. 5. Greek nouns in is are generally feminine, and form the genitive variously: Some have eos or ios ; as, herējis, -eos, or -jos, or is, a herely; bafis, is, f. the foot of a pillar ; phrafis, a phrase ; phthisis, a consumption ; poëfis, poetry ; metropolis, a chief city, &c. Some have idis, or idos; as, Paris, idis, or idos, the name of a man ; aspis, -idis, f. an alp; ephemeris, -idis, f. a day.book; Iris, -idis, f. the rainbow ; pyxis, idis, f. a box. So Ægis, the shield of Pallas; canthåris, a fort of fly ; periscēlis, a garter ; proboscis, an elephant's trunk ; pyrămis, a pyramid ; and tigris, a tiger, idis, feldom tigris : all fem. Part have īdis ; as, Pfophis, •īdis, the name of a city: others have inis ; as, Eleufis, rīnis, the name of a city : and some have entis ; as, Simois, Simoentis, the name of a river. Charis, one of the
graces, has Charitis.
OS. 10. Nouns in os are masculine, and have the genitive in otis ; as, nepos, -õtis, a grand child ; Sacerdos, -õtis, a priest.
Exc. 1. The following are feminine :
Glos, gloris, the bufband's Fifter, or Dos, dotis, a dowry.
brother's wife. Exc. 2. The following masculines are excepted in the genitive : Flos, floris, a flower.
Lepos, or -or, -āris, zvit. Honos, or -or, -oris, bonour. Mos, mõris, a cuftom. Labos, or.or, -ōris, labour. Ros, röris, dew.
Custos, -ēdis, a keeper ; also fem. Tros, Trois, a Trojan.
Eos, bovis, m. or f. an ox or cdr. Minos, -õis, a king of Crete.
Exc. 3. Os, offis, a bone ; and ēs, oris, the mouth, neu
Exc. 4. Some Greek nouns have ois ; as, heros, -õis, a hero, or great man : So, Minos, a king of Crete ; Trosa a Trojan ; thos, a kind of wolf.
11. Nouns in us are neuter, and have their genitive in oris ; as peétus, pegóris, the breast; tempus, temporis, time.
Exc. 1. The following neuters have čris.' Acus, chaff
Munus, a gift, or fice. Scelus, a crime. Funus, a funeral. Olus, pot-berbs.
Sidus, a far. Fædus, a covenant. Onus, a burden.
Vellus, a fleece of waoka Genus, a kind, or kin- Opus, a work, Vifcus, an entrail. dred.
Pondus, a weigbt. Ulcus, a bile. Glomus, a clew. Rudus, rubbish. Vulnus, a, wound. Latus, the fide.
Thus, acěris, funèris, &c. Glomus, a clew, is sometimes masculines and has glomi, of the second declension. Venus, the goddess of lovej and vetus, old, an adje&ive, likewise have čris.
'Exc. 2. The following nouns are feminine, and form the genitive variously: Incus, -ūdis, an anvil.
Salus, -utis, Safety. Palus, -ūdis, a pool or morafs. Senectus, -ūtis, old age. Pecus, ( not used) -ūdis, a fbeep. Servitus, -ūtis, pavery. Subfcus, -ŭdis, a dove-tail.
Virtus, ūtis, virtue. Tellus, -ūris, the earth.
Intercus, -ŭtis, an Hydropsy. Juventus, -ūtis, youth.
Intercus is properly an adjective, having aqua understood.
Exc. 3. Monofyllables of the neuter gender have üris, in the genitive; as, Crus, crūris, the leg.
Rus, rūris, the country.
Ligus, or -ur, a Ligurian, has Ligăris ; lepus, masc. a hare, lepăris ; Sus, mafc. or fem. a swine, fuis ; grus, masc. or fem, a crane, gruis.