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THE

RUDIMENTS

OF

LATIN GRAMMAR.

BY ALEXANDER ADAM, LL. D.

Rector of the High School of Edinburgh.

REVIS
REVISED AND ABRIDGED BY EBENEZER FITCH, D. D.

PRESIDENT OF WILLIAMS' COLLEGE.

RECOMMENDED BY THE TRUSTEES OF SAID COLLEGE, TO BE

USED BY THOSE WHO ARE INTENDED FOR

THAT SEMINARI.

FOURTH EDITION.

TROY:
PRINTED BY PARKER AND BLISS,
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DISTRICT OF NEW-YORK, ss.

BE IT REMEMBERED, that on the Fifteenth day of June, in the thirty-eighth year of the Independence of the United States of America, WILLIAM S. PARKER and PELLATIAŁ Bliss, of the said District, have depofited in this office the title of a Book the right whereof they claim as proprietors, in the words following, to wit:

# The RUDIMENTS OF LATIN GRAMMAR. By Alexander Adam, LL. D. Ręctor of the High School of Edinburgh. Revised and Abridged by Ebenezer Fitch, D. D. President of Williams' College. Recommended by the Trustees of said college to be used by those who are intended for that seminary."

In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, entitled “ An Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the time therein mentioned." And also to an Act, entitled “ an Act supplementary to an Act, entitled an Ad for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving and etching historical apd other prints."

THERON RUDD, Clerk of the Southern Difria of New York

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FROM THE AUTHOR'S ADVERTISEMENT.

THE materials of this Grammar are collected from the best Grammarians, chiefly from Mr. Ruddiman. In this edition there are several improvements. The Syntax is greatly enlarged, by the addition of many uselul observations and examples; and particularly by a full explanation of the different meaning and construction of Verbs and Prepofitions, and of those phrases which occasion most difficulty to learners, collected from the Classics, and from the best writers on Latinitg.

By the natural division of words and sentences into Simple and Compound, no rule or example is introduced in Syntax or Prolody, till the learner is properly prepared, by what goes before, to understand it; which is not the case in the Latin Grammars commonly used: where, not to mention other instances, the construction of the Rela. tive, which requires a previous acquaintance with most of the other rules of construction, is placed near the beginning of Syntax; and, what appears still more preposterous, in Profody, the rules concerning the quantity of compounds are placed before those concerning the quantity of simple words. These improprieties in arrangement occasion greater

inconvenience to learners than is generally imagined.

After the Syntax, there is a brief account and explanation of the various Tropes and Figures of words and of thought, which occur in the Classics, compiled from the most approved authors, chiefly from Quin&ilian, and Marfais sur les Tropes.

The greatest cáre has every where been taken, to make the translation of Latin words and phrases subservient to the knowledge of English. There, and several other particulars not mentioned, it is hoped, will be found to be improvements of some importance in the plan of Education.

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