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B. What nature wants, commodious gold bestows, 'Tis thus we eat the bread another sows. cheat;
he was next banished Brussels, and drummed out of Ghent, on the same account. After a hundred tricks at the gaming-tables, he took to lending of money at exorbitant interest and on great penalties, accumulating premium, interest, and capital, into a new capital, and seizing to a minute when the payments became due; in a word, by a constant attention to the vices, wants, and follies of mankind, he acquired an immense fortune. His house was a perpetual bawdy-house. He was twice condemned for rapes, and pardoned; but the last time not without imprisonment in Newgate, and large confiscations. He died in Scotland in 1731, aged 62. The populace at his funeral raised a great riot, almost tore the body out of the coffin, and cast dead dogs, &c. into the grave along with it. The followizg epitaph contains his character, very justly drawn by Dr. Arbuthnot:
HERE continueth to rot
Excepting PRODIGALITY and AYPOCRISY:
Nor was he more singular
Without TRUST of PUBLIC MONEY,
A MINISTERIAL ESTATE.
He was the only person of his time
Retain his primeval MEANNESS
Oh, indignant reader!
To give to after ages
In the sight of GOD,
This gentleman was worth seven thousand pounds.a year estate in land, and about one hundred thousand in money.
Mr. Waters, the third of these worthies, was a man no way resepte
P. But how unequal it bestows, observe,
B. Trade it may help, society extend.
P. But bribes a senate, and the land's betray'd.
Oh! that such bulky bribes as all might see, Still, as of old, encumber'd villany!
bling the former in his military, but extremely so in his civil capacity; his great fortune having been raised by the like diligent attendance on the necessities of others. But this gentleman's history must be deferred till his death, when his worth may be known more certainly.
1 This is a true story, which happened in the reign of William III. to an unsuspected old patriot, who coming out at the back-door from having been closeted by the king, where he had received a large bag of guineas, the bursting of the bag discovered his business there.
2 In our author's time, many princes had been sent about the world, and great changes of kings projected in Europe. The partition treaty had disposed of Spain; France had set up a king for England, who was sent to Scotland, and back again; King Stanislaus was sent to Poland, and back again; the Duke of Anjou was sent to Spain, and Don Carlos to Italy.
3 Alludes to several ministers, counsellors, and patriots, banished in our times to Siberia, and to that MORE GLORIOUS FATE of the PARLIAMENT OF PARIS, banished to Pontoise in the year 1720.
Could France or Rome divert our brave designs,
confound, Or water all the quorum ten miles round? A statesman's slumbers how this speech would spoil! “Sir, Spain has sent a thousand jars of oil; Huge bales of British cloth blockade the door; A hundred oxen at your levee roar.'
Poor avarice one torment more would find; Nor could profusion squander all in kind. Astride his cheese Sir Morgan might we meet And Worldly crying coals from street to street; Whom with a wig so wild, and mien so mazed, Pity mistakes for some poor tradesman crazed. Had Colepepper'sa whole wealth been hops and hogs, Could he himself have sent it to the dogs ? His grace will game: to White's a bull be led, With spurning heels and with a butting head. To White's be carried, as to ancient games, Fair coursers, vases, and alluring dames. Shall then Uxorio, if the stakes he sweep, Bear home six whores, and make his lady weep? Or soft Adonis, so perfumed and fine, Drive to St. James's a whole herd of swine? O filthy check on all industrious skill, To spoil the nation's last great trade, quadrille! Since then, my lord, on such a world we fall, What say you ? B. Say? Why take it, gold and
all. P. What riches give us let us then inquire: Meat, fire, and clothes. B. What more? B. Meat, clothes,
1 Some misers of great wealth, proprietors of the coal mines, had entered at this time into an association to keep up coals to an extravagant price, whereby the poor were reduced almost to starve; till one of them, jaking the advantage of underselling the rest, defeated the design. One of these misers was worth ten thousand, another seven thousand a year.
2 Sir William Colepepper, Bart., a person of an ancient family and ample fortune, without one other quality of a gentleman, who, after ruining himself at the gaming-table, passed the rest of his days in sitting there to see the ruin of others ; preferring to subsist upon borrowing and begging, rather than to enter into any reputable method of life, and refusing a post in the army, which was offered him.
Is this too little ?- would you more than live?
1 One who, being possessed of three hundred thousand pounds, laid down his coach, because interest was reduced from five to four per cent.,
, and then put seventy thousand into the charitable corporation for better interest; which sum having lost, he took it so much to heart, that he kept his chamber ever after. It is thought he would not have outlived it, but that he was heir to another considerable estate, which he daily expected, and that by this course of life he saved both clothes and all other expenses.
2 A nobleman of great qualities, but as unfortunate in the application of them, as if they had been vices and follies. See his character in the first epistle.
3 A citizen, whose rapacity obtained him the name of Pulture Hopkins. He lived worthless, but died worth three hundred thousand pounds, which he would give to no person living, but left it so as not to be inherited till after the second generation. His counsel representing to him how many years it must be before this could take effect, and that his money could only lie at interest all that time, he expressed great joy thereat, and said, " They would then be as long in spending, as he had been in getting it.” But the chancery afterwards set aside the will and gave it to the heir-at-law.
4 Japhet Crook, alias Sir Peter Stranger, was punished with the loss of those parts, for having forged a conveyance of an estate to himself, upon which he took up several thousand pounds. He was at the same time sued in chancery for having fraudulently obtained a will, by which he possessed another considerable estate, in wrong of the brother of the deceased. By these means he was worth a great sum, which (in reward for the small loss of his ears) he enjoyed in prison till his death, and quietly left to his executor.
6 A certain duchess in her last will left considerable legacies and annuities to her cats.
Perhaps you think the poor might have their part?
Yet, to be just to these poor men of pelf,
B. Who suffer thus, mere charity should own,
P. Some war, some plague, or famine, they foresee, Some revelation hid from
you and me.
Wise Peter3 sees the world's respect for gold,
1 This epistle was written in the year 1730, when a corporation was established to lend money to the poor upon pledges, by the name of the Charitable Corporation, but the whole was turned only to an iniquitous method of enriching particular people, to the ruin of such numbers, that it became a parliamentary concern to endeavour the relief of those unhappy sufferers; and three of the managers, who were members of the House, were expelled. By the report of the Committee appointed to inquire into that iniquitous affair, it appears, that when it was objected to the intended removal of the office, that the poor, for whose use it was erected, would be hurt by it, Bond, one of the directors, replied, Damn the poor ! That “God hates the poor," and, “that every man in want is either knave or fool,” &c., were the genuine apophthegms of some of the persons here mentioned.
2 Many people, about the year 1733, had a conceit' that such a thing was intended, of which it is not improbable this lady might have some intimation.
3 Peter Walter, a person not only eminent in the wisdom of his pro. fession, as a dexterous attorney, but allowed to be a good, if not a safe, conveyancer; extremely respected by the nobility of this land, though free from all manner of luxury and ostentation: his wealth was never