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affairs ages ancient appears attempt authority barbarian became become body called cause century character Christian Church circumstances cities civilization clergy common complete condition consider continued council course crusades desire effects elements empire endeavored England enter established Europe European example exercised existence fact feeling feudal feudal system force France French Germany give hand human human mind ideas importance independence individual influence institutions intellectual interests Italy kind king less liberty manner means ment mind monarchy moral nature necessary never object opinions party passed period political possession present principle progress reason reform regard relations religion religious remained respect result Roman seemed side situation sixteenth century social society sovereignty speak spirit struggle success superior taken things tion took towns true truth twelfth various whole
Seite 231 - ... opinions began, from that period, to be in a state of preparation. In regard to political facts, in order to proceed with quickness and simplicity, I shall survey all the great countries of Europe, and place before you the influence which the fifteenth century had upon them — how it found them, how it left them. I shall begin with France. The last half of the fourteenth, and the first half of the fifteenth century, were, as you all know, a time of great national wars against the English. This...
Seite 264 - The Roman catholics, as their system rested on the decisions of an infallible judge, never doubted that truth was on their side, and openly called on the civil power to repel the impious and heretical innovators who had risen up against it. The protestants, no less confident that their doctrine was well founded, required, with equal ardour, the princes of their party to check such as presumed to impugn it.
Seite 48 - At the end of the fourth century, and the beginning of the fifth, Christianity was no longer a simple belief, it was an institution — it had formed itself into a corporate body.
Seite 36 - Greece, the unity of the social principle led to a development of wonderful rapidity ; no other people ever ran so brilliant a career in so short a time. But Greece had hardly become glorious, before she appeared worn out : her decline, if not quite so rapid as her rise, was strangely sudden. It seems as if the principle which called Greek civilization into life was exhausted. No other came to invigorate it, or supply its place.
Seite 30 - One of the greatest philosophers and most distinguished men of the present age, whose words become indelibly engraved upon whatever spot they fall, has resolved this question ; he has resolved it, at least, according to his own conviction. The following are his words : " Human societies are born, live, and die, upon the earth ; there they accomplish their destinies. But they contain not the whole man. After his engagement to society there still remains in him the more noble part of his nature ; those...
Seite 33 - Suave, mari magno turbantibus aequora ventis, E terra magnum alterius spectare laborem ; Non quia vexari quemquamst iucunda voluptas, Sed quibus ipse malis careas quia cernere suave est.
Seite 30 - Human societies are born, live, and die, upon the earth; there they accomplish their destinies. But they contain not the whole man. After his engagement to society there still remains in him the more noble part of his nature; those high faculties by which he elevates himself to God, to a future life, and to the unknown blessings of an invisible world. We, individuals, each with a separate and distinct existence, with an identical person, we, truly beings endowed with immortality, we have a higher...
Seite 16 - ... transplanted to- other lands, or benefit the common stock of European civilization, been obliged to undergo in France a new preparation : it is from France, as from a second country more rich and fertile, that they have started forth to make the conquest of Europe. There is not a single great idea, not a single great principle of civilization, which, in order to become universally spread, has not first passed through France.
Seite 25 - Two elements, then, seem to be comprised in the great fact which we call civilization ; — two circumstances are necessary to its existence — it lives upon two conditions — it reveals itself by two symptoms : the progress of society, the progress of individuals ; the melioration of the social system, and the expansion of the mind and faculties of man. Wherever the exterior condition of man becomes enlarged, quickened, and improved ; wherever the intellectual nature of man distinguishes itself...
Seite 27 - ... adopt the principle. Hence, we may affirm that it is the intuitive belief of man that these two elements of civilization are intimately connected, and that they reciprocally produce one another. If we now examine the history of the world, we shall have the same result. We shall find that every expansion of human intelligence has proved of advantage to society; and that all the great advances in the social condition have turned to the profit of humanity.