Ecological Networks: Linking Structure to Dynamics in Food Webs

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Mercedes Pascual, Jennifer A. Dunne
Oxford University Press, USA, 2006 - 386 Seiten
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This book is based on proceedings from a February 2004 Santa Fe Institute workshop. Its contributing chapter authors treat the ecology of predator-prey interactions and food web theory, structure, and dynamics, joining researchers who also work on complex systems and on large nonlinear networks from the points of view of other sub-fields within ecology. Food webs play a central role in the debates on the role of complexity in stability, persistence, and resilience. Better empirical data and the exploding interest in the subject of networks across social, physical, and natural sciences prompted creation of this volume. The book explores the boundaries of what is known of the relationship between structure and dynamics in ecological networks and defines directions for future developments in this field.
 

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Inhalt

INTRODUCTION
1
From Small to Large Ecological Networks in a Dynamic World
3
STRUCTURE OF COMPLEX ECOLOGICAL NETWORKS
25
The Network Structure of Food Webs
27
Additional Model Complexity Reduces Fit to Complex FoodWeb Structure
87
Reply to Martinez and Gushing
91
Graph Theory and Food Webs
93
Parasites and Food Webs
119
FoodWeb Structure and Dynamics Reconciling Alternative Ecological Currencies
209
ECOLOGICAL NETWORKS AS EVOLVING ADAPTIVE SYSTEMS
221
Models of FoodWeb Evolution
223
Phenotypic Plasticity and Species Coexistence Modeling Food Webs as Complex Adaptive Systems
245
Exploring the Evolution of Ecosystems with Digital Organisms
271
Network Evolution Exploring the Change and Adaptation of Complex Ecological Systems Over Deep Time
287
STABILITY AND ROBUSTNESS OF ECOLOGICAL NETWORKS
303
Ecological Network Meltdown from Habitat Loss and Fragmentation
305

Sea Lampreys in Great Lakes Food Webs
137
The Structure of PlantAnimal Mutualistic Networks
143
INTEGRATING ECOLOGICAL STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS
161
Diversity Complexity and Persistence in Large Model Ecosystems
163
Exploring Network Space with Genetic Algorithms Modularity Resilience and Reactivity
187
Biodiversity Loss and Ecological Network Structure
325
CONCLUSIONS
349
Challenges for the Future Integrating Ecological Structure and Dynamics
351
Index
373
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Über den Autor (2006)

Mercedes Pascual is at University of Michigan. Jennifer A. Dunne is at Santa Fe Institute, New Mexico.

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