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create most of the endless stir around us."
What sought they thus afar?
monster that springs into existence in the increasing Bright jewels of the mine?
consumption of tea and coffee. When men dashed The wealth of seas ?—the spoils of war?“ from their lips the wine-cup, they felt sensibly the They sought a faith's pure shrine !
absence of the usual stimulus, and thoughtlessly
deemed that health demanded a substitute. But the Ay, call it holy ground,
appetite was morbid and artificial; and true wisdom, The soil where first they trod!
instead of gratifying it with opium, tobacco, tea or They have left unstained what there they found; coffee, would dictate the entire disuse of every onFreedom to worship God.
natural stimulant. The castor has supplanted the decanter, and is faithfully nursing an appetite which
may gather such strength of importunity, that men DIETETIC REFORM.
shall forget their vows and fall back to their low esBY JAMES SELLERS, JR.
tate of sensuality. Individual reform does not pause.
If we cease to progress, we are gradually swept “A few nerves hardly visible on the surface of the tongue, back by a strong current of animality to that abyss
DR. W. E. CHANNING from which we have emerged. How important, then, It is not essential to our view of this subject, that is the relinquishment of those fiery condiments we consider the perfection of the physical frame the which foster every animal passion of our nature, sole object of life. Either they who discard the and disturb the equable manifestation of the loftiest idea that soul and body are separate entities, or they sentiments of the human soul. who look upon the outward man as the mere taber It cannot be expected that any partial reform shall nacle of the spirit, must upon proper scrutiny admit secure to us that exemption from the appeals of our the superior claims of this reform, or call in question lower nature which is the gist only of perfect obetruths which they have been wont to style self-dience. Subserviency to one appetite perpetually evident.
endangers the freedom of the noblest soul. The Science and general truth through all their stages sword of the warrior will not be sheathed before the of development have tended to confirm the intuitive- knife of the butcher: and men who look complaly-perceived fact of intimate relationship and de- cently upon the death-struggle of the lamb or the ox pendence between body and mind. And now, when will scarcely shrink from the gallows, or the murthe particular branches of Physiology, Anatomy, derous scenes of war. In the refined circles of sociand Phrenology are enveloped in clustering revela-ety how many freely partake of that flesh whose tions of the same great truth, the importance of the hideousness the cook has partially concealed; and subject under consideration is becoming more dis- yet did necessity impose upon them the slaughter tinct. Then as a mere instrument for superior and preparation of the carcase, would well nigh faint mental conception and labor, the physical frame at the bare thought of the task.
To such we sug. should be regulated with an eye to the highest de gest that what we do by another is essentially the gree of purity and perfection.
act of our own hands—that the blade of the carving. Yet, however evident this fact may be to the en- knife is dyed as deeply as that which opens the quiring mind, few as yet have felt and acknowledged vein of the struggling victim. It is said, by sensithe defects of the present dietetic habits of the race. tive ones, to be vulgar and indelicate to mention these
With all the apparent ignorance which prevails things. So said the slave-holder when reminded of upon this vital matter, it is a little singular that the his lust and concubinage. But the true soul shrinks presentation of truth concerning it, almost invariably not from the utterance of truth, however it may jar awakens at least a partial response in the breast of upon the sensual ear.
If the social arrangements the hearer. Thus when the standard of abstinence are such that we cannot see the work of our own from alcohol was reared in this wine-bibbing nation, hands, some friendly arm is needed to withdraw the despite the fact of its enthronement upon the dining veil which shrouds the action from the actor.
Intable, the sideboard, in the dancing saloon, the select tellect recedes before the fattened herd, and moralimeeting, and even on the altar of the Church, the ty grows faint beside the meat-block, while human wine-cup was felt to be the den of a serpent as dead. sympathy sickens and dies upon the threshhold of ly in its sting, as sly in its approaches; and the the slaughter-house. How vain then will be our faithful note of warning from the earnest advocate appeals on behalf of defenceless humanity, when the of this cause, seemed to fall upon ears not entirely earth is deluged with the blood of the innocent vicinsensible to the presence of danger. The same re-tims of our lust and sensuality. To the purified mark is true of the kindred but more prevalent palate it is a source of surprise that men do not turn draughts of tea and coffee. These dishes daily steam from the revolting diet of animal flesh and secreupon the table of the veteran tee-totaler. And the tions, to the sweet feast of fruits and grains, which Washingtonian, dealing his resistless blows upon the Nature has lavished upon her great board around hydra-head of alcohol, fails to observe the double I which we are all permitted to gather. What!-says
the high-liver-would you cut us off from the gener- | mass from a state of perpetual delving to one of comous pleasures of the table ? Alas! he is indeed a parative leisure and freedom from toil. short-sighted epicure who lives to eat. Only he Now, there is a great truth in thus banding togewho takes his unleavened cake to keep warm the ther more closely the interests and labours of the blood in his veins, knows ought of table-pleasures in race, yet if men will gratify their lusts by the sacritheir largest sense. His is an appetite that never fice of the highest attainments of intelligence and palls-a debauch followed by no morning aches, and morality, associated action will free them, in the bringing no ghosts of misspent hours and squander- pursuit of these gratifications, from a vast amount of ed funds.
necessary drudgery. Hence the tendency of this One of the beauties of the Temperance reforma- accumulated power will only be to pander more suction is, that upon which the changes have been much cessfully to sensuality, unless preceded or accomrung, and with no little justice-its wealth-giving panied by Dietetic Reform. power. The rum-bottle and the ragged-elbow are As it is an act fraught with danger to the bywont to be thought inseparable companions. “Many standers to place in the hands of a fettered maniac loaves of wholesome and nourishing bread cannot the file or the saw, so may association prove a curse be reduced to a pint of poison," says the temperance by placing within the reach of the sensualist supeeconomist, “ without diminishing actual wealth.” rior facilities for vice than present society confers,
Six acres of soil, any one of which would give Nothing then, can be more obvious than the fact the bread of life to three human beings, cannot ex- that human progression has for its basis bodily haust their produce upon the ox that scarce sustains purification. If the philanthropist would wit. the gross existence of one flesh consumer, without ness the overthrow of slavery, the cessation of robbing the individual and the race of that mental war, the abolition of the gallows, or the triumph of and moral culture which is their birth-right. temperance, let him withhold from his table car
Female loveliness, cultivation and accomplish- cases and condiment, and all that shall prove a ment shall be utter strangers to the farm, while snare to the pure young souls that gather around his dairy-slavery imposes its shackles upon our maidens, board. And if he be an ardent lover of his race his stripping them of those moments which are their efforts will not cease here, but his testimony will be inalienable right by virtue of the graces given to a beacon-light upon every point of Eternity's coast improve therein.
the shifting waves of Time may cast him. Complaint has been uttered that woman has failed to contribute her just proportion to the general trea
THOUGHTS IN A LIBRARY. sury of science and literature ; but until the crucible supplants the cream-jug, and the butter-print is relinquished for the pen, it will be folly to hope for Speak low-tread softly through these halls ! other results. The great fact stares us in the face, Here genius lives enshrined, that in this particular, as elsewhere, 'tis Eve that Here reign in silent majesty proffers the forbidden fruit to Adam. It is no cause
The monarchs of the mind. of surprise that refined men and women shrink from
A mighty spirit-host they come labor when so much of it lies in cattle-stalls, and
From every age and clime,cow-yards. Labor, when redeemed from these and
Above the buried wrecks of years other excrescences, will be viewed as the legitimate
They breast the tide of Time. sphere of the divine man. Woman shall then find her highest attributes dependent upon exertion, and
And in their presence chamber here shall throw off the doll now imposed by society, that
They hold their regal state, she may assume more readily her divine character.
And round them throng a noble train, Health and virtue both call for physical exercise, for
The gifted and the great. as the humours of the system stagnate, and the Oh! child of toil! when round thy path muscles grow weak in a state of bodily torpidity
The storms of life arise ! so a life on the productions of another's labor de And when thy brothers pass thee by stroys the force of conscience, and lowers the moral With stern unloving eyes! standard. It may be urged that society has no fur
Here shall the Poets chant for thee ther claim upon him who throws into the common treasury a quota of intellect. This may be true of
Their sweetest, loftiest lays, society, but false when applied to the individual
And Prophets wait to guide thy steps
In wisdom's pleasant ways. member, for nothing short of the divine right to labor can satisfy his claims.
Come, with these God-anointed kings Much eloquence and logic has been spent latterly Be thou companion here; upon a variety of projects for that associated action And in the mighty realm of mind whose economies shall abolish poverty, and lift the Thou shalt go forth a Peer.
BY ANNE C. LYNCH.
LETTER FROM C. C. BURLEIGH importunate appeals, may reach the hearts and awak. Toan Anti-Slavery Convention, for Eastern Pennsyl
en the consciences of all. Douglas, as a living witvania, held at Norristown, Eighth-month 1, 1842.
ness of the secrets of slavery's prison house, may
speak that he doth know, and testify that he hath MONTPELIER, Seventh-month 28, 1842.
seen of its cruelties and abominations. He may reThough, as you are well aware, I cannot be with veal the foul hypocrisy and daring blasphemy of its you in person at your grand gathering in Norristown priestly defenders ; may show in his sarcastic imi. next week, yet neither can I consent to be wholly tations, how, with sanctimonious looks and whining absent. Fain would I, that you and all my beloved tones of pretended piety, they impiously charge fellow-laborers there assembled, should think of me upon God the making of one man to be a slave, and not as now a stranger or a foreigner ;--as one re- another to be a slave owner; and how, with cool efmoved from among you, and belonging to another frontery, pointing to those physical and mental difscene of action. Let me still be counted as one of | ferences which slavery, and its hard toil and enyou. Let my place be kept for me, as if I had but forced ignorance on the one hand, and slaveholding stepped aside for a moment, soon to be in it again. luxury and pride on the other, have wrought, they It is hardly needful to assure you that I shall be with call them tokens of His design, that one should you in spirit, and that, separated as we are for a time, serve and the other command; proofs of His wisdom I still feel a lively interest in whatever concerns our and goodness in fitting each for the lot assigned common cause, in that—so long my own--field of him. And the tried old veteran, with his undimmed labor. So long! nay, still my own; for so I regard eye and unabated natural strength, his resolute look, it, and look forward with glad anticipation to the and calm, determined manner, before which the time, as not far distant, when we shall be once more blustering kidnapper and the self-important oppres. together; and, shoulder to shoulder in the same sor have so often quailed :—with his tales of oppres. rank of the anti-slavery 'nost, press forward in the sion baffled, and freedom gained by many a flying arduous struggle wherein you have so often aided bondman; with the scars of a hundred battles, and and cheered me on. My heart is with you now, and the wreaths of a hundred victories, in this glorious words cannot speak the joy it would give me to be warfare ; with his example of a half a century's at your meeting, to celebrate with you the glorious active service in the holy cause, and lis still faith. jubilee of the West India slave; to plan with you ful adherence to it through evil as well as good rethe future toils which are to win a still more glori-port, and in the face of opposition as bitter as sectaous jubilee for the captives of our own land; to rian bigotry can stir up—may show that persecution kindle anew each other's zeal, infuse into each cannot bow the head which seventy winters could other's souls fresh energy and resolution, re-nerving not blanch, nor the terror of excommunication chill them for the conflicts we have yet to meet ; and the heart in which age could not freeze the kindly flow once more unite with you in solemnly pledging to of warm philanthropy. But it was not the rememthe cause, our time, our strength, our talents, our brance of these which led me to say you need no substance, and whatsoever it be " wherewith the voice of mine to summon you to duty. The voice Lord our God has blessed us,” as means for being which calls you is louder than ever swelled up from co-workers with him in delivering the spoiled out of human lips. It is pouring ever its thrilling tones the hand of the oppressor.
into your ears, and into your souls—from the cotton I know you need not my admonition, to remind field, from the rice swamp, from the sugar plantayou of your duty, nor my voice to arouse you to do tion, from the man-market of your nation's capital, it, nor my words of cheer to encourage you onward from the desolate huts of the bereaved—bereaved by in the good work. Nor is it only because others a stroke more terrible than death,—from the slave. will be there to stir you up to action, that you need ship’s hold, and from the dusty highway, where no word from me. Not merely because Collins will chained cofiles drag wearily along their mournful be with you, and Douglas-a brand plucked from march. It speaks in the clank of fetters, the crack the burning—and the veteran Hopper. That these of brandished whips, and the harsh words and angry are to be present I am glad to hear. That they will oaths of drivers and overseers. It rings out from the help to pour into your souls new life, and awaken auction hammer as it falls to sunder human hearts, new activity, and animate you with a more devoted and is heard in the auctioneer's call, “who bids" spirit of self-denial, and quicken your zeal and in- for imbruted manhood. All sounds of wo blend in spire you with a greater energy and perseverance, I that mighty voice ;—all sighs of sorrow heaved by rejoice to believe. Collins, with his vehement and broken hearts; all cries of anguish in its many scorching rebukes, may make pro-slavery writhe, notes, from the infant's scream and mother's piercmay startle the indifferent, and goad the indolent to ing shriek, as they are rudely torn apart, to that action; with his spirit-kindling battle-cry may give deep groan which speaks the strong man's agony at increased alacrity to those who have risen and gird. the loss of loved ones dearer than his life; whatever ed them for the moral fight; and with his earnest, I tells the still night air and the watching stars of
griefs which may not be spoken in the ear of man not unmingled with tones of sorrow and accents of lest falling lashes should smother their attempted earnest entreaty, which urge us, if we can do no utterance; all tones of wild despair, all muttered more, at least to cast up a safe highway from the curses and half breathed prayers to God for ven- land of republican bondage to the home of freedom geance; every low whisper, passing round dark cir- under a monarch's protecting rule. And what tucles of midnight plotters in the forest's gloom, ri- multuous acclaim, even while you are yet assembled, pening their schemes of flight, or bloody retribu swells up from the freed Antilles,” like the roar tion ; all aspirations of that hope which gives the of pent-up seas bursting their rocky barriers; and fugitive strength to his toil-worn limbs, courage to tells a nation joy at the returning aniversary of its his fainting soul, speed to his flying steps; the emancipation ? What is it but another tone of that stealthy foot-fall through slumbering villages or same voice, which bids you for very shame to suftowns at midnight, and the rustle of dry leaves in fer no longer in quiet “the free United States to solitary wood-paths; the bloodhound's bay, the rifle's cherish the slavery which a king has abolished ?”– sharp crack, and whizzing of the ball, the shout of What are the taunts flung at you from beyond the savage exultation which hails its deadly aim, the waters; from crowned despots and their minions, bubbling rush of its victim's life stream from the scorning a slaveholding republicanism ; from pagans fatal wound; all mingle in the ceaseless cry which at their idol shrines, sneering at a heathenizing bids you «up to the rescue.” In the lament, too, of Christianity ? What, but variations of the same darkened minds and benighted souls, chained in ig. unceasing voice, which will still roar, and shriek, norance by statute prohibitions, and doomed to hea- and groan, and sigh, and wail, and entreat, and acthenism by the usages of'a Christain people, you cuse, and condemn, till your brother's blood no lonhear the emphatic call for help. The enslaved con- ger gives it its startling tones and unearthly power ? sciences of millions, clanking their spiritual shac. The earth which drunk that blood—which drinks it kles, and demanding a release from their galling still, warm-dripping from the lash-sends up conweight, appeal to your consciences, making them tinually its accusing cry to heaven. The heaven your accusers if you put forth no effort for their dis- which looked on with astonishment, hurls back its enthralment. Sounds not that appeal in your ears response from the black thunder-cloud, and writes it like the death groan of starving souls, perishing for with quivering lightnings all over its broad expanse. lack of that bread of life which should nourish them? The rivers, discolored with the crimson stain, sweep
The whole South land is lifting up its voice; not oceanward with indignant rush, pouring out their from living things alone, but the very stones are complaints in every ripple of the current as they crying out of the walls of its dilapidated mansions dash along. The ocean flings them back with its and deserted sanctuaries, “wo to him that buildeth loud voice of many waters, as his foam-crested bil. a town with blood, and establisheth a city with ini-lows tumble in upon the trembling shore. And He quity;" and the beam out of the timber is answering that sitteth on the circle of the heavens, that spread them, accusing slavery of their too early decay and abroad the earth and stretched the clouds above it ruin ; and calling on you as sharers in the common like the curtains of a tent, and channelled it with interest of the whole country, to drive out the abomi- river courses, and scooped out the hollows for the nation which maketh desolate, and bring in that seas, that makes them all the instruments of his builder of old waste places, that upraiser of the will, when, by terrible things in righteousness, he foundations of many generations, free industry. I would vindicate the honor of his violated laws, and The once fruitful fields, now slavery-cursed with avenge the cause of the helpless and injured poor, barrenness; the pine woods over growing olden cul- he is shaping into articulate sounds those thunders tivations and echoing in their gloomy depths the above, and that voice of the waters below, and, as howl of " wolves returned after the lapse of a cen- it were, bending those lightning flashes into forms tury,” send up their call with all the earnestness of and characters which may be read-pealing upon dying prosperity gasping hard for breath, and pray- your ears with the one, and blazing upon your dazing for renewed life. Nor from the South alone rises zling eyes with the other, “ Execute judgment in up the call to anti-slavery effort. From many a fly. the morning, and deliver him that is spoiled out of ing captive, wandering over the wide north, seeking the hand of the oppressor, lest my fury go out like shelter in the shadow of our liberty tree on our fire, and burn that none can quench it, because of the boasted free soil, and finding that the hand of “com evil of your doings." And I rejoice to know that promise” has pruned away its branches, till oppres- you are not utterly unheedful of the call, but have sion's sun-stroke can smite him even here, and banded yourselves together to work, by your united wither his blooming hopes; is pealing out a call for zeal and energy, the required deliverance; not by protection and deliverance ;
retaliating upon the evil-doer the evil he has done; " While from the dark Canadian woods,
not by washing out with his blood the blood-stain The loud reply comes thundering out,
with which he has polluted the land ; not by “phy Ahove Niagara's boiling foods, The rescued bondman's triumph shout;"
sical resistance, the marshalling in arms, the hostile
encounter;" but by " the opposition of moral puri- shields him from the perils he must else have braved ty to moral corruption, the destruction of error by by such a course ? could he even have attempted it ? the potency of truth, the overthrow of prejudice by If his labors are producing abundant fruit, it is be. the power of love, the abolition of slavery by the cause yours have broken and mellowed to some despirit of repentance :” thus conferring a blessing at gree the soil, and diffused a more genial temperaonce upon the oppressor and his victim. Not in vain ture throughout the moral atmosphere. have you enlisted in this holy war ; holy, no less But I meant not to speak so long of what has because of its weapons, than of its objects. Not in been. It behooves us, rather, forgetting the things vain have you devoted your strength to this labor of which are behind, and reaching forth unto those love, spending it for the good of those froin whom which are before, to press toward the mark for the you look for no recompense. Not in vain have you prize of our high calling. The little which has been encountered reproach and persecution-braved the done, may be hastily glanced at now and then, as wrath of the mob, suffered the loss of property by encouragement to new exertion, but must not be the outbreaks of lawless violence, endured personal dwelt upon as if it were the fulfilment of our duty ; indignities, and faced personal dangers. Not in vain, must not be permitted to hide from our eyes the even if you could as yet see no fruits of your labor, vastly more which yet lies unaccomplished before so far as its direct purpose is concerned; even if no us. And with you I am confident it will not. You fetter had yet been broken, no blessing of them that have not just put on the harness of this Christian were ready to perish, but are now set in safety from warfare, to boast yourseves as he that putteth it off, the reach of the destroyer, had yet come upon you. after the battle has been fought and the victory won. Your own consciousness bears witness that he, in whose service you are engaged, is no exactor of un There is another subject on which my mind has requited toil ; that he does not even wait the finish- dwelt much, and which I hope will claim some ing of the day's work, before he begins the pay- share of your attention. I mean the duty toward ment of its wages.
You have tasted the reward in our brethern flying from oppression, which grows the inward peace which obedience has produced ; in out of the recent decision of the Supreme Court.the sweet satisfaction which flows from the exercise That we are verily guilty concerning our brother, so of kindly emotions, and the sacrifice of present per- long as we consent to aid in re-enslaving him if he sonal indulgence and ease to the toils of benevolence, attempts to escape-so long as we leave unused any and in the pleasures of social intercouse, and a feel rightful means in our power to assist his self-deliv. ing of brotherly union in a common cause, height- erance, I need not so say to such an assembly as ened by the consideration of the nobleness of that this letter is designed for. But what ought we to cause; purified by the disinterestedness of that feel- do, what can we do with the most effect, for the ating. But this has not been your only reward. You tainment of our fixed purpose ? That we will never have seen the work of the Lord prospering in your lift a finger to help the kidnapper, however strong hands. He who sows the seed expects to wait long the authority of statute, or constitution, or judicial and patiently for the harvest, before its waving decision with which he is clothed, I take for granted wealth shall cover the furrows, or its ripened is our unanimous, undisguised determination. That sheaves shall crowd the barns. Yet, in your case we will do our best, by all means which the moral the reaper seems already treading on the sower's law condemns not, to baffle him and save the prey heel, and the harvest of the last sown farrow sup- from his talons, I trust we are equally well agreed plies the seed for the next. A Birney, a Nelson, a on, and equally open in avowing. Now, as Brisbane, and a Thome, are not the only trophies of have the highest judicial authority of the nation for past success, nor the only auxiliaries of future effort. the doctrine that the federal government cannot reNot the converted slaveholder alone, but the libera- quire State officers to enforce its decrees, and that ted slave also, is at once the witness of what has the several States may forbid all giving of aid by been done, and the helper in what is yet to do.- their official agents, to the re-capture of fugitive Where, but for your efforts, would have been some slaves, it seems to me that every free State owes it of the voices which are now pleading, with the ear- to its own character, to justice, to humanity, to pass nest eloquence of simple nature, for the deliverance an act at the earliest possible opportunity, imposing of the enslaved, and moving the whole land with such prohibition; and that abolitionists everywhere their strong appeals ? To name no other-would ought to bestir themselves in this matter, and by pe. Douglas be now rousing the country to a state of titions, and their personal influence, where they have healthy agitation; would he be going from city to any, with their representatives, and by whatever city, and town to town, and village to village, with means are proper and lawful, endeavor to bring about his story of the captive's wrongs; awakening sym- so desirable an end. The South should be made to pathy, enkindling zeal, and enlisting effort—if north- know that we are not only determined to hinder, as ern abolitionists had not prepared the public mind to far as we can, her attempts to make effective for inreceive him, and formed a public sentiment which justice a compromise which ought never to have