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The poverty of the Candidates is one of the qualifications to be inquired into before they are admitted Sizars. Candidates for Sizarship are required to send in to the Senior Lecturer, on or before the 1st day of October in each year, a statement proving that they are persons of limited means and entitled to compete for admission on the ground of poverty; and only those persons who appear to the Senior Lecturer to be qualified are permitted to compete.

No candidates are admitted to the Sizarship Examination who (1) are already Matriculated Students of the University; or (2) are Graduates of any Chartered University; or (3) are over nineteen on the 1st of June of the year in which they compete.

The Board may, if they think fit, award, independently of the Sizarship Examination, not more than one Sizarship in Mathematics and one in Classics to such members of the Junior Freshman Class as they may consider to have especially distinguished themselves since their matriculation, and to be otherwise suitable to be awarded a Sizarship. In this case no limit of age is imposed.

The Board offer Sizarships in Experimental Science, to be competed for by such candidates as can produce definite evidence that they have already received Laboratory instruction.

Students who enter College as Sizars are permitted to hold their Sizarships for four years. In the event of persons who are already Students of the College being admitted as Sizars, the duration of their Sizarships shall not exceed four years from the Sizarship Examination next succeeding their entrance into College. Sizars who fail to keep their class, or who drop a class without the express permission of the Board, ipso facto, vacate their Sizarships.

The Examination for Sizarships is held annually on the two weekdays before October 10th, and is marked in the Almanac for the year. The Examination commences at 9.30.

Sizarships in Mathematics, Classics, Experimental Science, and Modern Languages.-The Sizarship Examination lasts for two days, and 400 marks are assigned at it. The first day, and the morning of the second day, are devoted to the special subject, Mathematics, Classics, Experimental Science, or Modern Languages, and 300 marks assigned to it. The last afternoon is devoted (1) to an English Essay (counting 50 marks), for which all candidates, whether in Mathematics, Classics, Experimental Science, or Modern Languages, must compete; (2) for the candidates in Mathematics and Experimental Science, to an easy paper in Latin Composition and a viva voce Examination in a Latin and a Greek author of his own selection, it being permissible for candidates to substitute French or German for Greek; and (3) for the candidates in Classics and Modern Languages, to a paper in Arithmetic and Algebra, and a vivâ voce Examination in Geometry (as in the Entrance Course); and

this portion of the Examination will, in each case, count 50 marks. Candidates in Modern Languages must also pass a qualifying Examination in Latin.


First Morning. Translation from Greek authors (unprescribed), 70 marks.

First Evening.-Translation from Latin authors (unprescribed), 70 marks.

During the first day the candidates are examined viva voce in one Greek and one Latin author, as prescribed below. The mark assigned to this viva voce Examination is 40. The prescribed authors are

Any three books of Homer, or any one book of Thucydides. Any one book of Livy, or any one of the following portions of Horace (a) Odes, (b) Satires, (c) Epistles, including the Ars Poetica.

[Candidates must send to the Senior Lecturer, at least a month before the Examination, notice of the portions of these authors in which they intend to present themselves.]

Second Morning.-Greek Prose Composition, 40 marks.
Latin Prose Composition, 40 marks.

Ancient History (viva voce in a class),
40 marks.

[Candidates are expected to know the principal facts in Greek History, and the Outlines of Greek Literature and Art, from the earliest times to 323 B.C.; and the principal facts in Roman History, and the Outlines of Roman Literature, from the earliest times to 37 A.D.]

A paper in Greek and Latin Verse Composition is set as a voluntary exercise on the third morning. It counts 40 marks; but no credit is given unless positive merit is shown.


Geometry.-Deductions from Euclid.

The Methods of Coordinates, Graphs, Analytical Geometry of the Right Line (Cartesian Coordinates).

Algebra.-Arithmetical and Geometrical Progression - Scales of Notation-Surds and Imaginary Quantities-Quadratic Equations and

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Simultaneous Equations of the second Degree-Permutations and Combinations Binomial Theorem-Logarithms - Exponential and Logarithmic Series-Partial Fractions-Continued Fractions-Algebraic Series.

N.B.-Hall and Knight's Higher Algebra, chaps. i.-xvii. (inclusive), xxiii., xxiv., xxv., xxix., is recommended.

Theory of Equations.-Relation between the Roots and Coefficients of Equations-Elementary Symmetric Functions of the Roots-Transformation of Equations-Horner's Method of Solving Numerical Equations.

Trigonometry.-To the end of the Solution of Plane Triangles-De Moivre's Theorem-Exponential Forms of Trigonometric FunctionsTrigonometric Series.

Experimental Science.

Elementary Mathematics.-A Paper will be set in Elementary Mathematics. Such a knowledge of Mathematics will be expected as is required for a proper study of the Course in Experimental Science. Simple questions may be set in Mechanics, Hydrostatics, and Geometrical Optics. Candidates will be expected to be familiar with the use of squared paper, and to know how to plot their results on it.

Experimental Physics.—Measurement of length, area, volume, mass, and weight; density, time, velocity, acceleration, and pressureSimpler phenomena of Heat, Light, and Sound.

There will be a Practical Examination as well as a Written Examination.

Chemistry.-General properties of substances-Mixtures and solutions-Processes employed in the Laboratory, such as evaporation, distillation, solution, crystallization, filtration-Effect of heat on solubility of solids and gases in water-Oxidation of elementary substances by heating in air or oxygen, and by other methods-Properties of oxygen and nitrogen-Atmospheric air, its composition and properties--Preparation and properties of the commoner acids and alkalies-Calcium carbonate, carbon dioxide, lime-Action of acids on metals-HydrogenWater-Chemical elements and compounds-Distinction between metals and non-metals, and between chemical compounds and mechanical mixtures-Volume of gas evolved by action of various acids on metalsEffect of temperature and pressure on the volume of a gas-Density of a gas-Calculation of the weight of a gas from its volume and densityIndestructibility of matter-Law of definite proportions-Law of equivalent weights.

There will be a Practical as well as a Written Examination.

NOTE. The atomic theory is not required, nor are chemical formulæ or equations.

Modern Languages.

One Sizarship is offered each year in Modern Languages, French and German.

The Examination will consist of passages (unprescribed) for translation from French and German, and of passages for

Composition in both languages. The candidates will also be examined viva voce in the following authors:

French, . E. Renan Essais de Critique et de Morale.


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Sizarships in Hebrew and Irish.

To encourage the study of Hebrew, one Sizarship is usually given annually to the best answerer in the English and Latin Prose Composition and the viva voce portion of the Examination for Classical Sizarships, together with the following Course of Hebrew:

Hebrew Grammar.

Exodus, Chaps. i.-xi. (inclusive).
Psalms, i.-xxiv. (inclusive).

In determining the election to the Hebrew Sizarship, equal weight is allowed to the answering in Classics and in Hebrew.

No Student is elected to a Sizarship for answering in Hebrew unless the Examiners report him to the Senior Lecturer as having positive merit of a high order.

For the encouragement of the study of Irish, one Sizarship is usually given annually to the best answerer in the following Course:

(a) A thorough knowledge of Irish Grammar is required.

(b) Passages are set for Translation at sight from Irish into English, and from English into Irish.

(c) Candidates are examined vivâ voce in these books :—

Eachtra Lomnochtáin.

Poems of Donnchadh Ruadh Mac Conmara (ed. Flannery).

No Sizarship is awarded to any Candidate unless the Senior Lecturer considers that sufficient merit has been shown.

Candidates for Sizarships in Hebrew and Irish have to pass all the subjects of the Entrance Examination to the satisfaction of the Senior Lecturer.

Reid Sizarships.-In the scheme approved by the Master of the Rolls, filed 7th August, 1888, it was directed that the income of the Reid Sizarship bequest should be applied to found additional Sizarships or Exhibitions in the nature of Sizarships, "not to exceed five in number, open only to Students of limited means, natives of the County of Kerry, who, having failed to obtain ordinary Sizarships, may be deemed to have shown sufficient merit. Such Exhibitions to be held on conditions similar in all respects to

those upon which ordinary Sizarships are held in the said College, and not to preclude such Exhibitioners from obtaining any other Exhibitions or Prizes, for which an ordinary Sizar would be eligible, and the said College shall determine the annual stipend to be allowed to each such Exhibitioner, or the privileges in lieu of such stipend, in such way, as to place him, with respect to exemption from fees, free commons and free rooms, on a footing similar to that of ordinary Sizars."a



Explanation of Terminology.

There are three Terms in each Calendar year, i. e. Hilary Term, beginning on January 10, and ending on March 25; Trinity Term, beginning on April 15, and ending on June 30; and Michaelmas Term, beginning on October 10, and ending on December 20. If, however, Easter happens to fall within the limits of Hilary or of Trinity Term, that Term is increased by an additional week.

The Academic Year commences in the beginning of November, i. e. with the Lectures of the Michaelmas Term. Afterwards, in the beginning of Hilary Term, there are the Hilary Term Examinations in the subjects of the Michaelmas Lectures. Then follow the Lectures of Hilary Term, and the Trinity Term Examinations, and finally the Lectures of Trinity Term and the Examinations of Michaelmas Term, which close the Academic Year, which therefore extends from November to November.

Freshmen and Sophisters.-During the first Academic Year, Students are called Junior Freshmen; during the second Academic Year, Senior Freshmen; during the third and fourth years, Junior and Senior Sophisters; then Junior, Middle, and Senior Bachelors; but a Student belonging to the Junior Bachelor Class is called a Candidate Bachelor, not a Junior Bachelor, until he has actually taken the B.A. Degree. Graduates who are of standing entitling them to take out the Master of Arts Degree are called Candidate Masters. They are of this standing three years after they have passed the Examination for the Degree of B.A.

By a rising Junior Freshman is meant a Student who, having matriculated, has not yet entered on his actual Junior Freshman


It was also arranged that the residue (if any) of the income of the Reid Sizarship endowment might be applied in paying the usual fees to the Examiners at the Exami nations for such Sizarships, and in such manner as the Board of Trinity College might think best calculated to encourage superior education in the said County, as for instance, by assigning from time to time stipends to such Schoolmasters as may distinguish themselves in preparing Students for Trinity College, Dublin, such stipends to be given on condition that such Master or Masters shall undertake to prepare, free of expense, as Day-Scholars, a certain number of boys of limited means for the Sizarship Examination of the College, or in such other way as to the said College may seem most effectual and expedient for the promotion of superior education in the said County.

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