Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

vered. In 1706 he was raised to a lieutenancy, Richard Woodville, the brother of queen Eliand soon after made a cornet in lord Stair's regi- zabeth, wife to Edward IV., and was educated at ment of Scots Greys; and, in 1715, a captain- Cambridge. He signed the divorce of Henry lieutenant of dragoons. When the earl of Stair VIII. from Katharine of Spain; abjured the went ambassador to France, he appointed him pope's supremacy; and wrote De Verâ et Falsa his master of horse. In 1715 he was promoted Obedientia, in behalf of the king: yet in Edto a captaincy; and, in 1717, to a majority. In ward VI.'s reign he opposed the Reformation, and 1724 he was made major of an older regiment; was imprisoned; but was liberated by queen in 1730 he was advanced to the rank of lieute- Mary. He drew up the articles of marriage benant-colonel; and, in 1743, to that of colonel of tween her and Philip II. of Spain. He was a regiment of dragoons, at the head of which he violent against the reformers, but on his deathfell, fighting bravely, at the battle of Preston bed often repeated these words, Erravi cum Pans, on the 21st of September, 1745, in the Petro, sed non flevi cum Petro; I have sinped fifty-eighth year of his age. In his person he with Peter, but I have not wept with Peter. He was tall, graceful, strong built, and well-propor- died in 1555. tioned. He, in his younger years, plunged so GARDNER(Alan, lord) a distinguished naval deep in every fashionable vice, that his compa- officer, born in the north of England, at the age nions styled him the happy rake. But, in this of thirteen became a midshipman, and was made vortex of vice and dissipation, he was suddenly post-captain in the Preston, of fifty guns, which arrested in a manner which he always consi- he commanded on the Jamaica station in 1766. dered as miraculous. Our limits permit us not In 1782 he removed to the Duke, of ninety-eight to quote the full account, given by Dr. Dodd- guns, in which ship he first broke the French ridge; but the substance of it is as follows:- line on the 12th of April. He was made rearIn July, 1719, major Gardiner, having spent the admiral in 1793, and appointed commanderSabbath evening with some gay company till in-chief on the Leeward Island station. After eleven, and having an assignation with a married an ineffectual attempt on Martinico he returned woman at twelve, in order to kill the tedious home, and was employed as rear-admiral of the hour,' took up a book, left by his mother or white under lord Howe. On the 1st of June, aunt in his chamber, entitled the Christian Sol- 1794, he so distinguished himself that he was dier; wherein he expected to find some amuse- made a baronet and major-general of marines. ment from the author's spiritualising the terms In 1800 he was created an Irish peer, and sucof his profession. But, while reading it care- ceeded earl St. Vincent in 1807 in the command lessly, he was surprised by a sudden and extra of the channel fleet. He sat in three successive ordinary blaze of light; and, upon looking up, parliaments, and was finally made a British beheld, to his astonishment, a visible represen- peer with the title of baron Gardner of Uttoxtation of our Saviour on the cross, suspended in eter. He died at Bath in 1809. the air, and surrounded with glory; while, at the GARGANO, Mont, a mountainous tract of same time, he thought he heard a voice, saying, Italy, bounded by the gulf of Venice on the “Oh! sinner, did I suffer this for thee, and are north-east and south, and the Neapolitan prothese thy returns?' Struck with this amazing vince of the Capitanata on the west. It is subphenomenon, he sunk down in his arm-chair, ject to Naples, and lies between 15° 37' and 16° and continued for some time insensible; from 21' of E.' long. and 41° 30' and 41° 58' of which circumstance Dr. Doddridge often sug- N. lat., including a territorial extent of 600 gested to him, that he was, perhaps, all the time square miles. It consists of a circular range of asleep, and dreaming; but he himself considered mountains and hills, which enclose noble fertile it as not a dream, but a real waking vision. From valleys. The most remarkable points are Monte that time to his death he became as eminently Calvo in the centre, Monte Sagro to the east, distinguished for piety as he had formerly been Monte Spigro to the north, Monte Gargarans to for profanity. In July, 1726, he married lady the west, and Monte di Rignano to the south. Frances Erskine, daughter of the earl of Buchan, Monte Calvo, the highest, is supposed to be by whom he had thirteen children. From the 5000 feet above the sea. The whole mass connumerous anecdotes recorded by Dr. Doddridge, sists of secondary limestone, formed apparently we shall only add one more, which may afford at different times; containing metallic veins; a useful example to others in an age wherein but no mines have ever been opened : and the duelling is so frequent. He had been so much unadventurous inhabitants manufacture nothing, addicted to this fashionable folly in his younger and neglect agriculture : many medical plants years, that he had fought three duels before he are however reared. Population 86,000. was quite a man; but, to a challenge he re- GAR'GARISM, n. s. Fr. gargarisme : Gr. ceived after his conversion, he made this calm GAR'GARIZE, v. a. l yapyapio uos. A liquid reply :- I fear sinning, though you know I do form of medicine, used to wash the mouth and not fear fighting.' Dr. Doddridge has summed throat. up his character in few words, in the quotation Apophlegmatisms and gargarisms draw the rheum from Virgil, prefixed as a motto to his work :- down by the palate. Bacon's Natural History.

Vinegar, put to the nostrils, or gargarised, doth ease

the hiccough; for that it is astringent, and inhibiteth Nec pietate fuit, nec bello major et armis. the motion of the spirit.

Jd. GARDINER (Stephen), bishop of Winchester, GARGARISMS are used when the mouth and and chancellor of England, was born at Bury St. throat are inflamed, or ulcerated. A small quanEdmund's, in 1483. He was natural son to tity may be taken into the mouth, and moved

-Justior alter

Sidney.

briskly about, and then spit out; or, if the patient Strephon, with heavy twigs of laurel-trec, cannot do this, the liquor may be injected by a A garland niade, on temples for to wear; syringe. When gargles are required, their use

For he then chosen was the dignity should be more frequently repeated than is done

Of village-lord that Whitsuntide to bear. in common practice. GARGET, n. s. A distemper in cattle.

Then party-coloured lowers of white and red

She wove, to make a garland for her head.
The gurget appears in the head, maw, or in the
hinder parts.
Mortimer's Husbandry.

Dryden.

Vanquish again ; though she be gone, GARGIL, a distemper in geese, which by

Whose garland crowned the victor's hair, stuffing the head frequently proves mortal. And reign; though she has left the throne, Three or four cloves of garlic, beaten in a mortar Who made thy glory worth thy care. Prior. with sweet butter, made into little balls, and

Her gods and godlike heroes rise to view, given fasting, are the ordinary means of cure. And all her faded garlands bloom anew. Pope. GARGLE, n. s. & v.a. Fr. gargouiller ; Ital.

From morn till night, from night till startled mora gargagliuri ; Ger. gurgel, from Lat. gurgulio, the

Peops blushing on the Revels laughing crew, throat. To wash the throat with a liquid, which

d which The song is heard, the rosy garland worn,

5 is not swallowed : a liquid prepared for this use.

Devices quaint, and frolicks ever new. To warble a play in the throat-this use is

Byron. Childe Harold. improper.

GARLICK, n. s. 1 Saxon gan, a lance Gargle twice or thrice with sharp oxycrate.

Harvcy. known plant, having a bulbous root, consisting Those which only warble long,

of many small tubercles included in its coats: And gargle in their throats a song. Waller. the leaves are plain ; the flowers consist of six They comb, and then they order every hair; leaves, formed into a corymbus on the top of the Next gargle well their throats. Dryden's Pers. stalk; and are succeeded by subrotund fruit,

So charmed you were, you ceased awhile to doat divided into three cells, which contain roundish On nonsense gargled in an eunuch's throat. Fenton.

seeds. Garlick-eater is used to describe a mean The excision made, the bleeding will soon be stopt dirty fellow. by gargling with oxycrate. Wiseman's Surgery.

You've made good work, His throat was washed with one of the gargles set

You and your apron-men, that stood so much down in the method of cure.

Id.

Upon the voice of occupation, and GARGOL, n. s. A distemper in hogs.

The breath of garlickeaters. The signs of the gargol in hogs are, hanging down

Shakspeare. Coriolanus. of the head, moist eyes, staggering, and loss of appe. This tree is pretty common in Jamaica, and several tite.

Mortimer. other places of America, where it usually rises to the GARIDELLA, in botany, fennel Alower of height of thirty or forty feet, and spreads into many Crete, a genus of the trigynia order, and dode- branches. When the fowers fall off the pointal, it

ndria class of plants: natural order twenty- becomes a round fruit, which, when ripe, has a rough, sixth, multisiliquä: CAL. pentaphyllous, with brownish rind, and a mealy sweet pulp, but a strong leaves resembling flower-petals; there are five scent,

Miller. bilabiate and bifid nectaria : caps. polyspermous,

Garlick is of an extremely strong smell, and of an

acid and pungent taste. It is extremely active, as may and adhering together. Species one only, a Cape

Po be proved by applying plasters of garlick to the feet, climber. GARLAND, Fr.garlande, guirlande ; Span.

which will give a strong stell to the breath. Hill. girlanda, probably of Lat. gero, to bear: or from

GARLICK Pear tree. See CRATEVA. gird and lada, or lindo, a fillet.'-Thomson. A .

GARMENT. Old Fr. guarniment. A coverwreath of flowers: used also figuratively as ex- ing for the body. pressive of esteem and value.

My body to clothe, it maketh no force; And to the grove of which that I you told,

A morning mantle shal be sufficient By aventure, his way he gan to hold,

The grevous woundes of his pitous corse To maken him a gorlond of the greves,

Shal be to me a ful royal garnement. Were it of woodbind or of hawthorn leves.

Chaucer. Lament of Mary Magdaleine. Chaucer. The Knightes Tale.

- Each gan undight With every minute you do change a mind, Their garments wett and weary armour free And call him noble that was now your hate, To dry themselves by Vulcanes laining light,

Him vile, that was your garland. Shakspeare. And eke their lately bruyed parts to bring in plight. A recling world will never stand upright,

Spenser. Faerie Queene. 'Till Richard wear the garland of the realm.

Hence, rotten thing, or I shall shake thy bones --How! wear the garland! do'st thou mean the crown? Out of thy garments. Shakspeare. Coriolanus. -Ay, my good lord.

Id. Richard III.

Our leaf, once fallen, springeth no more; neither An Anne is with a garland here extended; doth the sun or summer adorn us again with the gar. And as the Motto saith it is intended

ments of new leaves and flowers. Raleigh's History. • To all that persevere.' This being so

Three worthy persons from his side it tore, Let none be faint in heart though they be slow

And dyed his garment with their scattered gore. For he that creepes, until his Race be done Shall gaine a wreath, as well as they that runne

The peacock, in all his pride, does not display hali This being so let no man walk in doubt

the colours that appear in the garments of a British As if God's Arme of Grace were stretched out

lady, when she is dressed. Addison's Spectator. To some small number: For, whoe'er begins And perseveres, the proferred garland winus..

GARNER, n. s. & v. a. Fr. greniar, from Geo. Withers. Lat. grana; Ital. grenario. A place in which

rlick.

Waller.

threshed grain is kept: the act of storing it up garnet, common garnet, and amorphous garnet in garners.

and by professor Jameson, into pyramidal, dodeBut se what golde han userers,

cahedral, and prismatic. We shall here, however, And silver eke in his garners.

treat only of the garnet, properly so called, which Chaucer. Romaunt of the Rose. is a dodecahedral of Jameson, and is divided For sothe it is--whom it displese

into the precious or noble, and the common garThere maie no marchaunt live at ese;

net :

Precious or noble garnet.—Colors dark red,

falling into blue. Seldom massive, sometimes Ne never shall, though he hath getten

disseminated, most commonly in roundish grains, Though he have golde in garners yeten;

and crystallised. 1. In the rhomboidal dodecaFor to be nedy he dredeth sorc.

Id.

hedron, which is the primitive forin; 2. Ditto, Earth's increase, and foyson plenty,

truncated on all the edges ; 3. Acute double Barns and garners never empty. Shokspeare. There, where I have garner'd up my heart,

eight-sided pyramid ; and 4. Rectangular fourWhere either I must live, or bear no life. Id. sided prism. The surface of the grains is gene

For sundry foes the rural reala surround; rally rough, uneven, or granulated ; that of the The fieldmouse builds her garner under ground;

crystals is always smooth. Lustre externally For gathered grain the blind laborious mole, glistening; internally shining, bordering on In winding mazes, works her hidden hole.

splendent. Fracture conchoidal. Sometimes it

Dryden. occurs in lamellar distinct concretions. TransGARNERIN (— ), a celebrated aëronaut, parent or translucent. Refracts single. Scratches and the first who made the experiment of de- quartz, but not topaz. Brittle. Rather difficultly scending in a parachute. This he accomplished frangible. Sp. gr. 4.0 to 4.2. Its constituents are, on the 21st of September, 1802, ascending from silica 39.66, alumina 19.66, black oxide of iron an enclosure in North Audley-street, Grosvenor. 39.68, oxide of manganese 1.80.-Berzelius. Besquare. At the computed height of 4154 French fore the blowpipe it fuses into a black enamel, or feet, the intrepid voyager cut the rope which scoria. It occurs imbedded in primitive rocks, attached the car to the balloon, and descended and primitive metalliferous beds. It is found in safely in the fields near Kentish Town, the bal- various northern counties in Scotlaud; in Norloon falling the next day near Farnbam in way, Lapland, Sweden, Saxony, France, &c. It Surry. M. Garnerin's death was occasioned by is cut for ring-stones. apoplexy in the Theatre du Jardin Beaujolin at Common garnet.—Deep red, inclining to vioParis, August, 1823. Having the rope which let, or verging tù black, or olive, or leek-green, sustained the curtain in his hand, by a sudden or brown, seldom yellow. Its external lustre relaxation of his grasp, he allowed it to fall, casual, internal 2.3. Transparency, 2.31. Of when one of the weights struck him on the the brownish and blackish, most frequently, 0. head, and he never fully recovered from the Of the green at most, 2. Crystallised as the blow.

former variety, the surface of the crystals often GARNET, n. s. Ital. garnato, grenato (from diagonally seamed, frequently found also in its resemblance to the pomegranate seed, or from rough rounded grains, or fragments. Fracture low Lat. granatus). A precious stone.

uneven, inclining to the conchoidal, flat or imThe garnet seems to be a species of the carbuncle of per

were perfect, often to the splintery. Hardness, from the ancients : the Bohemian is red, with a slight cast

10 to 11. Yet sometimes only 9. Sp. gr. of the of a flame-colour; and the Syrian is red, with a slight red, from 3:941 Werner, to 4.000 Brisson; of cast of purple.

Woodward's Met. Foss the green, from 3.75 to 3.800. The garnet is a gem of a middle degree of hardness, Kirwan found that of some small garnets 3.63. between the sapphire and the common crystal. It is Both varieties exert most commonly some acfound of various sizes. Its surfaces are not so smooth tion on the magnetic needle. According to or polite as those of a ruby, and its colour is ever of a Bergman, they are fusible, per se, by the blowstrong red, with a plain admixture of blueish : its pipe, sometimes into a transparent green glass, degree of colour is very different, and it always wants but most commonly into a black slagg. Alkalies much of the brightness of the ruby.

Hill. Aux them with great difficulty ; borax and microGARNET (Henry), an English Jesuit of noto- cosmic salt convert them into a green or black riety, was born in Nottinghamshire in 1555, and glass. Gerhard tells us, that in a strong heat educated at Winchester school. He then went they form a gray glass; yet Fourcroy, in a strong to Rome and entered the Jesuits' College in 1575, heat of eleven hours, found garnets powdered, where he became professor of philosophy and the- barely softened, and agglutinated. Observing ology. In 1586 he returned to England as provin- these different results, he exposed thirty-five grains cial of his order; and abode here without moles- weight of small Bohemian garnets, whose sp. gr. tation for several years. But he now held a se- was 3.63, to a blast heat for a few minutes, and cret correspondence with the court of Spain ; and found them melted into an opaque dark gray, by an answer which he gave to a case of consci- fine-grained porcelain, by a heat of 136o. ence submitted to him, in regard to the destruc- By Bergman's account this stone contains mor. tion of heretics, is said to have given an impulse silex than argill, and more argill than calx ; 0. to the gunpowder plot. He was tried as an iron it contains from 0.02 to 0:20. accomplice in it, and executed at the west end of By Achard, red Bohemian garnet contains St. Paul's, May 3rd, 1606.

0:483 silex, 0-30 argill, 0.116 calx, and 0.10 GARNET, in mineralogy, a genus of the si- iron. licious kind, divided by Kirwan into oriental Weigleb found the green garnets of Saxony to Strass

contain 0.3645 of silex, 0-3083 calx, and 0-2875 ments of Toulouse (the capital), St. Gaudens, of iron. If so, the green garnets being also spe- Muret, and Villefranche. The southern part, cifically lighter, we may suspect them to be spe- lying among the Pyrenees, is mountainous; the cifically different from the red. In another rest consists of hills, extensive valleys, and smalt experiment, however, Weigleb found the argil- plains. In the arrondissement of St. Gauden's laceous ingredient also in the green; and so did the soil is scarcely fit for any thing but pasturage; Merz; for, in that of Ehrenberg, he found 0.40 throughout the rest it is rich and fertile, produ. of silex, 0-20 argill, 0.08 cals, anı 0.20 of iron. cing not only corn, but most of the fruits of The twelve grains missing must have been air warm countries, and particularly wine. The and water, and perhaps a casual loss; but it ap- mountains contain mines of copper, lead, iron, pears the calx is aërated, as Weigleb found also and coal. Garonne exports corn, cattle, and the a considerable deficit.

produce of its mines, together with woollen stuffs It is commonly found in schistose mica, or and leather. Population 367,500, of whom gneiss, more rarely in argillites or granites. 18,000 are Protestants.

GARNETS, COUNTERFEIT, are made as follows. GARONNE, a large river of France, wbich rises Take prepared crystal, 2 oz. red lead, 6 oz. man- among the Pyrenees, on the borders of Catalonia, ganese, 16 gr. zaffre, 3 gr. : Mix all well, put and flows in a north-west direction through part them into a crucible, cover it well with lute, and of Languedoc and Guienne. It becomes naviset in a potter's kiln for twenty-four hours. Or gable at Muret, and receives the Dordogne at take crystal 2 oz. minium, 51 oz. manganese, 15 Bourg-sur-Mer, when it takes the name of the gr. and zaffre, 4 gr. but the best are composed of, Gironde. Passing by Bourdeaux, it falls into

0.6630 the Atlantic, by two mouths, called the Pas des Glass of antimony .

0-3320 Anes, and the Pas de Grave. At its mouth it is Purple of Cassius . . .

0.0025 above three miles wide, and the tide rises to Oxide of manganese, .

0.0025 Beaucaire, nine miles below Bourdeaux. In its

course, which is above 400 miles, it receives the

1.0000 Arriege, the Tarn, the Baise, the Lot, and the Mix and bake them as above.

Dordogne, besides a numher of smaller rivers. GARNISH, v.a.& n.s. ) Fr. garnir; Ital. GAROUS, adj. Resembling pickle made of GARNISHMENT, n. s. guarnire ; Span fish. GARNITURE, n. s.

and Port. guarni- In a civet-cat an offensive odour proceeds, partly cer ; Lat. ab ornare.-Minsheu. To ornament; from its food, that being especially fish ; whereof this embellish. Any decoration, whether of the per

humour may be a garous excretion, and olidous sepason, table, or mind.

Browne. ration. It is a cant term in gaols for fetters : an acknowledgment in money when

GARRAN, n. s. Erse; the same as gelding. A a prisoner goes to gaol.

small horse. A Highland horse which when All within with flowers was garnished,

brought to the north of England is called a galThat, when mild Zephyrus amongst them blew, loway, q. v. Did breathe out bounteous smells, and painted colours When he comes forth, he will make their cows and show.

Spenser. garrans to walk, if he doth no other harm to their With taper light persons.

Spenser. To seek the beauteous eye of heaven to garnish, Every man would be forced to provide winterIs wasteful and ridiculous excess. Shakspeare. fodder for his team, whereas common garrans shift So are you, sweet,

upon grass the year round; and this would force men Even in the lovely garnish of a boy. Id. to the enclosing of grounds, so that the race of garrans Paradise was a terrestrial garden, garnished with would decrease.

Temple. fruits, delighting both the eye and the taste.

GARRET, n. s. 2. Fr. garite, the tower of a Raleigh.

GARRETEER, n.s. S citadel, from Goth, wara; All the streets were garnished with the citizens, standing in their liveries. Bacon's Henry VII.

Sax. warian, to guard. A room on the highest The church of Sancta Guistiniana in Padoua is a floor of the house. Also rotten wood, but in sound piece of good art, where the materials being this sense it is out of use. An inhabitant of a ordinary stone, without any garnishment of sculpture, garret. ravish the beholders.

Wotton. The colour of the shining part of rotten wood, by There were hills which garnished their proud heights daylight, is in some pieces white, and in some pieces with stately trees.

Sidney inclining to red, which they call the white and red With what expence and art, how richly drest! garret.

Bacon. Garnished with 'sparagus, himself a feast !

The mob, commissioned by the government,

Dryden. Are seldom to an empty garret sent. Dryden. As nature has poured out her charms upon the John Bull skipped from room to room; ran up female part of our species, so they are very assiduous stairs and down stairs, from the kitchen to the garref. in bestowing upon themselves the finest garnitures of

Arbuthnot's John Bull.
Addison's Spectator,

On earth the god of wealth was made
Plain sense, which pleased your sires an age ago, Sole patron of the building trade ;
Is lost without the garniture of show. Granville. Leaving the arts the spacious air,
GARONNE, Upper, a south-west department

With licence to build castles there : of France, consisting of part of Languedoc and

And 'tis conceived their old pretence, Gascony, and bounded on the south by Spain,

To lodge in garrets, comes from thence. Swift. and on the west by the department of the Upper GARRICK (David), the Roscius of his Pyrenees. It has a territorial extent of 2840 age and country, was born at the Angel Inn square miles, is divided into the four arrondisse- Hereford in 1716. His father, captain Peter

art.

Garrick, was of a French refugee family, and had viz. the zeal wbich he showed to banish from the a troop of horse which were then quartered in that stage all those plays that have an immoral city. "This rank he maintained in the army for tendency, and the purity of the English drama several years, and was a major at his death. Mr. was beyond a doubt much more fully established Garrick received the first rudiments of his educa- during the administration of this theatrical mition at Litchfield; which he afterwards completed nister, than it had ever been under former maat Rochester, under the celebrated Mr. Colson, nagement. Notwithstanding the numberless and since professor at Cambridge. Dr. Johnson and laborious avocations attendant on his profession he were fellow students at the same school; and as an actor, and his station as a manager; yet went up to Loudon to push themselves into ac- still his active genius frequently burst forth in varitive life, in the same coach. On the 9th March ous dramatic,and poetical productions and though 1736 he was entered at Lincoln's Inn. He soon his merit as an author is not of the first class, yet his quitted the law, and followed for some time the great knowledge of men, manners, and stage business of a wine merchant; but at last he gave effect, and his happy turn for lively and striking way to the irresistible bias of his mind, and satire, made him generally successful in the joined a travelling company of comedians at Ips- drama, and his innumerable prologues and epiwich, where he went by the name of Lyddle. logues have been greatly admired. His ode on Having in this poor school of Apollo obtained the death of Mr. Pelham ran through four editions some acquaintance with the theatric art, he burst in less than six weeks. Among his original proat once upon the world, in 1740, 1741, in all the ductions are, the Farmer's Return, and Linco's lustre of perfection, at the little theatre in Good- Travels, interludes; The Guardian, Lethe, Lying man's Fields, then under the direction of Henry Valet, Miss in her Teens, Male Coquet, Irish Giffard. The character he first performed was Widow, and other comedies in two acts : The Richard III. to witness which the theatres at the Enchanter, a musical entertainment: Lilliput, west end of the town were soon deserted ; and the Christmas Tale, and many others. We have Goodman's Fields, from being the rendezvous of thus traced him to the period of his retirement in citizens and their wives, became the resort of all spring 1776; when with a splendid fortune, and ranks till the close of the season. Being offered advancing in years, he sought to enjoy in the very advantageous terms for performing in Dub- vale of life that dignified and honorable ease, lin, during part of the summer 1741, he went which he had so well earned by the activity and over to Ireland, and found the same just homage merits of his dramatic reign. But short was the paid to his merit which he had received from period allotted to him for retirement: for he died his countrymen. In the following winter he en- on the 20th January 1779. gaged with Fleetwood then manager of Drury GARRICK (Eva Maria), wife, and long the Lane : where he continued till the year 1745, relict, of the celebrated David Garrick, was born when he again went over to Ireland, as joint at Vienna, February 29th, 1725. Her maiden manager with Mr. Sheridan of the theatre royal name, Viegel, sbe changed by command of the in Smoke Alley. Thence he returned to England, empress-queen, Maria Theresa, to that of Vioand engaged for the season of 1746 with Mr. lette, a translation of the German word vielge, Rich at Covent Garden. This was his last per- the anagram of her name. She was at this time formance as an hired actor; for in the close of a favorite dancer at the Imperial court. In 1744 that season Fleetwood's patent for the manage- she came to England, bringing with her a rement of the theatre in Drury Lane being expired, commendation from the countess of Stahremberg Mr. Garrick and Mr. Lacy purchased the pro- to lady Burlington, who received her as an inperty of it, with the renovation of the patent; mate of Burlington-house, and ever after treated and in winter 1747 opened it with the greatest part her with great affection ; a circumstance which of Mr. Fleetwood's company; and with the addi- gave rise to a general but erroneous idea, that she tion of Barry, Mrs. Pritchard,and Mrs.Cibber from was a natural daughter of the earl's. While Covent Garden. To trace Mr. Garrick through under this protection, mademoiselle Violette all the various occurrences of his public life formed an attachment with Mr. Garrick, and on would swell this account to many pages. Suf- the 22nd of June, 1749, the nuptials were celefice it to say, he continued in the full enjoyment brated, with the sanction of the countess Burof fame to the period of his retirement, and that lington, a marriage portion of £6000 being his universality of excellence never once admitted bestowed by her upon the bride. In 1751 and of a competitor. Tragedy, comedy, and farce, in 1763 she accompanied her husband to the the lover and the hero, the jealous husband, and continent; after whose death, though strongly the thoughtless rake, were all alike his own. solicited by several persons of rank and fortune, Rage and ridicule, doubt and despair, transport she continued a widow, residing in her house on and tenderness, compassion and contempt; love, the Adelphi-terrace, where she died suddenly, jealousy, fear, fury, .and simplicity; all took October 16th, 1822. in turn possession of his features, while each of GARRISON, n. s. & v.a. Fr. garnison. See them appeared to be the sole possessor of his GARRET. A fortified town or place; the soldiers heart. In the several characters of Lear and who are placed there to defend it; the act of Hamlet, Richard, Dorilas, Romeo, and Lusig- securing by fortresses. nane; in his Ranger, Bayes, Drugger, Kitley,

Eke jelousie may God confounde! Brute, and Benedict, we saw the appropriate in

That hath maked a toure so rounde,' dication of passion accurately discriminated. And made about a garrison, There is one part of his theatrical conduct which

To sette Bialacoil in prison. will ever be recorded to Mr. Garrick's honor,

Chaucer. Romamut of the Rose.

« ZurückWeiter »