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many small teeth ; on the chin is a small single of M. D. In 1759 he went to Leyden, where he beard : from the head to the dorsal fin is a deep was particularly attentive to the botanical lecfurrow. The color of the head is dusky: the tures, and about the same time applied himself back and sides yellow; belly white; edges of the to vegetable anatomy; in the prosecution of dorsal, anal, and caudal fins, white, the other which he went to England, and gained the parts dusky; the pectoral fins brown.

friendship of some of the most eminent men of GAELIC LANGUAGE, the language of the an- the age. Here he communicated some interestcient and modern Highlanders of Scotland. See ing papers to the Philosophical Transactions, the HIGHLANDERS It is esteemed the most ancient principal of which is a Memoir on the Fructifias well as the purest dialect of the Celtic, now cation and Propagation of Confervæ, &c., and spoken. It has all the marks of an original lan- was admitted F.R.S. In 1768 he went to Peguage. Most of its words are expressive of some tersburg, where he was appointed professor of property or quality in the objects which they botany and natural history; a place which he denote. This, with the variety of its sounds filled with the greatest credit, and explored the (many of which, especially those that express whole Ukraine for botanical discoveries; but he the soft and mournful passions, are peculiar to returned to his native place in 1770. In 1778 it), renders it highly adapted for poetry. It was he again visited London, for the purpose of the language of the Scottish court, till the reign making drawings and descriptions of fruits, to of Malcolm Canmore, and was even spoken so illustrate the great work in which he was then late as that of Robert Bruce, particularly in a engaged, his Carpology, the first volume of which parliament held by him at Ardchattan. Its al- he dedicated to Sir Joseph Banks. He died in phabet consists of eighteen letters, of which five 1791, leaving many valuable MSS. are vowels. Those who understand it,' says GAETA, a town, promontory, and gulf of NaDr. James Robertson, of Callander, know its ples, in the Terra di Lavoro. The town lies along energy and power; the ease with which it is ihe shore, from the centre of the bay to the point compounded; the boldness of its figures; and of the promontory, and is a bishop's see; it conits tenderness in expressing the finest feelings of tains a cathedral and nine churches. The cathedral the human heart. But its genius and constitu- is finely proportioned and well lighted, but not tion, the structure of its nouns and verbs, and large. Opposite the great portal is an antique the affinity it has to some other languages are column, marked with the names of the winds in not so much attended to. These point at a very Greek and Latin, and the font is a fine antique remote era, and seem to deduce its origin from of white marble, with bas reliefs. The streets a very high antiquity. The verbs have only are well built, and paved: and the environs exthree tenses, wbich is the simplest and most na- tremely picturesque. The tomb of Minutius tural division of time. The persons of each tense Plaucus, now a battlemented tower called Torre are distinguished, by adding pronominal particles d'Orlando, stands on a bold eminence in the to each person. The third person singular of narrow neck that unites the promontory or penineach verb has genders, or admits of a masculine sula of Gaeta to the continent. Buonaparte conand feminine particle affixed. The moods are ferred the title of duke of Gaeta on Gaudir his the indicative, imperative, and infinitive. The finance minister in 1809. Population 15,000. subjunctive differs from the indicative only by It is forty miles north-west of Naples. the addition of one syllable to the verb, and a GÆTULI, the people of Gætulia, were among conjunction before it. The imperative has only the earliest inhabitants of Africa. They were the second person in both numbers. The infini- distinguished by different epithets; as Nigri, tive is often used as a substantive noun, expres- Autololæ, Daræ, and Banjuræ.-Pliny. They sive of the abstract signification of the verb. were a rough, unpolished, roving people, living There is only one conjugation and one declen- on venison and the spontaneous productions of sion. The cases of the nouns are marked by the earth, and resting in the first places in which different particles, or by a change of the last night surprised them. vowel. T'he degrees or comparison are formed GAFF, n.s. Fr.gaffe, a harpoon, or large by placing certain syllables before the adjective; GAFF'ER, n. s. ) hook; Sax. gefcre, compaand the superlative frequently by a repetition of nion, says Dr. Johnson after Junius: others that the positive. These and other peculiarities of it is a corruption of Sax. gæwfather, or gefa'der: the Gaelic language are illustrated by Dr. Ro- a word of respect now obsolete, and used only bertson in Sir J. Sinclair's Statistical Account of in contempt or ridicule. Scotland, vol. xi. p. 611-619, to which we refer For gaffer Treadwell told us by the bye, the reader.

Excessive sorrow is exceeding dry. GAERTNER, an eminent naturalist, born at

Gay's Pastorale. Calu, in Suabia, in 1732. His father was phy- Gaff, a sort of boom or bole, frequently used sician to the duke of Wirtemberg, and Joseph, in small ships, to extend the upper edge of the being destined for the church, received his edu- mizen; and always employed for the same purcation and studied theology at the University of pose on those sails, whose foremast edges are Tubingen; but, discovering a strong inclination joined to the mast by hoops, or lacings, and to natural history and mathematics, he changed which are usually extended by a boom below. his profession, and applied to medicine. From Such are the main sails of all sloops, brigs, and Tubingen he removed to Gottingen, where he schooners. attended the lectures of Haller. He afterwards GAFFAREL (James), a learned French divine, travelled through various parts of Europe, and, born at Mannes in Provence, about 1606. He on his return to his own country, took the degree acquired great skill in the oriental languages, ani

Id.

in the cabbalistic and occult sciences, which he

A moiety competent exposed and ridiculed. Cardinal Richelieu made Was gaged by our king. him his librarian, and sent him into Italy to col- But since it was decreed, auspicious king, lect the best books and MSS. He published a In Britain's right that thou should'st wed the main, work called Curiositez Inouiés, i. e. Unheard

Unbeard Heaven, as a gage, would cast some previous thing, of Curiosities. He died in 1681, aged eighty,

And therefore doomed that Lawson should be slain. 4

Drydon. leaving an unfinished account of the caves, grot

In any truth, that gets not possession of our minds toes, vaults, catacombs, and mines, he had met by self-evidence or demonstration, the arguments that with in thirty years' travels.

gain it assent, are the vouchers and gage of its probaGAFFLES, n. s. Sax. gaselucar, spears. bility.

Locke. Artificial spurs put on fighting cocks: a steel

I am made the cautionary pledge, contrivance to bend cross-bows.

The gage and hostage of your keeping it. The gaffle of a cross-bow. Sherwood.

Southern. GAFSA, a southern town of Tunis, anciently

One judges, as the weather dictates, right Caspa, bordering on the Bled el Jereede. It

The poem is at noon, and wrong at night; formed one of the fortresses of Numidia, and is

Another judges by a surer gage,

An author's principles or parentage. situated on a rising ground, surrounded with

Young. plantations of olives, almonds, pistachios, &c.

Gage is also used for a challenge to combat. These plantations are supplied with water from

See CARTEL. It was a pledge which the accuser two fountains, one in the citadel, and the other

or challenger cast on the ground, and the other in the city, in forming which, and the baths con- 19

took up as accepting the challenge ; being usunected, great labor appears to have been employ

been employ ally a glove, gauntlet, chaperoon, or the like. ed. The citadel, is now a poor modern build. See BATTLE. ing; but the walls of many of the houses exhibit

Gace, among letter founders, a piece of box, altars, granite pillars, entablatures, &c. It is or other hard wood, variously notched : used to 140 miles S.S. W. of Tunis.

adjust the dimensions, slopes, &c., of the differGAG, v. n. & n. s. Belg. gaghel, the palate;

ent sorts of letters. or (Belg.) kau wegge, a jaw-wedge.—Thomson.

Gage, in joinery, an instrument made to strike To stop the mouth, and prevent utterance, whilst

a line truly parallel to the straight side of any it allows breathing: the instrument with which

board or piece of stuff. Its chief use is for gaging this is done.

of tenons, to fit into mortises ; and for gaging He's out of his guard already ; unless you laugh

stuff of an equal thickness. It is made of and minister occasion to him, he is gagged.

an oval piece of wood, fitted upon a square stick, Shakspeare. Twelfth Night. to slide up and down stiffly thereon, and with a Some, when the kids their dams too deeply drain, tooth, at the end of the staff, to score, to strike a With gags and muzzles their soft mouths restrain. line upon the stuff at any distance, according to

Dryden, the distance of the oval from it. Your woman would have run up stairs before me; Gage, in the sea language. When one ship is but I have secured her below with a gag in her chaps. to the windward of another, she is said to have the

2. weather-gage of her. They likewise call the There foamed rebellious logick, gagged and bound. number:

number of feet that a vessel sinks in the water, GAGE, n. s. & v.a. Fr. gage, a pledge; se

the ship's gage; this they find by driving a nail curity. The past participle of Sax. gægeian, to

into a pike near the end, and putting it down close up,' says Mr. Tooke, "gage-bound, that by

beside the rudder till the nail catch hold under which one is bound to fulfil certain engagements.'

by it: then as many feet as the pike is under water

: is called the ship's gage. Rule or measure, especially of liquids, hence it is used as expressive of engagements and obli

Gage, Bucket Sea, an instrument contrived gations, to which pledges and securities are

by Dr. Hales to find the different degrees of annexed: to take the contents of vessels of liquid,

coolness and saltness of the sea, at different to form an estimate.

14. depths. It consists of a common household pail

or bucket, with two heads; which have each a They from their mother's breasts poor orphans rend, Nor without gages to the needy lend.

round hole in the middle, about four inches in dia

Sandys. He, when the shamed shield of slain Sansfoy

meter, covered with square valves opening upHe spyed, with that same fairy champion's page,

wards; and, that they may both open and shut He to him leapt; and that same envious gage

together, there is a small iron rod fixed to the Of victor's glory from him snatcht away.

upper part of the lower valve, and the other end Pueric Queent. to the lower side of the upper valve. So that as There I throw my gage,

the bucket descends with its sinking weight into Disclaiming here the kindred of a king, the sea, both the valves may open by the force And lay aside my high blood's royalty. of the water, which thus has a free passage

Shukspeare. througа the bucket. But, when the bucket is There is my gage, the manual seal of death,

drawn up, then both the valves are shut by the That marks thce out for hell. My chief care

force of the water at the upper part of the bucket; Is to come fairly off from the great debts

so that the bucket is drawn up full of the lowest Wherein my time, something too prodigal

sea water to which it has descended. When the Hath left me gaged.

bucket is drawn up, the mercurial thermometer We shall see your bearing.

fixed in it is examined; but great care must be -Nay, but I bar to-night: you shall not gage me

taken to observe the degree at which the mercury By what we do to-night.

d. stands, before the lower part of the thermometer

Pope.

Id.

Id.

is taken out of the water in the bucket, lest it be length of ten inches is not sufficient for fathomaffected by the different temperature of the air. ing depths at sea, since that, when all the air in To keep the bucket in a right position, there are such a length of tube is compressed into hali an four cords fixed to it, reaching about three feet inch, the depth of water is no more than 634 feet, below it; to which the sinking weight is fixed, which is not half a quarter of a mile. If, to reDr. Hook also constructed an instrument for themedy this, we make use of a tube fifty inches same purpose for a representation of which see long, which for strength may be a musket barrel, plate Gages, fig. 1. This consists of a square and suppose the air compressed into 100dth part of wooden bucket C, whose bottoms are so con- half an inch; then by saying, as 1 : 99:: 400: trived, that as the weight A sinks, the iron B, to 39,600 inches, or 3300 feet; even this is but little which the bucket C is fastened by two handles more than half a mile, or 2640 feet. But since it is D, D, on the end of which are the moveable boi- reasonable to suppose the cavities of the sea bear toms or valves E, E, and thereby draws down the some proportion to the mountainous parts of the bucket, the resistance of the water keeps up the land, some of which are more than three miles bucket in the posture C, whereby the water, above the earth's surface; therefore to explore whilst the bucket is descending, has a free pas- such great depths, the Dr. contrived a new sage through it; whereas, as soon as the bucket form for his sea gage, or rather for the gage· is pulled upwards by the line F, the resistance tube in it, as follows: BCDF, fig. 3, is a bollow of the water to that motion beats the bucket metalline globe communicating on the top with downwards, and keeps it in the posture G, a long tube AB, whose capacity is a ninth part whereby the included water is kept from getting of that globe On the lower part, at D, it has out, and the ambient water kept from getting in. also a short tube D E, to stand in the mercury

There is also an instrument of this name in- and treacle. The air contained in the compound vented by Dr. Hales and Dr. Desaguliers for fiud- gage-tube is compressed by the water as before; ing the depth of the sea; the description of which but the degree of compression, or height to which is this: AB, plate Gages fig. 2, is the gage bot. the treacle has been forced, cannot there be seen tle, in which is cemented the gage-tube Ff in the through the tube; therefore, to answer that end, brass cape at G. The upper end of the tube F a slender rod of metal or wood, with a knob on is hermetically sealed, and the open lower end f the top of the tube A B, will receive tbe mark of is immersed in mercury, marked C, on which the treacle and show it when taken out. If the swims a small thickness or surface of treacle. tube A B be fifty inches long, and of such a bore On the top of the bottle is screwed a tube of that every inch in length should be a cubie inch brass HG, pierced with several holes to admit the of air, and the contents of the globe and tube water into the bottle AB. The body. K is a together 500 cubic inches; then, when the air is weight hanging by its shanĶ L, in a socket N, compressed within 100dth part of the whole, it is with a notch on one side at m, in which locks the evident the treacle will not approach nearer than catch l of the spring S, and passing through the five inches of the top of the tube,which will agree hole L, in the shank of the weight K, prevents its to the depth of 3300 feet of water as above. falling out when once hung on. On the top, in Twice this depth will compress the air into half the upper part of the brass tube at H, is fixed a that space nearly, viz. two inches and a half, which large empty ball, or full-blown bladder I, which correspond to 6600, which is a mile and a quarmust not be so large, but that the weight K may ter. Again, half that space, or one inch and a be able to sink the whole under water. The in- quarter, will show double the former depth, viz, strument thus constructed is used in the follow- 13,200 feet, or two miles and a half; which ing manner :- The weight K being hung on, the is probably very nearly the greatest depth of the yage is let fall into deep water, and sinks to the sea. bottom: the socket N is somewhat longer than Gage, A SLIDING, tool used by mathematical the shank L; and therefore, after the weight K instrument-makers for measuring and setting off comes to the bottom, the gage will continue to distances. descend till the lower part of the socket strikes Gage, Tide, is the name of an instrument used against the weight; this gives liberty to the catch for determining the height of the tides by M. to fly out of the hole L, and let go the weight K; Bayly, in the course of a voyage towards the South when this is done, the ball or bladder I instantly Pole, &c., in the Resolution and Adventure, in buoys up the gage to the top of the water. While 1772, 1773, 1774, and 1775. This instrument the gage is under water, the water having free consists of a glass tube, whose internal diameter access to the treacle and mercury in the bottle, was seven-tenths of an inch, lashed fast to a teil will by its pressure force it up into the tube Ff, feet rod, divided into feet, inches, and quarters: and the height to which it has been forced by this rod was fastened to a strong post fixed upthe greatest pressure, viz. that at the bottom, will right and firm in the water. At the lower end be shown by the mark in the tube which the of the tube was an exceedingly small aperture, treacle leaves behind it, and which is the only through which the water was admitted. In conuse of the treacle. This shows into what space sequence of this construction, the surface of the the whole air in the tube F f'is compressed; and water in the tube was so little affected by the consequently the height or depth of water which agitation of the sea, that its height was not alterby its weight produced that compression, which ed one-tenth of an inch, when the swell of the sea is the thing required. If the gage-tube F f be of was two feet. glass, a scale might be drawn on it with the point GAGE, Wind, an instrument for measuriog the of a diamond, showing, by inspection, what height force of the wind upon any given surface. It the water stands above the bottom. But the was invented by Dr. Lind, who gives the follow

ing description of it. Plate Gages, fig. 4. This of the instrument are of the same bore, the height instrument consists of two glass tubes AB, CD, of the column sustained will be prual to double of five or six inches in length. Their bores, the column of water in either les, ir the sum of which are so much the better for being equal, what is wanting in both legs. But, if the legs are are about four-tenths of an inch in diameter. of unequal bores, neither of these will give the They are connected together like a siphon, by a true height of the column of water which the small bent glass tube a b, the bore of which is wind sustained. But the true height may be obabout one-tenth of an inch in diameter. On the tained by the following formulæ. Suppose that upper end of the leg A B there is a tube of latten after a gale of wind which had blown the water brass, which is kneed, or bent perpendicularly from A to B, fig. 7, forcing it at the same time outwards, and has its mouth open towards F. through the other tube out at E, the surface of On the other leg, CD, is a cover with a round the water should be found standing at some level hole G in the upper part of it, two-tenths of an DG, and it were required to know what was the inch in diameter. This cover and the kneed height of the column E For A B, which the wind tube are connected together by a slip of brass ed, sustained. In order to obtain this, it is only newhich not only gives strength to the whole in- cessary to find the height of the columns D Bo strument, but also serves to hold the scale H I. The GF, which are constantly equal to one another ; kneed tube and cover are fixed on with hard ce- for either of these added to one of the equal coment, or sealing wax. To the same tube is sol- lumns AD, EG, will give the true height of the dered a piece of brass e, with a round hole in it column of water which the wind sustained. The to receive the steel spindle KL; and at f there use of the small tube of communication ab, fig. is just another piece of brass soldered to the brass 5, is to check the undulation of the water, so that loop gh, which surrounds both legs of the in- the height of it may be read off from the scale strument. There is a small shoulder on the spin- with ease and certainty. But it is particularly dle at f, upon which the instrument rests, and a designed to prevent the water from being thrown small nut at i, to prevent it from being blown off up to a much greater or less altitude, than the the spindle by the wind. The whole instrument true height of the column which the wind is able is easily turned round upon the spindle by the at that time to sustain, from its receiving a sudden wind, so as always to present the mouth of the impulse whilst it is vibrating either in its ascent kneed tube towards it. "The end of the spindle or descent. As in some cases the water in this has a screw on it; by which it may be screwed instrument might be liable to freeze, and thus into the top of a post or a stand made on purpose. break the tubes, Dr. Lind recommends a saturaIt has also a hole at L, to admit a small lever for ted solution of sea salt to be used instead of it, screwing it into wood with more readiness and which does not freeze till Fahrenheit's thermofacility. A thin plate of brass k is soldered to metor falls to 0. the kneed tube, about half an inch above the GAGʻGLE, v. n. Dutch, gagen, gagelen, to round hole G, so as to prevent rain from falling make a noise like a goose. into it. There is likewise a crooked tube AB, Birds prune their feathers, geese gaggle, and crows fig. 6, to be put occasionally upon the mouth of seem to call upon rain ; which is but the comfort they the kneed tube F, to prevent rain from being receive in the relenting of the air. blown into the mouth of the wind gage when it

Bacon's Natural History. is left out all night, or exposed in the time of rain. May fat geese gaggle with melodious voice, The force or momentum of the wind may be as And ne'er want gooseberries or apple-sauce. certained by this instrument, by filling the tubes

King. half full of water, and pushing the scale a little GAGNIER (John), M. A., a learned Orientalup or down, till the o of the scale, when the in- ist, born at Paris in the seventeenth century. strument is held up perpendicularly, be on a He was bred a Roman Catholic, but joined the line with the surface of the water in both legs of church of England, and received the degree of the wind-gage. The instrument being thus ad- M. A. from Cambridge and Oxford. In 1706 justed, hold it up perpendicularly, and turning he published Joseph Ben Gorion's History of the mouth of the kneed tube towards the wind, the Jews, in Hebrew, 4to.; and, in 1723, Abulobserve how much the water is depressed by it feda's Life of Mahomet, in Arabic, folio: with in the one leg, and raised in the other. The Latin translations and notes. He succeeded Dr. sum of the two is the height of a column of water Wallis, as professor of Arabie: and was much which the wind is capable of sustaining at that esteemed, as a judicious critic, and a man of time; and every body that is opposed to that great erudition. He died in 1725. wind will be pressed upon by a force equal to GAGUIN (Robert), LL. D., a French histothe weight of a column of water, having its base rian, born at Colines, near Amiens, and educated equal to the altitude of the column of water sus- at Paris. Charles VIII. and Louis XII. employed tained by the wind in the wind gage. Hence the him in embassies to England, Germany, and Italy. force of the wind upon any body, where the sur- His chief work is De Gestis Francorum, from face opposed to it is known, may be easily Pharamond to A. D. 1491; folio, Lyons, 1524. found ; and a ready comparison may be made Ile died in 1501. betwixt the strength of one gale of wind and that GAHNIA, in botany, a genus of the monogyof another. The force of the wind may be like- nia order, and hexandria class of plants: Cal. wise measured with this instrument, by filling it an involucrum with two or five flowers : con. until the water runs out at the hole G. For, if two-valved ; the stamina six capillary and very we then hold it up to the wind as before, a quan- short filaments; the antheru linear, sharp-pointed tity of water will be blown out; and, if both legs at the apex, and as long as the corolla; there is

no pericarp : SEED single and oblong. Species and rich and easy style, which characterise his two, Polynesian herbs.

• other historical compositions. The same qualiGAILLARD (Gabriel Henri), was born at ties are to be found in the dissertations ar.d notes Ostel, a small village in the former diocese of sub,oined by him to the new edition of DebelSoissons, on the 26th of March, 1726. His fa- loy's works published in 1782, with a Life prether's inclination to the bar decided the choice fixed to them. When the revolution commenced of this profession; but he soon gave himself up Gaillard retired to St. Firmin, near Chantilly, to the exclusive cultivation of literature, in spite to a simple but commodious habitation. In this of the remonstrances of his friends. The study retreat, where he made protectors and friends of of the great writers of antiquity, and of the best his rustic neighbours, he found in the most calaFrench authors, occupied his days, and very of- mitous times the security and repose necessary ten also the hours of which he imprudently for continuing his cheering pursuits, and divert abridged his repose. He was not twenty when, ing his mind by study from the afflicting situation ia 1745, he produced La Rhetorique Françoise of his country. Here he attempted to compose, à l'usage des Demoiselles, the success of which in a great measure from recollection, an Eulogy surpassed his expectations. It was, however, as on M. de Malesherbes, whose friendship he had he himself afterwards admitted, only the work of enjoyed from his youth; and in this performance, a school-boy; but the singularity of the title ex- published in 1805, may be perceived striking cited curiosity, and the youth of the author traits of his best talents. Notwithstanding the pleaded for indulgence. The Poetique à l'usage pressure of years and infirmities, he was incesdes Dames, published four years afterwards, in santly engaged in revising and arranging the nu1749, was not however so well received. A vo- merous observations which he had made in the lume of literary miscellanies, in which was a life course of his studies, on the History of France by of the young and gallant Gastoin De Foix, duke Velly, Villaret, and Garnier; and was about of Nemours, who died at Ravenna, appeared in to send them to press when the gout, to which 1756. Encouraged by the applause of several he had been long subject, flying to his chest, academicians, M. Gaillard, in 1757, published carried him off on the i3th of February, 1806. the History of Mary of Burgundy. This work GAIN, n. s., v. a., v. n. & adj.) Sax. geaza, was every where commended, and the Academy GAIN'er, n. s.

from agan, to of Belles Lettres chose the new historian to fiil

GAIN'FUL, adj.

possess; Goth. the place of the industrious and learned abbé GAIN'FULLY, awu.

(gayn, geign ; Lebæuf, who died in 1760. While pursuing the Gain'FULNESS, n. s.

Swedish, gagn; career of erudition and history, in which he thus GAIN'LESS, adj.

Fr. gain. The distinguished himself, M. Gaillard did not re- GAIN'LESSNESS, n. s.

primary meannounce any of the branches of literature which he GAIN’ly, adv.

J ing is profit or had loved and cultivated in his youth. His Dis- advantage, as contrary te loss; it is applied in a course on the Advantages of Peace obtained the great variety of instances to persons and possessecond prize decreed, in 1767, by the French sions, in a negative or affirmatire sense. Academy. His Eulogy on Henry IV., and that

That, sir, which serves for gain on Pierre Corneille, were crowned soon after

And follows bat for form, wards, in 1768, the former by the Academy of

Will pack, when it begins to rain, Rochelle, and the latter by the Academy of

And Icave thee in the storm. Shakspeare. Rouen; and in 1770 he obtained the prize pro- Besides the purpose it were now, to teach how vicposed by the Academy of Marseilles for the Eu- tory should be used, or the gains thereof communilogy on Massillon. These successes opened to cated to the general consent.

Raleigh. him, in 1771, the doors of the French Academy. The client, besides retaining a clear conscience, is The History of Francis I., the first four volumes always a gainer, and by no means can be at any loss, of which appeared in 1766, and the others in as seeing, if the composition be overheard, he may 1769, in the midst of M. Gaillard's academic

in relievo himself by recourse to his oath.
reli

Bacon. triumphs, heightened their lustre by the idea,

It is in praise of men as in gettings and gains; for which it produced of his indefatigable industry,

sa light gains make heavy purses ; for light gains come

thick, whereas great come but now and then. of the fertility of his mind, and the variety of

Id. Essays. his talents. This history was divided under the

Moreover, Glories, Thrones, are so sublime, heads civil history, political history, &c.; and, That whosoever thinkes their top to gaine, although almost the universal opinion had de Till many thousand weary steps he cline, cided against it, M. Gaillard pursued the same Doth foole himselfe, by musings which are vaine. method in the History of Charlemagne, which he

Geo. Withers. gave to the world in 1782. The History of the Yon then, that would, with Pleasure, Glory gaine, Rivalship of France and England, which M. Diana like, thuse modest things require, Gaillard published previously to that of Charle- Which truly may beseeme you to attaine; magne, from 1771 to 1777, was received with And stoutly follow that which you desire. Id. that general approbation the justice of which

With hocus pocus and their heavenly sight time has since confirmed. The History of the

They gain on tender consciences at night. Marrell.

A leper once he lost, and gained a king. Rivalship of France and Spain is written on the same principles, on the same plan, and with the

I acceptance found, which gained same ability. The Historical Dictionary of the

This answer from the gracious voice divine. 18. Methodical Encyclopedia, in six quarto volumes, He never shall find out fit mate, but such is likewise a highly esteemed production of M. As some misfortune brings him, or mistako, Gaillard's, and combires the judicious criticism, Or whom he wishes most, shall seldom gain

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