Abbildungen der Seite

Emîr Soheli, keeper of the seals to sultan Hossein Rome he was appointed judge of appeals, and Mirza, put it into a more modern style, and gave afterwards inspector of reliques. Pope Alexit the title of Anuar Soheli. In the year 1002 ander VIII. appointed him Secretary of memothe great moghul, Jalal ô Dîn Mohommed Akbar, rials, and Innocent XII made him keeper of the ordered his own secretary and vizier, the learned archives of St. Angelo. In the midst of this Abul Fazl, to illustrate the obscure passages, business, however, he found time to cultivate his abridge the long digressions, and put it into such favorite study of antiquities, upon which he a style as would be most familiar to all capacities; wrote several tracts in Latin, particularly, 1. De which he accordingly did, and gave it the name Aquis et Aquæductibus Veteris Romæ; 2. De of Ayar Danish, or the Criterion of Wisdom.' Columna Trajana; 3. Inscriptionum Antiquarum Thus far Mr. Frazer, under the word Ayar Danish. Explicatio, &c. He was admitted a member of

• In the year 1709,' says Dr. Wilkins, the the academy of Assorditi at Urbino, and of the Kulila Dumna, the Persian version of Abul Mala Arcadi at Rome; and died 7th January, 1700. Nasser Allah Mustofi, made in the 515th year of FABRIANO (Gentile Da), a celebrated histhe Hēgira, was translated into French, with the torical painter, was born at Verona, in 1332, and title of Les Conseils et les Maximes de Pilpay, became a disciple of Giovanni Da Fiesole. He Philosophe Indien, sur les divers Etats de la Vie. was employed to adorn a great number of This edition resembles the Hitopadesa more than churches and palaces at Florence, Urbino, any other then seen; and is evidently the im- Siena, Perusia, and Rome, but particularly the mediate original of the English - Instructive and Vatican ; and one picture of his, representing the entertaining Fables of Pilpay, an ancient Indian Virgin and Child, attended by Joseph, which is Philosopher,' which, in 1775, had gone through preserved in the church of St. Maria Maggiore, five editions. The Anuar Soheli, above men- was highly commended by Michael Angelo. tioned, about the year 1540, was rendered into By order of the doge and senate of Venice he the Turkish language; and the translator is said painted a picture in the great council-chamber, to have bestowed twenty years' labor upon it. which was considered as so extraordinary a perIn the year 1724 this edition M. Galland began formance that his employers granted him a pento translate into French, and the first four chap- sion for life, and conferred upon him the priviters were then published; but, in the year 1778, lege of wearing the habit of a noble of Venice, M. Cardonne completed the work, in three the highest honor the state could bestow. He volumes, giving it the name of Contes et Fahles died in 1412. Indiennes de Bidpai et de Lokman; traduites FABRIANO, a town of the Papal states, at the d'Ali Tcheleby ben Saleh, auteur Turc: Indian foot of the Appennines in the Marca d'Ancona. Tales and Fables of Bidpay and Lockman, trans- The inhabitants trade chiefly in wool and its lated from Aly Tcheleby ben Saleh, a Turkish manufactures; also in paper. Population 4000. author.'

Thirty-three miles south-west of Ancona. The Fables of Lockman were published in FABʻRIC, n. s. & v. a.) French, fabrique ; Arabic and Latin, with notes, by Erpenius, 4to., FAB'RICATE, v. a. (Belg. fabryke; Ital. Amstel. 1636; and by the celebrated Golius, at FABRICATION, n.s. Span. and Lat. fathe end of his edition of Erpen's Arabic Gram- brica, from faber (i. e. faciber à facio, to do), a mar, Lugd. Bat. 1656, with additional Notes; workman. 'A building or edifice: hence any and also in the edition of the same Grammar, by system or combination of things: the verb, formed Albert Schultens, Lugd. Bat. 1748, 4to. They after the noun, signifies to build, construct, or are only thirty-seven in number.

frame, as does the more common verb to fabriOf the Hitopadesa, or Fables of Vishnoo Sar- cate: the latter is also used, figuratively, for to ma, we have two very elegant English translations invent, construct, or frame a fictitious, as disfrom the original Sanscrit: one by Sir William tinguished from a true account of any thing. Jones, printed in his works, 4to. vol. VI, Lond.

Like the baseless fabric of this vision, 1799; the other by the father of Sanscrit litera

The cloud-capped towers, the gorgeous palaces, ture in Europe, Dr. Charles Wilkins, of the

The solemn temples, the great globe itself, India House, 8vo., Bath, 1787, with a collection Yea, all which ii inherits shall dissolve ; of very important notes.

And, like this insubstantial pageant faded, Fable, as a mode of conveying moral instruction, Leave not a wreck behind.

Shakspeare. is allied both to all other kinds of similitude and There must be an exquisite care to place the coto parable: but, in the strict use of it, at least, lumns, set in several stories, most precisely one over it differs widely from both. Every subject of the another, that so the solid may answer to the solid, inanimate creation may be employed in similitude and the vacuities to the vacuities, as well for beauty and parable; but the grand objects in fable are as strength of the fabrick.

Wotton. borrowed from the animate and rational creation This fabrication of the human body is the immconly: and the best fables consist of human diate work of a vital principle, that formeth the first

Hake. actions, spirit, and intelligence, attributed to rudiments of the human nature. Trute and irrational creatures.

Still will ye think it strange, FABRETTI (Raphael), LL. D. a learned that all the parts of this great fubrick change ; Italian author and antiquary, born at Urbino, in Quit their old station and primeval frame. Prior. 1619. He studied at Cagli, and took his degree

Shew what laws of life at Urbino in his eighteenth year. Cardinal Im The cheese inhabitants observe, and how periali sent him into Spain, where he continued Fabrick their mansions.

Philips. thirteen years, and was for some time auditor How may the poet now unfold, general of the Nunciature. On his return to What never tongue or numbers told,

How learn delighted and amazed,

with a gold chain and a statue. Ile died in What hands unknown that fabrick raised.

1603; leaving behind him several works which

Collins. are much esteemed. From beginnings the most inconsiderable, and by FABRICIUS (John Albert), one of the most instruments the most unlikely, the Almighty, with learned and laborious theologians of his age, was incredible facility, raised that glorious fabric of his born at Leipsic in 1668. He lost his parents church, which hitherto hath withstood all the rage of when

e rage of when very young, but was carefully brought up his enemies.

Robertson's Sermons. by his guardian, who sent him to Quedlinburgh FABRICIA, .in botany, a genus of plants of school. In 1692 he was admitted a preacher, the class icosandria, and order monogynia: CAL. and was chosen professor of eloquence at Hamfive-cleft, half superior; petals five, without burgh in 1697. He died at Hamburgh in 1736, claws; stigma capitate ; CAPS. many-celled: after a life spent in collecting and publishing SEEDS winged. Species two; natives of New valuable remains of the ancients. His principal Holland.

works are: Bibliotheca Latina, 2 vols. 4to.; FABRICIUS (Caius), a celebrated Roman, Vita Procli Philosophi, 4to.; Codex Apocryphus who in his first consulship, A.U.C. 470, obtained Novi Testamenti collectus, 8vo.; Bibliotheca several victories over the Samnites and Luca- Græca, 14 vols. 4to. A new edition of this stunians, and was honored with a triumph. The pendous magazine of learning has been published riches acquired in those battles were immense, the by Harles. Centuria Fabriciorum Scriptis clasoldiers were liberally rewarded, and the treasury rorum, 8vo.; Memoriæ Hambergenses, 7 vols. was enriched with 400 talents. Two years after 8vo. ; Codex Pseudepigraphus Vet. Test. 8vo.; Fabricius went as ambassador to Pyrrhus, and Bibliographia Antiquaria, 4to.; Bibliotheca Ecrefused with contempt presents and offers, which clesiastica, fol.; Delectus argumentorum et sylmight have corrupted the fidelity of a less vir- labus Scriptorum, 4to.; Conspectus Thesauri tnous citizen. Pyrrhus admired the magnanimity Literariæ Italiæ, 8vo.; Salutaris Lux Evangelii, of Fabricius, but his astonishment was excitei 4to.; Bibliotheca mediæ et infimæ Latinitatis, to the highest pitch, when the latter discovered 5 vols. 8vo. to him the villany of his own physician, who had FABRICIUS (William), surnamed Hildanus, a offered to the Roman general to poison his royal famous surgeon, was born near Cologne in 1560. master. To this greatness of soul was added the He became public physician at Berne, where he most consummate knowledge of military affairs, died in 1634. His Six Centuries of Observations and the greatest simplicity of manners. Fabri- and Cures were published in 1606, 4to.; besides cius never used plate at his table. A small salt which he wrote on Gangrene and Sphacelus; on cellar, the feet of which were of horn, was the Burns ; Gun Shot Wounds; on Lithotomy, &c. only silver vessel which appeared in his house. The whole of his works were printed in folio, at This contempt of luxury he wished also to en- Frankfort, in 1682. courage among the people; and during his cen- FABRICIUS (John Christian), a modern entosorship he banished from the senate Cornelius mologist of the greatest celebrity, was born in the Russinus, who had been twice consul and dic- duchy of Sleswick in 1742. After completing tator, because he kept in his house more than ten his studies, he went, at the age of twenty, to Upsal pounds weight of silver plate. Such were the to attend the lectures of Linné. Hlaving here manners of the conqueror of Pyrrhus, who ob- conceived the idea of forming an arrangement of served that he wished rather to command those insects according to the structure of the mouth, that had money than possess it himself. He Linné highly approved his plan, but declined inlived and died in virtuous poverty: his body was troducing it into his Systema Naturæ. See our buried at the public charge; and the Roman article ENTOMOLOGY. Fabricius now adopted people gave a dowry to his two daughters when the profession of medicine, and took his doctor's they had arrived to years of maturity.

degree. Being afterwards appointed professor FABRICIUS (George), a learned German, born of natural history at Kiel, he devoted himself enat Chemnitz in Misnia, in 1516. After a liberal tirely to his favorite science; and published, in education, he visited Italy in the character of 1775, his new System of Entomology. Two tutor to a young nobleman; and, examining all years after he pointed out the classic and generic the remains of antiquity with great accuracy, characters of insects, in a second treatise ; and in compared them with their descriptions in Latin 1778 published his Philosophia Entomologica, writers. The result of these observations was on the model of the Philosophia Butanica of his work entitled Roma, containing a description Linnæus. From that period to his death Fabriof that city. He afterwards settled at Misenum, cius industriously employed himself in extending where he conducted a great school till his death his system. His knowledge of all the branches in 1571. He also wrote seven books of the of natural history was extensive, and he wrote Annals of Misnia, three of the Annals of Meissen, many useful works in the German and Danish Travels, and many sacred poems in Latin. languages. Ile died in 1807.

FABRICIUS (Jerome), a celebrated physician in FABRIC Lands, in ecclesiastical affairs, those the end of the sixteenth century (surnamed Aqua- formerly given towards rebuilding or repairing pendente, from the place of his birth), was the cathedrals and other churches; for anciently aldisciple and successor of Fallopius. He chiefly most every body gave more or less, by his will, applied himself to surgery and anatomy, which to the fabric of the parish church where he he professed with great reputation at Padua for dwelt. forty years. The republic of Venice settled a FABROT (Charles Hannibal), one of the most considerable pension upon him, and honored him celebrated civilians of his time, was born at Aix

[ocr errors]


FAC in 1681 ; and acquired an extraordinary skill in Honour that is gained and broken upon another, the civil and canon law, and in the belles lettres. hath the quickest reflection, like diamonds cut with He published the Basilicæ, or Constitutions of facets.

Id. the Emperors of the East, in Greek and Latin, These offices and dignities were but the facings and with learned notes, in 7 vols. folio; and editions fringes of his greatness.

Wotton. of Cedrenus. Nicetas. Anastasius. Bibliothecarius. Keep still your former face, and mix again Constantine Manasses, and Cujas, with learned

With these lost spirits; run all their mazes with

'em ; and curious notes.

For such are treasons.

Ben Jonson. FACE', n. s., v. n. & v.a. Fr. face ; Span.

Give me a look, give me a face, Face-CLOTH,

haz; "Port. faz; That makes simplicity a grace. Face-PAINTING, SItal. faccia; Lat. He looked and saw the face of things quite changed, FaceT',

facies, from facio, The brazen throat of war had ceased to roar; FA'CING,

to make, the face All now was turned to jollity and game, being the part that makes the distinction or iden- To luxury and riot, feast and dance. Milton. titye.' Minsheu. The visage or countenance; We trepanned the state, and faced it down hence general appearance, presence, sight; also With plots and projects of our own. Hudibras, the surface or outward part of a thing, dis

You'll find the thing will not be done tortion or peculiarity; and confidence or bold With ignorance and face alone.

Id. ness of face or character. As a verb neuter, to The mere face-painter has little in common with face, is to come with the face toward an object; the poet ; but, like the mere historian, copies what he to carry a false countenance or appearance: as sees, and minutely traces every feature, and odd mark. an active verb, to meet in front, oppose or stand

Shaftesbury. opposite to; cover with the outward layer or

At the first shock, with blood and powder stained, superficies; invest with any covering; oppose

Nor heaven, nor sea, their former face retained ; with boldness and impudence, or with success

Fury and art produce effects so strange, (as to face down, and face out): a face-cloth is

They trouble nature, and her visage change.

Wallace. linen cloth placed on the face of the dead: face

When men have the heart to do a very bad thing, painting, portrait-painting. Facet (Fr. facette) they seldom want the face to bear it out. Tillotson. is a diminutive of face, a small surface; applied

Jove cannot fear; then tell me to my face, particularly to the small superficies of precious

That I of all the gods am least in grace. stones. Face to face is an adverbial expression

Dryden's Iliad. for mutual presence.

I'll face And thou child schalt be clepid the profete of the This tempest, and deserve the name of king. higheste, for thou schalt go before the face of the

Dryden. Lord to make redy hise weyes. Wiclif. Luk. i. Kicked out, we set the best face on't we could.

Id. Virgil. A mist watered the whole face of the ground.


Face about, man; a soldier, and afraid of the The children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses's face shone. Exod. xxxiv. 35.

Hail and farewell they shouted thrice amain, The breadth of the face of the house, towards the

Thrice facing to the left, and thence they turned again.

Id. east, was an hundred cubits.

Ezek. xli. 14.

Georgione, the cotemporary of Titian, excelled in It is not the manner of the Romans to deliver any man to die, before that he which is accused have his

portraits of facepainting.

Id. Dufresnoy. accusers face to face.

Acts xxv. 16.

You, says the judge to the wolf, have the face to

challenge that which you never lost; and you, says Now we see through a glass darkly; but then face

he to the fox, have the confidence to deny that which to face.

1 Cor. xiii, 12.
you have stolen.

I know how to content myself in others lust,
Of little stuffe unto my self to weave a webbe of trust :

Let any one, even below the skill of an astrologer, And how to hyde my harmes with sole dyssembling

behold the turn of faces he meets as soon as he passes chere,

Cheapside Conduit, and you see a deep attention and Whan in my face the painted thoughtes would out a certain unthinking sharpness in every countenance.

Tatler. wardly appeare. I know how that the bloud forsakes the face for dred,

From beauty still to beauty ranging And how by shame it staynes agayne the chekes with

In every face I found a dart.
flaming red.

Addison's Spectator.
Thou needs must learn to laugh, or lye,

When it came to the count to speak, old Fact To face, to forge, to scoff, to company.

so stared him in the face, after his plain downright Hubbard's Tale.

way, that the count was struck dumb. They're thinking, by his face,

Id. Count Tariff To fasten in our thoughts that they have courage :

We get intelligence of the force of the enemy, and But 'tis not so. Shakspeare. Julius Cæsar.

cast about for a sufficient number of troops to face Shame itself!

the enemy in the field of battle. Id. On the War. Why do you make such faces ? Id. Macbeth.

This would produce a new face of things in Europe. How many things are there which a man cannot,

Id. with any face or comeliness, say or do himself? A

The fortification of Soleurre is faced with marble.

Id. man can scarce allege his own merits with modesty, much less extol them : a man cannot sometimes brook

Because he walked against his will, to supplicate or beg.

Prior. Bacom,

He faced men down that he stood still. A man shall see faces, which, if you examine them where your old bank is hollow, face it with the first part by part, you shall never find good; but take them spit of earth that you dig out of the ditch. . together, are not uncomely.


Mortimer's Husbandıy.

[ocr errors]

Seized and tied down to judge, how wretched I! Our word jealousies contains all the vowels, though Who can't be silent, and who will not lye :

three of them only were necessary : nevertheless in To laugh, were want of goodness and of grace ; the two words abstemiously and facetiously the vowels And to be grave, exceeds all power of face.

exist all of them in their usual order, and are pro. Pope. nounced in their usual manner.

Darwin. The temple is described square, and the four fronts And without turning his facetious head, with open gates, facing the different quarters of the Over his shoulder with a Bacchant air, world.

Id. Presented the o'erflowing cup, and said, They are as loth to see the fires kindled in Smith • Talking's dry work, I have no time to spare.' field as his lordship; and, at least, as ready to face

Byron, them under a popish persecution.

Swift. FACIES HIPPOCRATICA, the aspect of a dying The face cloth too is of great antiquity.--Mr. Strutt man, as described by Hippocrates, and so named tells us, that after the closing the eyes, &c., a linen by later physicians, who have made similar obcloth was put over the face of the deceased. Thus

servations: it is when the nostrils are sharp, the we are told, that Henry the Fourth, in his last illuess

eyes hollow, the temples low, the tips of the ears seeming to be dead, his chamberlain covered his face

contracted and cold, the forehead dry and wrinkled, with a linen cloth. English Æra, p. 105. Brand'Popular Antiquities.

ies and the complexion pale or livid. See Media

CINE. The Hippocratic face is chiefly observed Face comprehends all that part of the head which is not covered with the hair. The human

towards the period of phthises and other conface is called the image of the soul, as being the

sumptions, and is held a sure prognostic of death.

FA'CILE, adj. seat of the principal organs of sense, and the

Fr. facile, facilité ; place where the ideas, passions, emotions, &c.,

FacilEly, adv. Span. facilidad : Ital. are chiefly set to view. It shows also the sex,

FACIL'ITATE, v.a. facilita; Lat. facilis, age, temperament, health, disease, &c. As the

Facilita'tion, n. s. facilitas, from facio, to index of the passions, habits, &c., of the person,


do. Easy, pliant, flex

?ible : to facilitate is to make easy; make free it becomes the subject of physiognomy. See PAYSIOGNOMY.

from difficulty or obstruction. FACE OF THE MEASURES, in mining, is that Piety could not be diverted from this to a more part of a mine bounded by the length-way or commodious business by any motives of profit or fa. principal vertical joints, or natural cracks of the cility:

Raleigh. measures. In coal mines, these principal joints

Choice of the likeliest and best prepared metal for

the version will facilitate the work. are called sline back, or face joints, and are

Bacon. generally parallel to each other; the lesser joints,

A war upon the Turks is more worthy than upon which cross the slines almost at right angles, are

any other Gentiles, both in point of religion and in called end-joints or cutters.

point of honour; though facility and hope of success might invite some other choice.

Id. To Face, in the military art, a word of command intimating to turn about : thus, face to the

Facility is worse than bribery; for bribes come now

and then : but if opportunity or idle respect lead a right, is turn upon the left heel, a quarter round

man, he shall never be without them.

Ia. to the right; and, face to the left, is to turn upon

I meant she should be courteous, facile, sweet, the right heel a quarter round to the left.

Hating that solemn vice of greatness, pride, FACEʻTIOUS, adj. Fr. facetieux ; Lat.

11. I meant each softest virtue there should meet, FACE'TIOUSLY, adv. fucetus, from facetia, Fit in that softer bosom to reside. Ben Jonson. FaceTIOUSNESS, n. s. jokes. Jocular; lively;

The one might be as facilely impetrate as the other. FACETELY, adv. (witty; cheerful: facete

Ld. Herbert. FACETE NESS, n. S. and facetious seem both Facility of yielding to a sin, or wooing it with a to have been used in this sense formerly.

voluntary suit, is a higher stair of evil. Parables—work upon the affections, and breed de

Bp. Hall's Contemplations. light of hearing, by reason of that facetness and witti- They renewed their assault two or three days togeness.

Hales. ther, and planted cannon to facilitate their passage, If there be any kind of facetiousness innocent and which did little hurt; but they still lost many men in reasonable, conformable to good manners, St. Paul the attempt.

Clarendon. d not intend to discountenance or prohibit that kind. The facile gates of hell too slightly barred.

The eyes are the chief seats of love, as Lernutius Raphael now, to Adam's doubt proposed,
hath facetely expressed.
Burton. Benevolent and facile, thus replyed.

Id. Socrates, informed of some derogating speeches used Too facile then, thou didst not much gainsay; of nim behind his back, made this facetious reply, Let Nay, didst permit, approve, and fair dismiss. Id. him beat me too when I am absent.

By dividing it into parts so distinct, the order in Government of the Tongue. which they shall find each disposed, will render the My facetious friend,

D r , I would wish also to work facile and delightful. Evelyn's Kalendar. be a partaker; not to digest his spleen, for that he T o confine the imagination is as facile a performlaughs off, but to digest his last night's wine at the ance as the Gothham's design of hedging in the last field-day of the Crochallan corps. Burns.


Glanville. "Tis pitiful

Yet reason saith, reason should have ability To court a grin, when you should woo a soul; To hold these worldly things in such proportion, To break a jest, when pity would inspire

As let them come or go with even facility. Sidney. Pathetic exhortation, and to address

Though perspective cannot be called a certain rule The skittish fancy with facetious tales,

of picture, yet it is a great succour and relief to art, When sent with God's commission to the heart ! and facilitates the means of execution. So did not Paul. Cowper.

Dryden's Dufresnoy.


They who have studied have not only learned many As men are not to mistake the causes of these opeexcellent things, but also have acquired a great faci. ratious, so much less are they to mistake the fact or lity of profiting themselves by reading good authors. effect, and rashly to take that for done which is not Id. done.

Bacon. "Tis a great error to take facility for good nature; Those effects which are wrought by the percussion tenderness without discretion, is no better than a more of the sense, and by things in fact, are produced likepardonable folly.

L'Estrange. wise in some degree by the imagination: therefore if The facility which we get of doing things, by a cus- a man see another eat sour or acid things, which set tom of doing, makes them often pass in us without the teeth on edge, that object tainteth the imagination. our notice.


Bacon's Natural History. He opens and yields himself to the man of business I see the Levites, not long since, drawing their with difficulty and reluctancy; but offers himself to swords for God and Moses, against the rest of Israel; the visits of a friend with facility, and all the meet and that fact wins them both praise and blessing ing readiness of appetite and desire.


Bp. Hall's Contemplations. This may at first seem perplexed with many diffi

Unhappy man! to break the pious laws culties, yet many things may be suggested to make it


Of nature, pleading in his children's cause : more facile and commodious.

Howe'er the doubtful fact is understood, Some men are of that facile temper, that they are

'Tis love of honour and his country's good; wrought upon by every object they converse with, whom any affectionate discourse, or serious sermon,

The consul, not the father, sheds the blood. or any notable accident, shall put into a fit of religion,


Matter of fact breaks out and blazes with too great which yet usually lasts no longer than till somewhat

an evidence to be denied. Calamy.

South's Sermons. else comes in their way. What produceth a due quantity of animal spirits,

Manifold sins, though in speculation they may be necessarily facilitates the animal and natural motions. separable from war, in reality and fact never fail to

Arbuthnot on Diet.
attend it.

Smalridge. A war on the side of Italy would cause a great

If this were true in fact, I do not see any colour diversion of the French forces, and facilitate the pro

for such a conclusion. Addison on the War. gress of our arms in Spain.


It is a point of fact on which every English gentleScience, though perhaps the nurseling of interest,

man will determine for himself.

Junius. was the daughter of curiosity : for who can believe The facts which inspired writers relate are no less that they who first watched the course of the stars, instructive than the doctrines which they teach. foresaw the use of their discoveries to the facilitation

Robertson's Sermons. of commerce, or the mensuration of time?

It may seem strange, that horror of any kind should

Johnson. Rambler. give pleasure. But the fact is certain. Why do FACING, Facade, or Revêtement, in forti- people run to see battles, executions, and shipwrecks ? fication, is a strong wall of masonry, or other

Beattie. binding, built on the outside of the rampart and

FAC’TION, n. s. ) Fr. faction ; Ital. fat

FACTIONARY, parapet, to prevent the soil of which they are

tione ; Lat. factio, fac

Fac'TIONIST, composed giving way. When the revêtement of

tionis, from facio, fac

Fac'tious, adj. a rampart goes quite up to the top, four feet of

tus, to make, or do. A the upper part is a vertical wall of three feet

FACTIOUSLY, adv. public, or busy party : thick, with a square stone at the top of it, pro

FACTIOUSNESS, n. s. J hence tumult; discord; jecting about five or six inches, and a circular

imentar dissension: factionary and factionist are old words one below, or where the slope begins, of eight or

of eight or for the promoters of faction or discord. ten inches diameter. When the facing is carried By one of Simon's faction murders were committed. up as high as the soles of the embrasures, it is

Shakspeare. Mac. called a whole revêtement; but, when confined to

The queen is valued thirty thousand strong; the ditch only, it is termed a half-revêtement.

If she hath time to breathe, be well assured These must depend on the nature of the soil,

Her faction will be full as strong as ours. the facility of obtaining materials, the time that


He has been known to commit outrages, can be bestowed, the importance of the post, &c. And cherish factions.

Id. Timon. Where difficulties occur, as also in temporary

Pr'ythee, fellow, remember my name is Menenius; works, the facings are made with turf; in which

always factionary of the party of your general. case they are said to be gazoned.

Id. Coriolanus. FACIN'OROUS, adj. Lat. facinus, facinoris,

He is a traitor; lead him to the Tower, from facio, to do, used both in a good and bad

And crop away that factious pate of his. sense for great actions, but more commonly the

Shakspeare. latter. Extreme: extremely bad, or wicked.

Be factious for redress of all these griefs. Id. "Tis strange, 'tis very strange, that is the brief and There be that can pack the cards, and yet cannot tedious of it; and he's of a most facinorous spirit that play well : so there are some that are good in canwill not acknowledge it.

Shakspeare. vasses and factions, that are otherwise weak men. FACT, n. s. Fr. fait ; Lat. factum, from facio,

Lord Bacon. factus, to do. A thing or effect accomplished: By the weight of reason I should counterpoise the

King Charles. ation: overbalancing of any factions. reality, as opposed to fiction or speculation; o action; deed.

Factious tumults overbore the freedom and honour

Id. In matter of fact they say there is some credit to

of the two houses. be given to the testimony of man; but not in matter

matter I intended not only to oblige my friends, bumine of opinion and judgment : we see the contrary both enemies also : exceeding even the desires of those that

Id. acknowledged and universally practised all throughout were factiously discontented. the world.


God and Moses knew how o distinguish betwixt

« ZurückWeiter »