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spring, from the expansion of the dew. The FOI'BLE, n. s. French. A little fault; o vapois, which are raised plentifully from the mental weakness rather than a moral taint. It earth and waters, either by the solar or subter- is synonymous, or nearly so, with failing ; fa ilraneous heat, at their first entrance into the at- ings and foibles are the smallest degrees of immosphere meet with cold enough to condense perfection. Failings, perhaps, relate more to ibem to a considerable degree; their specific temper and disposition, and foibles to habit and gravity is by that means increased, and so they prepossession. will be stopped from ascending; and either re- He knew the foibles of human nature. Friend. turn back in form of dew or of drizzling rain, The witty men sometimes have sense enough to or remain suspended some time in the form of a know their own foible, and therefore they crafrily fog Vapors may be seen on the high grounds shun the attacks of argument. Watts's Logick. as well as the low, but more especially about If you insist upon your right to examine, they marshy places. They are easily dissipated by retreat, either in confusion or equivocation; and, the wind, as well as by the heat of the sun. like the scuttle-fish, throw a large quantity of ink beThey continue longest in the lowest grounds,

hind them, that you may not see where to pursue. because these places contain most moisture, and

e and Whence this foil le flows is obvious enough. Mason. are least exposed to the action of the wind. FOIL, v.a. & n. s. ) Old Fr, affoler, to Hence we may easily conceive, that fogs are Foi'ler, n. s. I wound. Crabbe thinks only low clouds, or clouds in the lowest region from fail, and the Lat. fallo to deceive; to make of the air; as clouds are no other than fogs to fail. Thus it signifies to put to the worst; 10 raised on high. See Cloud, and Mrst. defeat, though without a complete victory; and

FOGGIA, a large town of Naples, in the Capi- equally applies to the accomplishment of this, tanata, formerly of great importance, from being whether by stratagem or open resistance. A a staple for wool and corn, and the seat of the person is foiled, whatever the means, who is redogano or register-office for collecting the tax buffed and turned away from his meditated puron the sheep which pass to and from the pas- pose : it is also used in the sense of puzzling and tures of Puglia. The office of Foggia appointed perplexing. deputations to other towns. The principal Bonduca, that victorious conqueresse, square, and several of its streets, are under- That, lifting up her brave heroick thought mined with vaults, where corn is stored and Bove womens weaknesse, with the Romanes fought. preserved; the sides are said to be faced with Fought, and in field against them thrice prevailed; stone, and all the orifices carefully closed. The Yet was she foyled whenas she me assailed. town has been almost entirely rebuilt since the

Spenser. The Ruines of Time. earthquake of 1732. A great fair is held here

We of thy cunning had no diffidence; in May. It contains 17.000 inhabitants. It is One sudden foil shall never breed distrust.

Shakspeare. sixteen miles south-west of Manfredonia, and

Amazement seized
forty-two north-east of Benevento.
FOGLIETO (Oberto, or Hubert), a Genoese

The rebel thrones; but greater rage to see
Thus foiled their mightiest.

Milton. priest, and one of the most learned writers of Strange, that your fingers should the pencil foil, the sixteenth century. He had a share in the Withou: the help of colours or of oil ! Waller. disturbances that were raised at Genoa, for Virtue, disdain, despair, I oft have tried ; which he was banished; and died at Rome in And, foiled, have with new arms my foe defied. 1581, aged sixty-three. He wrote a History

Dryden. of Genoa in Italian, which is highly esteemed: Death never won a stake with greater toil, and many works in Latin.

Nor e'er was fate so near a foil.

Id. FOH, interj. From Sax. fah, an enemy. An

Whilst I am following one character, I am crossed

in my way by another, and put up such a variety of interjection of abhorrence: as if one should at

odd creatures in both sexes, that they foil the scent of sight of any thing hated cry out a foe!

one another, and puzzle the chace. Addison. Not to affect many proposed matches

He had been foiled in the cure, and had left it to Of her own clime, complexion and degree,

nature.

Wiseman's Surgery. Whereto we see in all things nature tends,

In their conflicts with sin they have been so often Foh! one may smell in such a will most rank,

foiled, that they now despair of ever getting the day. Foul disproportions, thoughts unnatural.

Calamy's Sermons.
Shakspeare.

When age shall level me to impotence,
Indeed, Sir John, pray good my dear,

And sweating pleasure leave me on the foil.
Tis wrong to make your kennel here-

Southern. Dogs in their place are good I own,

Foil, n. s. & v.a. Fr. fouiller. A blunt sword But in the parlour, foh! be gone! Somervile.

used in fencing : to blunt; to dull. Fol 'twas a bribe that left it, he has touched

He that plays the king shall be welcome ; his ma. Corruption.

Couper,

jesty shall have tribute of me : the adventurous knight FO-III, another name for Fo, the chief deity shall use his foil and target.

Shakspeare. of the Chinese. They represent him shining

When light-winged toys all in light, with his hands'hid under bis robes, of feathered Cupid foil, with wanton dulness, to show that his power does all things invisibly. My speculative and officed instruments. Id. He has at his left Lanza, or Lanca, chief of the Foil, n. s. Lat. folium ; Fr. feuille. Leaf; second sect of their religion. See CHINA. gilding: something of another color near whi

FOIR, or FORA, a fertile island of Denmark, jewels are set to raise their lustre; appliea meor the coast of Sleswick; twelve miles in cir- taphorically to whatever enhances the value or soit, with a safe harbour.

beauty of anything by contrast: the steel or quicksilver placed at the back of a glass by which bright as a lool:ing-glass; after which they must it is converted into a mirror.

be dried, and laid up secure from dust. Fructified olive of foiles faire and thicke.

FOIN, v. n. & n.s. 2 Fr. foindre, poindre ; Chaucer. Balade III. Foin'ingly, adv. Lat. pungo. In fencing, A stately palace, built of squared brick,

to push; to thrust: a thrust; or push. In a Which cunningly was without mortar laid,

pushing manner. Whose walls were high, but nothing strong nor thick, Ne no man shal unto his felow ride And golden foil all over them displayed.

But o cours, with a sharpe ygrounden spere,

Faerie Queene. Foin if him list on foot himself to were. Like bright metal on a sullen ground,

And he that is at meschief shal be take,
My reformation glittering o'er my fault,

And not slaine, but be brought unto the stake
Shall shew more goodly, and attract more eyes, That shal ben ordeined on eyther side;
Than that which hath nu foil to set it off.

Thider he shal by force; and ther abide.
Shakspeare.

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale. Fame is no plant that grows on mortal soil,

And, after that, with sharpe speres strong, Nor in the glistering foil

They foineden eche at other wonder long. Id. Set off to the world, nor in broad rumour lies.

He hewed, and lashed, and foined, and thundered Milton.

blows, As she a black silk cap on him begun

And every way did seek into his life! To set for foil of his milk-white to serve. Sidney. Ne plate, ne mail, could ward so mighty throws,

Hector has á foil to set him off; we oppose the in- But yielded passage to his cruel knife. continence of Paris to the temperance of Hector.

Faerie Queene. Broome on the Odyssey. He cares not what mischief he doth, if his weapon Foil, among looking-glass grinders, is a sheet of tin be out: he will foin like any devil; he will spare with quicksilver, or the like, laid on the backside of a neither man, woman, nor child.

Shakspeare. looking-glass, to make it reflect.

Chambers. Then both, no moment lost, at once advance Foil, in fencing, a long piece of steel of an

Against each other, armed with sword and lance :

They lash, they foin, they pass, they strive to bore elastic temper, mounted like a sword, which is their corslets, and the thinnest parts explore. used in fencing. It is without a point, having a

Dryden. button at the extremity, covered with leather. FOʻISON. n. s. Fr. foison : Lat. fusio, proThe amateurs of fencing caution the learner fusio. Plenty ; abundance. A word now out never to fence with short foils; they ought to "of use. measure from one extremity to the other three Who fed the Egyptian Mary in the cave feet two inches; he will thus be enabled to keep Or in desert ? no wight but Crist sans faille. a regular distance, and execute his movements Five thousand folk it was as gret marvaille, with a greater degree of justness and dexterity. With loves five and fishes two, to fede ;

Foil, among jewellers, a thin leaf of metal God sent his foyson at hire grete nede. placed under a precious stone, in order to make

Chaucer. The Man of Lawes Tale. it look transparent, and give it an agreeable dif

Be wilful to kill, and unskilful to store, ferent color, either deep or pale: thus, if a stone

And look for no foison, I tell thee before. Tusser.

Nature should bring forth, is wanted to be of a pale color, put a pale

Of its own kind, all foison, all abundance, colored foil under it; or if deep, a dark one.

To feed my innocent people. Shakspeare. Tempest. These foils are made either of copper, gold, or FOIST, 7. a. Fr. fausser; perhaps of Lat. gold and silver together. The copper foils are falsito. To insert by forgery: or in a forced and commonly known by the name of Nuremberg or

3 or improper manner. German foils, and are thus prepared : Procure Lest negligence or partiality might admit or foist very thin copper-plates ; beat these gently upon in abuses and corruption, an archdeacon was apa well-polished anvil, with a polished hammer, pointed to take account of their doings. Carer. as thin as possible; and placing them hetween To what purpose, I pray, is God's name hooked two iron plates, as thin as writing-paper, and haled into our idle talk? why should we so often heat them in the fire; then boil the foil in a mention him, when we do not mean any thing aboat pipkin with equal quantities of tartar and salt, him? would it not, into every sentence to foist a des constantly stirring them, till, by boiling, they or a horse, be altogether as proper and pertinent ? become white; after which, taking them out and drying them, give them another hammering, till

FOI'STY, adj. 2 See Fusty. Mouldy; they are made fit for your purpose. Care must

Fors'tiness, n. s. S fusty. be taken not to give the foils too much heat, for Dress mustard, and lay it in cellar up sweet, fear of melting; nor must they be too long Lest foistiness make it for table uumeet. Tusset. boiled, lest they should attract too much salt. FOIX (Gaston de), a nephew of Louis XII. The method of polishing them is this : Take a of France, was born in 1489, and was the son of plate of the best copper, one foot long and about John de Foix, viscount of Narbonne. In 1512 five or six inches wide, polished to the greatest he succeeded the duke of Longueville, in the perfection ; bend this to a long convex, fasten it command of the French army in Italy, and upon a half roll, and fix it to a bench or table; forced Peter Navarro, the Spanish general, to then take some chalk, washed as clean as pos- raise the siege of Bologna, relieved Brescia, and sible, and filtered through a fine linen cloth, till laid siege to Ravenna. His daring exploits, it be as fine as it can be made; and, having which procured him the name of the Thunderlaid some of it on the roll, and wetted the copper bolt of Italy, were productive, however, of no all over, lay the foils on it, and, with a polishing permanent advantage; and he fell at the battle stone and tie chalk, polish them, Ull they are as of Ravenna, in which he defeated the Spaniards,

Barroer.

Easter Sunday, in 1512. Louis XII., on hear- cross of St. Louis. He distinguished himing of his death, exclaimed, “I would surrender self greatly at the battle of Cassano; where he almost every inch of ground I possess in Italy to received a wound in his left hand, which derestore to life my nephew and his brave comrades. prived him of the use of it ever after. At this God preserve us from many such victories !' ' battle he conceived the first idea of columns,

Prix (Louis de), a French architect, was which he afterwards prefixed to his Commenemployed by Philip II., of Spain, in the taries on Polybius. In 1706 Folard had orders erection of the palace of the Escurial. He to throw himself into Modena, to defend it is said to have been in the confidence of don against prince Eugene: where he was very near Carlos, by betraying which, he contributed being assassinated. He received a dangerous to the destruction of that prince; soon after wound in the thigh at the battle of Malplaquet, which he left Spain and returned to France, and was some time after made prisoner by In 1579 he was employed in the port of Bay- prince Eugene. Being exchanged in 1711, he onne, and constructed the canal of the Adour. was made governor of Bourbourg. In 1714 he De Foix was also, in 1610, the architect of the went to Malta, to assist in defending that island tower of Cordouan, at the month of the Ga- against the Turks. Upon his return to France ronne.

he embarked for Sweden, to see Charles XII. FOKIEN, a province of China, bounded on He acquired the esteem and confidence of that the north by that of Tche-Kiang; east by the monarch, who sent him to France to negociate sea; south by Quang-Tong, and west by Kian- the restoration of James II: but, that project Si. It is commodiously situated for navigation being given up, he returned to Sweden, followand commerce. The natives catch large quan- ed Charles XII, in his expedition to Norway, tities of fish, which they send to other parts of and served under him at the siege of Frederickthe empire. Its shores are indented with many shall. Folard then returned to France; and bays; and there are many forts built on the made his last campaign in 1710, as colonel under coast. The air is hot, but pure and wholesome. the duke of Berwick. From that time he apThe mountains are disposed into a kind of am- plied intensely to the study of the military art; phitheatres, by the labor of the inhabitants, and built his theories upon the foundation of with terraces one above another. The fields are his experience. He contracted an intimacy with watered with rivers and springs, which issue count Saxe; and was chosen F.R. S. of London out of the mountains, and which the husband- in 1749; and, in 1751, made a journey to men conduct so as to overflow the fields of rice Avignon, where he died in 1752, aged eightywhen they please, by pipes of bamboo. It three. His chief works are, 1. Commentaries produces all the commodities common in China, upon Polybius, 6 vols. 4to. 2. New Discoparticularly musk, precious stones, quicksilver, veries in War. 3. A Treatise concerning the silk, iron, &c. The natives make hempen defence of Places, in French. cloth, calico, and all sorts of utensils. They FOLCZ (John), originally a barber of Nuimport cloves, cinnamon, pepper, sandal-wood, remberg, and born at Ulm about the middle of amber, coral, &c. The capital is Fou-tcheou- the fifteenth century, became one of the most Fou, or Fucherofu. As for Fokien, which most celebrated of the German poets belonging to the geographers make the capital, Grosier informs class called Mastersingers, or Suabian bards. us there is no such place. The silks and cloth They consisted of clubs or societies established of Fokien are of extraordinary fineness and for the cultivation of the old German poetry, and beauty. The port of Enfouy was formerly open were principally composed of the lower classes. to European vessels, but all the trade has been Strasburgh and Nuremberg were the cities in since transferred to Canton. Considerable com- which were found the most famous societies of merce is carried on between this province and Mastersingers; but they also existed at MeminJapan, Formosa, the Philippine Islands, Java, gen, Ulm, and Augsbourg. Taverns were their and Siam. Every city is said to have a peculiar usual places of meeting. The epoch of these bards dialect. Fou-tcheon, the capital, is celebrated lasted from 1350 to 1519, when Luther produced for its literati; besides which, there are other a reform in the German language ; but the socilarge towns, Tsuen-Tschosu, Yeu-Ping, and eties continued, that of Strasburgh particularly, Tchang-Tcheou. The population has been com- till the latter part of the eighteenth century. puted at 15,000,000.

Folcz, distinguished himself by the invention of FOLARD) (Charles), an eminent French ge- a multitude of new metres. He printed at Nuneral, born at Avignon in 1669, of a noble fa- remberg a great number of his poems. The mily. He discovered an early passion for arms; earliest, finished in 1470, was imprinted, or enwhich was so inflamed by reading Casar's Com- graved on wood, in 1474, and reprinted in a mentaries, that he enlisted at sixteen years of collection which appeared in 1534 at Nuremase. His father procured his discharge and im- berg, in 3 vols. 4to. This includes Ein mnred him in a monastery; but he escaped about teutsch worhaftig poetisch ystori ; an abridged two years after, and entered again as a cadet. History of the German Empire, in rhyme; and Ilis inclination for military affairs recommended Vitæ Patrum, vel Liber Colacionum. Of these biin to notice. M. de Vendome, who com- productions Fischer has given a description. inanded in Italy in 1720, made him his aid-de- in his Typographical Rarities, Mentz, 1800, camp; and soon after sent him with part of his 8vo. forces into Lombardy. Here his services were FOLD, n. s. & v. a. Sax, falad, fald; from such, that he had a pension of 400 livres Goth. faldar, to enclose. There is also a barb. stiled upon him, and was honored with the Latin word, faldagium (a fuld). The ground on Id.

which sheep are confined; the place where sheep The ancient Egyptian mummies were shrowded in are housed; the flock of sheep; a limit; a boun- a number of folds of linen, besmeared with gums, dary.

Bucon's Nat. History. Then said he, O cruel Goddes! that goveral

At last appear This world with binding of your word eterne,

Hell bounds high reaching to the horrid roof, And writen in the table of Athanient

And thrice three fold the gates : three folds were Your parlement and your eterne grant,

brass, What is mankind unto yhold

Three iron, three of adamantine rock. Milton. Than is the shepe that rouketh in the to fold.

Their martyred blood and ashes sow
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale.

O'er all the Italian fields, where still doth sway ' Time drives the flocks from field fold,

The triple tyrant ; tbat from these may grow When rivers rage and rocks grow cold;

A huudred fold. And Philomel becometh dumb,

Not with indented wave, the serpent then And all complain of cares to come. Raleigh. We see that the folding of sheep helps ground, as well

Prone on the ground, as since; but on his rear by their warmth as by their compost. Bacon.

Circular base of rising folds, that towered
Fold above fold, a suging maze!

Id.
His eyes be opened, and beheld a field
Part arable and tilth; whereon were sheaves

Let the draperies be nobly spread upon the body, New reaped; the other part, sheep walks and folds. and let the folds be large; the parts should be often

Milton. traversed by the flowing of the folds, Dryden. In thy book record their groans,

Both furl their sails, and strip them for the fight; Who were thy sheep, and in their ancient fold

Their folded sheets dismiss the useless air. Id. Slain.

Id.

Conscious of its own impotence, it folds its arms in The star that bids the shepherd fold,

despair, and sits cursing in a corner. Collier, Now the top of heaven doth hold.

Id.

The inward coat of a lion's stomach has stronger And this you see I scarcely drag along,

folds than a human, but in other things not much difWho yeaning on the rocks has left her young,

ferent.

Arbuthnot. The hope and promise of my failing fold. Dryden.

FOLENGIO (Theophilus), of Mantua, known The bridegroom sun, who late the earth espoused,

also by the title of Merlin Coccaye, an Italian Leaves his star-chamber; early in the east

poet. He was born at Mantua in 1491, and beHe shook his sparkling locks, head lively roused, While Morn his couch with blushing roses drest;

came a Benedictine; but soon after quitted his His shines the Earth soon latcht to gild her flowers : habit, and, after leading a rambling life for Phosphor his gold fleeced drove folds in their bowers, some years, resumed it again. He wrote several Which all the night had grazed about the’ Olympic works, mostly of a licentious nature; but is metowers.

Fletcher's Purple Island. morable for his macaronic verses. This mode Fold, n. s., v. a. & v. n. Sax. filo, faldan; of writing, which has not very frequently been Goth. faldan. See the foregoing word. A dou- imitated with success, consists in interweaving ble; a complication ; an involution; one part with Latin verse a number of words and phrases added to another; one part doubled upon ano- in the vernacular tongue, thrown in at random, ther. From the foregoing signification is de- and made to fit the metre by Latin terminations. rived the use of fold in composition. Fold sig- Folingio, if not the inventor of macaronic verse, nifies the same quantity added : as two-fold, was the first who brought it into vogue. He twice the quantity; twenty-fold, twenty times died in 1544. repeated. To double; to complicate; to inclose; FOLIA'CEOUS, adj. ) Lat. foliaceous, folieinclude; to close over another of the same kind; FoʻLIAGE, n. s. | tus, foliatio, from folito join with another of the same kind.

FOʻLIATE, v.a. ( um ; Fr.feuillage. ConThe two leaves of the one door were folding, and Folia'TION, n. s. sisting of laminæ or the two leaves of the other door were folding.

FOʻLLATURE, n. s. | leaves. Leaves ; tufts

1 Kings vi, 34. FO'LIOMORT, adj. of leaves ; the appaYet a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding rel of leaves to a plant. To beat into laminæ or of the hands to sleep.

Prov. vi. 10. leaves. Foliation is the act of beating into thin They be folden together as thorns, Nah. i. 10. leaves; it is aiso one of the parts of the flower,

But other fell into good ground, and brought forth being the collection of those fugacious colored fruit; some an hundred fold, some sixty fold, some

leaves called petala, which constitute the compass thirty fold.

Matt.

of the flower, and sometimes guard the fruit As a vesture shalt thou fold them up. Heb. i. 12.

which succeeds the foliation, as in apples and And if that excellent were hire beautee, A thousand fold more vertuous was she.

pears, and sometimes stand within it, as in cherChaucer. The Doctoure's Tale. ries and apricots; for these, being tender and She in this trice of time

pulpous, and coming forth in the spring, would Commits a thing so monstrous, to dismantle

be injured by the weather if they were not lodged So many folds of favour!

up within their flowers. -Quincy. Foliature, Shakspeare. King Lear is the state of being hammered into leaves. FoI have seen her rise from her bed, unlock her clo- liomort ( folium mortuum), is a dark yellow ; the set, take forth paper, fold it, write upon't, read it, color of a leaf faded : vulgarly called philomot. seal it, and again return to bed. Shakspeare. Gold foliated, or any metal foliated, cleaveth. We will descend and fold him in our arms. Id.

Bacon. Witness my son, now in the shade of death, The great columns are finely engraven with fruits Whose hright outshining beams thy cloudy wrath and foliage, that run twisting about them from the Hath in eternal darkness folded up. Id. very top to the bottom.

Addison

Id.

If yold be foliated, and held between your eyes and FOLK, n. s. Sax. fole, from polgian, the light, the light looks of a greenish blue.

Folks, n. s. to follow; Swed. fole, fol

Newton's Opticks. FOLK'MOTE, N. s. ) gia, to follow; Belg. volk, A piece of another, consisting of an outer crust, from Goth. folgia, to follow. It is properly a of a ruddy talky spar, and a blue talky foliacious spar. noun collective, and has no plural but by modern

Woodward on Fossils. corruption. People, in familiar language; any A finty pebble was of a dark green colour and the

kind of people as discriminated from others. It exterior cortex of a foliomort colour.

is now seldom used but in familiar or burlesque

language. And too

Infinite ben the sorwe and the teres The trees with foliage, cliffs with flowers are crownd,

Of olde folk and folk of tendre years Pure rills through walls of verdure warbling go,

In all the town, for deth of this Theban. And wonder, love, and joy, the peasant's heart o'er

Chaucer, The Knightes Tale flow.

Beattie.

Those hills were appointed for two special uses, and FOLIAGE, in architecture, used for the repre- built by two several nations . the one is that which sentations of flowers, leaves, branches, rinds, &c., you call folkmntes, built by the Saxons, and signifies whether natural or artificial, that are used for en

in the Saxon a meeting of folk. Spenser on Ireland. richments on capitals, friezes, pediments, &c.

The river thrice hath flowed, no ebb between;

And the old folk, time's doting chronicles, FOLIATING of Glass PLATES FOR MIR

Say it did so a little time before. Shakspeare. RORS, the spreading the plates over, after they Anger is a kind of baseness: as it appears well in are polished, with quicksilver, &c., to make thein the weakness of children, women, old folks, and sick reflect images. It is performed thus :-A thin folks.

Bacon. blotting paper is spread on the table, and then a

When with greatest art he spoke, fine lamina or leaf of tin, called foil, is laid over You'd think he talked like other folk; the paper; upon this is poured mercury, which For all a rhetorician's rules is to be distributed equally over the leaf with a

Teach nothing but to name his tools. lare's foot, or cotton : over this is laid a clean

Hudibras. paper, and over that the glass plate, which is

Dorilaus, having married his sister, had his inarpressed down with the right hand, and the paper

riage in short time blest, for so are folk wont to say, drawn gently out with the left; this being done,

how unhappy so ever the children after grow, with a son,

Sidney. the plate is covered with a thicker paper, and

Old good man Dobson of the green, loaded with a greater weight, that the surperflu

Remembers he the tree has seen, ous mercury may be driven out and the tin ad And goes with folks to shew the sight. Swift. here more closely to the glass. When it is dried, He walked and wore a thrradbare cloak; the weight is removed, and the looking-glass is He dined and supped at charge of other folk, Id. complete. Some add an ounce of marcasite When I call • fading' martial immortality melted by the fire; and, lest the mercury should I mean, that every age and every year evaporate in smoke, they pour it into cold water; And almost every day, in sad reality and when cooled, squeeze through a cloth, or Some sucking hero is compelled to rear, through leather. Some add a quarter of an

Who, when we come to sum up the totality ounce of tin and lead to the marcasite, that the

Of deeds to human happiness most dear,

Turns out to be a butcher in great business, glass may dry the sooner.

Affecting young folks with a sort of dizziness. Byron. FOLIATING OF GLOBE GLASSES FOR MIRRORS, is done as follows. Take five ounces of quick

FOLKES (Martin), an English antiquary, silver and one ounce of bismuth : of lead and tin mathematician, and philosopher, born at Westhalf an ounce each: first put the lead and tin minster about 1690, a fellow of the Royal Sointo fusion, then put in the bismuth; and, when ciety of London, and of the Academy of Sciences that is also in fusion, let it stand till it is almost

most at Paris. He was admitted into the former at cold, and pour the quicksilver into it: after this

twenty-four years of age; made one of their take the glass globe, which must be very clean,

council two years after; named by Sir Isaac and the inside free from dust : Irake a paper

Newton himself, as vice-president; and, after funnel, which put into the hole of the globe, as

Sir Hans Sloane, became president. Coins, annear the glass as possible, so that the amalgam,

m cient and modern, were his great object : and when poured in, may not splash, and cause the

see the his last production was a book upon the English glass to be full of spots ; pour it in gently, and

Cand Silver Coin, from the conquest to his own times. move it about so that the amalgam may touch A table of all the English gold coins, drawn up every where; if the amalgam begin to be curdly

curdly by Mr. Folkes, was afterwards printed at the re

by and fixed, hold it over a gentle fire, and it will quest of the Royal Society, before whom he laid easily flow againandif it be too thin, add a his Remarks on the Standard Measure preserved little more lead, tin. and bismuth to it. The in the Capitol of Rome, and a model of an anfiner and clearer the globe is, the better will the

cient sphere preserved in the Farnesian palace. looking-glass be.

A representation of this sphere was published in

Dr. Bentley's edition of Manilius. He died in FOʻLIO, n. s. Lat. in folio. A large book of London in 1754. Dr. Birch drew up raterials Thich the pages are formed by a sheet of paper for his life, which are preserved in the Aneconce doubled.

dotes of Bowyer. Plumbinus and Plumeo made less progress in

FOLKESTONE, a sea-port and market town knowledge, though they had read over more folios.

of Kent, between Dover and Hythe, and which Wntts on the Mind. appears to have been a very ancient place, from

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