« ZurückWeiter »
Agriculture, 8vo. 12. Practical Dissertation on ment, and valuable presents in those days, when the Effects of Bath Waters, 8vo. 13. Tracts and the country being much over-run with wood, all Collections relating to Natural History, 4to. 14. species of the feathered race must have abounded. Observations respecting the Pulse, 8vo. 15. A king of Kent begged of a friend abroad, two Examination of Dr. Heberden's Observations on falcons of such skill and courage as to attack the Plague, 8vo. 16. Account of an Epidemical cranes willingly, and, seizing them, to throw Catarrhal Fever at Bath in 1803, 8vo. 17. Dis them to the ground. We may infer the comsertation on Ischias, or the Disease of the Hip- mon use of the diversion from bis forbidding his joint. 18. Arrian's Voyage round the Euxine monks to hunt in the woods with dogs, and Sea translated, with a Geographical Dissertation, from having hawks and falcons. An Angloand Three Discourses, 4to.
Saxon, by his will, gives two hawks (hafocas), FALCONETTO (John Maria), a celebrated and all his stag-hounds (header hundas), to his architect of Verona, was born in 1458, and died in natural lord. The sportsmen in the train of the 1534. He erected the church della Madonna delle great were so onerous on lands, as to make the Grazie, at Padua; and a music-hall, praised by exemption of their visit a privilege. Hence a Serlio, who called it La Rotonda di Padova. king liberates some lands from those who carry This building is said to have suggested to Pal- with them hawks or falcons, horses or dogs. ladio the idea of the villa Capra, which served as The Saxon calendar, in its drawings, represents the model of the duke of Devonshire's house, hawking in the month of October.' at Chiswick. Falconetto built several other The Saxon Dialogues in the Cotton library palaces and churches in Italy, where his works speak thus of the fowler :- How do you des are highly esteemed.
ceive fowls? “Many ways; sometimes with FALCONIA (Proba), an Etrurian Christian nets, sometimes with gins, sometimes with lime, poetess who flourished in the reign of the emperor sometimes whistling, sometimes with hawks, Honorius, towards the end of the fourth century. sometimes with traps.' Have you a hawk? I She composed a celebrated cento from the works have!'«Can you tame them?' 'I can; what of Virgil, comprising the history of the Old use would they be to me if I could not tame Testament, and that of Jesus Christ, from the them? Give me a hawk.' 'I will give it wilGospels. The best edition is that of Wolfius, lingly if you will give me a swift hound; which 1734, 4to.
bawk will you have, the greater or the less ?' FALCONNET (Stephen Maurice), a French 'The greater; how do you feed them? “They sculptor of the eighteenth century, of low extrac- feed themselves and me in winter, and in spring tion but who happily obtained the assistance of I let them fly to the woods. I take for myself Lemoine in his studies. Catharine II. of Russia young ones in harvest, and tame them. And ultimately patronised him, and he was employed why do you let them fly from you when tamed ? by her to execute the colossal statue of Peter the “Because I will not keep them in summer as they Great at Petersburgh. He wrote notes on the eat too much. “But many feed and keep them thirty-fourth and thirty-fifth books of Pliny's tame through the summer that they may again Natural History; Observations on the Statue of have them ready.' So they do, but I will not Marcus Aurelius; and other works relating to the have that trouble about them as I can take many arts, printed together in 6 vols. 8vo., Paris, 1781: others.' and died at Paris in 1791.
It seems highly probable, continues Mr. FALCONRY, the art of training different kinds Pennant, 'that falconry had its rise in Scythia, of hawks, but more especially the larger ones, and passed thence to the northern parts of called falcons, to the art of taking wild fowl, &c. Europe. Tartary is even at present celebrated
Falconry was anciently a favorite amusement for its fine breed of falcons; and the sport is in in Britain, and to carry a hawk was esteemed a such general esteem, that, according to Olearius, distinction of a man of rank. The Welsh had there was no hut but what had its eagle or fala saying, that you may know a gentleman by con. The boundless plains of that country are his hawk, horse, and greyhound. In those days as finely adapted to the diversion, as the wooded a person of rank seldom went without one on or mountainous nature of most parts of Europe his hand. Even the ladies were not without is ill calculated for that rapid amusement." them; and in an ancient sculpture in the church To the Romans this diversion was scarcely of Milton Abbas, in Dorsetshire, appears the known in the days of Vespasian; yet it was inconsort of king Athelstan, with a falcon on her troduced soon after. Probably they adopted it hand, tearing a bird.
from the Britons; but they greatly improved it Though generally disused, this amusement is by the introduction of spaniels into the island. partially reviving in some places, and has never In this state it appears among the Britons in been wholly discontinued in certain favorable the sixth century. Gildas, in his first epistle, districts.
speaking of Maglocunus, on his relinquishing In our own country, however,' says Mr. ambition, and taking refuge in a monastery, comPennant, I cannot trace the certainty of fal- pares him to a dove, that with various turns and conry till the reign of hing Ethelbert, the Saxon windings takes her flight from the talons of the monarch, ili the year 700, when he wrote to hawk. In after times hawking was the principal Germany for a brace of falcons, which would amusement of the English: a person of rank fly at cranes and bring them to the ground, as scarce stirred out without his hawk on his hand : there were very few such in kent.'
which in old paintings is the criterion of nobility. Ofthe Anglo-Saxons, Mr. Turner savs, “Hawks Harold, afterirards king of En and, when he and falcons were also favorite subjects of amuse- went on an erruser into Normany, is painted
embarking with a bird on his hand, and a dog be good and warm, and given twice or thrice under his arm : and in an ancient picture of the a day, till she be full gorged: the best for this nuptials of Henry VI. a nobleman is represented purpose is pigeons, larks, or other live birds ; in the same manner; for in those days it was because she must be broken off by degrees from thought sufficient for noblemen to winde their her accustomed feeding. When she is fed, you horn, and to carry their hawk fair, and leare must whoop and lure, that she may know when study and learning to the children of mean peo- you intend to give her meat. On this occasion ple!' In short, this diversion was, among the she must be unhooded gently; and, after giving ancient English, the pride of the rich, and the her two or three bits, her hood must be put on privilege of the poor; no rank of men seems to again, when she is to get two or three bits more. have been excluded from it: we learn from the Care must be taken that she be close seeled; book of St. Alban's, that every degree had its , and after three or four days her diet may be lespeculiar hawk, from the emperor down to the sened; the falconer setting her every night to holy-water clerk. Vast was the expense that perch by him, that he may awaken her often in sometimes attended this sport. In the reign of the night. In this manner he must proceed, till James I. Sir Thomas Monson is said to have he find her grow tame and gentle ; and, when given £1000 for a cast of hawks : we are not she begins to feed eagerly, he may give her a then to wonder at the rigour of the laws made sheep's heart. He may now begin to unhood to preserve a sport that was carried to such an her in the day time, but it must be far from extravagant pitch. In the 34th of Edward III. company, first giving her a bit or two, then hoodit was made felony to steal a hawk; to take its ing her gently, and giving her as much more. eggs even in a person's own ground, was punish- When she is sharp set, he may now unhood her, able with imprisonment for a year and a day, and give her scme meat just against his face and besides a fine at the king's pleasure: in queen eyes, which will make her less afraid of the Elizabeth's reign, the imprisonment was reduced countenances of others. She must be borne to three months; but the offender was to find continually on the hand, till she is properly security for seven years, or lie in prison till he manned, causing her to feed in company, giving did.
her in the morning, about sun-rise, the wing of The Norwegian breed was, in old times, in a pullet; and in the evening, the foot of a hare high esteem in England: they were thought or coney, cut off the joint, flead and laid in bribes worthy a king. Geoffrey Fitzpierre gave water, which being squeezed is to be given her two good Norway hawks to king John, to ob- with the pinion of a hen's wing. For two or tain for his friend Walter Le Madena, the liberty three days give her washed meat, and then pluof exporting 100 weight of cheese ; and Nicholas, mage in more or less quantity as she is thought the Dane, was to give the king a hawk every to be more or less foul within. After this, being time he came to England, that he might have hooded again, she is to get nothing till she has free liberty to traffic throughout the king's do- gleamed and cast, when a little hot meat may be minions. They were also made the tenures by given her in company; and, towards evening, which some nobles held their astates from the she may be allowed to plume a hen's wing in Crown. Thus Sir John Stanley had a grant of company also. Cleanse the feathers of her castthe Isle of Man from Henry IV. to be held of ing, if foul and slimy; if she be clean within, the king, his heirs, and successors, by homage give her gentle castings; and when she is reand the service of two falcons, on the day of claimed, manned, and made eager and sharp set, his or their coronation. And Philip de Hasting feed her on the lure. held his manor of Combertoun, in Cambridge- The lure is a piece of red stuff or wool, on sbire, by the service of keeping the king's which are fixed a bill, talons, and wings. To falcons.
this is likewise fastened a piece of that flesh on In order to instruct them, the following me- which the bird feeds, and the lure is thrown out thod is generally pursued : When a hawk or to him. When they intend to reclaim or recall falcon is taken, she must be seeled in such a him, the sight of food brings him back; and in manner, that, as the seeling slackens, she may time the voice will be sufficient. The various see what provision lies before her; but care plumage with which the lure is set off is called ought to be taken, not to seel her too hard. A a drawer.' When they accustom the hawk to falcon or hawk newly taken should have all new fly at a kite, a heron, or a partridge, they change furniture, as new jesses of good leather, mailled the drawer according to the kind of game to which leashes with buttons at the end, and new bewits. he is to be devoted. When this is a kite, they There should also be provided a small round fix the bill and feathers of that bird to the lure; stick, to stroke the hawk; because, the oftener and so of the rest : and in order to entice the this is done, the sooner and better will she be bird to his object, they fasten beneath the drawer manned. She must also have two large bells, or plumage, the flesh of a chicken, or other fowl, 'that she may be found when she scattereth,' occasionally seasoned with sugar and spices, toHer hood should be well fashioned, raised, and gether with marrow and other delicacies. Three embossed against her eyes, deep, and yet strait things are to be considered before the lure be enough beneath, that it may fasten about her showed her: 1. That she be bold and familiar in head without hurting her; and her beak and company, and not afraid of dogs and horses. talons must be a little coped, but not so near as 2. Sharp set and hungry, having regard to the to make them bleed. A soar falcon, which has hour of morning and evening, when you would passed the seas, will be harder to reclaim, but lure her. 3. Clean within, and lure well garwill prove the best of falcor.s. Her food must nished with meat on both sides; and when you intend to give her the length of a leash, you must and frequently occasions the loss of the hawk abscond. She must also be unhooded, and But if she happens to pursue a fowl, and being have a bit or two given her on the lure as she unable to recover it gives it over, and comes in sits on your fist; afterwards take the lure from again directly, then cast out a seeled duck; and her, and hide it that she may not see it; and, if she stoop and truss it across the wings, perwhen she is unseeled, cast the lure so near her, mit her to take hier pleasure, rewarding her also that she may catch it within the length of her with the heart, brains, tongue, and liver. If leash, and as soon as she has seized it, use your you have not a quick duck, take her down with voice, feeding her upon the lure, on the ground, a dry lure, and let her plume a pullet and feed with the heart and warm thigh of a pullet. Hav- upon it. A hawk will thus learn to give over a ing so lured your falcon, give her but little fowl that rakes out, and on hearing the falconer's meat in the evering; and let this luring be so lure, will make back again, and know the better timely, that you may give her plumage next how to hold in the head. Some hawks have a morning on your fist. When she has cast and disdainful coyness, proceeding from their being gleamed, give her a little warm meat. About high fed: such a hawk must not be rewarded noon, tie a creance to her leash; and going though she should kill, but may be allowed to into the field, there give her a bit or two upon plume a little : then taking a sheep's heart cold, her lure; then unwind the creance, and draw or the leg of a pullet, when the hawk is busy in it after you a good way; and let him who has pluming, let either of them be conveyed into the the bird hold his right hand on the tassel of her body of the fowl, that it may savour of it; and hood, ready to unhood her as soon as you begin when the hawk has eaten the heart, brains, and to lure; to which if she come well, stoop roundly tongue of the fowl, take out what is enclosed, upon it, and hastily seize it, let her cast two or call her to your fist, and feed her with it; afterthree bits thereon. Then, unseizing and taking wards give her some of the feathers of the fowl's lier off the lure, hood her and give her to the neck, to scour her, and make her cast. man again; and going farther off, till she is When falcons are taught to fly at rabbits, accustomed to come freely and eagerly to the hares, &c., it is called flying at the fur;'and some lure; after which she may be lured in company are instructed to fly at the fur and the plume, or to taking care that nothing aftright her. When she the pursuit of hares and rabbits, as well as of is used to the lure on foot, she is to be lured on pheasants and partridges, &c. For this purpose, horseback; which may be effected the sooner, when the falcon is very tame, they take a hare's by causing horsemen to be about her when lured skin stuffed with straw; and having fixed to it a on foot. When she has grown familiar to this piece of chicken's flesh, or such food as the falway, let somebody on foot hold the hawk, and con is most fond of, they tie this skin, with a the person on horseback must call and cast the long cord, to the girth of a horse, and, as the lure about his head, the holder taking off the skin is thus dragged along, the bird iinagines it hood by the tassel; and if she seize eagerly on to be a hare in flight, and is allowed to dart the lure without fear of man or horse, then take upon it; and is thus taught to distinguish the off the creance, and lure her at a greater dis- animal. Falcons of the larger kind have been tance. If you would have her love dogs as taught to fly at the roebuck, and even at the wild well as the lure, call dogs when you give her her boar, and the wolf. With this view they should living or plumage. After this, she may be als be accustomed to feed, when young, from out lowed to fly, in a large field, unencumbered of the sockets of the eyes of a wolf's or boar's with trees. To excite her to fly, whistle softly; head; the whole skin of the animal being stuffed, unhood her, and let her fly with her head to the so as to make it appear alive. While the bird wind; as she will thus the more readily get upon is feeding, the falconer begins to move the figure the wing, and fly upwards. The hawk some- gradually; in consequence of which the bird times flies from the falconer's fist, and takes stand learns to fasten itself so as to stand firm, noton the ground: this is a fault very common with withstanding the precipitate motions with are soar falcons. To remedy this, fright her up with gradually given to the stuffed animal. He would your wand; and, when you have forced her to lose his meal if he quitted his hold, and theretake a turn or two, take her down to the lure, fore he takes care to secure himself. When and feed her. But if this does not do, then you these first exercises are finished, the skin is placed must have in readiness a duck seeled, so that on a cart, drawn by a horse at full speed; the they may see no way but backwards, and that bird follows it, and is particularly feeding; and will make her mount the higher. Hold this then, when they come to fly him in the field, he duck in your hand, by one of the wings 'near never fails to dart on the head of the first beast the body; then lure with the voice, to make the of the kind he discovers, and begins to scoop falcon turn her head; and when she is at a rea- out the eyes. This puts the animal into such sonable pitch, cast your duck up just under her; distress, that the hunters have time to approach, when, if she strike, stoop, or truss the duck, per- and despatch it with their spears. mit her to kill it, and reward her by giving her FA'LDAGE, n. s.) Barbarous Lat. faldaa reasonable gorge. After you have practised FALDFEE. Sgium. A privilege which this two or three times, your hawk will leave the anciently several lords reserved to themselves of stand, and, delighted to be on the wing, will be setting up folds of sheep, in any fields within very obedient. It is not convenient, for the first their manors, the better to manure them; and or second time, to show your hawk a large fowl; this not only with their own, but their tenants' for such often escape from the hawk, and she sheep: faldfee is a composition paid anciently by rakes after them: this gives the falconer trouble, tenants for the privilege of faldage.
Paldage in some places they call a foldcourse or FALKIRK, a considerable town of Stirlingfraehi.
Harris. shire, situated near the river Carron, on the high Paldfee, or fey, is a term which was formerly used road from Edinburgh to Glasgow. The road to to denote a rent or fee paid by certain customary Stirling and the North Islands also passes through tenants for the liberty of folding their sheep upon their it: and in the neighbourhood are the celebrated ow lands.
Dr. A. Rees. Carron iron works. The town stands upon an FALDING, n. s.) Sax. feald, fald; Goth. eminence, commanding an extensive and deFALDSTOOL, falder (whence our word lightful prospect of the surrounding country.
FALDUSTOR. Sfold). A kind of coarse Falkirk was formerly a borough of barony, under cloth; fold or wrapper: faldstool is a folding the baronial jurisdiction of the earls of Linlithstool, or chair; a kind of stool placed at the south gow and Callander; but no records are extant side of the altar, at which the kings of England of any magistrates having been invested with kneel at their coronation : faldustor the extract the power of the borough, except the bailiff of explains.
the earl; who, before the abolition of hereditary Faldustor was anciently used to signify the highest jurisdictions, had an extensive authority, both in seat of a bishop, inclosed round with a lattice.
civil and criminal mattters. It is now governed Dr. A. Recs.
by a baron bailie, appointed by the lord of the
hu FALERII, in ancient geography, a town and manor ; an officer, who, within the bounds of his territory of Etruria, on the west or right side of jurisdiction, can enforce the payment of rents to the Tiber. The territory was famous for its rich any amount, and decide all money matters under pastures; hence the gramen Faliscum in authors. £2 steriing : he can also punish petty offenders Eutropius and Frontinus call the town Falisci; by fine and imprisonment. The chief support which, according to the last, was surnamed Co- of this town is its great fairs and trysts for black lonia Junonia.
cattle from the Highlands, at which, on an average, FALISCI, the people of Falerii, called Æqui there are sold 60,000 head annually. Falkirk by Virgil, because they afforded supplemental is memorable in history for a battle fought in its laws to the twelve tables. When the Falisci neighbourhood between Edward I. of England, were besieged by Camillus, a schoolmaster went and the Scots commanded by the Grand Steward out of the gates of the city with his pupils, and of Scotland, Cumin of Badenoch, and Sir Wilproposed to betray them into the hands of the liam Wallace. The latter had been invested Roman enemy, that by such a possession he with the supreme command; but, perceiving that might easily oblige the place to surrender. Ca- this gave umbrage to the nobility, he resigned millus heard the proposal with indignation, and his power into the hands of the noblemen above ordered the man to be stripped naked, and whip- mentioned, reserving to himself only the comped back to the town by the boys whom he mand of a small body who refused to follow wished to betray. This instance of generosity another leader. The Scots generals placed their operated upon the people so powerfully, that pikemen along the front, and lined the intervals, they surrendered to the Romans.
between the three bodies of which their army FALK or Falck (John Peter), a disciple of was composed, with archers; and, dreading the Linné, studied at Upsal, and was appointed di- great superiority of the English cavalry, endearector of the cabinet of natural history, at St. voured to secure their front by palisadoes tied Petersburgh ; and also professor of botany in the together with ropes. The battle was fought on garden of the apothecaries in that metropolis. the 22d of July 1298. Edward divided his army In 1768 the Imperial Academy of Sciences en- also into three bodies; and by the superiority gaged Falk to assist in exploring the Russian of his archers, defeated the Scots with great slaugh dominions; and he travelled for that object as ter. Wallace alone preserved entire the troops far as Kasan, when he was recalled. Being af- he commanded; and, retiring behind the Carron, flicted with hypochondria he went to use the marched leisurely along the banks of that river, baths of Kisliar, and returned to Kasan much which protected him from the enemy. In this relieved: but his complaint recurring with vio- battle fell John de Graham, a hero much celence, he put an end to his life by shooting him- lebrated for his valoi, and styled the right hand self through the head with a pistol, March 31st, of Wallace. His epitaph is still to be seen on a 1774. The Travels of Falk were published from plain stone in the church-yard of Falkirk. On his papers, by professor Laxman, in 3 vols. 4to. the 18th of January, 1746, a battle was fought Petersburgh, 1785.
here between the king's forces commanded by FALKENSTEIN (John Henry), a voluminous general Hawley, and the Highlanders headed by writer of Franconia, was born in 1682. He was prince Charles Stuart. The former were seized appointed director of the nobles' academy at with a panic and fied; but colonel Husk with Erlangen; but afterwards, having embraced the two regiments, who kept their ground, prevented Roman catholic faith, he entered into the service the Highlanders from pursuing their victory. of the bishop of Eichstadt, on whose death the Extensive ruins are to be seen in the neighbourmargrave of Anspach became his patron. He hood of this town, supposed by some antiquawrote the Antiquities of Nordgan, in the bishop- rians to have been the capital of the Pictish ric of Eichstadt, 3 vols. folio, and several other government; but others believe them to be the works of a similar nature. He died in 1760. remains of some Roman stations. On taking
FALKIA, in botany, a genus of the trigynia down the wall of the church, a few years ago, two order, and hexandria class of plants : CAL. mo inscriptions were found, which have excited connophyllous: Cor. monopetalous : SEEDS four, siderable controversy. The one referred to events Species one only, a Cape creeper.
supposed to have occurred not many centuries subsequent to the Christian era; the other alluded of St. Lewis, and the Mallouines : but they are to the foundation of a church or monastery here now generally known by the name of Falkland in the eleventh century. Both, however, appeared Islands. Long. between 50° and 56° W., lat. in a character and under peculiarities fatal to their from 51° to 53° S. supposed antiquity : therefore, if not entirely FalKLAND SOUND, a strait or bay separating spurious, they can only be considered an attempt the two largest of the foregoing islands. ai renewing inscriptions of more ancient date. FALL, v. n. & v.a. Sax. feallen; Germ. fallen; The annual competition of bagpipers was formerly Belg. vallen; Goth. and Swed. falla; ab Heb. held at Falkirk, but of late years it has been Sas, says Minsheu. To drop; tumble down; transferred to Edinburgh. It is twelve miles move down; sink; descend in any way: hence south-east of Sterling, and twenty-four west of to decrease; lessen; ebb; grow shallow; decline; Edinburgh.
become dejected; sink below something else in FALKLAND, a town of Fifeshire, anciently comparison; sink into weakness and apparent one of the seats of the Macduffs, earls of Fife, torpor (hence the phrase "to fall asleep'); come which, on the attainder of Munro Stewart, the to an end (as that which falls to the ground does seventeenth earl, in 1424, became forfeited to the with regard to its motion); die. To fall also crown, and afterwards was a residence of the frequently includes the idea of casualty, accident, Scottish kings. It was erected into a royal or chance, perhaps from the ancient modes of burgh by Janies II. in 1458; enlarged and im- decision by lot, or from the accidental manner in proved by James V. who died here in 1542; and which fruit and other things drop around us: it received a renewal of its charter from James VI. is also applied to wrath and punishment, as being in 1595, 'to obviate (as the preamble states), supposed to fall with weight; to the birth of anithe damage and inconvenience sustained for mals who are dropped from the mother. &c. want of innkeepers and victuallers, by the many As an active verb, to fall signifies to let fall: prelates, peers, barons, nobles, and others of their sink; depress; diminish ; vean; bring forth. Dr. subiects, who came to their country seats. By Johnson having arranged the prepositions with this charter Falkland has a right to hold a weekly which fall is used in composition alphabetically, market and four annual fairs. The town is neatly we retain that order, and his definitions of the built, and plentifully supplied with excellent modification of meaning the verb thus undergoes. water. It carries on a manufacture of coarse Fall, as a substantive, signifies the act of dropping linens and osnaburghs, and is governed by three or tumbling from a height, or erect posture; deDailies, fourteen counsellors, a treasurer, and cline; degradation; declension or diminution town clerk. The annual revenue of the borough of any kind ; declivity: it is used particularly is about £100. The remains of the palace evince for the rushing of water down a precipice or its former magnificence and elegance, and the declivity, or into a larger body of water: for noble taste of the architect. The gateway is autumn, the season of the fall of the leaf; and placed between two fine round towers; and on for any conspicuous or remarkable act or habit the right hand joins the chapel, roofed with wood, of falling, as ia fall of rain;' the fall of timber;' handsomely gilt and painted, but in a most fall of prices,' &c. Fall. says Dr. Johnson, is ruinous condition. Beneath are several apart one of those general words of which it is very ments. The front next to the court was beautifully difficult to ascertain or detail the full signification. adorned with statues, heads in bas-relief, and
as in bas-rener, and It retains in most of its senses some part of its
it retains in m elevant columns not reducible to any order, but primitive meaning and implies, either literally of fine proportion, with capitals approaching the or figuratively, descent, violence, or suddenness; Ionic scroll. Beneath some of these pillars was In many of its senses it is opposed to rise : but inscribed I. R. M. G. 1537: Jacobus Rex, Maria
Rex, Maria in others has no counterpart or correlative. de Guise. This place was also a favorite residence of James VI. on account of the fine park
Not newe conucrtid to the feith ; lest he be borun d deer. The past side was accidently burnt up into pride and falle into doom of the douel.
Wiclif. 1 Tymo. iji in the time of Charles II., and the park ruined
And the next multitude fell a lusting. during Cromwell's usurpation ; when the fine
Numb. ii. 4. oaks were cut down to build the fort at Perth. Ye shall chase your enemies, and they shall fall Falkland is fifteen miles north of Edinburgh, and before you by the sword.
Lev. xxvi. 7. fifteen south-east of Perth.
Thou shalt make a battlement for thy roof, that FALKLAND ISLANDS, a cluster of Islands at thou bring n
at thou bring not blood upon thine house, if any man the extremity of South America, not far from the fall from thence.
Deut. Straits of Magellan. They were discovered by There fell wrath for it against Israel. 2 Chron. Sir Richard Hawkins in 1594. The soil is bad,
Fear fell on them all.
Acts xix. 17. and the shores are beaten by perpetual storms.
Labour to enter into that rest, lest any man fall A British settlement was formed in 1764, but the after
is formed in 1704, but the after the same example of unbelief. Heb. iv. 11. settlers were dispossessed by the Spaniards in
A whistling wind, or a melodious noise of birds. 1770; which occasioned an armament on the
among the spreading branches, or a pleasing fall o' part of Britain ; but, the dispute being settled by
water running violently, these things made them to à convention, the British regained possession of swoon for fear.
Wisdom, them. In 1774, however, they were voluntarily Our fathers were given to the sword, and for a abandoned to the Spaniards. The soil is repre- spoil, and had a great fall before our enemies. sented as a mere bog, and the mountains to be
Judith, viii. 9. barren. They have been called, by different Wickeuness may well be compared to a bottomless navigators, South Belgia Islands, New Islands pal, into which it is easier to keep ono's self from full