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wars, but restored in 1815 : on which alone, says rally very rich and very exquisite ; some of the Lord Byron,
prime works of the Hierophants of the art are We gaze and turn away, and know not where,
preserved here. In this precious cabinet is the Dazzled and drunk with beauty.
famous Medusa head of Leonardo da Vinci, the Childe Harold, Canto iv. 50. work of his wondrous boy-hood ! Old · Messere Lady Morgan thus relates the history of its Pietro,' his father, an honest notary of Florence, travels to France and re-establishment here: who took great pride in the talents of his son,
In the commotions which shook Europe to requested him to paint a buckler for a peasant its centre, Puccini (the Direttorre della Galleria) who dwelt near his own Podere of Vinci. saw nothing to interest or to fear, but as the When Leonardo produced his work, the old changes affected his gallery; and when the grand man fled in horror. This buckler was the Meduke deserted Florence, Puccini, without seek- dusa's head, for which the duke Galeas Sforzo of ing counsel or asking aid, packed up all the Milan afterwards gave 300 ducats; and which most precious pictures, and taking with him the is now deemed one of the most precious treasures Venus de Medicis, he freighted an English vessel of the gallery of Florence. It is a fact, that the bound from Leghorn to Palermo, with his pre- venomous reptiles which tress the fine head of cious charge. On his arrival, he presented his the Medusa, owe their terrific vitality to the beauty of Cnidus to the king of Naples (then a deep study of the young artist in living specimens. fugitive like herself), and claimed and obtained When his shield was finished, his closet was his legitimate protection for the deposed queen
found filled with the noxious productions of of hearts. The king received the beautiful emi- marshes and fens, the originals of the serpents, grant, en Preux-a tribune only less superb than which hiss and dart round the brow of the dying that of Florence was allotted to her; and Puc- monster, whose last sigh seems to mingle with cini saw his deity receiving the same homage at their pestiferous breath. The contrast to the Palermo as at Paphos: when to the astonishment
nt horrible sublimity of the Medusa is his sweet of all, and to the utter consternation of her own portrait of Mona Lisa. high priest, the goddess deserted her temple for
The Adoration of the Kings, by Friar Filippo a French frigate, and exchanged her royal pro- Leppi, is historically interesting, as preserving tector for the Jacobin Directory of France. portraits of the Medici family! Here too is a The Directory coquetted about her reception: fine portrait, by Allori, of Eleonore, the duchess the king of Naples declared he knew nothing of of Cosmo the First, the mother of many murderthe transaction; and, after a variety of pour ed children, whose heart breaks under the splenparler's on both sides, it appeared that Acton. did finery, which Cellini's exquisite taste dethe minister; an Englishman, and the favorite signed for her. Here, by the same artist, is the of queen Caroline of Naples (names alike con- portrait of the Syren Bianca Cappella, whose secrated to national execration) had presented story is a romance, whose death was a tragedy: the Venus de Medicis to the French; and Acton,
—and here is the Saint Lucia of Carlo Dolce whatever was the dessous des cartes, declared (whose women always look as if they were frankly, that he took the responsibility of the painted by angels): a gaping wound in her transfer on his own head ;-a head that stood re- beautiful neck emits rays of light. The female sponsible for deeds of infinitely deeper conse- martyrology of these Italian painters might serve quence than this shameful breach of trust. for a gallery of Mahomet's Houris, or the Harem
Venus de Medicis was to resume her ancient hang two famous compositions of Allori and throne in the tribune, and to be reinstated, like Carradi : the one represents St. Laurence broilother deposed sovereigns, with the horses of ing on a gridiron !! the other, St. Theaclea, boilVenice, and the asses of the Annunciata, et ail- ing in a pot. This was leurs. In this instance, as in every similar one,
*A dainty dish to set before a king.' an effect was endeavoured to be produced on the people by the 'glorious pomp and circumstance' In the adjoining cabinet stands the fine Torso of her triumphal entry; but it wholly failed in of Ganymede, so exquisitely restored by Cellini ; the issue. It was in vain that an escort of ca- and the splendid bust of Alexander, who, with valry was sent to meet and convoy her to her such a head, might well have believed himself ancient residence; that she entered the city with to be the son of Jove. colors flying and drums beating-not 300 peo- "The cabinets of Greek, Latin, and Egyptian ple assembled to greet her as she passed. The monuments and inscriptions, that of coins and lapse of near a quarter of a century had changed medals, and that of the Niobe, take days to see their tastes, and dulled their apprehensions. and require volumes as well as learning to deThey wanted statutes, not statues; and the re- scribe. storation of their ancient commerce, or the con- "The gallery of the academy, called the Galtinuation of that prosperity they had enjoyed leria del Mezzo-Giorno, from the lights falling under the more liberal institutions of their ultra- most favorably at that hour of the day, presents montane invaders, would have been a'much a chronological series, beginning with the Greek more welcome result of the re-establishment of painters, and the revival of the arts in the time their old dynasty, than all the statues that ever of the Lower Empire, and continuing by Cimafilled and adorned the Capitol of ancient, or the bue, Giotto, Perugino, and Raphael, down to the Vatican of modern Rome.
decline of the arts in the latter end of the sixSpeaking of the other parts of this gallery this teenth century. This gallery was anciently the Jively writer says, 'The Tuscan school is natu- hospital-ward for female patients in the old convent; and it is a curious instance of the neglect of the Florentine Academy. Here are also which falls on fine pictures in such places, that a schools, and an academy of the fine arts, where beautiful fresco of Andrea del Sarto, in chiaro- nearly thirty pupils receive gratuitous instrucscuro, remains on the walls, where it was long tion. The Georgofili is a royal agricultural exposed to the fading influence of the sun. It society. Of the libraries, the largest is the Mais now covered by an indifferent picture of Raf- gliabechiana of 90,000 volumes, the next the faello del Garbo, which serves it as a screen. Marcelliana of 40,000. The museum of natural All the galleries of this academy are sufficiently history is extensive and well arranged; there is interesting, as containing many noble specimens also a botanic garden. Dante, Machiavel, Guicof the arts, as they existed in the great days of ciardini, Americus Vesputius, and other disItalian genius. There is also a gallery filled tinguished characters were born here. with casts from the antique, admirably executed Florence is surrounded by a wall, and dein plaster of Paris. In the Academia delle fended by two citadels. It has two theatres, and Belle Arti is the school of that art so purely beautiful promenades, as well in the Boboli Florentine, La Scuola di Lavori in Scagliuola; gardens, as along the banks of the Arno. It is and the studio, or work-room, of its present the see of an archbishop, and was a place of amiable and eminent professor, signore Pietro great trade from the thirteenth to the fifteenth Stoppione.'
century; at present its productive industry is The Palazzo Pitti, the principal residence of confined to a few manufactures, such as satin, the count of Tuscany, 'vast and noble as it is,' taffetas, damask, straw hats, jewellery, and presays lady Moryan, and most wonderful as the cious stones; the woollen manufactures are house of a merchant in the middle ages, is still adapted only to the common people, among the most notable for its precious collections of whom are included many Jews, who principally pictures, the chefs-d'æuvre of the Tuscan, Flo- conduct its trade. Population 75,000. Leghorn rentine, and Roman school. Here is Michael is its harbour. Angelo's picture of the Three Fates. They are Mr. Eustace, in his Classical Tour, thus deShakspeare's Weird Sisters. Here glows the scribes the general appearance of this far-famed divine beauty of Raphael's famous Madonna citydella Sedia, so known to the world by the count Florence is seated in a vale, intersected by less copies and engravings, the sure proof of its the Arno, graced by numberless hills, and borexcellence. Here too are some of Salvator dered, at no great distance, by mountains of Rosa's finest sea-pieces, with those calm skies various forms rising gradually towards the Apand waters, and brilliant lights, so contrasted to pennines. The whole vale is one continued the force, gloom, and energy of his Catiline grove and garden, where the beauty of the conspiracy. Here also is the noble Cleopatra country is enlivened by the animation of the of Guido, that true woman's painter-laureate! town, and the fertility of the soil redoubled by and here, in short, are hundreds of pictures, the industry of its cultivators. White villas some of supreme merit, and all of interest, by gleam through the orchards on every side, and the names attached to them, or the likenesses large populous hamlets border the roads and they preserve. Among the latter is, Titian's almost line the banks of the river. Such is the superb portrait of cardinal Ippolito de' Medici, scene of comfort and prosperity that surrounds the elegant voluptuary and princely virtuoso: the Tuscan capital (alas ! how different now), Luther playing on the Spinette; his strong raised originally by the genius of liberty, and marked and somewhat vulgar face turned to- restored by the grand duke Leopold. Happy wards a priest, who accompanies him on the will it be for the inhabitants if its charms can guitar, evidently asking bis opinion of a chro- resist the blasts from hell which have passed the matic transition, through which he has just Alps and the Appennines, and now brood in inodulated; Luther's wife, who has exchanged tempest over the Val d'Arno. her nun's veil for a smart Flemish hat and fea- The city itself spreads along the side of the ther, more lady-like and less hideous than in river, which forms one of its greatest ornaments, any other of her pictures, is their sole audi- and contributes not a little to its fame. Its tress.' Numberless portraits of the ladies of the streets are well paved, or rather flagged, wider Medici family, particularly in the latter times, than usual in southern climates; and its houses loaded with gold and jewels, simple and common- in general solid and rather stately. It has place looking-women, such as one meets making several squares, and many churches and palaces, up the mass of assemblies, all very fine and so that its appearance is airy, clean, and someall alike. I could not trace among their prim times rising towards grandeur. I do not, howcountenances the brilliancy of talent for which ever, think that the number of great edifices the accomplished and unfortunate Isabella was corresponds with the reputation of the city, or so celebrated, nor the ferocious genius of Ca- with the figure which it has so long made in the therine, nor the cold dull iniquity of Marie de annals of modern history; it is, indeed, to be Medici; yet some of them were handsome.' considered, that we came directly from Rome,
The university of Florence was founded in and that the glories of that capital, when fresh 1438. In 1542 was instituted the Academia upon the mind, must naturally eclipse the infeFlorentina, for making translations from the rior splendor of every other city.' Greek and Latin classics; the Academia della The cathedral and some other churches, in the Crusca was intended to improve and reduce to edification or restoration of which Michael a standard the Tuscan language; the two were Angelo bore a part, are next described; then the united some time back, and now bear the name Palazzi, and afterwards the gallery, now,' says he, stripped of its honors.' The delightful pierre he was arrested and dragged to prison for environs of Florence next engage Mr. Eustace, having affixed to his Numa some verses in praise ever powerful for description. Amongst these of the queen, and while in this situation he comVallombrosa, the supposed original of Milton's posed the first book of his Guillaume Tell, and description of Eden, claimed first the traveller's a poem called Ebrahim. On his release he fell attention. The sketch of this picturesque spot, into a decline, which terminated his life on the the account of the abbey, its inhabitants, and 13th of September 1794. their hospitality, is here given with much spirit FLORID STYLE, a style too much enriched with and precision.
figures and flowers of rhetoric. FLORENTIA, in ancient geography, a town FLORIDA, a country of North America, of Etruria, on the Arnus, of great note in the bounded on the north by Georgia, on the east by wars of Sylla, now called Florenza, or Fiorenza, the Atlantic, on the south by the Gulfs of Mexico by the Italians, and Florence by the English. and Florida, and on the west by the Mississippi. See FLORENCE.
It was the most southerly province of the BriFLORENTIN, or St. Florentin, a town of tish empire in America before the war of indeFrance in Champagne, situated at the conflux of pendence. the Armance and Armançon; it has some cotton It was first discovered in 1479, by Sebastian manufactures, and 3000 inhabitants. Thirteen Cabot, a Venetian in the English service; whence miles north-east of Auxerre, and twenty-four a right to it was claimed by the kings of Engsouth-west of Troyes.
land; and it was included with Georgia in the FLORENTINES, the people of Florence. charter granted by Charles II. to Carolina. In Dr. Moore gives the following account of the 1512 Florida was more fully discovered by amusements of the Florentines. Besides the Ponce de Leon, an able navigator, but who unconversazionis, which they have as in other towns dertook his voyage from the most absurd moof Italy, the nobility meet every day at a house tives. The Indians of the Caribbee Islands had called the casino. This society is much on the among them a tradition, that somewhere on the same footing with the clubs in London. The continent there was a fountain whose waters had members are elected by ballot. They go at any the property of restoring youth to all old men who time that is convenient. They play at billiards, tasted them. The romantic imaginations of the cards, and other games, or continue conversing, Spaniards were delighted with this idea. Many as they think proper. They are served with tea, embarked in voyages to find out this imaginary coffee, lemonade, ices, or what other refresh- fountain, who were never afterwards heard of. ments they choose; and each person pays for Their superstitious countrymen never imagined what he calls for. There is one material differ- that these people had perished. They concluded ence between this and the English clubs, that that they did not return, only because they had women as well as men are members. The com- drunk of the immortalising liquor, and had dispany of both sexes behave with more frankness covered a spot so delightful, that they did not and familiarity to strangers, as well as to each choose to leave it. Ponce de Leon set out with other, than is customary in public assemblies in this extravagant view, as well as others, fully other parts of Italy.' Dr Moore adds, that, at persuaded of the existence of a third world, the the opera, they pay much more attention to the conquest of which was to immortalise his name. dancing than to the music, though it is at best In the attempt to discover this country, he remere athletic jumping, compared with the elegant discovered Florida; but returned to the place dancing of the French.
from whence he came, visibly more advanced in FLORES, one of the Azores, so named from years than when he set out. For some time this the multitude of flowers found growing sponta- country was neglected by the Spaniards, and neously on it. It is thirty miles long, nine broad, some Frenchmen settled in it. But the new and contains two towns, several villages, and colony being neglected by the ministry, and about 1400 inhabitants. It exports wheat and Philip II. of Spain pretending to be the sole salt pork, and has excellent poultry. Cattle are proprietor of America, fitted out a fleet at Cadiz also numerous, but they are small. Santa Cruz to destroy them. The tyrant's orders were exeis the capital. Lagena on the east coast is also cuted with barbarity. The French entrencha thriving town. Long. 30° 55'. W. lat. 39oments were forced, and most of the people killed. 34'. N.
The prisoners were hanged on trees, with this FLORIAN (John Peter Claris de), a popular inscription,-- Not as Frenchmen, but as Heremodern French writer, was born at the château tics.' This cruelty was soon after revenged by of that name in Languedoc, in 1755. His father Dominic de Gourgues, a skilful and intrepid was a gentleman of fortune, who spared no ex- seaman of Gascony, an enemy to the Spaniards, pense on his education ; and being related to and passionately fond of glory and hazard. He Voltaire, he obtained for him through that per- sold his estate, built some ships, and with a son's interest the rank of page to the duke of select band of bold adventurers embarked for Penthievre. The duke soon gave him a com- Florida. He drove the Spaniards from all their mission in the army, but, observing the success posts with incredible valor and activity, deof his literary efforts, judiciously confined him feated them in every rencounter-and, by way of to literature, and furnished him with a library. retaliation, hung the prisoners on trees with this His first production was Galathea, which was inscription,—Not as Spaniards, but as Assasfollowed by the two volumes of his Theatre, the sins.' " He then blew up the forts he had takene sacred drama of Ruth, and a succession of very and returned home. This patriotic and heroic successful dramas and novels. Under Robes. act of justice certainly merited reward, but no
notice whatever was taken of Gourgues by the or Pensacola Bay, is a large inlet, entirely-landFrench govemment. Florida was conquered in locked, the entrance two miles wide, with sixteen 1539, by the Spaniards under Ferdinand de or twenty-four feet depth, and within thirty to Soto, not without a great deal of bloodshed, as thirty-five feet, according as the water is elevated the natives were very warlike, and made a vigor- or depressed by the strength of the winds. Seous resistance. The settlement, however, was not veral rivers fall into this inlet, of which the largest fully established till 1665, when St. Augustine is the Shambe, and is navigable for sloops a few was founded. In 1586 this place was taken and miles, and for canoes a considerable distance. pillaged by Sir Francis Drake. In 1665 it was The town of Pensacola, the capital of the protaken and plundered by Davis, and a body of vince, is on a plain on the west side of the bay, buccaneers. In 1702 an attempt was made upon and is defended by a fort on a sand hill, close it by colonel More, governor of Carolina. He under which all vessels must pass to the town. set out with 500 English and 700 Indians, and, While Florida was an English possession, having reached St. Augustine, he besieged it for Pensacola carried on a considerable trade; but, three months; at the end of which, the Spaniards under the restrictive system and indolence of having sent some ships to its relief, he was ob- the Spaniards, it fell into insignificance and poliged to retire. In 1740 another attempt was vertythe only branch of industry attended to, made by general Oglethorpe, but he was forced because it requires little labor, being the rearing to raise the siege with loss; and Florida conti- of cattle. The sole trade was to New Orleans, nued in the hands of the Spaniards till 1763, and did not occupy above four or five schooners, when it was ceded to Great Britain. During of ten to twenty-five tons, which kept along the American war it was again reduced by the shore to the mouth of the Mobile, where they Spaniards, in 1781, and was guaranteed to the entered the sounds, between the islands and the crown of Spain at the peace, in 1783.
main, to Lake Pontchartrain : from this lake they The length of this country, following the coast, entered the river St. John, which communicates has been estimated at about 800 miles. Its by a short canal to New Orleans. The length breadth is various. The broadest part of West of this internal navigation is but fifty leagues, Florida is about 130 miles, while the narrow pen- and it is usually accomplished in two days, insula of East Florida extends from south to while the outer passage to New Orleans, by the north 400 miles. The shape of the country is mouths of the Mississippi, is ninety leagues, and irregular, and nearly resembles the letter L. It from the strong adverse current and prevailing was divided by the British government into East winds from the west is often lengthened to forty and West Florida.
days. The climate of Pensacola is so healthy FLORIDA, WEST, as designated by Great Bri- that invalids are sent hither from Louisiana. tain, is situated between the Mississippi on the The river Alabama, or Mobile, falls into a west, and the Appalachicola on the east, and is a large gulf, whose entrance is between a long penstrip of land running along the Gulf of Mexico insula on the east, and Isle Dauphin on the for 400 miles. All the west coast of the penin- west. The town of Mobile, at the mouth of the sula of Florida is low, sandy, and lined by a river, is built on the side of a hill. reef. The Gulf of Ponce de Leon (Chatham Bay The coast, west of Mobile Bay, is lined by of the Euglish), is much infested by the accumu- low sandy islands, covered with cypress trees; lation of sand. Cerasecos (Charlotte Harbour of their names in succession are,-Isle Dauphin, the English), is an extensive inlet with many where the French formed their first settlements, islands before it, forming several channels, in Masseo, Horn, Dog, Vaisseau, from having a the deepest of which, named Boca Grande, the harbour for vessels of burden, Cat, &c. Farther depth is fifteen feet. The inlet receives the river west a great number of alluvion islands front the Caloosa. Palm Sound, within Palm and Clam entrance of Lake Pontchartrain and the Bay of Islands, is only navigable by long boats. Es- St. Esprit. The channels between these islands piritu Santo Bay is a considerable gulf with a have in general but ten to twelve feet, and the channel in twenty feet deep. St. Martin's Keys depth of Lake Pontchartrain decreases annually, are the southernmost of a chain of islands that so that it is probable a few years will convert it line the coast to the river St. Juan. This part of into a marsh, as well as Lakes Maurepas and the coast is so shoal, that a canoe can scarcely Borgne, the former communicating with the approach it. The river Apalacha falls into a Mississippi by Iberville River, which is quite bay of the same name, at the fort of St. Mark. dry in summer, its bed being twelve feet above
The coast from the Apalacha to Pensacola the lowest level of the Mississippi; but in spring, is tolerably fit for cultivation; but from this last when the river rises, it discharges a part of its place to the Mobile it is sandy and barren, pro- waters by the Iberville into Lake Pontchartrain. ducing only dwarf pines and cedars. The river Biloxi, on the main land within Vaisseaux Island, Apalachicola, or Chattahoche, falls into St. was one of the first establishments of the French George's Sound, within the island of this name, in Louisiana. which is two leagues from the main, and four Florida, East, is separated from Georgia by the leagues long, but very narrow. The Bay or river St. Mary, and includes the peninsula and lagoon of St. Joseph is enclosed on the south by tract of coast on the gulf of Mexico to the river the curving peninsula of which Cape St. Blaize is Apalachicola. The Eastern, or Atlantic Coast, the extreme point. St. Rose Island, twenty of the peninsula, is lined by islands, forming an miles long but very narrow, has plenty of fresh interior navigation through lagoons or inlets. water: its west end forms the east side of the The principal rivers on this coast are the St. entrance to Pensacola Bay. Santa Maria Galvez, Juan and Indian, the former rises in a swamp in the heart of the peninsula, and pursues a temperate. On the eastern coast the trade winds northern course in a broad navigable stream, prevail, and cool the air in summer; but in the expanding into lakes, of which Lake George is west the air is refreshed by breezes from the fifteen miles broad, and fifteen to twenty feet Apalachian Mountains, which are still more deep, with many beautiful islands, covered with cool and temperate. During the summer heavy orange, palm, and magnolia trees. Near Long gales of wind beat against the east side of the Lake, which communicates with the St. Juan by peninsula, while the interior is subject to dreada creek, is a warm mineral spring of great vo- ful squalls. Along the gulf storms and hurrilume; the St. Juan is crossed by a bar at its canes are common just before and after the aumouth with fifteen feet. Indian or Hillsborough tumnal equinox; but thunder and lightning are River runs from north to south parallel to the less frequent and violent than in the neighbourcoast; its mouth is crossed by a bar with buting territory of Georgia, or in the Carolinas. In five feet.
the forests and deserts are found the panther, St. Augustine, the chief town of East Florida, wild cat, buffalo, fox, hare, goat, rabbit, otter, is on the main opposite the north end of Anas- racoon, flying squirrel, armadillo, opossum, tasia Island. It consists of four streets, inter- guano, and several sorts of serpents. Birds are secting each other at right angles; is fortified in great variety, and numerous: among others, by bastions, encompassed by a ditch and wall, are found the crane, heron, goose, wild duck, and defended by the castle of St. John, mount- pigeon, partridge, thrush, jay, hawk, maccaw, ing fifty guns. The entrance to the harbour is and a great number of others. The rivers abound crossed by a bar, with only five feet at low water in fish, but are at the same time infested with and ten at high. St. Anastasia Island is six voracious alligators. leagues long, and affords good building stone, From the first of July to the middle of Ocwhich is not to be had on the main.
tober fevers are prevalent. They are usually From Cape Florida, near the south-east ex- preceded by heavy rains, and sultry weather. tremity of the peninsula, a great belt of keys Those of plethoric habits, and sanguine constiand reefs curves round the promontory into the tutions, are the most liable to be attacked. Ingulf of Mexico, bearing the general name of the flammatory fevers, of domestic origin, are rarely Martyrs, or Florida Keys; the numerous experienced. The yellow fever occasionally channels or inlets between them are only fit for makes its appearance; but it has always been small craft. Almost all these keys are covered traced to the islands, particularly to the Hawith the mangrove, and frequented by turtle; vannah. Intermittents are endemical, and often all of them have received names from the En- prove tedious; but they commonly yield to the glish, when in possession of Florida. The only prescriptions of skilful physicians. farther notice they deserve is, that on the north . In 1810 a revolution took place in West end of Old Matacumbe, an islet four miles long Florida, and agents were despatched to Washand two broad, is a barbour for vessels of seven ington, who had an interview with the American or eight feet, where fresb water may be procured president, for the purpose of being admitted from a natural well, in a rock four feet deep. into the confederation of the United States. In On Key Hueso, or West, which is seven miles the mean time the American government took long, is also a good harbour, with four fathoms means for occupying the country, conformable at the west end, and at the south-west several to a claim which they had been urging since the wells of tolerable water. The dry tortugas year 1801. In that year they had purchased (turtle) are a cluster of keys, forming the western Louisiana from the French, of which they conextreme of the Florida Keys. Punta Blanco, or tended that West Florida formed a part. It Cape Sable, is the south-west point of the penin- was declared by the treaty to be ceded with the sula of Florida, doubling which we enter the same extent that it had in the hands of Spain, gulf of Mexico.
and as it had been ceded by Spain to France. The Floridas abound in vegetable productions The terms of this cession gave rise to a claim on of the most luxuriant and rank growth. They the part of the United States to the country west are said to produce eight different kinds of oak, of the Perdido River; and, to prevent the occuwhite and black walnut, hickory, chestnuts, three pation of this territory by any other power, the kinds of mulberry, four of the magnolia, orange, government of the union took possession, in and fig trees, persimmon and sycamore; as also 1811, of the principal posts, except the town a vast variety of plums, and other indigenous and fort of Mobile, which was surrendered to
melons, &c. Olives are also cultivated with however, remained in the undisturbed possession success; and St. John's River, and some of the of the Spanish authorities, with the exception of lakes, are bordered with orange groves. The some revolutionary movements of no long conannona, lime, and mahoe, are indigenous, as tinuance, until the second war between the United also many medicinal plants.
States and Great Britain. In 1814 a British exWest Florida is the most fertile in grain : pedition having been fitted out from Pensacola wheat, oats, barley, rice, peas, buck-wheat, and against the American territories, General Jackrye, flourish. The climate is various.
son resolved to take possession of the place. In winter it seldom freezes, nor is the cold Accordingly, with a small body of regulars and ever so severe as to injure the orange tree. In some mounted volunteers, he marched from West Florida the mercury seldom falls below 30° Mobile, and, after a show of resistance from the of Fahrenheit, and seldom rises above 94° in Spaniards and British, carried the town. The the shade. The climate towards the west is more fort of Barrancas was soon afterwards destroyed