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it in 1809, by ari Austrian and British force. the first operation of the fire, that itselt does scarce Many of the inhabitants of the neighbourhood afterwards separate them.

Boyle. are of Hungarian origin. It is five miles W.N.W. One loves fixed laws, and the other arbitrary power. of Buccari, and thirty-six south east of Trieste.

Temple.

. Thus while the Trojan prince employs his eyes, Population 12,000. FIUMETTO, a mountain of Italy, in the Fixed on the walls with wonder and surprise.

Dryden. duchy of Modena, and late department of Cros

He made himself their prey, tolo; near which wells are dug, from 100 to 120

To'impose on their belief, and Troy betray; feet deep, on the surface of whose waters a red

Fired on his aim, and obstinately bent, dish medicinal oil swims, that is skimmed off once

To die undaunted, or to circumvent. a fortnight.

Id. Æneid. FIX', v. e. & v. t.) Fr. firer; Ital. ficcare; If we would be happy, we must fix upon some Fixa'tion, n. s. Span. firar; Port. fincar; foundation that can never deceive us. L'Estrange. Fix'EDLY, adv. Lat. firus ; from Gr. anyw, In most bodies not propagated by seed, it is the co, Fıx'EDNESS, n. s. (antw, to pitch as a tent. lour we must fix on, and are most led by. Lucke. Fix'IDITY,

To make fast or firm; We pronounce concerning gold, that it is fixed. Fix'ity, place permanently; esta

Id. Fix'TURE, blish ; settle; deprive of

If we pretend that the distinction of species, or motiou Fıx'ure.

or

sorts, is fixedly established by the real and secret volatility; constitutions of things.

Id. pierce: as a neuter verb to settle, opinion or Firedness, or a power to remain in the fire uncon

solution, rest; lose volatility: fixation is sta- sumed, is an idea that always accompanies our combility; firmness ; settledness : fixidity, coherence plex idea signified by the word gold.

Id. of parts; a word used by Boyle for what Sir

Omnipotency, omnisciency, and infinite goodness, Isaac Newton calls fixity: fixure is the word enlarge the spirit while it fixtly looks on them. used by Shakspeare (not fixture) for position;

Burnet. stable pressure; firmness, although fixture, some. And are not the sun and fired stars great earths thing affixed, or fastened to a house, appears a vehemently hot, whose heat is conserved by the very · legitimate and useful modern word. greatness of the bodies, and the mutual action and While from the raging sword he vainly flies,

reaction between them, and the light which they A bow of steel shall fix his trembling thighs.

emit, and whose parts are kept from fuming away, Sandys.

not only by their firity, bnt also by the vast weight Why are thine eyes firt to the sullen earth,

and density of the atmospheres incumbent upon them? Gazing at that which seems to dim thy sight?

Newton's Opticks. An universal dissolution of manners began to pre

Shakspeare. The firm fisure of thy foot would give an oxcellent vail, and a professed disregard to all fixed principles. motion to thy gift. Id.

Atterbury. The fiqure of her eye hath motion in't,

Fluid or solid comprehend all the middle degrees

between extreme fixedness and coherency, and the As we were mocked with art.

Id. Winter's Tale. most rapid intestine motion of the particles of bodies. Frights, changes, horrours,

Bentley.

They are subject to errors from a narrowness of
Divert and crack, rend and deracinate
The unity and married calm of states

soul, a fixation and confinement of thought to a few
objects,

Watts.
Quite from their fixure.
Id. Troilus and Cressida.

If we take a general view of the world, we shall

find that a great deal of virtue, at least outward apin the midst of molten lead, when it beginneth to Dearance of it, is not so much from any fixed princongeal, make a little dent, aná pat quicksilver, ciple as the terror of what the world will say, and the wrapped in a piece of linen, in that hole, and the liberty it will take upon the occasions we shall give. quicksilver will fix and ran no more, and endure the

Sterne. hammer,

Bacon's Natural History. For the wisest purposes God hath fired the relation Upon the compound body three things are chiefly between the means and the end ; and we are not to to be observed; the colour, the fragility or pliantness, expect, either in natural or spiritual things, to obtain and the volatility or fixation, compared with the simple the end while we despise the means. Witherspoon. bodies.

Bacon. Individuals pass like shadows; but the coinmonTo light, created in the first day, God gave no wealth is fired and stable. The difference therefore proper place or fisation.

Raleigh's History of to-day and to-morrow, which to private people is A firedness in religion will not give my conscience immense, to the state is nothing. leave to consent to innovations. King Charles. Though her eyes shone out, yet the lids were fired,

Your fisation in matters of religion will not be more And the glance that it gave was wild and unmixed necessary for your soul's than your kingdom's peace. With aught of change, as the eyes may seem

Id. Of the restless who walk in a troubled dream Hell heard the' unsufferable noise, hell saw

Byron. Siege of Corinth. Heaven running from heaven, and would have filed

FIXATION, in chemistry, the rendering any Affrighted, but that fate had fixed too deep

volatile substance fixed, so as not to fly off upon Her dark foundations, and too fast had bound.

Milton.

being exposed to a great heat. See Fixed Salt dissolved upon a fi.ration returns to its affected BODIES. cubes.

Glanville. Fixed Air, in the old chemical nomenclature, Your kindness banishes your fear,

an invisible and permanently elastic fluid, supeResolved to fix for ever here. Waller. rior in gravity to the common atmospheric air Bodies mingled by the fire are differing as to the and most other aerial fluids, exceedingly destrucfizidity and volatiuty, and yet are so combined by tive to animal life; produced in great quantities,

Burke.

naturally from combustible bodies, and artifici- She took an ark of bulrushes, and laid it in the flags

Exodus ii. 3. ally by many chemical processes. Upon its first by the river's brink. discovery it was styled gas sylvestre, from its

Can bulrushes but by the river grow? being produced by burning charcoal : from its

Can flags there flourish where no water fow!

Seindyr. acrid properties it has obtained the name of aerial

He hangs out as many flags as he descryeth vesacid, and cretaceous acid; from its noxious qua

sels ; square, if ships ; if gallies, pendants. Id. lities it has been called mephitic air, or mephitic

His flaggy wings, when forth he did display, gas; and, in the new chemical nomenclature, it

Were like two sails, in which the hollow wind is now called carbonic acid gas. See Air, CAR Is gathered full, and worketh speedy way. BONIC ACID, and CHEMISTRY

Faerie Queene. FIZ'GIG, n. s. A kind of dart or harpoon These flags of France that are advanced here, with which seamen strike fish.

Before the eye and prospect of your town, Can'st thou with fisgigs pierce him to the quick, Have hither marched to your endamagement, Or in his skull thy barbed trident stick ?

Shakspeare.
Sandys. Job.

The jades
FLAB’BY, adj. 2 Teut. flabbe (a fy-flap); That drag the tragick melancholy night,

FLAB'ILE. S Ital. flappo, fiappo; Lat.flac Who with their drowsy, slow, and flagging wings cus. Yielding ; easily shaken or wafted to and

Clip dead men's graves. Id. Henry VI. fro.

Democracies are less subject to sedition than where Paleness, a weak pulse, palpitations of the heart,

there are stirps of nobles : for, if men's eyes are upon

the persons, it is for the business sake as fittest, and flabby and black flesh, are symptoms of weak fibres. Arbuthnot. not for flags or pedigree

Bacon. Pulls out the rags contrived to prop

Graft an apple-cion upon the stock of a colewort, Her flabby dugs, and down they drop. Swift. ft and it will bear a great flaggy apple.

Id.

Juice in language is somewhat less than blood : FLAC CID, adj. 2 Lat. flaccidus (à flaccus) for if the words be but becoming and signifying, and FLACCID'ITY, n. s. S Limber; weak; lax. the sense gentle, there is juice : but where that want.

The bowing and inclining the head is found in the eth, the language is thin, flagging, poor, starved, great flower of the sun : the cause I take to be is, scarce covering the bone, and shews like stones in a that the part against which the sun beateth waxeth sack.

Ben Jonson's Discoveries. more faint and flaccid in the stalk, and thereby less Beds of cotton wool hung up between two trees, able to support the flower.

Bacon. not far from the ground; in which, flagging down in They whose muscles are weak or flaccid, are unapt the middle, men, wives, and children lie together. to pronounce the letter r. Holder.

Abbot. The surgeon ought to vary the diet as he finds the

Let him be girt fibres are tno flaccid and produce funguses, or as they With all the grisly legion that truop harden and produce callosities.

Arbuthnot. Under the sooty flag of Acheron. Milton. There is neither fuxion uor pain, but flaccidity The French and Spaniards, when your flags apjoined with insensibility. Wiseman's Surgery.

FLACCUS (Caius Valerius), an ancient Latin Forget their hatred, and consent to fear. Waller." poet, of whom we have very imperfect accounts

It keeps those slender and aerial bodies separated remaining. He wrote a poem on the Argonautic

and stretched out, which otherwise, by reason of their expedition; of which, however, he did not live

flexibleness and weight, would flag or curl.

Boyle's Spring of the Air. to finish the eighth book, dying at about thirty

The interpretation of that article about the flag, is years of age. John Baptista Pius, an Italiana

a ground at pleasure for opening a war. Temple. poet, completed the eighth book of the Argonau

In either's flag the golden serpents bear, tics; and added two more, from the fourth of Erecting crests alike, like volumes rear, Apollonius; which supplement was first added And mingle friendly hissings in the air. to Aldus's edition 'in 1523.

Dryden. FLACOURTIA, in botany, a genus of plants That basking in the sun thy bees may lie, of the monæcia class, and icosandria order.

And resting there, their flaggy pinions dry. Id. Male cal. five-parted : COR. none : stamens nu

My flagging soul flies under her own pitch, merous. Female cal. many-leaved : cor. none;

Liko fowl in air too damp, and lags along

As if she were a body in a body: germ superior; styles five to nine ; berry many

My senses too are dull and stupified, celled. Species one; a thorny shrub of Mada

Their edge rebated : sure some ill approaches. gascar

Id. Don Sebastian. FLAG, v. n., v. a. & n. s.) Saxon fleog, The duke, less numerous, but in courage uore, FLAG'GINESS, n. s.

fleogan (to fly); On wings of all the winds to combat flies : FLAG'GY, adj.

| Teut. (Old) flag. His murdering guns a loud defiance roar, Flagʻ-OFFICER,

geren, to be loos- And bloody crosses on his flagstaffs rise. Dryden. FLAGʻ-SHIP,

ened. To hang His stomach will want victuals at the usual hour, Flag'-STAFF.

J loose or free; me- either fretting itself into a troublesome excess, or taphorically to grow dejected : spiritless : feeble: Nagging into a downright want of appetite. Locke. to droop: as a verb active to suffer, to droop or Cut flag roots, and the roots of other weeds. become feeble: as a substantive, the ensign of a

Mortimer's Husbandry. ship or regiment; a water plant with a large

Fame, when it is once at a stand, naturally flags and languishes.

Addison's Spectator. bladed leaf: a flag-officer is the commander of

Her grandfather was a flag-officer. Addison. a squadron : flag-ship, that in which the com- Take heed, my dear, youth flies apace; mander of a squadron sails : flag-staff, the staff As well as Cupiá, Time is blind : on which the flag is fixed : flaggy is lax; lim- Soon must those glories of thy face ber; weak, in tension or taste.

The fate of vulgar beauty find :

Id.

The thousand loves, that arm thy potent eye,

the blue, at the flag-staff on the fore-mast. The Must drop their quivers, flag their wings, and die. same order proceeds with regard to the rear

Prior.

adinirals, whose flags are hoisted on the top of If, on sublimer wings of love and praise,

the mizen-mast; the lowest flag in our navy is My love above the starry vaulo I raise,

accordingly the blue on the mizen-mast. Lured by some vain conceit of pride or lust,

All the white flags have a red St. George's I flag, I drop, and flutter in the dust. Arbuthnot.

cross in them, in order readily to be distinguished The pleasures of the town begin to flag and grow

from the French white flag with a white cross. languid, giving way daily to cruel inroads from the

Besides the national flag, merchant ships frespleen.

Swift. Where Revel calls, and Laughter, vainly loud, quently bear on the mizen-masts smaller flags, False to the heart, distorts the hollow cheek,

with the arms of the city where the master ordiTo leave the flagging spirits doubly weak;

narily resides; and sometimes on the fore-mast, Still o'er the features, which perforce they cheer, with the arms of the place where the person who To feign the pleasure or conceal the pique. Byron. freights them lives.

FLAC, n. s. & v.a.) Swed. flake ; Teut. and When a council of war is held at sea, if it be Flag'-BROOM, n.s. (Fr. (old) flache ; Belg on board the admiral, they hang a flag on the FLAG-STONE, (flach (flat). See FLAKE. main-shronds; if in the vice-admiral, in the

FLAG-WORM. Flag and flag-stone are fore-shrouds; and if in the rear-admiral, in the a species of broad flat stone used for pavements: mizen-shrouds. to flag is to pave with flag-stones : flag-broom To hang out the white flag, is to ask quarter ; is a broom used for sweeping the flags or pave- or it shows, when a vessel is arrived on a ment: flag-worm, a grub commonly found that it has no hostile intention, but come to trade under it.

or the like. The red flag is a sign of defiance, The sides and floors were all flagged with excellent in battle. marble.

Sandys. To strike the flag is to pull it down upon the There be divers fishes that cast their spawn on

cap, or to take it in, out of respect, or submission, flags or stones.

Walton's Angler. He will in the three hot months bite at a flag-worm,

due from all ships or fleets inferior to those any

way justly their superior. To lower or strike the or a green gentle.

Id. A white stone used for flagging floors. Woodward. flag in an engagement is a sign of yielding.

Flagstone will not split, as slate does, being found The way of leading a ship in triumph is to tie formed into flags, or thin plates, which are no other the flags to the shrouds, or the gallery, in the than so many strata.

Id. on Fossils. hind part of the ship, and let them hang down Part of two flags striated, but deeper on one side towards the water, and to tow the vessels by the than the other.

stern. Livy relates, that this was the way the Flag, in the army, a small banner of distinc- Romans used those of Carthage, tion, stuck in the baggage-waggon, to distinguish Flag-orricers, in the British navy, are-the the baggage of one brigade from another, and of admiral, vice admiral, and rear adiniral of the one battalion from another; that they may be white, red and blue. See ADMIRAL, Flag, and marshalled by the waggon-master general accord- FLEET. ing to the rank of their brigades, to avoid the con- FLAG-STONE, a genus of argillaceous earth, of fusion that might otherwise arise.

a gray, yellowish, or reddish-wbite color; not Flac, in the marine, a certain banner or giving fire with steel, nor effervescing with acids. standard, by which an admiral is distinguish- Its specific gravity is from 2000 to 2780. Scmeed at sea from the inferior ships of his squadron; times it is found compact, and sometimes like the also the colors by which one nation is distin- argillaceous grit; in which case its gravity is less. guished from another. See our plates Flags I. and Its general use is for flooring houses, though someII. In the British navy, flags are either red, times it is used for covering them. There are calwhite, or blue; and are displayed from the top careous flag-stones found near Woodstock in of the main-mast, fore-mast, or mizen-mast, ac- England, of a yellowish-white color, and modecording to the rank of the admiral. When a rately hard, containing a little iron. The specific flag is displayed from the flag-staff on the main- gravity is 2585. mast, the officer distinguished thereby is known Flag. See Iris. to be an admiral; when from the fore-mast, a Flag, Corn. See GladiolUS. vice admiral; and when from the mizen-mast, a Flag, SWEET-SCENTED. See Acorus. rear admiral. The first flag in Great Britain is FLAGELET, or ) Fr. flageolet; Lat. flatithe royal standard, which is only to be hoisted

FLAGEOLEʻT, n. s. I lis. A small flute, easily when the king or queen is on board the vessel ; blown. the second is that of the anchor of hope, which Play us a lesson on your flagelet.

More. characterises the lord high admiral, or lords Where Rhenus strays his vines among, commissioners of the admiralty; and the third is The egg was laid from which he sprung, the union flag, in which the crosses of St. George

And though by Nature mute, and St. Andrew are blended. This last is appro Or only with a whistle blessed, priated to the admiral of the fleet who is the Well taught he all the sounds expressed first naval officer under the lord high admiral.

Of flagelet or Aute.

Cowper. The next flag after the union is that of the white FLAGELETS, FLAGEOLETS, or FLAJEOLETS, squadron, at the main-mast head : and the last, a kind of small flute, blown by means of a whistle, wbich characterises an admiral, is the blue, at the and generally made of box or other hard wood, same mast head. For a vice-admiral, the first sometimes of ivory. They have six boles and fiag is the red, the second the white, the third four keys, or sometimes five, besides that at the

VOL. IX.

bottom, the mouth-piece, and that behind the vals— the persuasion that you are surrounded by neck. The ambit of the flageolet, according to atrocious culprits and maniacs, who know of an the scale exhibited by Mersennus, is two octaves absolution for every crime—the whole situation from g sol re ut upwards.

has the effect of witchery, and so far froza exFLAGELLANTES, a sect of fanatics of the citing a smile fixes you to the spot in a trance of thirteenth century, who chastised and disciplined restless horror, prolonged beyond expectation o themselves with whips in public. This sect rose bearing. in Italy in 1260; its author was one Rainer a "The scourging continues ten or fifteen mi. hermit; and it was propagated through almost nutes, and when it sounds as if dying away, a bel! all the countries of Europe. A great number of rings, which seems to invigorate the penitents, persons of all ages and sexes made processions, for the lashes beat about more thickly than before. walking two by two with their shoulders bare, Another bell rings, and the blows subside. At a which they whipped till the blood ran down, to third signal the candles are re-lighted, and the obtain mercy from God, and appease his indig- minister who has distributed the disciplines, nation against the wickedness of the age. They collects them again with the same discretion; were then called the devout; and, having esta- for the performers, to do them justice, appear to blished a superior, he was called the general of be too much ashamed of their transgressions to the devotion. Though the primitive Flagellantes make a show of their penance, so that it is very were exemplary in point of morals, yet they were difficult to say whether even your next neighbour soon joined by a turbulent rabble, who were in- has given himself the lash or not. fected with the most ridiculous and impious opi- “The incredulous or the humourist inust not nions, so that the emperors and pontiffs thought suppose that the darkness favors evasion. There proper to put an end to this religious phrensy, can be no pleasantry in doing that which no one by declaring all devout whipping contrary to the sees, and no merit can be assumed where it is divine law, and prejudicial to the soul's eternal not known who accept the disciplines. The interest! However, this sect revived in Germany flagellation does certainly take place on the towards the middle of the fourteenth century, naked skin; and this ferocious superstition, of and rambling through many provinces occa- which artiquity can furnish no example, has, sioned great disturbances. They held, among after being once dropt, been revived as a salutary other extravagancies, that flagellation was of corrective of an age of atheism. The former equal virtue with the sacraments; that the for- processions of flagellants have not been yet regiveness of all sins was to be obtained by it from newed, but the crowds which frequent the above God withont the merits of Jesus Christ; that ceremony leave no doubt that they would be the old law of Christ was soon to be abolished, equally well attended. and that a new law enjoining the baptism of blood Such an innovation may be tolerated, and to be administered by whipping was to be sub- perhaps applauded, in the days of barbarism, stituted in its place. They were burnt by the when the beating of themselves was found the inquisitors in several places; but they appeared only expedient to prevent the Italians from again in Thuringia and Lower Saxony in the the beating of each other; but the renewal fifteenth century; and rejected not only the sa- of it at this period must induce us to fear that craments, but every branch of external worship. the gradual progress of reason is the dream of Their leader Conrad Schmidt, and many others, philanthropy, and that a considerable portion of were burnt in Germany about A. D. 1414. all societies, in times the most civilised as well

A modern flagellation, which frequently takes as the most ignorant, are always ready to adopt place at Rome, is thus described by Mr. Hob- the most unnatural belief, and the most revolting house in his notes to Childe Harold, Canto IV. practices. It is singular, however, that the huIt is administered in the oratory of the Padre mane Pius, and the intelligent Cardinal-secretary, Caravjta and in another church at Rome. do not perceive the objectionable part of an in

“The ceremony takes place at the time of vespers. stitution which was prohibited at its first rise by It is preceded by a short exhortation, during which some of the wisest Italian princes, and is now a bell rings, and whips, that is, strings of knotted allowed no where but at Rome.' (p. 320-323). whip-cord, are distributed quietly amongst such FLAGELLARIA, in botany, a genus of plants of the audience as are on their knees in the mid- of the hexandria class and trigynia order : Cal dle of the nave. Those resting on the benches six-parted: cor. none; berry superior, onecome to edify by example only. On a second seeded. Species two: Indian plants, one a bell, the candles are extinguished, and the former creeper, the other a fine flowering shrub. sermon having ceased, a loud voice issues from FLAGELLATION, n.s. Fr (old) flagellathe altar, which pours forth an exhortation to tion; from Lat. flagello. The use of the scourge. think of unconfessed, or, unrepented, or unfor

By Bridewell all descend, given crimes. This continues a sufficient time to As morning prayer and flagellation end. Garth. allow the kneelers to strip off their upper garments; FLAGITIOUS, adj. 2 Lat. flagitius, bethe tone of the preacher is raised more loudly at FLAGITIOUSNESS, n. s. cause worthy of the every word, and he vehemently exhorts his lash.'-Ainsworth. Wicked; atrocious; guilty hearers to recollect that Christ and the martyrs of great crimes. suffered much more than whipping—Show,

First, those flagiticus times, then, your penitence-show your sense of Christ's

Pregnant with unknown crimes, sacrifice-show it with the whip.' The flagella

Conspire to violate the nuptial bed. tion begins. The darkness, the tumultuous

Roscommon sounds of blows in every direction - Blessed There's no working upon a flagitious and perverse Virgin Mary, pray for us!' bursting out at inter- nature by kindness and discipline L'Estrange.

Addison.

flagellum., 1

No villainy or fiagitiona action was ever yet com- When fraud is great, it furnishes weapons to defend itted, but, upon a due enquiry into the causes of it, itself, and at worst, if the crimes be so flagrant that a will be found that a lye was first or last the princi. man is laid aside out of perfect shame, he retires I engine to effect it. South. loaded with the spoils of the nation.

Swift. Perjury is a crime of so flagitious a nature, we can. A species of wit flagrantly unsuitable. Warton. pt be too careful in avoiding every approach towards FLAIL, n. s. Sax. flexel: Fr. fleau : Lat.

flagellum. It is directly the old fr. flael, or But if in noble minds some dregs remain,

flaiel, Todd. The instrument with which grain Tot yet purged off, of spleen and sour disdain,

is beaten out of the ear. ischarge that rage on more provoking crimes,

Our soldiers, like the night-owl's lazy flight, for fear a dearth in these flagitious times. Pope. Or like a lazy thrasher with a flail,

FLAGʻON, n. s. Fr. flagon ; Lat. lagena, from Fell gently down as if they struck their friends. ir.dayrvos, a cup(with the digamma prefixed).

Shakspcare. Henry VI. insworth. A drinking cup; a two-quart inea

When in one night, ere glimpse of morn,

His shadowy flail hath threshed the corn, ure.

That ten day-labourers could not end. Milton. A mad rogue ! he poured a flagon of Rhenish on my ead once. Shakspeare. Humlet.

in this pile shall reign a mighty prince, More had sent him by a suitor in Chancery two

Born for a scourge of wit, and flail of sense. ilver flagons. Bacon's Apophthegms.

Dryden. Did they coin pisspots, bowls, and flagons

The dexterous handling of the flail, or the plough, into officers of horse and dragoons ? Hudibras.

afid being good workmen with these tools, did not His trusty fiagon, full of potent juice,

hinder Gideon's and Cincinnatus's skill in arms and Was hanging by, worn thin with age and use.

government.

Locke. Roscommon.

When in the barn the sounding flail I ply,

Where from the sieve the chaff was wont to fly,
One flagon walks the round, that none should think
They either change, or stint him in his drink.

The poultry there will seem around to stand,
Dryden.
Waiting upon her charitable hand.

Gay.
I thirsty stand,

She thresher, Duck, could o'er the queen prevail, And see the double flaggon charge their hand; The proverb says, no fence against a flail. Swift. See them puff off the froth, and gulp a main,

Flails consist of the following parts: 1. The While with dry tongue 1 lick my lips in vain.

band-staff, or piece held in the thresher's hand. Gay.

2. The swiple, or that part which strikes out the FLA'GRATE, v. a.) Lat. flagro (to burn), corn. 3. The caplins, or strong double leather, FLAGRANCE, n. s. flagrans; Fr. (old) fla- made fast to the tops of the hand-staff and FLAGRANCY, (grance, flagrant. Ains

swiple. 4. The middle band, being the leather FLA'GRANT, adj. worth derives the Latin

thongs, or fish-skin, that ties the caplins to

thon FLA'CRANTLY, adv. | verb from Gr. peyw (2nd gether

FLAGRA’TION, n. s. ) fut. playw), to burn. "FLAKE, n. s., v.a., & v. n. ) Saxon, place : To burn or injure by fire : flagrance, or flagrancy, FLAKY, adi.

Gothic, floka ; means burning; flaring: hence, metaphorically, Teut. flac, from Goth. fla: Lat. floccus, to divide. notoriousness; and notorious or glaring crime: A loose piece, or portion; a laminated body, or flagrant is ardent; eager; burning with desire; thing; to flake is to form, or break, into laminæ, 'flaming into notice;' and hence the flaming or lo

ce; and hence the naming or loose portions. color, red: the adjective is only used figuratively:

The flakes of his tough flesh so firmly bound, flagration is also burning; state of being on fire.

As not to be divorced by a wound. Sandys, Lust causeth a flagrancy in the eyes, as the sight

And from his wide-devouring oven sent and the touch are the things desired, and therefore the

A flake of fire, that, flushing in his beard, spirits resort to those parts. Bacon's Natural History him all amazed, and almost made affeared. A thing which filleth the mind with comfort and

Faerie Queene. heavenly delight, stirreth up flagrant desires and af

The silent hour steals on, fections, correspondent unto that which the words And flaky darkness breaks within the East. contain. Hooker.

Shakspeare. As lovers of chastity and sanctimony, and haters of Crimson circles, like red flakes in the element, uncleanness, they bring to him a woman taken in the when the weather is hottest.

Sidney. flagrance of her adultery.

Bp. Hall. The teeth cut away great flakes of the metal, till it We feared no flagration. Lovelace (1659).

received the perfect form the teeth would make. Typhons destructive and flagrating power lying hid

Moxon. in the sun was made more temperate.

Small drops of a misling rain, descending through

Greenhill (1705). a freezing air, do each of them shoot into one of With equal poise let steady justice sway,

those figured ieicles; which, being ruffled by the wind, And flagrant crimes with certain vengeance pay; in their fall are broken, and clustered together into But, 'till the proofs are clear, the stroke delay. small parcels, which we call flakes of snow. Smith.

Grew's Cosmologia. Their common loves, a lewd abandoned pack, The earth is sometimes covered with snow two or The beadle's lash still flagrant on their back, three feet deep, made up only of little flakes or pieces Prior. of ice.

Burnet. See Sappho, at her toilet's greasy task,

Upon throwing in a stone, the water boils for a conThen issuing flagrant to an evening mask. sinierable time, and at the same time are seen little So morning insccts, that in muck begun,

flakes of scurf rising up.

Addison. Shine, buz, and fly-blow in the setting sun.

Hence, when the snows in winter cease to weep, Pope. And undissolved their flaky texture keep,

U 2

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