Abbildungen der Seite

party believed ; and (the qualities which inspire If on my wounded breast thou drop a tear, this feeling) fidelity to engagements; sincerity; Think for whose sake my breast that wound did bear veracity : faithbreach is a breach of honor or And faithfully my last desires fulfil, faith : faithed, honest; sincere: as is faithful, As I perform my cruel father's will. Id. Ovid. which also means true to allegiance, duty, or And, therefore, I have often wondered to hear men regard, professed: faithless is without faith ; per- of several churches so heartily exclaim against the fidious; and, particularly, without belief in implicit faith of the church of Rome ; when the same revealed religion.

implicit faith is as much practised and required in And he seide to hir, doughtir, thi feith hath maad

their own, though not so openly professed, and ingenuously owned there.

Locke. the saaf.

Wiclif. Luk. 8. The band that knits together and supports all cumMy servant Moses is faithful in all mine house. pacts, is truth and faithfulness.

South. Numbers. They are a very froward generation, children in

They suppose the nature of things to be truly and whom is no faith.

Deut. xxxii. 20. faithfully signified by their names, and there upon For there is no faithfulness in your mouth : vour believe as they hear, and practise as they believe. inward part is very wickedness. Psalm lix.

Id. Sermons. Felix heard Paul concerning the faith.

Then faith shall fail, and holy hope shall die ; Acts xxiv. viv One lost in certainty, and one in joy.

Prior. Adew myne owne dere spouse my worthy lorde,

Faith is an entire dependence upon the truth, the The faithfull loue, that dyd vs both combyne,

power, the justice, and the mercy of God; which de. In mariage and peasable concorde,

pendence will certainly incline us to obey him in all Into your handes here I cleane resyno,


Swift. To be bestowed vppon your children and myne.

We may meet with frauds and faithless dealings

Sir T. More from men; but after all, our own hearts are the The man that is faithful, thinks it more liberty to greatest cheats ; aud there are none we are in greater be his friend's prisoner, than to be any other's gene- danger from.

Mason. ral.

Sir P. Sidney.

From every joy and pleasure torn, The name of faith being properly and strictly taken,

Life's weary vale I'll wander through ; it must needs have reference unto some uttered word,

And hopeless, comfortless, I'll mourn as the object of belief.


A faithless woman's broken vow. Burns. Whatsoever our hearts be to God and to his truth,

To praise him is to serve him, and fulfil believe we, or be we as yet faithless, for our conver

Doing and suffering his uaquestioned will; sion or confirmation, the force of natural reason is

Tis to believe what men inspired of old, great.


Faithful and faithfully informed, unfold;
I have been forsworn,

Candid and just, with no false aim in view,
In breaking faith with Julia whom I loved.

To take for truth what cannot but be true.

Cowper. I have this day received a traitor's judgment,

A nation famed for song, and beauty's charms, And by that name must die ; yet, heaven bear wit

Zealous, yet modest; innocent, though free; ness,

Patient of toil; serene amidst alarms; And, if I have a conscience, let it sink me,

Inflexible in faith ; invincible in arms! Beattie. Even as the axe falls, if I be not faithful. Id. Farth, in philosophy and theology, is that Never dare misfortune cross her foot,

assent which we give to a proposition advanced Unless she doth it under this excuse,

by another, the truth of which we do not imThat she is issue to a faithless Jew. Id.

mediately perceive from our own reason or exBoth Fell by our servants, by those men we loved most;

perience; or it is that judgment or assent of the A most unnatural and faithless service.

mind, the motive whereof is not any intrinsic His noble grace would have some pity

evidence, but the authority and testimony of Upon my wretched women, that so long

some other who reveals or relates it. Hence, Have followed both my fortunes faithfully. Id. as there are two kinds of authorities and tesVision in the next life is the perfecting of that faith timonies, the one of

timonies, the one of God, and the other of man, in this life, or that faith here is turned into vision faith becomes distinguished into divine and huthere, as hope into enjoying.

Hammond. man : For his own part he did faithfully promise to be 1. FAITH, DIVINE, is that founded on the still in the king's power. Bacon's Henry VII. authority of God; or that assent we give to what If they had gone to God without Moses. I should is revealed by God. The objects of this faith,

See Rehave praised their faith : but now they go to Moses therefore, are matters of Revelation. without God, I bate their stubborn faithlessness.

VELATron and THEOLOGY. Bp. Hal's Contemplations. 2 Faith, Human, is that whereby we believe Her failing, while her fuith to me remains,

what is told us by men; and the object of it is I should conceal. Milton's Paradise Lost. matter of human testimony and evidence. See So spake the scraph Abdiel, faithful found;

METAPHYSICS. Among the faithless, faithful only he. Milton.

FAITHORN (William), an ingenious artist, a Seeming devotion doth but gild the knave,

native of London, was the disciple of Peak the That's neither faithful, honest, just, por brave.

painter, and worked with him three or four Waller.

years. At the breaking out of the civil war Peak For you alone

espoused the royal cause, and Faithorn, who acI broke my faith with injured Palamon. Dryden companied him, was taken prisoner, sent to LonWell I know him ;

don, and confined in Aldersgate. In this unOf easy temper, naturally good,

comfortable situation he exercised his grarer; And faithful to his word. Id. Don Sebastian, and executed a small head of the first Villars

duke of Buckingham, in the style of Melan. being the birth place of William the Conqueror Being permitted to retire to the continent, he It has a good trade in serges, linens, and lace: found protection from the abbé de Marolles, in with a famous fair held in Guibray, one of its France; where he formed an acquaintance with suburbs, which begius 28th Thermidor (Aug. Nanteuil. About 1650 he returned to England, 16th) and lasts a week. It is fifteen miles south and soon after married the sister of a captain by east of Caen. Population 14,000, Cround. By her he had two sons: Henry, who FALASHA, a people of Abyssinia, of Jewish was a bookseller, and William an engraver in origin, described by Mr. Bruce, who was at mezzotinto. He painted portraits from the life great pains to acquaint himself with their history. in crayons. He also painted in miniature; and According to the accounts he received, they are his performances were much esteemed. His the descendants of those Jews who came from spirits were broken by the dissipation of his son Palestine into Ethiopia, as attendants of Menilek, William; and a lingering consumption put an or David I., the son of the queen of Sheba by end to his life in 1691. He wrote a work on Solomon. They agree in the relations given by Drawing, Graving, and Etching.

the Abyssinians of that princess (See ETHIOPIA); FA'ITOUR, n. s. Fr. faitard; or, as Minsheu but deny that the posterity of those who came thinks, a corruption of faiséur, i. e. a factor, or with Menilek ever embraced Christianity, as the doer; but the Norman Fr. has faitour regularly. Abyssinians say they did. They state that at A scoundrel; a rascal; a poltroon. Obsolete. the decline of the Jewish commerce, when the

To Philemon, false faitour, Philemon, ports of the Red Sea fell into the hands of other I cast to pay, that I so dearly bought.

nations, and no intercourse took place betwixt

Faerie Queeno. them and Jerusalem, the Jewish inhabitants Into new woes unweeting I was cast,

quitted the sea coasts and retired into the province By this false faitour.

Id. of Dembea. Here they carried the art of pottery FAKE, 1. s. Among seamen. A coil of to a great degree of perfection, multiplied exrope.

ceedingly, and became very numerous and powFAKIRS, or FAQUIRS, oriental monks or erful, about the time the Abyssinians were confriars. The word is Arabic and signifies a poor verted to Christianity. As this event was or needy person. D'Herbelot regards it as syno- accounted by them an apostasy from the true nymous with dervise : and certainly in some religion, they now separated themselves from the Mahommedan countries the religious are called Abyssinians, and declared one Phineas, of the fakirs, in others dervises.

line of Solomon, their king. Thus they say, These oriental monks are said to outvie the they have still a prince of the house of Judah for severity and mortification of the ancient Ancho- their sovereign. "About A. D. 960 Judith, queen rets. Some of them make a vow of continuing of this people, after extirpating the Abyssinian all their lifetime in one posture, and keep it ef- princes on Damo, assumed the sovereignty of fectually. Others never lie down; but continue the whole empire, which the Falasha retained in a standing posture for long periods of their for some time; but, their power being by degrees lives, supported only by a stick, or rope under reduced, they were obliged to take up their retheir arm-pits. Some mangle their bodies with sidence among the rugged mountains of Samen ; scourges and knives. They pretend to have one of which they chose for their capital, and conquered every passion, and triumphed over which has ever since been called the Jews' Rock, the world; and accordingly scruple not, as if in About A.D. 1600 they were almost entirely a state of innocence, to appear sometimes en- ruined by an overthrow from the Abyssinians, tirely naked. The people of the east are per- in which both their king and queen were slain; suaded of the virtue of the fakirs; notwithstand since which time they have been in subjection to ing which, they are accused of committing the the emperors of that country, but are still gomost enormous crimes in private.

verned by their own princes. One set or sect of fakirs, who do not practise When Mr. Bruce was in Abyssinia the Falasha such severities, travel together, from village to were supposed to amount to about 100,000 efvillage, prophesying, and telling fortunes. They fective men. Gideon and Judith were the names make use of drums, trumpets, and other musical of the king and queen at that time. The laninstruments, to rouse themselves and their au- guage of this people is very different from the ditors to an artificial ecstasy : and their votaries Hebrew, Samaritan, or any other which the Jews are said to consult them in the most indecent ever spoke in their own country. On being inattitudes. They are so indulgent towards every terrogated concerning it, by Mr. Bruce, they living creature, that they suffer themselves to be said, that it was probably one of those spoken by over-run with vermin, or stung by, insects, with- the nations on the Red Sea, among whom they out the least reluctancy or complaint: but it is had settled at their first coming. They arrived more than probable, that they lull their senses in Abyssinia it is said speaking Hebrew, and by opiates in order to render themselves insensi- with the advantage of having books in that lanble to the excessive torments they undergo. guage; but had now forgot it, and were entirely The garment of the chief fakirs distinguishes them ignorant of the art of writing. At the time of from the rest. Some persons of considerable rank their leaving Judea they were in possession both in India have become fakirs : and D'Herbelot of the Hebrew and Samaritan copies of the law; estimates the number at about 2,000,000. but when their fleet was destroyed in the time of

FALAISE, a town of France, in Lower Nor- Rehoboam, and no farther communication with . mandy, having still, in the ruins of its castle, Jerusalem took place, they were obliged to use one of the finest towers in France; famous for translations of the Scriptures, or those copies

which were in the possession of the shepherds, who, are not gregarious; and the females are larger they say, were all Jews, before the time of Solo than the males. The legs and feet are scaly ; mon. On being asked, however, where the the claws large, strong, very sharp, and much shepherds got their copy, and being told, that, hooked. Gmelin divides this genus into four notwithstanding the invasion of Egypt by Nebu- sub-genera, or less divisions; which Kerr has chadnezzar, there was still a communication with reduced to three, by including the G. serpentarius Jerusalem, by means of the Ishmaelite Arabs in the second subgenus, because it has some rethrough Arabia, they frankly acknowledged that lation to the vultures. These three sub-genera they could not tell ; neither had they any memo- are, 1. Gypæti, bastard eagles; 2. Aquilæ, rials of the history either of their own or any Eagles; and 3. Falcones, falcons and hawks. other country; all that they believed in this case 1. The Gypæti comprehend nine species and being derived from mere tradition, their histories, two varieties which have the bill-hooked only if any existed, having been destroyed by the towards the point, and its base garnished with a famous Moorish captain, Gragné. (See ETHI- beard of longish extended bristles. This sub-genus OPIA). They say, that the first book of Scripture holds a middle rank between the vultures and they ever received was that of Enoch; and they eagles; the head is not so naked as in the former, place that of Job immediately after it, supposing and the bill not so much hooked as in the latter; that patriarch to have lived soon after the food. like eagles they prey on living animals, but like They have no copy of the Old Testament in vultures they also devour dead carrion. Hence they the Falasha language, what they make use of have been hitherto ranked by some authors with being in that of Geez. This is sold to them by the one genus, and by others with the other. 2. the Abyssinian Christians, who are the only The Aquilæ comprehend forty-one species and scribes in that country. No difference takes seven varieties, which are larger in size than place about corruptions of the text; nor do the those of the third sub-genus, and have their legs Falasha know any thing of the Jewish Talmud, for the most part rough. They differ from the Targum, or Cabala

gypati in preying on living animals, while the FALCA'DE, n. s. ) Lat. falr, falcis. A latter prefer dead carcases. They can abstain FALCA'Ten, adj. sickle: a crooked motion long from food, though very voracious. Their

FALCA'TION, n. s. ) or bend: hooked; bent gastric juice is very acrid, yet they are killed by like a reaping-hook or scythe : crookedness. eating bread. 3. The Falcones are less in size The locusts have antennæ, or long horns before,

than the aquilæ, and their legs are universally with a long falcation or forcipated tail behind. Browne.

naked. But in other respects, the limits between The enlightened part of the moon appears in the the falcons and hawks, and the eagles, are by form of a sickle, or reaping-hook, which is while she no means well ascertained. This sub-genus is moving from the conjunction to the opposition, or comprehends eighty-six species, and thirty-two from the new moon to the full; but, from full to a varieties : making in all no fewer than 136 spenew again, the enlightened part appears gibbous, and cies, and forty-one varieties, in the whole genus. the dark falcated.

Harris. Of these (as our room permits us not to enumeA horse is said to make falcades when he throws rate the whole) we shall describe a few of the himself upon his haunches two or three times, as in

most remarkable : very quiek curvets; therefore a falcade is that action

1. F. æruginosus, the moor buzzard, greenish of the haunches and of the legs, which bend very low, when you make a stop and half a stop.

cere, a grayish body, the top of the head, nape Farrier's Dictionary.

of the neck, and legs, yellowish; is a native of FA’LCHION, n. s. Fr. fauchon ; Lat. falr.

Europe, and frequents moors, marshy places, and

heaths; it never soars like other hawks; but A short crooked sword ; a scimitar..

commonly sits on the ground or on small bushes. I've seen the day, with my good biting falchion,

It makes its nest in the midst of a tuft of grass I would have made them skip : I am old now.

or rushes. It is a very fierce and voracious Shakspeare.

bird ; and is a great destroyer of rabbits, young Old falchions are new tempered in the fires;

wild ducks, and other water fowl. It also preys The sounding trumpet every soul inspires.

Dryden's Æneid.

on fish. What sighs and tears

2. F. apivorus, the honey buzzard of Ray, Hath Eugene caused ! how many widows curse

has black cere, yellow legs half naked, the head His cleaving falchion.

Philips. of an ash color, and having an ash-colored Have moments, hours, and days, so unprepared, stripe on the tail, which is white at the end. It That you might brain them with their lady's fan ;' had its name from the combs of bees being And sometimes ladies hit exceeding hard,

found in its nest. It is a native of Europe, and And fans turn into falchions in fair bands,

feeds on mice, lizards, frogs, bees, &c. It runs And why and wherefore no one understands. Byron, very swiftly.

FALCO, in ornithology, a genus of birds, be- 3. F. aquila chrysaëtes, the golden eagle, longing to the order of accipitres. The characters weighs about twelve pounds, and is about three are these : The bill is booked at the end, and feet long, the wings when extended measuring covered at its base with a cere, or naked mem- seven feet four inches. The sight and sense of branous skin; the head is covered with feathers, smelling are very acute: the head and neck are which lie close on each other; the tongue is clothed with narrow, sharp-pointed feathers, of a often cleft. This is a rapacious carnivorous race deep brown color bordered with tawny; the of animals, feeding almost entirely on animal hind part of the head is of bright rust color. food; they are very quick-sighted; generally fly These birds are destructive to fawns, lambs, kids, high, and build their nests in lofty places. They and all kinds of game: particularly in the breeding season, when they bring a vast quantity of trussed his claws and carried them off; skimming prey to their young. Smith, in his history of slowly along the ground as he had come, till he Kerry, relates, that a poor man in that country disappeared behind a cliff. But being observed obtained a comfortable subsistence for his family, at his departure to look wistfully at the large during a summer of famine, out of an eagle's piece, which remained in the warm water, it was nest, by robbing the eaglets of the food the old concluded that he would soon return; in expecones brought; whose attendance he protracted tation of which Mr. Bruce loaded a rifle gun beyond the natural time, by clipping the wings with ball, and sat down close to the platter by and retarding the flight of the former. In order the meat. It was not many minutes before le to extirpate these pernicious birds, there was came, and a prodigious shout was raised by the formerly a law in the Orkney isles, which entitled attendants, 'He is coming, he is coming !' enough every person that killed an eagle to a hen out of to have discouraged a less courageous animal. every house in the parish where it was killed. Whether it was not quite so hungry as at the Eagles seem to give the preference to the carcases first visit, or suspected something from Mr. of dogs and cats. Those who formerly made it Bruce's appearance, it made a small turn, and their business to kill these birds, fired the instant sat down about ten yards from him, the pan with they alighted; for the eagle at that moment looks the meat being between them. In this situation about before she begins to prey. Yet, quick as Mr. Bruce fired, and shot him with the ball her sight may be, her sense of hearing seems through the middle of his body about two inches still more exquisite. If hooded crows or ravens below the wing, so that he lay down upon the happen to be nearer the carrion, and resort to it grass without a single flutter. Upon laying hold first, and give a single croak, the eagle instantly of his monstrous carcase, our author was not a repairs to the spot. These eagles are remarkable little surprised at seeing his hands covered and for their longevity, and for sustaining a long ab- tinged with yellow dust. Upon turning him stinence from food. Mr. Keysler relates, that upon his belly, and examining the feathers of his an eagle died at Vienna after a confinement of back, they produced a brown dust, the color of 104 years. This length of days seems alluded to the feathers there. This dust was not in small by the Psalmist, “Thy youth is renewed like the quantities; for, upon striking his breast, the eagle's. One of this species, which was nine yellow powder flew in greater quantity than years in the possession of Owen Holland Esq. of from a hair dresser's powder puff. The feathers Conway, lived thirty-two years with the gentle- of the belly and breast, which were of gold color, man who made him a present of it; but what its did not appear to have any thing extraordinary age was, when the latter received it, from Ireland, in their formation, but the large feathers in the is unknown. The same bird also furnishes us shoulders and wings seemed apparently to be fine with a proof of the truth of the other remark; tubes, which upon pressure scattered this dust having once, through the neglect of servants, upon the finer part of the feather, but this was endured hunger for twenty-one days without any brown, the color of the feathers of the back. sustenance whatever.-It is perhaps proper here Upon the side of the wing, the ribs, or hard part to notice a very singular variety of the golden of the feather, seemed to be bare as if worn, or, eagle, described by Mr. Bruce, in his travels in in our author's opinion, were rather renewing Abyssinia; for, whether it properly belongs to themselves, having before failed in their function. this species or not, we do not find that it has been What is the reason of this extraordinary provias yet either arranged under any other, or ranked sion of nature, Mr. Bruce does not attempt to as a different genus. Mr. Bruce says, it is not determine. But, as it is an unusual one, it is only the largest of the eagle kind, but the largest probably meant, he thinks, for a defence against bird that flies. By the natives it is vulgarly the climate in favor of those birds, which live in called ahon duchen, or father long-beard. It is those almost inaccessible heights of a country, not an object of any chase, nor stands in need of doomed even in its lower parts to several months any stratagem to bring it within reach. Upon of excessive rain. This bird, from wing to wing, the bighest top of mount Lamalmon, while Mr. was eight feet four inches; from the tip of his tail to Bruce's servants were refreshing themselves the point of his beak, when dead, four feet seven after their toilsome ascent, and enjoying the inches. He was remarkably short in the legs, pleasure of a most delightful climate, eating being only four inches from the joining of the their dinner in the open air with several large foot to where the leg joins the thigh, and from dishes of boiled goat's flesh before them, this the joint of the thigh to the joining of his body noble bird suddenly made its appearance; he six inches. The thickness of his thigh was little did not stoop rapidly from a height, but came less than four inches; it was extremely muscular flying slowly along the ground, and sat down and covered with flesh. His middle claw was close to the meat within the ring the men had about two inches and a half long, not very sharp made round it. A great shout, or rather cry of at the point, but extremely strong. From the distress, which they raised, made the bird stand root of the bill to the point was three inches and for a minute as if to recollect himself, while the a quarter, and one inch and three-quarters in servants ran for their lances and shields. His breadth at the root. A forked brush of strong attention was fully fixed upon the flesh. He put hair, divided at the point into two, proceedled his foot into the pan where was a large piece in from the cavity of his lower jaw at the beginning water nearly boiling ; but, feeling the smart, he of his throat. His eye was remarkably small in withdrew it, and forsook the piece which he held. proportion to his bulk, the aperture being There were two large pieces, a leg and a shoulder, scarcely half an inch. The crown of his head, ani lying upon a wooden platter; into these he the front where the billand skull joined, wer bakl. 4. F. aquila fulvus, the tawny eagle or white so great tnat tne young eagles appeared no larger tailed eagle of Edwards, has the whole plumage than pigeons. After placing us in a secure situaof a dusky brown : the breast marked with trian- tion on a projecting ledge of the rock, that comgular spots of white, but which are wanting in manded a view of the scene of action, Tomson the British kind : the tail is white, tipt with left us, carrying his rope in his hand, and disapblack; but in young birds dusky, blotched with peared for upwards of half an hour; when, to white: the legs are covered to the toes with soft our great joy, we discovered him creeping on his rust-colored feathers. These birds inhabit llud- hands and knees up the spiry fragment, on which son's Bay, and northern Europe as far as Dron- lay the unfledged eaglets; when, knowing he theim. They are found on the highest rocks of was then in our sight, he knelt on the top, and the Uralian chain, where it is not covered with looking towards us, waved his hat. At this time wood; but are most frequent on the Siberian, it was impossible to see the situation he was in where they make their nests on the loftiest rocks. without trembling for his safety; the slender They are inferior in size to the sea eagle; but are point of the rock on which he knelt was at least spirited, and docile. The Tartars train them for 800 feet above the surges of the Atlantic, which the chase of hares, foxes, antelopes, and even with unbroken violence were foaming beneath wolves. The use is of considerable antiquity; him. Yet he deliberately took from his pocket for Marco Polo, the great traveller of 1269, ob- a cord, and tying the wings of the young birds, served and admired the diversion of the great who made some resistance with their bills and cham of Tartary; who had several eagles, which talons, he put them into a basket, and began to were applied to the same purposes. The Tartars descend, and in a few minutes the overhanging also esteem the feathers of the tail as the best for masses of stone hid him from our view. The pluming their arrows. This species is frequent old birds were in sight during the transaction, in Scotland; where it is called the black eagle, and made no attempt to defend their young; but, from the dark color of its plumage. It is very soaring about a quarter of a mile above, occadestructive to deer, which it will seize between sionally uttered a short shrill scream, very difthe horns; and, by incessantly beating it about ferent from their usual barking noise. Had they the eyes with its wings, soon makes a prey of the attempted a rescue, the situation of the climber harassed animal. The eagles in the isle of Ruin would have been extremely dangerous, as the have nearly extirpated the stags that used to slightest deviation or false step would have preabound there. They generally build in clefts of cipitated him into eternity, a misfortune that a rocks near the deer forests; and make great havoc few years since befel his brother on the same among them, the white hares, and the ptarmigans. spot, when in his company. Willoughby gives the following curious account • After waiting in a most painful state of susof the nest of this species. In 1668, in the pense for near an hour, our climber suddenly woodlands near the river Darwent, in the peak made his appearance, and, laughing, presented of Derbyshire, was found an eagle's nest made his prize.' of great sticks, resting one end on the edge of a 5. F. aquila Groenlandicus, the falco fuscus rock, the other on two birch-trees; upon which of Latham, the dusky falcon of Pennant, or was a layer of rushes, and over them a layer of Greenland eagle, has dusky irides ; lead-colored heath, and upon the heath rushes again ; upon cere and feet; brown crown, marked with irrewhich lay one young one and an addle egg; and gular oblong white spots; whitish forehead, by them a lamb, a hare, and three heath poults. blackish cheeks; the hind part of the head and The nest was about two yards square, and had throat white; breast and belly of a yellowish no hollow in it.

white, striped downwards with dusky streaks; The following account of the capture of four the back dusky, tinged with blue; the ends of the young of this species, when about three weeks feathers lightest, and sprinkled over with a few old, is given by Mr. Bullock :- On the 10th of white spots, especially towards the rump; the June, 1812, they were seen in their aëry on the wings of the same colors, variegated with white treinendous cliff called the West Craigs, in the and black; the upper part of the tail dusky Isle of Hoy (one of the Orkneys), the towering crossed very faintly with paler bars, the under rocks of which rise to the perpendicular height side whitish. They inhabit all parts of Greenof 1200 feet from the sea. About one-third of land, from the remotest hills to those which imthe war down this awful abyss a slender-pointed pend over the sea; and are even seen on the rock prc;ected from the cliff, like the pinnacle of islands of ice remote from shore. They retire a Gothic building; on the extremity of this is a in the breeding season to the farthest part of the hollow, scarcely of sufficient size for the purpose country, and return in autumn with their young. for which these birds had fixed on it, i.e. as a place They breed in the same manner as the cinereous of security for rearing their young; the situation eagle, but in more distant places; and lay from was such as almost to defy the power of man to three to five eggs. The tail of the young is black, molest their habitation; yet with the assistance of with great brown spots on the exterior webs. a short slender rope made of twisted hogs' They prey on ptarmigans, auks, and all the small bristles, did the well-known adventurous climber, birds of the country. They have frequent disor Rocksman, · Woolley Tomson,' traverse the putes with the raven, but seldom come off victors; face of this frightful precipice, and for a trifling for the raven, on being attacked, flings itself on remuneration broughi up the young birds. its back; and either by defending itself with its

"After a fatiguing scramble up the sides of the claws, or by calling, with its croaking, numbers mountains, we arrived at the place from whence of others to its help, obliges the eagle to retire. we could see the aëry beneath; the distance was The Greenlanders use the skin for their inner

« ZurückWeiter »